Iberis Flowers: Planting And Care In The Open Air, Growing From Seed

Iberis, also called Iberia, is a herbaceous plant that is directly related to the cabbage or cruciferous family. Another such plant is sometimes called raznopetalnik, stonecrop or peppercorn. Such a plant in natural conditions can be found in the mountains of Southern Europe and Asia Minor, the southern part of Ukraine, in the Caucasus, in the lower reaches of the Don River and the Crimea. This genus includes about 40 different species, and they are represented by annuals and perennials that may be thermophilic or frost-resistant, and there are herbaceous and semi-shrubby varieties. Such a plant is often used to create a border of lawns, flower beds, and also to decorate masonry and alpine hills.

These flowers are suitable for cutting and are very often used for bride bouquets.

Iberis features

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

Iberis has a taproot system and therefore reacts very badly to transplanting. Depending on the species, the shoots can be upright or tapering. The simple little leaves are usually a dark green with a tint. Its inflorescences are umbrella-shaped and contain small flowers a centimeter in diameter.

Iberis blooms very lushly, and often there are so many flowers that they cover all the leaves. Flowers can be pink, purple, white, lilac or red. Flowering begins in May or August and lasts for about eight weeks. Often perennials bloom a little shorter than annuals. Almost all species have rather fragrant flowers.

The fruit is a bicuspid pod that is oval or circular in shape, slightly flattened and hollow at the top. The seeds remain germinating for 2-4 years.

Growing Iberis from seed

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

Sowing

Growing this flower is possible from seed as well as by vegetative propagation. Seeds are the most popular propagation method because they can easily be bought in a store or collected. Most varieties of this plant are sown directly into the open soil in April.

To make the flowering last even longer, the seeds should be sown twice with a distance of 15-20 days. The first seedlings will appear after 7-14 days. Sprouts need to be thinned, and the distance between bushes should be 12 to 15 centimeters. Winter sowing can also be used.

IBERIS.

Loss-free sowing!

Sowing in seedlings

Sowing seeds in seedlings should be done in early spring and the soil should be loose. The seeds should be placed in the ground only 1 mm and covered with a thin layer of river sand. The container must be covered with glass, because the humidity of the air and the substrate must be moderate all the time. The container should be moved to a well-lit and warm place. Water the seedlings only if necessary, and you must always use a sprayer.

Sprouting is not recommended.

Transplanting into the open soil

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

Time to transplant

Transplant the plants into the open soil in spring when there is no risk of frost. This is usually in May. Iberis should be planted in a well-lit area with loamy, sandy or stony soil. Remember that a stagnant fluid in the root system is very bad for the plant.

How to plant

Firstly very carefully remove the seedlings from the container, taking care not to damage the roots. Take the plants together with a root ball. The distance between the bushes should be 12 to 15 centimeters. The soil around the plant after planting should be tamped, then the bushes should be watered. If you plant different types of Iberis, make sure to plant them at a very large distance from each other as they are subjected to pollination.

Iberis can also be propagated by splitting the plant and by cuttings.

Suitable care

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

Growing Iberis is quite easy and even inexperienced gardeners can handle it. Watering should only be done during dry spells. Such flowers can do without fertilizer, but for even more lush flowering, Iberis can be given 1 or 2 feedings per season with multi-nutrient fertilizer. For the plant to grow and develop normally, it needs to remove fading flowers in time.

When the plants have finished flowering, they should be shortened by 1/3 of the shoots, in this case the bushes will look very neat. A perennial plant that is 5 years old should be pruned, otherwise the flowers will become shallow and the bush will become less showy.

Diseases and pests

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

Pests on such flowers may include cabbage aphids, mealybugs and earthworms. To make the fleas, which eat holes in the leaf plates, go away, it is recommended to moisten the soil near the bush. To get rid of aphids, you will need to treat the infested flower with a solution of liquid potassium soap (150-200 g of the substance per half a bucket of water).

If necessary, the treatment can be repeated after 7 days. To get rid of mealybugs, you will need to treat bushes with mospilan, actar or fytoverm. At the same time, such a treatment will need to be carried out one more time in 7-15 days after the first one.

The root system of such a plant is susceptible to fungal diseases. For preventive purposes, before planting such a flower, it is necessary to water the area with a fungicidal agent.

