Goldenseal: Planting And Care, Growing From Seeds, Species And Varieties

The herbaceous perennial plant Solidago is a member of the Asteraceae family. According to various sources, this genus includes 80-120 species. However, cultivated only 20 species of goldsmith's plants, for example, in the Caucasus, the European part of Russia and Western Siberia is widespread, and in the Far East and Eastern Siberia - Daurian goldsmith. The Latin name of this plant means "healthy" or "sturdy," and the species name of this plant corresponds semantically to the Russian phrase "golden rod. This crop is considered an excellent melliferous, and is also used as a dyeing, healing and tanning plant.

The species Cattleya canadensis is very popular as it was the reason for most of the ornamental garden forms.

Peculiarities of Cattleya

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

Cattleya is a hairy or bare herbaceous plant. Upright shoots have regularly arranged leaf blades with a serrated or solid edge. The inflorescences may be cystic, paniculate or corymbiform in shape and contain numerous baskets. In these baskets, the pistillate marginal flowers may be painted various shades of yellow, and in some cases they are very small, making them simply impossible to see from under the ciliate edge of the wrapper.

The disc is made up of monoecious tubular flowers, the corolla of which is colored yellow. Flowering occurs in late summer or early fall.

Zolotarnik is a dangerous plant for the garden!

Seeding Goldthroat in the ground

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

When sowing Goldthroat seeds relatively quickly become ungriable. Some species do not form seeds at all and some species do not have enough time to fully mature. However, there are also some species that reproduce well by self-seeding.

In this regard, propagation of cauliflower by seeds is not very popular among gardeners.

But it is still possible to grow such a flower from seeds, and this is recommended to do through a seedling. A container is filled with soil mixture, and the seeds are evenly distributed on its surface. Then the container should be top-covered with film or glass and put in a warm (18 to 22 degrees) and well-lit place. The first seedlings should appear 15-20 days later.

Much easier and safer to buy ready-made seedlings in the garden pavilion, and in the open soil it can be planted in the spring and autumn. Choose bushes should be strong and branchy, their surface should not have spots and plaque, also carefully inspect them for the presence of pests.

For growing such a frost-resistant plant, you can choose a sunny or shaded area. Any soil is suitable, but this grass grows best in damp and heavy soil, so it is not necessary to add loosening agents (including sand) to the soil during the preparation of the site for planting. During planting, keep a distance of at least 0.

4 m between bushes. Depending on the species and variety, two to five bushes per square meter of garden may be planted.

Garden care

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties


Zolotarnik is very drought resistant and therefore does not require systematic watering. But in a long dry spell, when the soil dries out completely, there is a risk of powdery mildew. Therefore, at this time, the flowers will need systematic abundant watering.


Fertilize the goldenrod only a couple of times during one season, and perform this procedure in the spring and autumn seasons. Mineral complex fertilizer is used for feeding (in liquid form), and during the first feeding the solution should contain from 10 to 20 percent of nitrogen, and during the second - no more than 10 percent (you can do without nitrogen at all). In springtime, wood ash may be used for feeding, but it is not recommended to apply it regularly to the soil.

Gartering and replanting

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

Higher varieties and species of this plant may need a garter to a support, as the bushes may fall over due to strong gusts of wind. Such a perennial may get very big after a few years, so experts advise removing the shrub from the soil once every 3 or 4 years, dividing it into several parts and planting them separately in a new area.

An older plant is much more difficult to transplant as most species have a root system that goes very deep into the ground.


In the fall, it is recommended to shorten bushes to 10-15 centimeters from the soil surface. In the spring time, after the goldenrod is starting to grow, all the weakened stems should be removed, as well as those that grow inside the bush. In this case the bushes will be powerful and showy, and also they will flower in time and lushly.

Diseases and pests

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

The most dangerous for such a plant is a fungal disease called powdery mildew.

The above-ground parts of the affected bush get a white-colored coating. Contributing to the development of this disease are very hot and dry days in the summer, dense planting and too much nitrogen in the soil. In this regard, it is necessary to keep the recommended distance between bushes during planting, and also plant them in time, so that they don't have time to proliferate too much.

Rarely do bushes get rusty. Affected plants should be dug out and destroyed, and the remaining bushes should be sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux mixture, copper vitriol or other means with similar action for the prevention.

This plant is quite highly resistant to pests, but it can still be infested by such insects as Corythucha marmorata, it has an extremely small size. Also the caterpillars of Argyrotaenia citrana can settle on the leaves, which twist them. If goldenrod is grown for decorative purposes, you can save it from pests with insecticides. And species grown for medicinal raw materials are treated exclusively with herbal infusions.


GOLDBERG - medicinal properties and uses on the plot

GOLDBERG species and varieties with photos and names

The following will detail the types and varieties of goldthorn that are most popular with gardeners.

Holotharnum Shortii (Solidago shortii)

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This perennial, branching plant is native to North America. The bush is about 1.6 m tall and is adorned with smooth leaf plates of an oblong-lanceolate shape, serrated along the edge. The panicle-shaped, pyramidal inflorescences are about 0.

45 m long and consist of golden-yellow baskets. The Variegata is the most commonly grown variety as it has yellow spots and blotches on its green leaves.

Wrinkled goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This species is also native to North America. In nature, it prefers to grow in swamps, marshes, wet meadows, and roadsides. In America, such a perennial plant is called a coarse-stemmed goldenrod.

