Graptopetalum: Care At Home, Species, Propagation Of Spottedbush

Graptopetalum (Graptopetalum) or Spotted-leaflet is a genus directly related to the family Crassulaceae. It unites about 20 plant species, which are represented by succulents. In natural conditions they can be found in arid regions of the American continent, from Arizona (USA) to Mexico.

In this genus there are species which height does not exceed 5 centimeters, and there are some that reach almost a meter. In addition to their size, species differ in their growth pattern.

So, they can be branched shrubs with succulent shoots or stemless. However, all species have a rounded dense leaf rosette, either apex or ground. Some species have squat leaves, while others look like disheveled cedar cones.

Lateral axillary pedicels have branched inflorescences in the form of brushes. The split-petal star-shaped flowers have a widely opened calyx with 5-7 lanceolate petals and long stamens, which number from 10 to 15.

The plant blooms from May to July for several weeks.

Home care for graptopetalum

Graptopetalum: care at home, species, propagation of spottedbush

Graptopetalum is well adapted to indoor cultivation. It is unpretentious and undemanding in its care. Such a plant can decorate the room both alone and in "campaign" with other succulents. And all because it gets along quite easily with many neighbors.

Brightness

Lighting is needed bright and at the same time the plant is quite calm to direct sunlight. When choosing a place for such a flower, it is recommended to give preference to windows of southeastern as well as southern orientation. However, graptopetalum beautiful can safely grow on a window sill west window.

If the light is too little, the plant is recommended to additionally illuminate, using special phytolamps for this purpose. If extra light is used, the length of the daylight hours should be about 10 hours.

Temperature regime

In summer, the plant grows and develops best at temperatures of 25 to 28 degrees. From the beginning of autumn, the temperature should be lowered, and from mid-November to the end of February, this succulent has a dormant period. For this period it should be moved to a cooler (from 6 to 12 degrees) and brighter place (for example, an insulated balcony, loggia).

How to water

Watering should be moderate during intensive growth. Liquid should not be allowed to stagnate in the soil.

Only water after the soil has dried ½ of its depth. Water with water at room temperature and allow it to stand well beforehand.

In cold overwintering watering should be very sparing. It should be done paying attention to the turgor of the leaf plates. As a rule, this procedure should be done only once every 4 weeks.

Air Humidity

Feels comfortable at low air humidity in city apartments.

Earth Mixture

Graptopetalum: care at home, species, propagation of spottedbush

Almost any loose soil mixture that is easy to pass water and air as well as being low nutritive is suitable for this plant. There are several types of soil mixtures:

  • coarse coniferous and leaf soil, peat, coarse sand (2:2:1:3);
  • dark and leaf soil, coarse river sand (1: 1:1);
  • coarse sand, sod earth (1:1);
  • purchased ready-made mixture for succulents and cacti, small brick chips, river sand (3:0.5:1).

Potting is best in low, wide containers, because such a plant is not characterized by a developed root system.

Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot, which will help prevent stagnant liquid in the soil. After planting, you can put small pebbles on the surface of the soil, which will help prevent the succulent leaves from coming into contact with the moist soil.

Fertilizer

Fertilizing should be done once every 4 weeks during active growth. Use a special fertilizer for succulents and cacti. From the beginning of the autumn and until the middle of the spring period, it is forbidden to apply fertilizer to the soil.

Perfections of transplanting

Potting the plant should be done only if absolutely necessary. For example, when the roots no longer fit in the pot.

Propagation methods

Graptopetalum: care at home, species, propagation of spottedbush

Propagation can be done by seeds, leaf cuttings and easy-to-root daughter rosettes.

Before planting leaf cuttings, they should be dried for 24-48 hours. Their petioles are then buried in an earth mixture.

Such cuttings should not be moistened too much or covered with glass or film because rotting can occur very quickly. If the conditions are right, rooting will take place after 7 days and the young plants will be up and running in 6-8 weeks.

Diseases and pests

Pretty much unaffected by pests as there is a coating of wax on the foliage. Most often the plant becomes ill with a variety of rots, which are caused by violation of the rules of care. Thus, it is often caused by stagnant water in the substrate.

GRAPTOPETALUM or Mexican Star. An unpretentious succulent, care at home

Main species

Graptopetalum beautiful (Graptopetalum bellum)

Graptopetalum: care at home, species, propagation of spottedbush

The most popular species among florists. This compact plant has a shortened stem, with an adult plant growing in the wild not more than 30 centimeters, with a diameter of 10 centimeters of flattened leaf rosette. In young plants the leaf rosettes are located directly on the soil surface, and due to the fact that such a succulent grows very slowly when growing in apartment conditions, any other form can be seen very rarely.

Leaf plates grow spirally.

The young leaflets are upright, but as the new leaflets grow, they are deflected and gradually their position changes to horizontal. The leaf rosette is very dense, with each leaf almost lying on top of the other. They are almost triangular in shape, with their not very large tip sharply pointed. The greenish-gray coloring of the leaf plate takes on a bronze tint closer to the edge.

The peduncle bearing the few-flowered inflorescence is only 10 centimeters high, but it rises a considerable distance above the plant itself.

The five-petaled flowers are only 25 millimeters in diameter. The petals can be painted in different shades of color from reddish-purple to dark pink. The stamens are dark pink and the oval anthers are white.

Graptopetalum paraguayense (Graptopetalum paraguayense)

Graptopetalum: care at home, species, propagation of spottedbush

Libo Stone Rose - has a lush, bare short stem, with the young specimens being erect and the adults being loping. The rosettes, consisting of leaves, are rather loose and not as foliose as those of Graptopetalum handsome.

The fleshy obovate leaves are pointed at the end. They reach a length of 5-8 centimeters, a width of 1.5-4 centimeters, and a thickness of about 1 centimeter. On their surface there is not a very large waxy patina, which causes the leaves to have a bluish-gray color. And there are varieties with a distinct pinkish hue.

While the leaf rosettes are quite voluminous, the rather long flower stalks only slightly rise above the bush. The small five-petaled flowers are of no decorative value. There are several reddish dots on the surface of the white petals.

Graptopetalum pentandrum (Graptopetalum pentandrum)

Graptopetalum: care at home, species, propagation of spottedbush

This species is not popular with florists, but it is of particular interest. This species is similar to the previous one, but it has a denser rosette of leaves, with more rounded leaf plates.

Most of all, however, they differ most in their flower stems. In this species, they are very long and branched, and therefore the bush becomes similar to a graceful tree with a dense crown. Small not very showy flowers have 6 petals of narrow-lanceolate shape. On their white surface there are a great number of reddish dots.

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