Gaylardia: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties With Photos

Gaillardia, also called Gaillardia or Gaillardia, is directly related to a genus in the Aster family. This genus has about 25 species. In wild conditions these plants can be found in North and South America. This flower is represented by annual or perennial plants, characterized by drought tolerance. The plant was named after the Frenchman Gaillard de Charentonot.

He was a patron of philanthropy and a member of the Paris Academy of Sciences. He lived in the 18th century.

Peculiarities of the plant

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This plant can reach 0.9 m in height. It has straight, densely branched shoots with pubescence on the surface.

The successive simple leaflets may be lanceolate or oval, with a serrated edge. Solitary inflorescences-baskets are arranged on long peduncles. They consist of red-purple three-toothed marginal florets and median tubular florets, which are most often dark red. Machal, semi-maxillary, and simple baskets are found. In semi-maximum inflorescences, the reed flowers are arranged in 2 or 3 rows.

The terry inflorescences include sprawling funnel-shaped median florets. Blossoms abundantly. The fruit is a tuberous seed. As an annual, Guilderdia beautiful is cultivated, and as a perennial, Guilderdia hybrid and Guilderdia spinosa are cultivated. Guilaria is often confused with Helenium, but these are 2 different flowers.

Growing Guilaria from seed

How to sow

Guilaria, which is an annual, is grown through seedlings using seeds. Sow them in February or March. Large plant seeds should be spread on the surface of moist soil and covered with a thin layer of vermiculite (not covered). Containers with seeds should be placed in a well-lit and warm (20 to 23 degrees) place, with protection from direct sunlight. Moisten the substrate only if necessary.

The first seedlings will be visible after 7-15 days.

Sprouting

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

After the first seedlings appear, the container should be moved to a cool (18 to 20 degrees) place. The best place for seedlings to grow is in a cold greenhouse. And all because such a plant requires not only coolness, but also high air humidity. After the appearance of the first pair of true leaf plates, seedlings should be planted more freely.

Watering should be done as soon as the top layer of soil mixture dries up. The optimal duration of daylight hours for seedlings is 14 to 16 hours. Therefore, the plants need extra light with daylight. Otherwise, the lack of light and high humidity can provoke grey rot.

How to plant in the open soil

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

What time to plant?

Girlardia annuals should be planted in the open soil from the second half of August or in September.

The place for planting should be well lighted. The soil should be light, well-drained and saturated with nutrients. Remember that this flower reacts negatively to stagnant liquid in the soil, to acidic soil and to fertilization. Before planting, you should apply a bucket of humus (compost), a handful of mineral fertilizer and 1 tbsp of wood ash per 1 m. This should be done under digging.

How to plant

Transplanting should be done in the middle of the day in full sun. The distance between the holes should be 20 to 25 centimeters. The seedlings should then be watered. Before the arrival of winter, the flowers will be over and well rooted. The first flowering you will be able to see the next year.

Repot the gardenia once in 4-5 years. If you don't want to bother with cultivating seedlings, sow the seeds directly into the open soil. Gaylardia, which is a perennial, is grown this way. The seeds are sown in July-September and it is not necessary to embed them into the soil. During the year only 10 to 15 leaf plates will appear on the plant.

Flowering can be seen only the next year in spring.

GAYLARDIA SEEDING Video lesson from Olga Chernova January 27, 2017

Care features

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Potting and growing such flowers is not difficult. Only good light is most important for such a plant, with everything else being too important to it. Water the plant only during prolonged hot, dry periods. However, watering should be done in moderation.

But remove weeds and loosen the soil regularly. Guilardia flowering lasts more than 8 weeks, but to make it even longer, it is recommended to snip off the flowers, which began to fade. Varieties that are tall should be gartered. Also, this flower should be fertilized 3 times during the season, using a full complex fertilizer. Fertilization is done during the appearance of the buds, during flowering, and in the fall about 4 weeks before the cold sets in.

Remember that manure must not be used for fertilizing.

Potting

Don't forget that the Gaillardia must be transplanted in time, or rather, once every 5 years. During transplanting, the flower is also often propagated by dividing the rhizome.

Propagating the Gaylardia

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The Gaylardia can be propagated not only by seeds, but also by dividing the rhizome. When the perennial bush is 4 or 5 years old, dig it up and divide its root system into several parts.

When doing this, note that each of the divisions should have a certain number of stems and roots. The dividers should be planted in new permanent places. The transplanting procedure is recommended to be carried out in spring.

Root cuttings are also suitable for propagation. The perimeter of the clump should be dug up, then the biggest roots should be found and cut off.

They are cut into five to seven centimeter pieces and rooted in the greenhouse.

