Hemanthus: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

The monocotyledonous plant Haemanthus is a member of the Amaryllis family. Under natural conditions, it can be found in South America. This genus includes more than 40 different species. The genus name "Haemanthus" was given by Pitton de Tournefort, this is because the flowers of the type species have a deep red color, in the Greek word "Haemanthus" translates as "bloody flower". The plant was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, but he left the name unchanged.

The most popular type of hemanthus is white-flowered (Haemanthus albiflos), also called "deer tongue" or "elephant ear".

Brief description of growing

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

  1. Flowering. July through August.
  2. Blooming. Can be grown in a slightly shaded location as well as in bright, diffused light.

  3. Temperature range. 18 to 22 degrees.
  4. Pouring. During the growing season, moisten the substrate in the pot as soon as the top layer dries out. During the dormancy period, do not water the flower.

  5. Air Humidity. Grows well at any level of air humidity.
  6. Fertilizer. During the growing season, fertilize once every 15-20 days, using a mineral complex fertilizer for bulb plants. During the dormancy period hemanthus in the feeding is not needed.

  7. Potting. The bush is transplanted rarely, namely once in 4 or 5 years, it is done in the last days of February or the first days of March.
  8. Repropagation. By daughter bulbs, leaf cuttings and by seed.
  9. Diseases.

    Root rot and staganosporosis.

  10. Pests. Scabies and spider mites.
  11. Properties. Hemanthus bulbs contain poison.

Peculiarities of Hemanthus

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Unlike other members of the Amaryllis family, Hemanthus whiteflower is an evergreen plant. It grows all year round and does not lose its decorativeness even in winter. And other hemanthus species have a dormant period in winter. The shape of the bulbs can be ovoid or pear-shaped, in some cases they are flattened on the sides. Bulbs reach about 12 centimeters across.

There are few fleshy, strap-shaped, green leaves with rounded tips. The height of both the powerful flower stalks and the foliage can reach about 20 centimeters. Up to three pairs of leaf laminae can be formed on each of the bulbs, with only one pair being formed in a season. The leaf surface may be smooth, sticky to the touch or covered with pubescence. They are arranged in pairs and hang down symmetrically.

What many florists mistake for a hemanthus flower is not actually a flower, but a ball-shaped bundle consisting of yellow stamens assembled into an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. They are surrounded by succulent bracts, of which there are 4, and they are colored the same shade as the stamens, namely, orange, red or white. The color of the leaflets and stamens depends on the species and cultivar. The beginning of flowering is in mid-summer, at which time the plant is decorated with flowers similar in appearance to openwork pompoms. The plant fades in late autumn.

After the hemanthus begins to secrete pollen and nectar, it develops a characteristic unpleasant fragrance. Self-pollinated flowers form ovaries, which are represented by red-white round berries, reaching 10-20 mm in cross-section. They quickly lose germination.

Hemanthus (Deer's Neck, Mother's Neck) CARING AT HOME 👅

Hemanthus care at home

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Hemanthus is very easy to care for and requires very little care, making it very easy to grow at home. Those florists who have already grown it claim that it needs the same care as succulent plants.

Temperature regime

The flower grows and develops normally at an air temperature of 18 to 22 degrees. It does not have a dormant period and therefore does not need to be moved to a cooler place during the winter. However, deciduous varieties and species in the winter months it is better to keep in a room with an air temperature of 10 to 12 degrees. In the summertime, it is recommended to take the shrub out into the fresh air, but choose a location that is well protected from drafts.

Brightness

This plant can be grown in a little shade and in a well-lit place, but it will grow equally well.

Eastern, western and north-eastern window sills are best suited for it. A south window will also do, but you need to shade it from the scorching sun during the midday hours.

Watering

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Moisten the soil in the pot as soon as its surface has dried. Make sure there is no stagnant liquid in the root system of the bush, as this can cause rot on the bulb. In late autumn, conduct a gradual reduction of watering, and during the dormant period, which lasts 4-8 weeks, the bush is not watered at all.

Melted, well-drained or filtered water with temperature close to room temperature should be used for watering.

Air Humidity

The plant does not need high air humidity, so it is not necessary to moisten systematically from a sprayer. And to clean dust from the leaf plates, they should be wiped occasionally with a moistened sponge.

Feeding

Feeding Hemanthus cannot be done with organic fertilizers, as it reacts very poorly to them. Mineral complex fertilizers with a high phosphorus and potassium content are best.

Bulb fertiliser can also be used. Fertilise from the beginning of the growing season to when the flower blooms once every 15 to 20 days. During the dormant period, the plant does not need any fertilizer.

Transplanting Hemanthus

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Adult plant should be transplanted quite rarely, more precisely once every 4 or 5 years. During this procedure, the parent bulb is separated from its offspring.

Repotting is recommended in the last days of February or first days of March, because this time is at the beginning of the growing season and therefore the bush takes root very quickly.

For hemanthus, choose a low and wide pot, which is filled with substrate consisting of turf, leaf and humus soil and sand, which are taken in equal proportions. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container, this will help keep the plant from stagnant liquid in the soil mixture. The flower does not like to sit too deep, so during transplanting its bulb is deepened into the soil mixture by only 1/3 part. If you plant several bulbs at once in the same container, you will end up with a lush and very showy bush.

Transplanting Hemanthus whiteflower.

Propagation methods

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Propagation by seedlings

The Hemanthus uses seedlings, seed method and leaf cuttings for propagation. The easiest of these methods is the propagation by seedlings. When the bush is transplanted, they are separated from the mother bulb and planted as independent flowers in separate pots. Note that only those offspring that have their own foliage and roots are separated and planted.

