Eucharis (Amazon Lily): Home Care, Transplantation And Propagation

The bulbous plant Eucharis is a member of the Amaryllis family. There are about 20 species in this family. The Greek word "Eucharis" translates as "graceful", this is due to the beautiful flowers and foliage of this plant. In the nature it is found in the South and Central America from Bolivia to Guatemala, and eucharis prefers to grow in the lower layer of wet woods in shady places. It is also called the "Amazon lily" because most of its species can be found in Colombia and on the eastern slopes of the Andes and in western Amazonia.

In the first half of the 19th century, the flower was introduced to Europe, where it very soon became popular with gardeners and florists alike.

Brief description of cultivation

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

  1. Flowering. Twice or thrice in one year.
  2. Brightness. Can grow in shade as well as in bright but diffuse light.

  3. Temperature. In summer, 18 to 22 degrees, and in winter, 16 to 18 degrees.
  4. Watering. During the growing season water regularly twice a week, and during the dormant period - immediately after the top layer of soil mixture has dried.
  5. Air humidity.

    It must be high, so systematically moisten the foliage of the plant with a sprayer, and moistened pebbles should be placed in the tray.

  6. Fertilizer. During the vegetation period, the bush is fertilized once every 2 weeks, for this purpose a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants with a reduced nitrogen content is used.
  7. Dormant period. This plant does not have a pronounced dormancy period.

    However, after it has flowered, you should allow it to rest for 4-6 weeks. It is done immediately after flowering once every 3 or 4 years.

  8. Propagation. By offspring and by seed.
  9. Pests.

    Aphids, scabs, spider mites and thrips.

  10. Diseases. Red blight (staganosporosis) and gray rot.

Peculiarities of Eucharis

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Eucharis amazonica is a bulbous plant. The bulbs are globular in shape and reach about 60 mm in cross-section.

A single bush forms 2 to 7 dark green leaf plates, they are broad, lanceolate in shape and have thick, long petioles. The leaves are about 0.55 m long and up to 0.2 m wide. The foliage has a slightly wrinkled texture as well as a protruding longitudinal vein.

Flowering begins in August or September, with flower stalks about 0.8 m long. The fragrant flowers look a lot like daffodils; they are white and large and are arranged in umbrellas of 3-10. The flowers also have a crown, the color of which can be yellow or green depending on the species. The fruit is a leathery three-chambered box.

Colorful Flowering House Plants. Transplanting Eucharis ( Eucharis).

Home care of eucharis

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Growing eucharis lily is quite easy, but before you buy the flower, you should consider that it needs a lot of free space. And otherwise, this culture is unpretentious and undemanding.

Brightness

This flower grows well in any light.

It can be placed on either a southern or northern window, and it will grow well and look great everywhere. However, the shrub must always be shaded from the scorching midday sun, otherwise burns may appear on its surface.

Temperature regime

The flower grows best at a temperature of 18 to 22 degrees. Even in winter, the bush does not need cool maintenance, the recommended temperature during this period is 16 to 18 degrees. However, the plant reacts negatively to draughts and sudden temperature changes, because of them the flowers become shallower and flowering becomes scarcer.

Watering

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

For the growing period the flower should be watered regularly a couple of times a week. During the dormancy period, the frequency of watering should be reduced slightly. Pay attention to the condition of the substrate. Do not let the clod dry out completely, but between waterings the top layer of the substrate must dry out. Also make sure that there is no stagnant liquid in the substrate, otherwise rot may occur on the bulb.

Air Humidity

Because Eucharis naturally grows in the tropics, it needs high air humidity. Therefore, it needs to be moistened systematically from a sprayer with well-chilled water at room temperature. Humidify the flower regularly at any time of the year, special attention should be paid to spraying in the autumn and winter, when the humidity is very low due to the heating devices. If the only humidification from the sprayer will not be enough to increase the humidity, the pot with the flower should be placed on a tray, in which poured moistened pebbles. And also sometimes eucharis should arrange a warm shower or the leaves can be wiped with a moistened soft cloth.

As soon as the flower stems are formed, moistening from a sprayer should be stopped until the flowering is over. Otherwise, if the buds and flowers get a drop of water on them, they will start to turn brown.

Feeding

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Feed regularly, but only during the growing season and also during flowering. The regularity of feeding is once every half month. It is recommended to use liquid mineral fertilizers for flowering house plants with a reduced nitrogen content, for example, Bone Forte, Agricola or Fertika-Lux.

Some flower growers prefer to feed eucharis alternately organic and mineral fertilizers. All nutrients must be stopped right after flowering.

Potting Eucharis

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Potting is done infrequently, only once every 3 or 4 years after flowering, when the dormancy period has already arrived. This must be done very carefully, as the root ball must remain intact during transplanting, because the crop reacts very negatively to trauma to the root system as well as to disturbances in the position of the roots. The soil mixture used is fertile, which includes sod, leaf and fibrous peat soil, as well as sand and decomposed cow manure.

The pot for planting is used not very high, but wide. At the bottom of it pour a layer of drainage thickness of 20 mm, and then place the bulb together with a lump of soil, as a result, it should be at a depth of 40 to 50 mm. Gradually pour fresh substrate and compact it, try to fill all the voids. During transplanting, it is not recommended to separate the daughter bulbs from the mother and plant them in individual containers, because babies planted alone will not flower for a long time.

Care after flowering

From other members of the Amaryllis family eucharis differs in that it has no pronounced dormancy period.

It does not shed its leaves. However, it needs to rest before the next flowering. In this regard, at the end of flowering remove all withered flower stalks, stop fertilizing the substrate, as well as gradually reduce watering. The bush should rest for at least 4-6 weeks. You can move it to a cooler room for this time if you like, but this is not necessary.

