The plant Jacaranda belongs to the Bignonia family. This genus is represented by shrubs and trees. This tall perennial can reach a height of 20 meters or even higher. Its branches are decorated with spectacular double pinnate leaf plates, which are similar in appearance to ferns. That is why this plant is also popularly referred to as the "fern tree".
In nature, you can find jacaranda in Mexico, India and Israel.
The shrub is native to South America, more precisely to its tropical zone. It is often grown as a houseplant. The crop is characterized by rapid growth, with an average annual growth of about 25 centimeters. The height of an adult bush can reach up to 200 cm, but only if you do not carry out timely pruning.
It is rarely a pleasure to show its flowers indoors but in the nature it blooms in winter or in the middle of April. A large number of purple bell-shaped flowers are formed at the tops of its brittle stems. They are part of large panicle-shaped inflorescences. The plant is also called "violet tree", this is due to the color of the inflorescences.
Brief description of cultivation
- Temperature regime.
The shrub grows and develops well at about 25 degrees during the warm season, keeping it at room temperature during the winter months.
- Air Humidity. It should be at least 65 percent. Therefore, the plant needs daily moistening from a sprayer.
Needs plenty of bright, diffused light. The shrub needs about 3.5 hours of direct sunlight per day.
- Watering. In summer, the substrate in the pot is moistened abundantly and often (about four times every 7 days).
At other times of the year, water the plant in such a way that the top layer of soil in the container does not dry out.
- Substrate. To prepare it, combine sand, humus, peat, leaf and turf soil (1:2:2:4:2). At the bottom of the pot make a good drainage layer.
No fertilizing is done during the fall and winter period. In spring and summer, the jacaranda is fertilized once every 4 weeks with diluted mineral fertilizer.
- Transplanting. While the bush is young, this procedure is carried out every year, and mature specimens are transplanted once every 3 years.
By seed or cuttings.
- Peculiarities of care. During the warm season, it is recommended to move the tree to the garden or to the balcony, if possible. For him choose a place that is reliably protected from draughts. In spring the plant is cut back to form a crown.
Mimosolic Acaranda. A blooming wonder, but is it worth waiting for at home?
Home care for Jacaranda
You must try to provide it in optimal conditions for its growth and development.
Since it is a tropical plant, it is thermophilic. When growing it in indoor culture, special attention should be paid to the temperature regime. During the summer months, the bush should be kept warm (about 25 degrees).
In winter, it normally grows and develops at air temperatures close to room temperature. It is not harmed by a decrease in air temperature to 13 degrees, but it should be short.
This tropical guest needs increased air humidity, with an optimal level of 65 to 70 percent. That is why the foliage of the plant should be moistened every day with a sprayer, using well-distilled slightly warm water. Spraying in the evening is recommended because direct sunlight must not be allowed to reach the wet leaves.
You can also increase the humidity level with a household humidifier or you can place an open container filled with water close to the shrub. You can also fill a high sump with wet pebbles or clay pebbles and place a plant pot on top of it.
For the plant to develop properly, you should try to let it have approximately 3.5 hours of direct sunlight per day. For the rest of the time, bright, diffused light will be sufficient.
During the winter months, the jacaranda also needs plenty of light. A southeastern or eastern window sill is best.
For even growth and development, the pot should be rotated regularly so that the sun shines on one side and on the other.
This shrub is very watery. In summer, the plant is watered at least once every 3 days.
At other times of the year, watering should be such a frequency that a dense crust does not have time to form on the surface of the soil mixture.
Watering with well settled water, which should be slightly above room temperature. To avoid too rapid evaporation, cover the surface of the root zone with a layer of mulch, such as chopped sphagnum moss, coco peat or fir bark.
Pot selection should also be very careful. Do not use an overly bulky container for planting, otherwise the bush will stretch up a lot and look untidy.
The pot should be quite low and wide, while making sure to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of it. During transplanting a new pot, which must be about 3cm larger in cross-section than the old one.
You should make your own substrate to grow Jacaranda. Combine peat, humus, sand and also sod and leaf soil taken in the proportion 2:2:1:2:4. The soil mixture must be fertile and light.
To make it more friable, it is combined with vermiculite or brick chips.
Fertilizer cannot be added to the substrate during the fall and winter months. Fertilization is done throughout the spring and summer period with a frequency of once every four weeks. To do this, use a mineral complex fertilizer in liquid form, which should be diluted with water in a ratio of 1:1.
Fertilizing is carried out together with watering, in this case the useful substances will be absorbed much faster by the roots.
When the leaves are shed, i.e. during the last winter or first spring weeks, fertilization is not necessary.
When the violet tree is young, it should be transplanted regularly once a year in the springtime. Mature shrubs are subjected to this procedure once every 3 years.
Repotting should be done very carefully and the root neck should not be submerged as this could cause the growing point to be submerged, thus stopping the growth of the bush.
When selecting a new container, note that it should be 30 mm larger in cross-section than the old pot. At the bottom of the pot there should be holes for drainage. Also remember to make a thick drainage layer and prepare an optimal substrate.
Jakaranda 2 months.
