Faucaria: Care At Home, Photos Of Species, Reproduction

Such a succulent as Faucaria3> is directly related to the family Aizoaceae. It is native to the arid regions of South Africa. Faucaria translates from the Latin "faux" for "mouth" and from the Greek "αρι" for "many". This is due to the species of the plant itself. Thus, its leaves end in spinous outgrowths, which resemble the jaw of a beast of prey.

This plant is a perennial. It has a short, fleshy rhizome and a shortened stem. As a rule, over time, it grows strongly and can form entire clumps with many stems. Each leaf rosette includes 3 to 6 pairs of succulent and fairly thick leaves that are arranged in a cross shape. They can be painted in various colors, either dark or pale green, with whitish mottling or strokes.

On the edges of the leaves there are spinous outgrowths or hair-like teeth. Single flowers are fairly large in size, so their diameter can reach 6-7 centimeters. They have a large number of petals, which are painted in different shades of yellow. The blooming of the flowers occurs during the daytime, while at night they are closed. Each flower lasts about 6-8 days.

Home care for faucaria

Faucaria: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

Light exposure

Light exposure must be bright, so it is recommended to put the flower on the windowsill of a southern window. If there is little light, the leaf rosettes will become loose.

Temperature

The optimum temperature in summer is 25 to 30 degrees. It is worth remembering that in summer such a plant can withstand any temperature fluctuations. In winter it needs to be cool (about 10 degrees).

Humidity

Faucaria is quite adapted to live in low humidity urban apartments. It does not need extra humidification. For hygienic reasons, it is recommended to regularly wipe the surface of the leaf plates.

How to water

Spring and summer watering should be moderate. Thus, it is recommended to water only when the soil has dried out completely.

In the fall, watering should be more sparing. In winter, dry keeping without watering is recommended.

Faucaria: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

Feeding

Feeding is done in April-August once every 4 weeks. Cactus fertilizer is used.

Repotting features

Repotting is done once every 2 years.

Suitable soil should be loose and air permeable. To prepare the soil mixture, combine sod and leaf soil with river sand (1:1:1). Also suitable purchase substrate for succulents and cacti. The pot should be low, but wide. During planting, a good drainage layer should be made on the bottom.

Propagation methods

Can be propagated by shoots and seeds.

Sow seeds on the surface of coarse sand, with only a little soil to cover them. Place glass on top. A suitable temperature is 20 to 25 degrees. The sand should not dry out, for this purpose it should be moderately moistened from a sprayer.

The first seedlings will appear after 1-1,5 weeks. Picking is made after the appearance of the 1st pair of leaves. Cactus soil is used for planting.

Separate the cuttings and leave outdoors for 2-3 days to dry. It is then planted in sand and maintained at a fairly high temperature of 25 to 28 degrees.

Full rooting will occur after 3-4 weeks.

Pests and diseases

Sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests. If the plant is weakened, aphids or root powdery worms may settle on it. Gray rot is possible if not properly maintained.

Possible difficulties

  1. Pale leaves, elongated shoots - warm overwintering, poor light.

  2. Wrinkled, blackened leaves - overwatering (especially in winter).
  3. Leafplates pale, wrinkled and small, plant growth stopped - needs feeding, soil too dry. However, this condition is normal in winter.
  4. Brown-colored spots have formed on the leaf surface-sunburn.

Main species

Faucaria felina (Faucaria felina)

Faucaria: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

This succulent can reach 10-15 centimeters in height.

The leaf plate is about 5 centimeters long and 1.5 centimeters wide. The rich green leaves are arranged supracrosswise, crosswise. They have whitish fuzzy dots on their surface and 3 to 5 bent teeth on the edges, which become bristle-like. The golden yellow florets reach 5 centimeters in diameter.

Faucaria paucidens (Faucaria paucidens)

Faucaria: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

This succulent has pale green leaves that reach 5 centimeters in length and are a centimeter wide. There are dots of dark green on the surface of the leaf plate, and there are 1 to 3 denticles on the edges. The yellow flowers can be up to 4 centimeters in diameter.

Faucaria speciosa

Faucaria: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

This succulent has fleshy leaves that reach 3 centimeters in length. There are 5 or 6 rather large denticles along the edge, which become bristle-like.

The flowers are fairly large, with a diameter of eight centimeters. They are colored golden yellow, with the ends of the petals having a purple cast.

Faucaria tigrina

Faucaria: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

This succulent reaches only 5 centimeters in height. The rhombic-shaped, greenish-gray leaves are pointed at the tips. On their surface there are many whitish dots, placed in strips, with 9 or 10 pairs of curved backward strong teeth, which have hair-like endings.

The golden yellow flowers are 5 centimeters in diameter.

Faucaria tuberculosa

Faucaria: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

This succulent can reach a height of 5 to 8 centimeters and has a branched stem. The dark green, toothed, fleshy leaves are arranged in a suprotective manner and are joined at the base. The leaf blade is almost triangular or rhombic in shape, with whitish warts on its surface. The yellow florets are up to 4 centimeters in diameter.

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