The Ficus lyrata is a perennial evergreen tree that is part of the Mulberry family. It began its existence as an epiphyte that was placed on top of the crowns of other trees. Today in natural conditions the plant can be found as an independent tree, which can be up to 15 m high.
The plant is native to the tropical part of West Africa. In indoor culture, Ficus liriformus is grown as a tree-like plant with an average height of about three meters.
The wavy dense leaf plates are quite large, with their surface decorated with lighter colored veins. This plant is very easy to look after, and it is characterized by a fairly rapid growth: the annual growth is about 25 centimeters. Remember that room ficus does not produce flowers, but such a perennial is quite manageable for an inexperienced florist.
Ficus liriformis features
Ficus liriformis will be a great decoration for any interior, since it has a spectacular unusual appearance due to large "fluted" leaf plates. However, this tree is valued by florists not only for its beauty.
It has the power to replenish the indoor air with oxygen, to purify it of impurities and to fill it with beneficial energy.
Also this plant is often used for different medicines to cure various ailments.
If you are looking for a plant that grows well at home and is undemanding in care, then you should consider Ficus liriformis:
- Temperature control. The room should not be warmer than 28 degrees in summer and colder than 15 degrees in winter.
- Humidity of air.
The optimum level is between 70 and 80 percent. Responds well to daily spraying.
- Lightness. Windows facing south of the room are best, but the bush needs shade.
Water once every 7 days during the winter months and more often than 4 times a week during the summer.
- Fertilizer. A fertile substrate of slightly acidic reaction is suitable.
- Fertilizer. Fertilize no longer than 6 months 1 time in 30 days, and use mineral complex fertilizers.
- Transplanting. It is carried out once every couple of years, with large specimens you can simply replace the top layer of substrate regularly.
- Propagation. By apical cuttings or by grafts.
Needs regular formative pruning as well as supportive supports.
- Care features. Very well aired, therefore well suited for outdoor loggias or terraces. While the leaf plates are young, they may often fold up, leaving traces. Because of this, such foliage needs to be watched regularly.
🌱 Lirate Ficus 🍃 month and year later / care / tips / purchase at Lerou Merlin
Home care for Lirate Ficus
Ficus Lirateus growing in the room does not normally bloom. However, in favorable conditions as close to natural as possible, light green syconiae can form on the bush, which are small fruits with seeds inside.
Since this plant comes from the tropics, it does best in a room with warmth and high humidity. In summer it grows and develops best at 22-28 degrees. If ficus is not dormant in winter, you want to make sure the room is never colder than 18 degrees.
This plant is a humid plant and therefore needs high air humidity. To keep the ficus growing comfortably, it is recommended to moisten it systematically with a sprayer. The water should be well settled, and it should also be softened if necessary. After spraying, make sure no moisture accumulates in the leaf axils as this may cause rot.
This ficus needs plenty of bright light.
A well-lit window sill or the sunniest spot in the garden or on a loggia is recommended. In winter it needs extra light, otherwise the foliage will fade and grow very slowly.
Water Ficus liriformis moderately. During the spring and summer, water regularly, on average three times a week. In winter, the frequency of watering should be reduced to one every 7 days.
A large ceramic pot is used for planting and transplanting this tree. Note that the ficus will stretch strongly upward in a relatively short time and form large, heavy leaf plates. In this regard, you should choose a powerful vase for the bush, characterized by high resistance to overturning. As long as the tree is young, it is planted in a not very large container that matches the size of the root system.
As long as the tree is young, it is transplanted regularly once a year with a complete replacement of the soil mixture.
Mature plants do not need such frequent transplanting, it is usually done only when necessary. If the shrub is not ill and the pot is not too big, you can simply replace the top 30-40mm of potting soil with fresh substrate.
Potting Ficus Liriformis in a pot with Elho Automatic Watering
Ficus does not require a specific soil mixture. For example, you can use a commercially available universal potting soil, which should be neutral for transplanting.
If you want, you can make your own potting soil at home.
Mix leaf and garden soil and either perlite or sand (2:2:1). Make sure you have a good layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot with a minimum height of 30 mm.
For the ficus to grow and develop properly, it is advisable to feed it systematically. This should be done once every 30 days (less often if possible) from the first days of March until the cold weather sets in. A liquid compound mineral fertilizer is used for this.
Ficus liriformis needs systematic formative pruning for it to look neat and showy. If not pruned at all, the tree can form an unkempt crown on its own. The fact is that such a plant is extremely difficult to build up side branches.
To make a tree growing in room conditions branch well, at least six internodes should be trimmed. However, at least 4-5 leaf plates should be left.
This pruning allows the sap to move up and down the plant, which will help stimulate the formation and growth of side shoots.
After pruning, wait for the milky sap to drain, and the cut should be made under the bud, and it should be oblique. Experts also recommend, washing the cut site with cold running clean water, after which it should be covered with wood ash.
There are no winters in the home of the ficus. However, when growing indoors in regions with cold winters, it is more common for the plant to enter dormancy.
Since light is scarcer and humidity levels are lower during the winter, its development becomes slower. They will come to life in spring.2>
If the plant is dormant then it should be moved away from the heating unit and the temperature in the room should be at least 15 degrees. The bush should be provided with compulsory extra light.
Propagate Ficus liriformus with semi-timbered cuttings.
They are harvested during crown formation. Most often they are put for rooting in pre-disinfected water. When the cuttings show roots, plant it in a fertile and loose soil mixture. If you plant cuttings to root in the substrate immediately, make sure they are in plenty of green and well aired.
Ficus lyrata Cuttings Propagation
Raising by grafts
Tree can be propagated by grafts.
To do this an incision must be made 50mm from the leaf plate downwards. A chip that has been soaked in a solution of a product that stimulates root growth should be placed in the cut. Sphagnum moistened with water is placed on top of the chips. A foil is placed on top of the slit. The first roots should appear after about 3 months.
Mistakes in the care of the Ficus liriformis room could result in problems such as:
- Brown spots on the leaf plates. These are formed because of regular stagnant water in the soil mixture.
- FoliageFlattering of the foliage. This can occur if the room is too hot and humidity is low.
- Slow growth.
Associated with a lack of nutrients or too little light.
The following pests can settle on such a plant: false scales, spider mites, scales and powdery mildew.
Ficus Lirata is the big brother of Ficus Lirata Bambino. The most unpretentious indoor flower.