Ficus Microcarpa: Home Care, Transplanting And Propagation

The evergreen tree-like plant Ficus microcarpa is a member of the Mulberry family. It is characterized by an average speed of development and growth. In natural conditions, such a plant can reach a height of about 25 meters. But it will take a very long time for it to reach this size. Often such a ficus is an epiphytic plant, which having become powerful and tall, can destroy its support in the literal sense, strangling it.

In room conditions, the plant is a tree, the average height of which is about 1.5 meters. It is distinguished by relatively thick aerial stubs. As a rule, they do not reach the surface of the substrate and form unusual shapes. Thanks to the aerial roots, the tree feels more confident in the vase.

Its branches are decorated with glossy ellipse-shaped leaf plates. Ficus microcarpa blooms very spectacularly and unusually. During the flowering period, inflorescences are formed on gray shoots that look like a small ball. Inside this inflorescence are placed differently sexed flowers. However, it should be taken into account that in room culture, no flowers are formed on such a tree.

Generated from the tropical latitudes of China and Japan. In nature, such a ficus can be found in the Philippines, Australia and southeast Asia.

Brief description of cultivation

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

  1. Air temperature. No higher than 23 degrees during the warm season and no colder than 16 degrees during the winter months.
  2. Air Humidity.

    It should be high at all times of the year.

  3. Lightness. Needs plenty of bright light, which should be diffused. Shading is necessary on a southern window sill.
  4. Pouring.

    Moisten the potting soil only after its surface has dried. Make sure that no dry crust is formed on the surface of the substrate.

  5. Substrate. To prepare a substrate suitable for planting, you must combine peat, sand, leaf and sod soil taken in equal proportions. Also suitable is a ready-made soil mixture for ficuses.

  6. Fertilizer. Fertilization is carried out throughout the entire spring and summer period with a frequency of twice a month. A special fertilizer for ficuses is used for this purpose.
  7. Transplanting. While the ficus is young, it is transplanted annually in the spring time, and adult bushes once every 2.

    5 years.

  8. Propagation. By seed, cuttings, root cuttings and aerial grafts.
  9. Care features. Ficus reacts negatively to any rearrangement, because of this it is under great stress.

    In summertime, it is recommended to take the plant out into the fresh air, and choose a place for it that has reliable protection from wind gusts. In the spring, all stems should be trimmed, leaving 4 leaf plates on each stem.

Home care for Ficus microcarpa

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

Microcarpa Ficus needs some time to adapt after you buy it. In order to speed up the plant's adjustment to its new environment, provide it with the best possible conditions for growth.

Air temperature

Remember that this plant needs to be protected from sudden changes in temperature and drafts.

Be sure to maintain an optimum temperature regime. During the winter months, keep the ficus in a cool place (16 to 18 degrees). In the warm season the plant feels best at a temperature of 23 to 25 degrees. If it is above 25 degrees, the plant needs to be watered more often with a watering machine.

Air humidity

If it is in a good microclimate, the leaves will have a great shine and will be very stubborn.

The condition of the microcarpa ficus is particularly influenced by the level of humidity in the room. It feels best when the air humidity is high.

Moisturize the foliage with a sprayer on a regular basis and pay particular attention to this procedure in the autumn-winter period. Make sure that the moisture does not come into contact with the trunk during spraying. Also increase the humidity level using household humidifiers, and the pot with the tree can be placed on a deep tray filled with wet clay pebbles.

Hygiene

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

For the ficus to always be spectacular and tidy, simple rules of hygiene should be followed. Make sure the plant is regularly wiped down with a pre-moistened soft cloth. This procedure is performed once every 1.5 weeks. Also give it a warm shower from time to time.

Lighting

Ficus: After buying the plant, choose the most suitable location for it. The fact is that it reacts very negatively to any rearrangement. For normal development, the culture needs a large amount of bright and diffused light. If you place it on a southern window sill, you must protect it from direct sunlight because it can cause burns on the leaves.

