Ivy: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The evergreen ivy shrub (Nedera) is a member of the Araliaceae family. The main feature of this crop is the presence of many varieties, among which there are quite exquisite as well as very spectacular.

This plant is native to Europe. This genus unites 15 species, all of which are represented by evergreen shrubs. It is often grown in room conditions, as it is very popular with gardeners.

If there are optimal conditions for the development and growth of such a plant, a small bush in a short time will transform and become a very beautiful vines. Of course, much depends on the variety of ivy itself. The average growth rate of such a plant is about 100 cm in 12 months.

Ivy is an evergreen liana that is highly decorative. It can be cultivated both indoors and outdoors.

Flowering begins in the last weeks of summer or the first weeks of fall. In addition to being very beautiful, ivy is also a long-lived plant. The average lifespan of such a plant is 500 years.

Beneficial properties

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The ivy contains a large number of useful substances, due to which the plant is considered medicinal. It is used to make medicines that are used to treat liver disease, as well as coughs and menstrual pain in women, and they also help strengthen the body's immune system.

Ivy is also quite widespread in non-traditional medicine.

This plant has such beneficial properties as:

  • accelerates wound healing;
  • antimicrobial;
  • a diuretic;
  • inflammatory;
  • sorption.

Liana helps purify the air in the room from cigarette smoke as well as from harmful substances emitted by gas stoves and detergents.

Cultivation Summary

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Air Temperature. The optimal room temperature is about 18 degrees.

    If the room is warmer, then the plant should be moistened regularly with a sprayer.

  2. Air Humidity. Ivy is most comfortable at 50-60% humidity. This is why the foliage of the plant should be moistened with a sprayer at intervals of 1 or 2 times every 7 days.
  3. Lightness.

    Bright but diffuse lighting should be provided for the mottled ivy. For varieties with monochromatic green foliage, it is recommended to choose a northern window sill. In addition, such an evergreen perennial can get used to an artificial source of light.

  4. Watering. During the warm season, water the liana 1 or 2 times every 7 days.

    During the winter months, the frequency of watering is reduced by 2 times.

  5. Soil. Ivy grows best in a substrate that is prepared with your own hands. Combine peat, garden soil, leaf soil and light sod soil, which are taken in equal parts. If the soil mixture has an excessively dense structure, it should be mixed with perlite and peat or sand.

    It should be loose and well drained.

  6. Fertilizer. The ivy should be fertilized regularly, with organic and mineral compound fertilizers used alternately.
  7. Transplanting. While the plant is young, it is transplanted twice a year.

    Mature shrubs are transplanted once every 2 or 3 years. This procedure is done in the springtime.

  8. Propagation. Ivy can be propagated by cuttings, grafts and by seed. The latter method is very rarely used.

    Ivy can be propagated by simply taking a cuttings and rooting them in a jug of water. When rooted, it should be planted in a separate container with substrate. To obtain a brood, a small pot of substrate should be placed next to the bush, in which the shoot with the air root is buried.

Ivy (Hedera) care at home.

Home care for ivy

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The house ivy is unpretentious in care.

However, if you want the plant to be disease-free and always lush and beautiful, certain care rules must be followed.

Temperature regimen

The ivy plant is a very heat-loving plant. The optimum temperature for its cultivation is about 25 degrees. In summer, if possible, take the shrub out on a balcony, but it should be moved indoors before frosts set in.

Remember that the plant reacts extremely negatively to air temperatures below 13 degrees.

This can make the plant sick or pests might settle on it.

Air moisture

This plant especially needs high air humidity on hot summer days. During this time, the foliage is moistened 2 or 3 times every 7 days. In winter, spraying is done once every 1.5 weeks if the room is hot and the humidity is too low.

Brightness

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This plant needs diffused light since direct sunlight causes burns to appear on the leaf plates. During the summertime, it is recommended to move the flower to a northern window sill or balcony. During the winter months, this perennial should be in a heated room. At this time, the plant should provide extra light, and a daylight lamp is well suited for this.

Remember that ivy negatively reacts to frequent rearrangements in a new place.

You should therefore only move it if absolutely necessary.

Pouring

How often should you moisten the substrate in the pot? This is greatly influenced by the time of year. During the winter months water the plant approximately once every 7 days and during the warm months once or twice a week.

Moisturize the potting soil moderately and make sure you have drainage holes at the bottom to prevent stagnation of the roots.

Pot selection

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Pot selection suitable for growing ivy should be taken with great care.

If the container is too bulky, this will lead to rot on the root system, and if it is very cramped, this can cause incomplete development of the bush.

For planting a young bush, use a medium-sized pot. During transplants, it is replaced each time with a container that is 20-30 mm larger in cross-section than the previous one.

Mud

In terms of substrate, room ivy does not have any special requirements. It must, however, be friable and breathable.

If you wish, you can use readily available commercial all-purpose substrate for houseplants for planting.

To prepare your own potting soil, combine humus, leaf soil, sand and peat, which are taken in equal parts.

Fertilizer

Without timely nutrition, ivy cannot grow and develop fully. Both mineral fertilizer and organic fertilizer can be used for this purpose. Experienced florists recommend alternating these fertilisers.