First transplant. Jakaranda 2 months old. First transplant.
As a rule of thumb, the leaves from the tree go off during the winter, with young leaves on the branches appearing in the springtime. Every year in the spring months, Jacaranda is pruned.
In order to create a beautiful crown, resort to shortening the ends of the branches. And to make the bush branch better, regular pruning is required.
Jacaranda is great for growing in a bonsai style. To do this, you should form a main trunk and some powerful showy branches. To make the shoots grow in the right direction, a thick wire is wound around them and a heavy weight is attached.
You can easily deform the violet tree shoots the way you want. However, remember that its branches are characterized by increased fragility. That is why experts recommend, to be very careful in the process of shaping the branch, because one awkward movement is enough to break it. Those branches, which in your opinion are unnecessary, should be cut. After the main shoots have sprouted, pinch off their tops.
When the branches are fully wooded, the weights and wire can be removed. The bonsai is ready. In the future, all that remains is to maintain the shape of the bush. Pruning and pruning as needed to correct it.
Wild, flowering Jacaranda looks simply gorgeous.
Numerous loosely elongated, lush panicle-shaped inflorescences consisting of showy bell-shaped flowers are formed on numerous branches of tall trees. The inflorescences are formed in leaf axils or at the tips of thinning branches. The flowers can be deep blue, blue, lavender, purple or a mixture of these colors.
The flowers smell pleasantly of fresh honey and are a big attraction for insects. The drooping, panicle-shaped inflorescences look very beautiful against a background of openwork leaves painted in a deep green shade.
It is very rare to see such a tree bloom at home. If you want to see a Jacaranda in full bloom, you must visit a botanical garden.
The dormancy period of this crop lasts from the second half of November to the first days of March. During this time, the jacaranda should be in a room where the air temperature does not fall below 17 degrees. It is also important to pay attention to lighting, which should be bright at any time of the year, even in winter.
Thanks to this, the plant will develop within normal limits. In the dormant state, the bush does not need any fertilizers. Water less often and more frequently than in the warmer months but make sure you do not dry out your root ball in the pot.
Growing from seeds
Sow your Jacaranda seeds in springtime. Take moistened gauze, roll it up in several layers and wrap the seed in it.
Keep the seeds warm for two or three days. Don't forget to wet the gauze systematically.
Take small cups and fill them with the substrate. In each container plant one seed to a depth of 1 cm. Moisten the substrate liberally and cover the container with glass or film.
Do not forget to ventilate the seeds regularly and moisten the substrate if necessary. If the seeds are kept warm, you will be able to see the first seedlings after about three weeks. When the plants have grown and become stronger they can be planted in larger pots.
Jacaranda mimosolicosa, cultivated from seed
Breeds are cut from May to July and should be 10 centimeters long. The lower part of the cuttings is treated with a product that stimulates root growth, then they are planted for rooting in moistened substrate, and the top is covered with foil and put away in a warm place.
The cuttings will give roots in about half a month. That the procedure was successful will be indicated by the appearance of young leaves. Rooted cuttings are planted in individual pots.
Rooting cuttings can also be done in a glass of water, and the cut should be dipped in Kornevin. The water should be mixed with carbon powder.
Do not forget to change the water in the glass regularly. Once the length of the grown roots reaches 1-1.5 cm, plant the cuttings in separate pots.
Both of these methods are quite effective and common among florists.
If the home jacaranda is not cared for properly, it becomes less resistant to pests and diseases.
In this case, problems such as:
- The root system becomes rottencan occur with it. Excessive watering and poor drainage. Repot the diseased bush, cutting out any affected roots in the process. For planting, use a soil mixture that is mixed with brick chips, vermiculite and perlite.
- Yellowing of the leaves.
The plant is deficient in iron. Introduce this element to the substrate.
- Flowering of the leaves in the springtime. A natural process.
Scab Mite, Spider Mite or Whitefly can settle on the tree. A suitable insecticide is used to get rid of them.
Jacaranda species with pictures and names
The Jacaranda species most commonly cultivated as indoor plants will be described below.
The straight, non-branching trunk can reach up to 300 cm. The shape of the pinnatipartite leaves is elongated and elongated.
The flowers are about 5 cm long and up to 3 cm across. Their color is deep blue, while the petals are decorated with whitish small dots. They are part of elongated panicles.
Jacaranda tomentosa (Jacaranda tomentosa)
In nature, the tree is up to 15 m high and even more. The coloration of the pinnate leaf plates is dark green.
They include 4 pairs of leaflets, which are divided into egg-shaped lobes. The paniculate inflorescences consist of purple flowers.
Jacaranda acutifolia (Jacaranda acutifolia)
The branching straight trunk reaches a height of about 15 meters. The delicate leaf plates are painted a deep green hue, with a fern-like appearance. The tube-shaped flowers have a delicate blue coloration.
Jacaranda filicifolia (Jacaranda filicifolia)
The plant is about 8 meters tall. The elongated double-periose leaf plates are colored with an emerald hue. The long (about 35 centimeters) panicle-like inflorescences consist of tubular lavender-colored flowers.
430. The jacaranta or violet tree works wonders.