Almost everyone probably knows what a garden jasmine looks like and what it represents. This plant is grown as a houseplant by a very large number of flower growers. However, it is quite possible to grow it in the open air. Many gardeners are happy to grow such a spectacular flower on their plot. The jasmine shrub can easily be confused with the chubushnik, and although these plants need almost the same care, they differ in appearance, and also have significant differences in their origin.
For example, jasmine can easily be distinguished by its fragrant inflorescences, which are quite large.
But in order to grow a spectacular and robust plant, you need to know how to plant it correctly in the spring, and you also need to know the rules of care of the garden jasmine. This kind of jasmine is a very beautiful plant, especially at the time of flowering, when the fragrant flowers bloom. But it requires good care as well as proper planting.
Special features of garden jasmine
It is possible to grow a plant like garden jasmine in absolutely any plot, but remember that it requires special care.
Before you start growing this flower, you should first learn all the details about the care it needs. However, you must first learn more about this type of jasmine.
Garden jasmine is native to the Mediterranean. Such a plant has medicinal properties. However, it is most often grown as an ornamental to decorate dacha and garden plots.
This shrub has a very effective lush crown. It is most beautiful during the flowering period, when yellow or white florets, collected in inflorescences, are blossoming on the branches. They are incredibly fragrant. The garden jasmine has a large number of different subspecies, which differ from each other by the size of the flowers. These plants are notable for their ability to adapt to almost any weather conditions.
Thus, it grows and develops very well in both sunny and shady places. It can be planted both on the southern and northern side of the plot. It tolerates both drought and high humidity quite well. Various insects, including most species of bees, love to collect nectar from the jasmine bush.
Uniqueness of the garden jasmine
The flowers contain a large amount of essential oils during flowering, but only in those that have recently bloomed.
They are beneficial to human well-being. Jasmine's benzyl alcohol and benzyl acetate can normalize a person's sexual libido. The buds of such a plant are used to make a special decoction, which has the ability to normalize the digestive organs. Also, the substances contained in the garden jasmine can cleanse the body of toxins, as well as strengthen the immune system. Any of the varieties of such jasmine contain substances that have medicinal properties.
Not only will the jasmine bush be a great decoration for your garden, but it can also improve your health significantly.
In order for cultivation to be successful, you need to know at what time and how exactly to plant this flower in the open ground.
Main species with photos
Some species are most popular with gardeners and dacha growers.
This is a fairly compact shrub that almost never reaches more than 100 centimeters in height. Such a plant has leaf plates that are quite large and curved.
Its florets have a very pleasant smell reminiscent of strawberries.
Jasminus venus common
The shrub has a rather large size. So, it can reach a height of 250 to 300 centimeters. During the flowering period, such a jasmine shrub is decorated with very large and beautiful inflorescences that exude a pleasantly sweet smell. The leaf plates are colored in a rich golden color.
This plant is recommended to grow in parks or in rather large plots. The bush can reach a height of up to 400 centimeters, and is the tallest of all jasmine species. However, the peculiarity of this plant is that its lovely flowers have no fragrance. This species blooms rather late. Flowering lasts for four weeks.
Also very popular is the variety of jasmine "Gornostaeva mantle". This plant is quite compact and does not exceed 100 centimeters in height. Inflorescences are located along the entire length of the branches. Flowering lasts about 8 weeks.
Selecting a suitable location for planting
These species and varieties can be found in many garden and garden plots.
Garden jasmine is usually planted outdoors in the springtime. In order for the plant to grow and develop normally, you need to know a few important rules of both planting and caring for it. Planting is usually very similar between the different types and varieties of garden jasmine.
General points for choosing a proper planting site:
- When choosing a proper site for this plant, you must be aware of the fact that it can adapt to almost any type of weather conditions. However, if you want your plant to look great and flower very abundantly, you should plant it in a place which is protected from strong draughts.
The fact is that they have a very negative effect on this shrub. Also garden jasmine grows and develops better in a well-lit place with a sufficient amount of direct sunlight. It will for example look great next to delphinium or lavender. Also jasmine grows well next to Hydrangea or Spirea. However, this procedure can also be done in the fall.
Selecting the best soil and planting
Garden jasmine, as mentioned above, is a rather unpretentious plant. But for its best growth, care should be taken in the choice of soil, as well as in its direct planting.
- In view of its unpretentiousness, this shrub is able to take root and grow well in almost any soil. However, if possible, preference should be given to a soil rich in nutrients. It should be remembered that the roots of the jasmine extremely negatively reacts to excessive moisture, so the choice should be left on a piece of land located on a not very high elevation.
- In the hole prepared for planting should be poured sand, mixed with small stones. This layer will act as drainage. If you are planting in spring you should add 50 grams of nitrophosphate to the hole. This allows the plant to quickly take roots in its new location. Then you should water the plant.
- For your plant to develop properly, you should systematically fertilize it.
For your garden to have a lush jasmine shrub, you should not only care for it regularly but also systematically fertilize it. Remember that you do not fertilise your plants for the first time until twelve months after planting.
Jasmine in the garden needs different kinds of minerals. A nutrient solution consisting of 1 liter of water and 5 grams of superphosphate is recommended for feeding the plant.
Add 2.5 grams each of urea and potassium sulphate. After that, the solution is thoroughly mixed. It is used to fertilize this shrub.
Garden jasmine also needs organic fertilizers.
So, for fertilizing, it is recommended to use manure, as well as humus. But it should be remembered that manure for fertilization should be used only in diluted form, otherwise the plant can burn the root system. Dissolve the manure in water in a ratio of 1:15.
Properties of pruning
Feeding is not enough for a jasmine bush to look very lush and fragrant; it also needs to be properly tended. There are several secrets and rules for both dacha growers and gardeners regarding this procedure:
- forming pruning should be done in the spring, when the shrub is in its vegetative state;
- the longest branches should be pruned completely, and the shortest ones should be shortened by ½ part;
- For a more abundant flowering, a rejuvenating pruning is carried out, or rather all empty branches are removed;
- A mature shrub should have its central trunk cut to 45-50 centimeters, with the rest removed entirely.
Each year the shrub should be inspected and any damaged or diseased branches removed.
In order for the plant not to die in the winter it should be properly prepared for this difficult period. To do this, a few very simple things should be done:
- We should remember that mature specimens are more frost-resistant than young ones. You therefore do not need to prepare older plants for the winter. However, jasmines that are still fairly young need this treatment.
- When the shrub has finished flowering, it should be wrapped in a suitable material. You can also use straw for this purpose.
- Jasmine shrubs can be replanted in the autumn so the roots are not damaged during the cold winter months by digging around the plant and adding compost.
- If desired, the shrub can be replanted in the spring.
Place garden jasmine in the springtime.
Prepare the soil by digging a hole that should be the same size as the shrub's root system. In this hole and transplant the plant, with the rules being similar to those for planting such a shrub in the spring.
Propagating garden jasmine is very simple. So, there are several ways:
- Seeding.Sowing seeds is done both in the open ground and in a box at home (growing through seedlings).
- Cuttings. Cutting cuttings is recommended in the first days of June. Then they are planted either in open soil or in a greenhouse.
- Springs.In the spring time, shoots should be prepared by separating them from the mother plant.
Choose the strongest shoots. After they have overwintered, they are transplanted to a permanent location with the onset of spring.
- Division of the root system. This is not the most popular method of propagation. Dividing is recommended in the fall.
Preferred plants for the garden How to propagate the chubushnik, or garden jasmine
It is also necessary to remember that room and garden jasmine are different cultures, and each requires a different care..