Hirita: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

A plant genus such as Chirita (Chirita) is directly related to the family Gesneriaceae. This plant is native to Southeast Asia. Under natural conditions it is found on the slopes of limestone cliffs in India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka as well as in China.

Even in 1822 this plant was discovered by the English botanist David Don. However, it has only been studied since the middle of the 20th century.

Also since that time selection work has been carried out to breed new varieties. In flower stores chirita began to be sold not so long ago, so it is not yet very popular in indoor floriculture.

This genus unites more than 140 species of various plants, among which there are both herbaceous plants and shrubs. They can be both perennials and annuals. These plants have very beautiful flowers that are bell-shaped.

The color of the flowers can be different, for example: lilac, blue, white, yellow or pink.

This genus is divided into 3 sections, namely: microchirita, chirita and gibbosaccus. The compact chirits of the gibbosaccus section are most commonly grown at home. They have leaves in a rosette similar in shape to violets. The leaves are either smooth or downy, colored green or mottled.

The florets are similar to those of Streptocarpus. The rosettes can be from 5 to 30 centimeters long.

Care for chiritsas almost the same as for the quite famous senpollias (Uzambarian violets).

Home care for chirita

Hirita: home care, replanting and propagation

Temperature regime

In warm seasons moderate temperature (18 to 22 degrees) is needed, and in winter a coolness (15 to 18 degrees) is required. In winter, it should not be placed on a cold window sill.

This plant does not suffer from sharp temperature fluctuations.

Lightness

Hirita: home care, replanting and propagation

Loves bright light, but it should be diffused. Shading from direct sunlight is required during the warm season. It is recommended to place on a window sill located in the western or eastern part of the room. In the fall and winter, as a rule, you need extra light.

Flowering can only occur if you have at least 12 hours of daylight.

How to water

Moderate watering is necessary since the soil must dry out well. Due to the fact that the chirita has succulent leaves, it can survive a lack of water much easier than overwatering. If the plant is in a cool place during the winter, watering should be sparing. If it is in a warm place at this time, water as in summer moderately.

Feeding

Fertilize from April to September and use liquid compound fertilizer for senpolias. Do not put too much fertilizer in the soil. After transplanting, do not fertilize for 8 weeks.

Humidity

No specific humidity requirements. It is recommended that it be about 50 percent, but the flower feels good even at lower humidity.

It is not necessary to spray the plant.

Potting

Hirita: home care, replanting and propagation

Potting is done only if necessary in the springtime. The pot should not be very large. Put the young plants in a very small pot and as they grow, gently transplant them into a slightly larger pot. The pot should be chosen low and wide.

The potting soil should be well drained.

Hyrites do not live long, therefore they are rarely transplanted but are more often renewed from cuttings.

Soil

A ready-made mixture for senpollias is suitable. You can make a suitable mixture yourself by combining leaf, sod and peat soil and coarse river sand, taken in equal proportions.

Storming period

There is no strongly pronounced resting period.

If put in a cool place (about 15 degrees) and watered infrequently during the winter, the plant will stunt its growth and will not bloom. This condition is considered a relative dormancy period. A flower that is kept warm in winter and gets enough light will grow and bloom normally.

Propagation methods

Hirita: home care, replanting and propagation

Can be propagated by leaf cuttings, stems, seeds or leaf parts. Use water or sand to root the cuttings (cover with clingfilm from above).

Chirita . Streptocarpus ( Crooked Fruit).Rosette Gesnerea No Deep Rest

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