Watering

To find out if you water it or not, use a match and stick it into the substrate.

Take it out. If it is dry, then it is time to moisten the potting soil. If the substrate is still wet at a depth of 25 mm, then do not water. Please note that drying out the root ball can cause the leaves to fall off and stagnant moisture in the substrate can lead to root rot.

If the room is cool, the number of waterings should be reduced.

After some time after moistening the substrate, be sure to drain any accumulated liquid from the tray. The water for watering should be well settled and slightly warm. Reduce evaporation from the soil mixture by mulching its surface with crushed bark.

Pot selection

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

The flower pot should be low but fairly wide, and be highly stable. Several holes should be made in the bottom for drainage.

The pot should be 2/3 the height of the plant itself in cross-section. Be sure to make a drainage layer of a decent thickness at the bottom, making sure to leave enough free space so that the bush root system can fit into the pot.

Substrate

Such a plant is very demanding to the composition of the soil mixture. To prepare the substrate yourself, combine leaf and turf soil and also sand and peat (1:1:1:1). Ready-made potting soil for ficus can be bought at specialist stores if you want.

Whichever mixture you choose, it should definitely be mixed with some brick chips and vermiculite to improve its drainage qualities.

Fertilizer

For a timely fertilization, the immunity of the plant becomes stronger and the bush becomes more spectacular. Ficus nutrition is given twice a month throughout the spring and summer using a universal mineral complex for ficuses. The nutrient mixture is dissolved in water and poured her substrate, and do it after watering in the evening. In addition, the culture needs regular feeding on the leaves.

After feeding, the bush should be protected from direct sunlight for 24 hours. During the winter months, no feeding is done.

Transplanting the microcarpa ficus

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

While the bush is young, it is transplanted annually in the spring time, and the old pot is replaced with a new one of larger diameter. When the plant becomes an adult, it is transplanted less frequently, to be exact, once every 2.5 years.

Take the ficus out of its container and carefully clean its root system from the old substrate. Then the roots should be shortened by 50-70mm. The new pot should be 40 mm larger in cross section than the old one. Make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.

Fill the drainage with a layer of substrate and place the bush in the pot.

Then gradually pour the soil mixture into the pot and compact it around the roots. Note that the root neck should be at the same level as before transplanting. Water the transplanted shrub and when the water has completely absorbed, top up with fresh potting soil.

Shade the plant for a few days after transplanting, but do not water it for 7 days. The first fertilization is done 2 weeks after transplanting.

If the bush is very large, then it is not transplanted, but only the top layer of soil mixture is replaced with fresh substrate.

Bonsai ficus Microcarpa Ginseng. Transplanting at home. Ficus Microcarpa Ginseng

Trimming

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

In order to give the crown a spectacular shape, the plant should be given systematic pruning. All stems should be shortened in the spring with 4 leaf plates remaining on each stem.

All cuttings should be blotted to remove the milky sap. Then cover them with crushed charcoal.

Trim the top of the shrub to make the trunk thicker and to encourage the formation of side shoots. Once the young shoots have emerged, they can be given any shape you like. This tree can be grown as a bonsai.

Dormancy

This plant usually goes dormant from the middle of November to the first days of spring. During this resting period the plant should be at room temperature and you should try to keep it at a temperature no colder than 15 degrees. If the room will be hot, Ficus needs extra light, you can use a phytolamp for this.

Pour the bush moderately. If the humidity in the room is low, then moisten the foliage with a sprayer.

You can also place the pot on a deep tray filled with wet expanded clay.

Flowering

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

On the flowering tree, you can see the formed syconias, which are small inflorescences and are shaped like a closed rounded plane. Inside the inflorescences are both male and female flowers. Pollination takes place with the help of small wasps, which get inside the syconia through a not very large opening.

The syconia have a golden color immediately after formation.

However, after some time they change their color to cherry. After ripening, very small fruits are observed forming in place of syconiae. It is this feature of the plant that prompted the choice of the name: "microcarpa" means "miniature fruit".

