Jaskolka: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties With Photos

The herbaceous annual or perennial plant Cerastium is a member of the Carnation family. In nature, it is found in temperate regions of Australia, North and South America, Eurasia and North Africa. This genus has about 200 species. The scientific name of this genus comes from the Greek word that translates as "horned", this is due to the shape of the fruit of some species of jasper. In this genus, some of the species are very popular with gardeners.

Peculiarities of the Jaskolka

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The herbaceous plant Jaskolka has upright or ascending shoots, their height varies from 0.1 to 0.3 m, they usually have pubescence, but they can sometimes be bare. The root system is strong but superficial, and it can also grow in stony soil. Flowing stems root very well.

The supropositively arranged, integral small leaf plates are usually densely pubescent. White flowers, up to 20 mm across, have bicuspid petals. The fruit is a cylindrical oblong capsule with brown colored seeds inside.

Biberstein's Sprout. Planting, care and propagation

Potting the Biberstein's apple in the open field

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Time to plant

Grow the apple tree from seed through a seedling or without a seedling.

The seeds can be sown immediately in the open soil in April or under the winter. The sprouts that appear must be thinned out, and a distance of 50 mm should be kept between the plants.

However, the most popular method of propagation through seedlings among gardeners. The seeds are sown in the last days of February or in March. The seeds of such a plant have good germination and after just 7 days to show the first seedlings.

Cultivate seedlings of ascot is very simple, it should be timely watered and loosen the surface of the substrate. Sprouting produces after the beginning of the formation of the second or third true leaf plate, use individual cups for this purpose. Sprouts are planted in open ground in July.

Tillage rules

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This culture is among the most light loving of groundcover plants. Therefore, sunny, open areas that are illuminated throughout the day can be selected for its planting.

The place, suitable for planting such a plant, must necessarily be protected from strong gusts of wind and draught.

This plant is characterized by its aggressiveness. One small bush is able to occupy an area reaching about 0.75 m in cross-section. In this regard, after planting the jaskolka, the site should be limited to the perimeter.

This culture is undemanding to the composition of the soil. It is possible to grow such a flower on stony soil, but a small amount of peat should be added to it. But the best way to grow such a plant is suitable for loose, airy and light soil of slightly alkaline or neutral reaction, which contains a large amount of sand. Before planting seedlings in the open ground in 15-20 days should be made digging the site to a depth of bayonet shovel, with each 1 square meter should be made 6 kg of humus. If the soil is clay or loamy, it should be filled with sand.

Before you start planting ascots, the soil on the site should be well loosened. Before planting seedlings should be sure to harden. The plants should be planted in not very deep holes, the distance between the holes should be about 0.3 m. Backfill the holes and water the planted plants well.

Askkolka, raised from seed, will not have its first flowering until the second year of growth.

Garden care for ascocks

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Jaskolka is unpretentious, so you can easily raise it in your garden. This flower grows best in sparse soil, and the site should be sunny and open. In the spring time, be sure to clean the area where this culture grows from plant debris, old branches and fallen leaves. Then, this plant should be provided with timely weeding, watering, pruning.

You should also cut off wilted flowers in time, and also loosen the soil surface between bushes, but this can be done without doing it.

How to water and feed

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This crop is tolerant of drought, but still needs systematic watering; it should be done once every 7 days. If it rains systematically in the summer, it is not necessary to water the ascot. But during prolonged drought, it is necessary to water such a flower necessarily.

Experts do not have a consensus on whether such a culture needs nutrition.

Some of them are sure that the plant grows perfectly well without them, and according to the others - the jaskolka will respond well to several fertilizers made during the summer period. Gardeners who decide to feed such a flower, for this purpose should use fertilizer for garden ornamental plants. It also normally responds to feeding with organic fertilizers (solution of cow dung or poultry manure), it is recommended to apply them to the soil alternately with minerals. During the growing season you will only need to fertilize Yaskolka 2 or 3 times.

How to cut it back

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This herbaceous plant is prone to overgrowth and therefore requires pruning.