When young shoots appear on the flower, you should begin to gradually increase the frequency of watering.

Propagation methods

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Sometimes eucharis lily is propagated by seed, but baby plants are most commonly used for this purpose. The culture differs from other bulbous plants in that the bush and the mother bulb are separated so that each of the divisions has 4 or 5 bulbs. This allows the roots to get less damage and the dividers themselves to be less painful to transplant, quicker to start growing and begin to grow daughter bulbs. It is not uncommon to see dividers blooming in the year of transplanting.

Growing eucharis from seed takes a lot of effort and time from a florist. But you will not see the first flowering of seed plants until five years after they have sprouted.

Multiplication of Eucharis at Home

Diseases and Pests

Pests

Eucharis is rather resistant to pests but it is still infested with scabies, thrips or spider mites. The most frequent victims are those plants that are not properly cared for. To exterminate such insects, it is necessary to spray the bush with a systemic insecticide (for example, Fytoverm or Aktellik), which can be found on the shelf of any specialized store.

However, it is better to provide the plant with proper care and optimal growing conditions so that pests will bypass it.

Diseases

The most common disease is grey rot. Typically, high humidity in a cool room contributes to the development of this disease. As soon as you notice the first signs of the disease, watering must be drastically reduced, then the bush is sprayed with a solution of the agent used to combat grey rot, such as Champion, Bordeaux mixture or Topaz (in the initial stage of the disease). All heavily infested areas on the bush are cut back to healthy tissue.

Wounds must be treated with a copper-containing contact medium such as cuproxate, copper sulfate or oxychrome.

Possible problems

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Mistakable problems may occur if not properly cared for:

  1. Eucharis blossom. If the shrub is cared for properly, it will bloom 2 or sometimes 3 times during the year. However, it happens that eucharis does not want to bloom. To fix this, you first need to understand why this happens.

    In order for a transplanted division to bloom as soon as possible, it should include several bulbs. This is because a single bulb planted in a separate pot will not bloom until it has grown many divisions, and this usually takes 3-5 years. This is the most common reason for the lack of flowering. Also, the bush may not form flowers due to sudden changes in temperature or draughts. All you need to do is start to care for the plant properly, and it will flower regularly once more.

  2. How to make it flower? In this case, the shrub should be placed in a shady and cool place for the winter, the watering should be reduced (the ball of earth in the pot should dry out almost completely), and the fertilizing of the soil should be stopped. As a result, at the beginning of spring the bush will actively grow and surely will please you with a magnificent flowering.
  3. Yellowing of foliage. If only one or two leaves have turned yellow, this is quite natural. But if the leaves turn yellow in masses and dark spots appear on the surface, it means that urgent action must be taken to save the flower.

    Yellowing of the leaves occurs when: the plant lacks water because it is watered sparingly or infrequently; liquids regularly accumulate in the soil; or the shrub gets overcooled. If the foliage not only turns yellow but also dies off, take the shrub out of its pot and carefully inspect its root system. Cut out all areas affected by rot and treat the wounds with charcoal powder. After that the bush is planted in fresh substrate. The first time eucharis should be kept warm, and also he provides moderate watering and reliable protection from direct sunlight.

    If there are no rotted areas on the root system, then the foliage is due to improper care.

How to make eucharis bloom

Eucharis species with photos and names

The following will describe the eucharis species most commonly cultivated by florists.

Eucharis large-flowered (Eucharis grandiflora)

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Generated this species from the Colombian Andes. Its bulb reaches 30 to 60 mm across. The long-petioled leaf plates are broadly lanceolate in shape.

Flower stalks 0.6 to 0.8 meters long produce white, fragrant flowers, which grow to about 12 centimeters across and are arranged in clusters of 3-6 flowers. Flowering is observed in May, August and winter.

Eucharis white (Eucharis candida)

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Native to this plant is also Colombia.

The bulb is about 50 mm in diameter and has an ovoid shape. The broadly elliptic leaf plates are pointed toward the top and narrower toward the base, up to 0.15 m wide and about 0.4 m long. An umbrella of 6-10 fragrant white flowers is formed on a brownish-green flower stalk.

Flowering occurs in March.

Eucharis mastersii (Eucharis mastersii)

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

This species, like the white eucharis, is native to Colombia, and these plants also have similar bulb shapes and sizes. The leaf plates are broadly oval in shape, but round at the base, arranged on petioles that are not too long. The leaves are about 15 centimeters wide and about 25 centimeters long. The peduncle is round in cross section and usually bears two umbrella-shaped inflorescences.

The plant blooms in March.

Eucharis sanderi (Eucharis sanderi)

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Native to this species is South America. Its bulbs have an ovoid shape. The broadly oval heart-shaped leaf plates at the base are about 0.3 m long and up to 0.

17 m wide, and they are arranged on long petioles (about 15 centimeters). An umbrella-shaped inflorescence consisting of 2-3 white flowers is formed on a rounded flower stalk. However, there is also a multi-flowered form with an inflorescence consisting of 4-6 small flowers. The color of the crown rim is pale yellow. Flowering is observed in February-April.

As a rule, the species is cultivated on an industrial scale.

Eucharis toothless (Eucharis subedentata)

Eucharis (Amazon lily): home care, transplantation and propagation

Native to this species are also considered the forests of Colombia. The bulb shape is oval. The oblong-triangular leaf plates are about 11 centimeters wide and up to 23 centimeters long, with long, grooved petioles. Umbrella-shaped inflorescences consisting of 6-8 white flowers are formed on a narrow flower stalk.

Eucharis large-flowered.

Eucharis are the most popular among florists. What eucharis dies from . How to take care of the Amazon Lily to make it bloom?

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