Fertilizing with complex minerals will help to achieve quick and tangible results.

In the warm season, fertilizing is carried out with a frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks. With the onset of winter, reduce the frequency to once a month.

Planting ivy

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

As long as the vines are young, they are transplanted annually in the springtime. When the bush is three years old, the frequency of transplants should be reduced to one every 2-3 years.

When transplanting the plant, be sure to replace the old container with a new one, which should be slightly larger in diameter. The transplanted bush should be sure to water.

Ivy Hedera. Propagation, transplanting. What do you need to know?"

Trimming

A major procedure in growing domestic ivy is its timely pruning.

This procedure should not be neglected as it has a positive effect on the development of the plant. It accelerates the growth of the vines, as well as triggers the formation of young shoots.

Ivy pruning is that the upper parts of the shoots are regularly pruned. This procedure is performed only when necessary.

To ensure that the bush maintains its attractive appearance, leafless and dead shoots should be removed in a timely manner.

If trimming is done on time, it will have a positive effect on the health and appearance of the plant.

Dormancy

Home ivy has no dormancy period. It actively develops and grows year-round.

Flowering

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The first flowering in this perennial liana can occur at the age of 8 or 9 years. Small umbrella-shaped inflorescences form on the branches, on which berry-like fruits of blue or black color form over time.

Most often, these berries contain poison. As a rule, ivy hardly blooms at all in the room.

Hedra is an uncommon ivy. Are these unpretentious indoor flowers vampires or just a joy in the house

Propagation methods

Ivy is most commonly propagated at home by grafts and cuttings.

Grafting

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Taking and rooting cuttings is recommended in the springtime.

This procedure is quite simple, the main thing is to know a few rules:

  1. For the cuttings, cut off the top part of the shoot. Rooting will be much easier and faster if the shoot already has airy roots.
  2. Rooting cuttings are placed in a glass filled with water (you can use both glass and plastic).
  3. After the cuttings have formed roots, plant them in a temporary container with substrate (for example, in a plastic cup). Deepen the cuttings into the substrate by about 5-10 mm.

    Water it well and cover it with a polyethylene bag, which is punctured in several places, so that air can get to the plant.

  4. When 1-1.5 months have passed the cuttings should be fully rooted. After that, it is already planted in a permanent container.

Ivy can also be propagated by cuttings.

Propagation by grafts

Ivy can also be propagated by grafts. This method is easy and convenient:

  1. Select a stem on the bush that has aerial roots. It is not separated from the plant, but buried in a nearby pot filled with substrate consisting of peat and sand.
  2. Bury the shoot well and fix it in any convenient way. The potting soil is then moistened.

  3. In as little as 1-1.5 weeks the shoot will develop roots. Once this occurs, it is separated from the mother bush and planted in an individual container.

Possible problems

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

If you make mistakes when caring for ivy or do not provide it with favorable growth conditions, then this can cause problems such as:

  1. The lower leaf plates fly off. It is advisable to cut off all lower leaves with a pair of scissors or garden shears.

    They only fall off in mature shrubs and this is a quite natural process and should not make you uneasy. Stagnant moisture in the substrate. In this case, start watering the plant more moderately.

  2. The stems are very elongated. This is because the shrub does not have enough light.

    Move it to a more suitable location or provide extra light with fluorescent lamps. This problem is also caused by too little light.

  3. The leaves of the variegated variety become faded. Ivy lacks light. It needs plenty of bright, diffuse light.

  4. The leaf plates of the variegated variety have become monochromatic green. This is due to the large amount of nitrogen in the substrate. To correct this problem, you need to water more frequently, as the water will quickly flush out the nitrogen. However, make sure that water does not stagnate in the soil mixture. It is also advisable to feed the plant with potassium and phosphorus.

    This is due to scanty light.

  5. The tops of the leaf plates become stained brown. This is due to the low humidity in the room and the plant suffers from a lack of moisture. Water in good time and spray regularly with a sprayer. The plant feels a severe lack of nutrients.

    Do not forget to fertilise as often as possible.

If not properly maintained, the plant becomes weak and may be infested with pests such as the scale, spider mite and aphids.

Ivy species with photos and names

If you want to decorate your home with a liana, then ivy is just what you need. It has several spectacular varieties, so you have plenty to choose from. The varieties that are most popular in room culture are described below.

Ivy (Hedera helix)

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This species is most commonly grown in room conditions. A characteristic feature of this plant is that the shoots are fixed on surfaces that are in close proximity to them. This allows a spectacular shape to the liana.

Canary Ivy (Hedera helix ssp. canariensis)

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The leaf plates of the bush are dense, large and have a mottled coloration.

The adult leaf is about 12 centimeters long. This variety has no aerial roots and therefore needs to be supported at all times. In order for the bush to be thick and look spectacular, prune it once a year and properly shape it. Ivy needs bright light and reacts extremely negatively to cold. Adult vines have red-colored shoots.

Colchis (Caucasian) ivy

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Her thin stems are decorated with glossy, large leaf plates. This variety does not need much light and can grow in constant shade.

Ivy Lise

Ivy: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The foliage of this variety has a unique spectacular coloration. The stems of this bush are very long.

Common Ivy (Nedera helix) Care and propagation rules

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