Propagation methods

Growing from seed

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

Ficus microcarpa can be grown from seed, but this method is not popular. The seed material is very fine.

It has a low germination rate, and the seedlings are extremely slow growing.

Treat the seeds with a growth-promoting agent. Then they are sown into a mixture consisting of sphagnum moss and peat. Cover the seeds with cling film from above, water them moderately, and also provide bottom heating. When the first seedlings appear, cover is removed.

When the seedlings have grown and become stronger, they are planted in separate pots, with them deepened to the first leaf plates.

Cuttings

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

When the plant is cut, take away all the most powerful woody stems. Use them to cut cuttings, which should be about 15 centimeters long. Make the cuts at an angle, then blot them, removing the milky juice. Then conduct a treatment with a product that stimulates root growth.

Next, plant them in a substrate of peat and sphagnum moss. Cover them with foil.

If the cuttings are given plenty of bright light, they will form roots in 1.5 months. For rooting, you can use a glass of water in which carbon powder is dissolved.

Do not forget to systematically replace the water with fresh water. When the cuttings take roots, all the leaf plates are cut off. The cuttings are then planted in a permanent pot.

Propagation of Ficus bentjamin, kinky and microcarpa with cuttings

Propagation with root cuttings

Ficus multiplies with root cuttings during transplanting. Plant the cuttings in the potting soil, leaving about 3cm above the surface.

Cover the cuttings with cling film and remember to ventilate them regularly. Moisten the substrate as soon as it dries out. After about 3 months, the cuttings should give roots. When it does, young shoots will emerge. After 4 new leaf plates are formed, the foil is removed.

The bush is moved to a well-lit location and cared for as an adult plant.

Propagation by aerial plucking

Depart from the top of the stem about 70 cm. At this point make several small incisions 40mm apart. To prevent the cavity from closing, place matchsticks in the cuts. Cover the area where the cuts are made with moistened sphagnum moss.

The moss is wrapped with film, in which several holes are made. Fix the film underneath and on top.

Carefully moisten the moss regularly with a syringe of water. After about 4 weeks roots should appear, then remove the foil. Carefully cut the cuttings below the roots and plant them in a separate pot.

Remember that a bush grown from cuttings does not form root nodules. They only form in a plant grown from seed.

Possible problems

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

If the microcarpa ficus is not cared for properly, it can begin to have problems such as:

  1. Forms thin stems with excessively small leaf plates. Too little light and lack of nutrients.
  2. Green foliage suddenly shed.

    Temperature change, stagnant roots, transfer, cold water or drafty conditions.

  3. The foliage turned yellow and foliage shed.. Poor light, severe water shortage, too little humidity, or plant in urgent need of nutrition.
  4. Yellowing of leaf laminae.

    The shrub feels a severe lack of water or the water stagnates in the root system, also with a lack of trace elements.

  5. Sprinkles of greyish color appear on the leaves. Root rot has appeared on the root system due to regular water stagnation in the soil. Cut out all affected parts of the roots, treat the shrub with a fungicide, then plant it in fresh, well-drained soil mixture, and make a better drainage layer.
  6. Leaves curl.

    The plant has received sunburn.

  7. Pests. Mealybugs, scabworms and aphids can settle on the tree. Give the infested plant a warm shower and then treat it with an insecticide solution.

Beneficial properties

Ficus microcarpa: home care, transplanting and propagation

The microcarpa ficus helps purify the air of various harmful carbon compounds, for example: phenol, benzene and formaldehyde.

It is believed that this tree has a positive effect on the energy in an enclosed space. It has been observed that if there is such a ficus in the house, its inhabitants are less susceptible to illness, and if they fall ill, they recover very quickly.

According to psychologists, home ficus helps to improve the mood and maintain mental balance. Esotericists believe that such a tree attracts to the house prosperity. There is an assumption that the bigger it is, the stronger its ability to bring joy and benefit to people.

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