During the spring time pruning is done to remove all dead, wounded and frost damaged or diseased stems. Also in spring or during flowering, formative pruning should be carried out, in which the gardener will have to direct the stems in the desired direction and remove all unnecessary shoots. When the bushes have blossomed, it is necessary to cut off all the shoots with flower stems. If you cut the clematis correctly, it will bloom again in the last weeks of summer. But note that repeat blooms are less lush.

How to transplant

This crop in the same spot in the garden can be grown for many years. Sooner or later, however, the bushes will get very big, and it will be necessary to transplant and rejuvenate them. During transplanting, the jaskolka is multiplied by dividing the bush. It is best to do this at the beginning of the spring period. To begin with, the bushes should be subjected to strong pruning, then they are removed from the soil and divided into parts.

Each of the divisions should be cleaned of rotten and withered roots. Planting the dividers in the open soil is made in the same way as the initial planting of the ascot. Experienced gardeners recommend transplanting shrubs at least once every 5 years.


Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Jaskolka perennial is moderately frost-resistant, and in regions with warm winters, it is not necessary to cover shrubs for wintering. But in regions with little snow and frosty winters, the plant needs covering, for which you can use spunbond or lutrasil.

Fallen leaves or brushwood should not be used for covering as the bushes often wilt under them.

Diseases and pests

Jaskolka is very resistant to pests and diseases. Pests and diseases usually affect only those plants weakened by improper cultivation or not following cultivation instructions. If you water the plant very abundantly and often, its root system becomes rotten. In order to prevent this, the bushes should be watered correctly, systematically inspected, wilted flowers and stems should be cut off in time, and all weeds should be pulled out as soon as they appear.

Jaskolka. Care, planting. The winter felted ascock.

Species and varieties of ascock with photos and names

Gardeners cultivate not a very large number of species of ascock. However, among them, you can still find a species that is sure to grace your garden plot.

Skolka alpina (Cerastium alpinum)

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

In natural conditions, this species can be found in the Carpathians, as well as the mountains of the Altai, Western Europe and North America. This herbaceous perennial plant reaches about 15 centimeters in height. The shoots of the shrubs are stalky. There is pubescence on the surface of the green-silver leaf plates, and they are ovoid in shape. The inflorescences are composed of white flowers up to 20 mm across.

Cerastium biebersteinii, or silver ascock

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Native to the Crimea, this perennial is covered with pubescence which gives it a mauve appearance. The stems are stalky and the flower stalks are 15 to 20 centimeters high. The sessile leaflets may be oblong-linear or linear. Semi-ozont-like inflorescences are formed on the tops of peduncles, consisting of white flowers, reaching 15 mm in cross-section. This species has been cultivated since 1820.

The most popular variety is Silver Carpet: the bush with stalky shoots forms a dense cushion, it is covered with dense pubescence, the flower stalks are about 20 centimeters high. The color of the flowers is white. The sessile leaf plates are comparatively small.

Skolka tomentosum (Cerastium tomentosum)

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Native to this plant is the southern part of Italy. It forms cushions about 0.

3 m high and 0.6 m across. The surface of the stalks is covered with a grey felted pile. The small leaf plates are colored light gray. The white flowers are 10 mm across.

This plant does not grow as tall as other plants, which is why it is often grown in rock gardens. It has been cultivated since 1620. The following varieties are popular with gardeners:

  • columnae - this variety is frost-resistant, it reaches 15 centimeters in height;
  • Crystal Waterfall - bush height about 20 centimeters, flowers white on short thin shoots.

The white ascola (Cerastium candidissimum), or snow-white ascola

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This species is Greek endemic. The bushes are covered with dense felted pubescence and form dense cushions.

The shoots are erect. The shape of the upper leaflets is linear-lanceolate, while the lower ones are oblong-lobate. The twice-cut flowers are very large.

Skolka uralensis (Cerastium uralense)

Jaskolka: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This species is endangered and therefore included in the Red Book. The sod of the shrub is loose.

The climbing shoots are 8-25 centimeters long. And the lanceolate-shaped leaf plates are about 40 mm long and up to 80 mm wide. The color of the flowers is white, their petals split into one quarter.

All other species cultivated by gardeners are: Field jaskolka, large-flowered and purple.


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