Its coarse brownish-red shoots are about 200 cm tall, smooth and straight. It also has a creeping rhizome.  Leaf blades are oblong or oval in shape, about 20 mm wide and up to 90 mm long, with a serrated edge. Radical leaf laminae of this species are absent. The unilateral tassels consist of small yellow-colored baskets.

And these tassels are part of the drooping panicle, which is about 0.6 m long.

Dahurian goldenrod (Solidago dahurica = Solidago virgaurea var. dahurica)

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This species is native to Siberia. It is a meter-high bush with strong simple shoots that branch only in inflorescence.

The upper part of the stems is covered with short hairs, while the lower part is bare. The stem leaf blades have short petioles, while the root ones are long-petioled. Leaf blades serrated along the edge may be lanceolate, oblong or ovate, acuminate toward the top. There are short hairs on the veins and on the edge of the plates. A simple cyst or narrow panicle-shaped inflorescence with a large number of small yellow baskets.

Solidago canadensis (Solidago canadensis var. canadensis)

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This species occurs naturally in North America. The perennial plant is about 200 cm tall. The rich green leaflets are oblong-lanceolate in shape. The pyramidal panicle inflorescence is about 0.

4 m long and consists of a large number of small baskets of golden-yellow color. It has been cultivated since 1648. A very popular ornamental variety among gardeners is the Patio: its compact plant grows about 0.6 m tall and does not need garter; it is decorated with golden baskets in bunches.

Medium common (Solidago virgaurea)

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

In nature this plant is found in Western Europe, Western Siberia, the Caucasus, the European part of Russia as well as in the western areas of Eastern Siberia.

Simple straight or branched shoots reach up to 0.6-2 m in length. The alternately arranged entire leaflets are lanceolate or linear-lanceolate in shape. The compound inflorescences may be clustered, paniculate or spike-like and contain a large number of yellow baskets.

High-leaved goldenrod (Solidago altissima = Solidago canadensis var.


Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This North American plant naturally prefers to grow on prairies, wet meadows, deserts, open woodlands and on roadsides. In America, this species is referred to as goldenrod. The straight shoots have pubescence and are about 1.8 m tall. The surface of simple lanceolate leaf plates is crossed by parallel veins, the edge is serrated.

The upper leaves are smooth-edged. Unilateral tassels consist of citric-yellow baskets. These tassels are arranged in unilateral panicles, which are about 0.35 m long. This plant is considered an excellent honeybee.

Goldenberry hybrid (Solidago x hybrida)

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This species unites all the hybrids created by breeders. The species used for their breeding is the Canadian goldenrod. Popular hybrids:

  1. Goldspur. A meter-high bush is decorated with panicles about 0.2 m long with golden-yellow baskets.

  2. Kronenstahl. The plant is about 1.3 m tall. The inflorescences consist of baskets of golden hue, with a length of about 0.25 m.

  3. Spetgold. On a bush one meter high, inflorescences of a lemon-yellow hue grow, having a length of about 0.2 m.
  4. Fruegold. The plant is up to 1.

    2 m tall and the yellow-colored inflorescences are about 0.25 m long.

  5. Swefelgeiser. The plant is decorated with panicular yellowish inflorescences. The bush itself reaches up to 1.

    4 m in height.

  6. Goldking. The bushes reach about 1.5 m in height. The rich yellow panicles are up to 0.

    35 m long.

The properties of goldenrod: harm and benefit

Therapeutic properties of goldenrod

Goldenseal: planting and care, growing from seeds, species and varieties

The medicinal properties of goldenrod are used in both traditional and informal medicine. This flower contains organic acids, coumarins, essential oil, phenolcarboxylic acids and their derivatives, flavonoids rutin and quercetin, saponins, glycosides, alkaloids and terpenoids. Due to this composition, the plant has a powerful anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, diuretic, antispasmodic and wound-healing effect.

In alternative medicine, this plant is used in cases of improper uric acid metabolism in the body, scrofula, jaundice, skin tuberculosis, stomach disorders and cholelithiasis.

It is also used to treat stomatitis, bleeding gums, sore throat, gingivitis and to eliminate bad odor from the mouth. This flower disinfects wounds and accelerates their healing, so it is used for swellings, festering inflammation of the skin and fractures.

Medications based on goldenrodroot are used in the treatment of oxalate and urate stones, prostatitis, urethritis and even impotence. Gynecologists recommend their use for women suffering from cystitis or candidiasis.

The rhizomes of this plant is also used as a medicinal raw material.

It can help in the treatment of skin diseases and burns, and also to eliminate the effects of stomach ulcers and hepatitis. It is also used to enhance sexual performance, to treat urological diseases, to eliminate intoxication caused by food poisoning. It also helps in the treatment of diarrhea in pets.

It also has medicinal properties in the honey of the goldenrod. It has an antimicrobial effect and is used to improve the body's immune system and to normalize metabolic processes.

This honey is used to make compresses that can help with inflammation of the skin, and it is also good for treating swellings. It is also excellent for treating maxillitis, sore throat and rhinitis, as well as meningitis.

At the drugstores, an extract of the fresh inflorescence of the goldenrod is sold, and is recommended for normalizing and restoring the urinary system.

295 Goldenrod - for kidneys and not only..



The plant itself as well as products made from it cannot be used during pregnancy and while breast-feeding and are also forbidden to people suffering from glomerulonephritis. These remedies, as well as goldenrod honey should be used very carefully to people who are allergic to ragweed, and insulin-dependent. Also, they should not be used for high blood pressure and during exacerbation of kidney disease.


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