In case the roots begin to rot, the infected specimens should be dug out and burned, and the place where they grew should be disinfected. Such a flower is very resistant to other diseases. If it is watered according to all the rules, fungal disease will not be a problem for Iberis.

After flowering

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

Seed collection

Seeds appear where the flowers were. Since the blossoms last quite a long time about the ripening of the seeds takes place all the time.

So you can collect seeds at any time as soon as they are ripe. To do this, you need to cut off the pods and dry them, placing them in a warm place. The seeds extracted from such pods should be stored in a place where it is dry and cool, until the planting. No seeds can be collected, as Iberis propagates itself perfectly. In the spring you will see well-timed shoots that will need to be thinned.

Wintering perennials

Even though this flower is rather frost-resistant, it is still recommended to cover it up and lapniks are perfect for this. The parts of the bush that are above the ground will first need to be cut away.

Iberis types and cultivars with pictures and names

Gardeners only cultivate two types of annual Iberis.

Iberis bitter (Iberis amara)

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

This annual can grow to a height of about 0.3m.

There is pubescence on the surface of the shoots branched from the root neck. The leaves are inversely lanceolate in shape. Such obtuse alternately arranged leaflets have a serrated edge. The flowers, which can reach 1.5 to 2 centimeters in diameter, may be white or slightly lilac.

They are part of tassel-shaped inflorescences that have a columnar shape. This species began to be cultivated in the 16th century. Popular varieties:

  1. Tom Toombe. The bush can reach a height of 12 to 15 centimeters. The florets in this species are white in color.

  2. Hyacinthenblutige Riesen. The height of the bush can reach 0.35 meters. The color of the flowers is lilac.
  3. Weiss Riesen.

    The bushes are about 0.3 meters tall and the flowers are colored white.

Iberis umbellata

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

This very showy annual plant can reach about 0.4 meters in height. The branched shoots are glabrous and smooth.

The successive leaf plates are lanceolate in shape. The very fragrant florets can be colored in a variety of shades from purple to white. They are part of an inflorescence whose form is shield-shaped. It usually takes 8-10 weeks from the time of sowing to the start of flowering. Flowering lasts about 8 weeks.

This species has been cultivated since the 16th century. Popular varieties:

  1. Fairy Mixtache. The bush can possess a height of 20 to 25 centimeters. Most often represented by a mixture of seeds having different colors.
  2. Red Rash.

    The height of the bushes is about 0.3 m. Their flowers are carmine red.

There are quite popular perennial Iberis species that are cultivated by gardeners.

Iberis evergreen (Iberis sempervirens)

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

This semi-shrubby plant is a perennial.

It can range in height from 0.3 to 0.4 meters. The oblong leaflets are about 7 centimeters long. These glossy, full-edged leaves are dark green in color.

The umbrella-shaped inflorescences are about 5 centimeters in diameter. And the diameter of the white-colored flowers is about 15 mm. It blooms very lushly for 20 days. In some cases, in the last days of summer there is repeated flowering. It has been cultivated since the 17th century.

Popular varieties:

  1. Zwergshneeflock. The bush reaches only 15 centimeters in height. Planted most often in stony clumps.
  2. Findell. The bush can reach a height of 0.

    2 m, and the diameter of the clump is most often 0.8 m.

  3. Dana. The height of the bush is about 15 centimeters. It blooms very abundantly.

Iberis gibraltarica (Iberis gibraltarica)

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

This species is semi-evergreen. There are many small pink flowers on the bush. The bush reaches 0.4m in diameter and 0.25m tall.

The most popular variety is Gibraltar Canditaft. The bush bears lilac-colored flowers that gradually change to white.

Iberis krymis (Iberis simplex)

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

The bush varies in height from 5 to 10 centimeters. The greenish-gray spatulate leaf plates have pubescence on their surface. The buds are purple and the flowers that open are white.

Iberis rocky (Iberis saxatilis)

Iberis flowers: planting and care in the open air, growing from seed

This evergreen shrub can vary in height from 10 to 15 centimeters. Can form dense, round-shaped clumps. When the plant blooms, it gives the effect of being powdered with snow.

It can form dense, round-shaped clumps..

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