Indoor Pineapple: Care And Cultivation At Home, Propagation

The only plant with edible fruits in the bromeliad family is the pineapple. It is also widely used as a houseplant because of its spectacular appearance.

This genus was first described by a European botanist back in 1735. The name pineapple was derived from the local name of the plant, but it was slightly distorted. It is native to Paraguay, Colombia, Brazil as well as Venezuela.

This genus includes 8 different species that can be found in natural conditions, and almost half of them are grown in greenhouses.

Often only 2 species are grown in indoor conditions. These are the crested pineapple (Ananas comosus) and the bracteatus pineapple (Ananas bracteatus). Under natural conditions these plants can reach a height of 100 centimeters and a diameter of up to 200 centimeters. So, if given good care, it can only grow up to 70 centimeters in height.

Care for room pineapple

Indoor pineapple: care and cultivation at home, propagation

Temperature regime

He loves heat, so both winter and summer, the room where the pineapple is should not be colder than 16-17 degrees. The plant will grow and develop best if the temperature on the windowsill (where it is) is kept at 22-25 degrees year-round.

Brightness

He loves light, so you should choose a well-lit place to place it. In the autumn-winter period, specialists recommend organizing additional light for the plant. For this purpose, fluorescent lamps are used, and the illumination should last about 8-10 hours.

How to water

Indoor pineapple: care and cultivation at home, propagation

In summer, water abundantly, but note that you should only water when the soil is completely dry. Use lukewarm water (30-35 degrees) steeped for at least 1 day. From the last weeks of the autumn to the end of the winter watering needs to be greatly reduced as at this time it needs very little water at all.

And during the warm months it also needs regular spraying and an occasional warm shower.

Mixed soil

Acid (pH 4.

0-5.0) and loose soil is suitable. A suitable soil mixture consists of humus, sod soil, coarse sand and chopped peat, which should be taken in the proportion 2:3:1:3. The substrate should be water-permeable and friable. A wide and low flower pot is suitable for the pineapple because its roots are close to the soil surface.

Fertilizer

Fertilize in spring and summer once every 2 weeks. Nitrogen fertilizer or, more precisely, a purchased organic fertilizer or cowpea infusion is suitable.

Transplanting a room pineapple

Indoor pineapple: care and cultivation at home, propagation

You should transplant the pineapple only if absolutely necessary, namely when the root system no longer fits in the pot. And without an apparent need, the plant should not be disturbed.

Pineapple transplanting.

Updating the soil🏡🍍🍍

Pineapple propagation

Indoor pineapple: care and cultivation at home, propagation

You can propagate by rooting the top of the ripe fruit or by separating the root rosettes. The top (sultan) is gently cut out, wait until it has dried out a little, then plant it for rooting. Rooting will occur faster (after 2-4 weeks), if the container with the top is placed in a warm place, also be sure to be regular moisture. Experts also advise that the plant be covered with a plastic bag or glass jar from above.

As a rule, pineapple blossoms from May to July, but sometimes it can start blooming in December.

Only mature plants that are 3-4 years old can flower. The straw is rather compact and similar to a cone. The fruit takes four or five months to ripen. On top of the fruit will form a spectacular shortened shoot, otherwise known as a sultan. To bring the moment of flowering much closer, you need to put the pot in a bag filled with ripe apples.

The fruit releases gas (ethylene) and this helps to speed up flowering.

Rooting a crown from a purchased pineapple, propagating pineapples

Possible problems

Indoor pineapple: care and cultivation at home, propagation

  1. Tips of leaves are starting to dry up- excessively low air humidity. This plant is very fond of moisture, so increase the humidity in the room if these signs are present.
  2. Mould has appeared on the walls of the container and the ground - this is due to over-watering during the winter time. Remove the mold with a tissue and water sparingly.

  3. Small light spots on the leaves usually show that pests such as false caterpillars have settled. You can get rid of them by treating the leaves with manganese solution.
  4. Root system is rotten - This happens when the pineapple is in a cool and too humid place. Specialists recommend cutting the lower part of the trunk down to a healthy tissue and rooting the rest of the top off.
  5. Ananas grows extremely slowly - this can happen when it is in a cool place (the temperature of the ground should also be low).

    Keep the plant warm and water it with lukewarm water.

Pest infestation is extremely rare.

Homemade Pineapple for the holiday table

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