The offspring can take root quite quickly and you can see the young shrub blossom for the first time in 3 or 4 years after planting.

Producing from a leaf cuttings

Growing a new bush from a leaf cuttings is much harder than from offspring, but it is possible. From an adult bush, cut off the lower leaf plate with a fleshy base. Sprinkle the cut area with crushed charcoal and leave the cuttings outdoors for 24 hours to allow them to dry well. For rooting, the cuttings should be planted in a mixture of sand and peat, then placed in a warm place and watered systematically in moderation.

The rooted cuttings are transplanted into a pot filled with an adult hemanthus soil mixture (see above). A shrub grown from a cuttings will flower for the first time after 3 or 4 years.

Growing from seed

Seeds of room-grown hemanthus are very rarely propagated, as they do not keep good germination for very long. If you were able to collect the seeds in time, then distribute them evenly on the surface of the moistened soil mixture (it is not necessary to cover the top with earth), the container is covered with glass from above. If you are lucky enough to have seedlings, they will not bloom for the first time until 5 or 6 years later.

Hemanthus multiplication and planting

Diseases and pests

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Diseases

Hemanthus is highly resistant to disease. However, if it is not cared for properly, it can then become ill. For example, it can be attacked by fungal diseases and rotting on the bulbs if it is watered too often or too abundantly.

In rare cases, staganosporosis (red rot, or red scald) can affect the flower, mainly hippeastrums and amaryllis are susceptible to this disease. Symptoms of the disease are orange-red streaks and spots on the leaf plates.

Cut off any diseased parts of the shrub and spray it with a special product such as copper oxychloride, Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate or another copper-containing product used to fight fungal diseases. Move the bush to a location that is well lit but protected from direct sunlight and, as for watering, moisten the substrate in the pot so that it does not become stagnant.

In some cases flower growers wonder why their seemingly healthy hemanthus does not want to bloom? If they haven't had enough water during the growing season or if they haven't had a good resting period, and all the more so if you have a deciduous hemanthus, they might not bloom. When the plant is resting, place it in a cool and well-lit place and do not water at all.

Pests

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Most commonly found on Hemanthus are scab mites or spider mites, most often on hot summer days.

If a flower is infested with scab mites they usually hide in the leaf axils and on the underside of the leaves. Moisten a cotton pad in alcohol or soap solution and remove the pests from the flower with it, then rinse it thoroughly under a warm shower and wait until it dries completely. Then treat with Carbophos or other means of similar action.

If spider mites have settled on the bush, they can be detected by small faded dots on the leaves (bite sites) and by thin spider webs. If there are very many pests, dark-colored spots form on the leaf plates, gradually turning yellow and drying up.

To kill mites use acaricide means, for example: Actara, Fitoverm or Aktellik.

Hemanthus species and varieties with photos and names

From all species of hemanthus the most popular among florists are such as: scarlet and white flower. However, the Hemanthus is also often called Scadoxus, these plants are very similar to each other and are related. As Scadoxus are also in the Amaryllis family and grown indoors in much the same way as Hemanthus, we describe below some of the species of this plant.

Hemanthus albiflos

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

This evergreen plant is very decorative.

Its smooth, thick, broad, tongue-shaped leaf plates are dark green in color, up to 10 centimeters wide and about 20 centimeters long, with cilia along the edge. Powerful flower stalks are about 25 centimeters high. Spherical umbrella-shaped white inflorescences are formed on the tops of the flower arrows, which are decorated with golden-colored pollen tips.

Of all the varieties of this species, Prince Albert is the most popular: compared to the base species, this variety has larger inflorescences and possesses a bright orange color.

Hemanthus scarlet (Haemanthus coccineus)

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

The leaf plates with red tops reach about 50 cm in height.

The flower stalks of the species are spotted, red showy inflorescences adorned with yellow-colored anthers. The perianth petals are quite large. When growing indoors, this plant does not flower annually, but forms inflorescences in the fall and fades relatively quickly.

Hemanthus lindenii

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

The bush has long-cellular leaf plates arranged in 2 rows, with longitudinally arranged folds along the middle vein. The peduncles are about half a meter tall and the inflorescences are about 20 centimeters across.

They consist of umbels of deep red color, reaching up to 50 mm in diameter.

Haemanthus candidus

This variety is similar to Haemanthus white-flowered, but it has pubescence on the peduncles and the underside surface of the leaf plates.

Hemanthus tigrinus (Haemanthus tigrinus)

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

This plant is created by selection. The leaf plates are about 0.45 m long, with brown spots on their surface.

The flower stalks are only about 15 centimeters tall, with large red inflorescences forming on their tops.

Hemanthus pomegranate (Haemanthus puniceus)

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Or Scadoxus pomegranate (Scadoxus puniceus). The foliage of such a plant is leathery with a wavy edge. The red inflorescences reach up to 10 centimeters across.

Hemanthus multiflorus (Haemanthus multiflorus)

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagationHemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Or Scadoxus multiflorus (Scadoxus multiflorus).

The leaf plates of this species are veined. Large inflorescences of a scarlet red or pale pink hue are formed on long peduncles.

Hemanthus Katherinae (Haemanthus Katherinae)

Hemanthus: home care, replanting and propagation

Or Scadoxus Katherinae (Scadoxus Katherinae). This variety is very popular with florists. The false stem is about 15 centimeters high and has thin and long leaf plates sitting on it.

In the last summer weeks, red-colored inflorescences form on the flower.

Hemanthus ( FERRY TONGUE) . INDOOR BULB PLANTS

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