Few gardeners would be pleased to find ants on their property. They not only harm plants, but also cling to buds and flowers. They pay more attention to those crops that produce sweet sap (for example, peonies during flowering). And ants can also sneak into the house, and they are particularly attracted to the kitchen. However, gardeners have several methods in stock, which will help to destroy these insects in their area.
Both pesticides and folk remedies are involved.
Peculiarities of the ant
The ant insect is part of the family Formicidae. It is very widespread, and some species are listed in the Red Book, for example the Meadow Ant (Formica pratensis), which lives in the forest and is very environmentally friendly
but there are also ant species that can cause considerable damage to your garden. The following species are the most frequent ones you may encounter in your garden:
- Yellow garden ant (Lasius flavus), or ground ant;
- Red ant (Myrmica rubra), or red myrmica;
- Black garden ant (Lasius niger);
- Sod ant (Tetramorium caespitum).
Harm of ants
Ants living on the property can be a real problem for the dacha owner:
- They can injure flower buds because they contain nectar and also young shoots of decorative crops.
- They like to eat the fruits of some fruit plants, for example apricots.
- Few species prefer to settle on trees, more precisely in the bark or on the trunk. This contributes to the considerable weakening of the plant.
- They contribute to the destruction of vegetable gardens, flower beds and lawns. They tear whole corridors in the soil, injuring the root system of cultivated plants in the process.
And such underground tunnels contribute to faster soil drying.
- If insects feel that their anthills are threatened, they turn from peace-loving bugs into aggressive defenders. Ant bites cause severe pain and may also cause an allergic reaction or erythema on the skin. During the bite, the insect injects a poisonous substance that includes formic acid.
- These insects are very fond of the sweet taste.
They will gladly eat leftovers forgotten on the terrace or veranda. And it also happens that ants will sneak into an apartment or house to find food.
- Aphids are not only pests, but also the ants' "friends". The fact is that aphids secrete sweet sap, which ants enjoy eating. Therefore, they provide aphids with protection from ladybugs, which feed on these pests.
Some ant species can even form personal colonies of aphids. For this purpose they move the larvae of aphids into the anthills in winter, and when the heat comes they move the adults outside.
How to fight garden ants
The benefits of ants
Artists may be the real enemy of the cottager. But these insects can also be beneficial:
- They help to detect aphids that have settled on a plant in good time. If ants run around the plant, you will notice small aphids, often colored green, on the leaves.
Aphids are a very dangerous pest, so the sooner you get rid of them the better.
- Additionally ants help to clear your property of pests by simply eating their larvae (flies, for example).
- Ants help to clear your property of "trash". They eat dead small rodents, insects and amphibians, as well as plant or organic debris.
- These insects can improve the structure of the soil on the site.
The fact is that during the construction of an anthill they make entire tunnels in the soil, which improves its aeration.
- The droppings of ants include such useful microelements as phosphorus and nitrogen. Therefore, they help to increase the nutrition of the soil.
Native remedies for ants
Some dacha owners prefer to clean their plots from ants without using harmful toxic chemicals. Folk remedies come to their aid.
The easiest option for cleaning the dacha from the pest is its mechanical removal. In this case, you will need to dig an ant hill and move it away from the site. But this method does not guarantee the complete elimination of ants, but only a temporary reduction in their numbers.
Take cornmeal and sprinkle it generously over the areas where ants have been noticed. After the treat is eaten, the insects will swell and die.
Dough leavening agent or baking soda
Baking soda can be found in any home, so this method of pest control is the most readily available. Sprinkle baking soda or baking powder on places where ants visit. This substance is not dangerous for both pets and people.
A solution of baking soda and salt is often used to spray ants walkways. Note, however, that this solution may cause damage to cultivated plants.
The anthills, as well as insect accumulation areas and walkways, can be sprinkled with just boiled water directly from a kettle. This will help greatly reduce the number of pests and even scare them away.
Fill a saucer with honey and place it where ants meet. They love sweets, but they stick to the honey and eventually die.
Moldy lemon is usually used to control ants in the house.
It is placed in cupboards and drawers in the kitchen.
Tobacco, mustard and cinnamon
Tobacco is sold in the tobacco shop and can also be taken out of cigarettes. It, like cinnamon or dry mustard powder, helps get rid of the pesky insect. One of the selected remedies should be sprinkled generously where the pest has been seen, and you can also sprinkle the ground around shrubs or trees.