Pests and diseases

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Aphids and whiteflies often settle on the plant. To get rid of them, you should treat the bush with Actellic or Decis, but you should study the instructions enclosed with the product before treatment. If you violate the rules of care, the flowers can fall ill with gray rot, spot disease, powdery mildew and white rust. In order to get rid of such fungal diseases, the following fungicides should be used: Hom, Bordeaux mixture, colloidal sulfur, Oksihom or Topaz.

A bush infected with white rust is recommended to be treated with Skor.

After flowering

Seed collection

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

To obtain seeds from your own Guillardia, leave some wilted inflorescences until the fall season arrives. To keep the seeds from spilling out, the inflorescences should be wrapped with gauze that is fixed to the stem. However, keep in mind that plants grown from seed cannot retain the varietal characteristics of the mother plant. Therefore, before harvesting seeds, you should consider whether you need them.

It is also possible not to harvest seeds. The inflorescences are left, but they are not gauzed. The seeds that have fallen to the surface of the ground, will rise with the onset of the spring period. The seedlings will only need to be thinned and if necessary seeded.

Hyllardia.

Gather seeds with me!

Wintering perennial gardenia

Before the first wintering you should cut the young plants completely off all the leaf plates flush with the surface of the ground. Then either cover the plants with dry leaves or put some lapniks over them. The plants do not need to be covered for the next winter. Guilardia should only be covered annually if cultivated in an area with little snow and frosty winters.

Main species and varieties with photos and names

Gardeners enjoy very popular varieties of Guilardia that are both perennial and annual.

Gailardia beautiful (Gaillardia pulchella)

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Gailardia beautiful is most popular among annual varieties among florists. The bush of this flower grows sprawling. On the tops of thin and rather tall flower stalks are baskets of inflorescences that can reach 6 to 7 centimeters in diameter. The color of the lingual petals is very spectacular. It varies from red-purple or pink-purple at the base to yellow at the tips.

The tubular florets have a very spectacular color, namely, brownish-red. This plant has several quite common varieties:

  1. Raspisnaya (pikta) - has very large inflorescences, which may be macro or semi-macro. The coloring of such basket inflorescences can be different, namely, deep red or yellow-red (bicolor).
  2. Lorenza - Its macerated basket inflorescences are very large, globular in shape. These inflorescences are composed of yellow-red or yellow tubular funnel-shaped flowers with a toothed bend.

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The most popular varieties:

  1. Red Plume - the basket-flowers in this variety are mahogany. They consist of tubular, funnel-shaped, terracotta-colored flowers.
  2. Ellow Plume - The maroon ball-shaped baskets consist of yellow tubular flowers.

Such varieties as Lolipups and Jayati are also quite popular in culture. But the annual Gaillardia blunt-toothed (Gaillardia amblyodon) is not as much loved by gardeners.

Gaillardia aristata (Gaillardia aristata)

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Gaillardia aristata is a perennial that is relatively popular with gardeners. This plant is native to North America. The straight shoots curve at the bottom and they have dense pubescence on the surface. The height of such a bush can vary from 30 to 75 centimeters. Leaf blades may be oval, oblong or lanceolate in shape.

They are solid or serrated and have pubescence on their surface. Cauline leaves are sessile and root ones are petiolate. Individual baskets are up to 12 centimeters in diameter. They consist of variegated and very brightly colored reed flowers, which are most often yellow, orange or copper-red in various shades. The tubular florets are purplish yellow.

The beginning of flowering is in June. Cultivated since 1812. Garden forms of this species have one name in common - Gaillardia grandiflora. The most popular varieties are:

  1. Mandarin - there are tongue-like yellow-red florets.
  2. Wirral Flame - there are tongue-like red florets with a yellow border.

  3. Dazzer - The tips of the lingual florets are yellow, but they are dark red at the base.

Gaillardia hybrid (Gaillardia hybrida)

Gaylardia: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This species came into being by crossing Gaillardia beautiful with other Gaillardia species. The shoots reach about 0.8 m in height. Blossoming starts in June or August.

The basket-like inflorescences can be semi-flowered, simple and terry, and their coloring includes predominantly yellow, red and brown color tones. The most popular varieties:

  1. Primavera is a low, compact bush that can reach about 25 centimeters in height. Up to 8 flower stalks can form from just one rosette, with large (about 12 centimeters in diameter) inflorescences on the tops.
  2. Arizona Sun - A dwarf bush that can only reach 20 centimeters in height. Blooms very lushly and long from the beginning of summer until frost.

  3. Zonne - The bush reaches 0.5 to 0.6 m in height. The color of the reed flowers is golden yellow, while the tubular ones are dark yellow.

Also sometimes cultivated is such a perennial species as Gaillardia lanceolata.

Gaillardia - thousands of sunbeams. Species. Уход.

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