This method of ant control is quite popular among gardeners.
Boric acid is added to various sweet baits. To do this, 1 tbsp of acid is mixed with 200-250 ml of water, and then a small amount of sugar is poured in. The resulting solution is used to treat the tracks of these insects.
Water with nettles and garlic
Add fresh nettles and chopped garlic cloves to a bucket of water. The infusion will be ready not earlier than in two days.
It is used to sprinkle the insects in places where they congregate, which leads to their quick death.
Mayoran, nettle, wormwood
The scents of some herbs can repel ants. For example:
- draw marjoram;
- Mugwort and nettle are poured with water and waited until the mixture begins to ferment, and then sprinkled on ant paths with it.
Ant repellent plant
In your plot along with the main crops, it is recommended to plant those plants that ants do not like. And they can be planted right next to the ant hill.
Garlic, marjoram, marjoram, tansy, thyme, marigold, parsley, and peppermint can repel these pests.
Ants also cannot stand the scent of tomato leaves. Therefore, the leaves left after pruning tomato bushes can be lightly rubbed in hands to enhance the fragrance, and then spread on those areas where uninvited guests were seen. These insects also dislike the scent of walnuts, lemon peel, pepper and elderberry.
Aroma oils can also frighten ants off the property.
They cannot stand the smells of peppermint, lavender and clove scented oils.
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Chemical ant control products
Some ant control with pesticides is justified. However, it is still recommended to try folk remedies first. And only if they are powerless, you can take up chemicals. To destroy the pest use preparations in different forms: aerosol, pellets or food poison.
Means that are used to treat the area from the sprayer, kill the worker ants, but exterminate the entire nest will not work. But it will help to reduce the number of insects considerably. It is recommended to use such preparations if the number of ants is small. Aerosol products are excellent for destroying moving insects.
Food poisons are also used for destroying insects, which have rather slow insecticidal activity.
Such agents attract pests by their taste and aroma, but they include poisonous substances for stomach and contact. Inside the nest, the poison is spread by the worker ants. They present it as food for the larvae and the queen, who lays eggs. As a result, the nest is completely destroyed. That said, the most popular remedies are such as: Anteat and Muratox.
There are also remedies that contain hormones, for example: pyriproxyphen or metoprene. They promote infertility in pests. Such agents (Farorid, Lafarex, Bioprene) have a slower effect than contact agents, but in the end they lead to the death of entire colonies.
To clear an area of ants, you must get rid of aphids, which can be done with a suitable pesticide in spray form. Thanks to the aphids, the pests get their favorite treat - honeydew.
And if the aphids are gone, the ants can move to another site on their own.
The pesticides most often used to control ants in the plot and greenhouse are described in detail below.
This insecticide has a contact action. It causes the ants to develop paralysis and a little later they die. It is available as a liquid in 1-milligram vials.
It is used to exterminate black ants and red garden ants. The protective effect lasts for 20 days.
This product is excellent against the most different kinds of garden ants. It is based on diazonin. It is commercially available as a bait that is ready to use.
It is suitable for treating all varieties of decorative and vegetable plants. If used properly, the product will not pose a threat to both humans and warm-blooded animals.
The main active component of this insecticidal drug is organophosphorus compounds. It can be used to clean a site of a wide variety of pests and is excellent against all types of ants. You can find it in powder form in a specialized store.
Dilute it with water before using it. Dosage and instructions are on the package.
It is sold as a gel and filled into syringes. It is excellent for greenhouse treatment. Taracid is valued because it:
- is highly effective;
- it can easily be applied in hard to reach places.
pest kill occurs three hours after application and maintains its protective effect for 30 days.
Clean House is a brand name that produces a variety of insecticidal products.
The highly effective insecticidal product is presented in powder form. It is used to exterminate cockroaches, ants and fleas.
It maintains its protective effect for 30 days.
If you follow the instructions when using the product, it will pose minimal danger to pets and people alike. To get rid of ants, sprinkle the product on those areas where they are most common, as well as on places where they congregate. On average about 5 g of the product per 1 m2 is consumed.
Traps of the brand Clean House are also available for sale. The trap has a plastic container which contains the bait so your pets will be safe.
To get rid of pests, the traps are placed in their pathways. Getting inside, the ant eats the bait, and then after two to three days it dies. The duration of the protective effect is about two months.
This insectocaricide is based on thiamethoxam. It can be found on sale in the form of:
The product is excellent against all kinds of ants and also against cockroaches and bedbugs. To rid the area of the pests, spread the powder in a thin layer on areas where ants are moving or where there is an accumulation of ants.
Please note! This product is highly toxic. Work with it only with a respirator and protective gloves.
An average of approximately 2 g of Fas, available in powder form, is used per 1 m2.
This insecticide is used to kill insects such as:
- any kind of ant;
- lice of basement mosquitoes;
It is diazinon-based. Before using it, a working solution must be prepared from the concentrate. How to do this as well as all the dosages can be found in the enclosed annotation or on the package. Water the anthill with this solution and also spray the ant lanes with a sprayer.
And Muratox is also suitable for preparing baits. Take 100 ml of water, 2 tbsp of granulated sugar and 1 tbsp of honey. Mix everything well and add 1 to 2 milligrams of the product. Pour the solution into prepared small plastic containers and then place them in the places where ants have been seen.
This brand offers a whole line of insecticides with a wide range of action.
- cans with ejector;
Whatever form the product comes in, it is excellent against cockroaches, all kinds of ants and fleas. On the package you will find full instructions on how to use the product and the dosages. Please note that when working with these products, you should never neglect safety measures, as well as personal hygiene.
This is a powdered active food bait.
It will help to clean the area from forest, garden and house ants fairly quickly. The use of this remedy is convenient and easy. To do this, pour the granules on the areas where clusters of ants are noticed. If you want to treat rooms, it is recommended to put Delica on pads which will make cleaning easier in the future.
In order to treat hard to reach areas, prepare a solution: 125 grams of the product for 6 liters of water.
Spray with a sprayer on ant-hills, fruit-tree trunks and structures where pests have been noticed.
This is a contact action product with a low cost. It is presented in the form of a pencil or crayon. They are used to draw lines in places where pests are found. When an ant runs along this line, it will inhale particles of the product, which will lead to its death.
Also, the insecticide particles adhere to the legs and the pests carry them into the anthill.
The main active ingredient of this insecticide is fipronil. It has excellent residual activity. It takes 8 hours to take effect and retains its effects for up to 5 weeks. In order to increase the efficacy of the product, the manufacturer added an attractant that is very attractive to ants.
The product is suitable for use both in dry form and as a solution.
To exterminate house and garden ants as well as cockroaches, you can use Domovoy gel. To make it easier to use, it is available in plastic syringe tubes. It is created on the basis of fipronil, which causes paralysis in pests, as a result of which they die. The product is easy to apply: it is squeezed out in small drops, which helps to create a dotted line easily.
Spread it on those areas where pests accumulate.
How to get rid of ants on the plot. A cheap and easy way.
An ultrasonic repeller
To rid your plot of ants, you can use a special ultrasonic repeller. This device produces special high-frequency ultrasonic waves.
A man does not feel them, but ants they deliver discomfort. The device only scares the pests away, without causing them any harm. You should therefore be prepared for the fact that ants may only move to the other end of the plot where they continue their "activities".
When applying any folk remedies and pesticides in ant control, you should remember the precautions:
- Be sure to protect your hands with gloves before treating the plot or room. If necessary, wear a respirator.
- Do not drink, eat or smoke while treating.
- Bait sites should be chosen that are not easily accessible to small children and pets.
- The solution should be prepared only in containers that are not used for food.
- Treat or spray the area on a windless day.
- Wash hands well with soap and water and send shoes and clothing to the washer.
- Carefully read information on packaging and do not disregard the manufacturer's recommendations. Do not contact the surface after treatment for as long as specified by the manufacturer in the waiting period. After applying insecticidal preparations you should make sure you observe the time limit for manual work.
If you follow these simple rules, it will help to prevent poisoning or the appearance of other adverse side effects.
Please note! Whatever pesticides you use on your property, they will affect your immediate environment.
Take their use seriously, especially if there are small children or pets. Pesticides may affect your fruit and vegetable crops because many of them are harmful to beneficial pollinating insects and more.
How to get rid of ants on your property. A cheap and easy way.