Epiphyllum: Home Care, Cactus Species, Propagation, Transplantation

The plant epiphyllum3> is directly related to the cactus family. Under natural conditions this plant can be found in tropical America as well as in Mexico. Epiphyllum is often referred to as phyllocactus, which translates as "leaf-shaped cactus". This genus includes almost 20 species of plants, represented by epiphytes and semi-shrubs with a leafy stem and a woody base. Epiphyllum has no leaves; instead there are flat and fairly broad shoots.

Skeletal branches can have a triangular or rounded shape. This plant is strongly branching and fast growing. The young shoots are directed vertically upwards, but over time they droop. Because of their large, showy flowers, botanists also call these plants "orchid cacti". The first time a cactus blooms is when it is three years old.

Quite large flowers can be up to 30 centimeters long and up to 15 centimeters in diameter. The flowers have a funnel shape and a long flower tube. There are species whose fragrant flowers have a rather pleasant fragrance.

There are more than 10,000 varieties of this plant, thanks to the efforts of florists.

Main species

Epiphyllum ackermannii

Epiphyllum: home care, cactus species, propagation, transplantation

This hybrid plant has flowers that are painted a satiny, deep red color.

This cactus is the most undemanding of all the species in the genus.

Epiphyllum oxypetalum (Epiphyllum oxypetalum)

Epiphyllum: home care, cactus species, propagation, transplantation

This species is a natural. The shoots of this plant grow up to 200 centimeters long and 12 centimeters wide. The snow-white, fragrant flowers unfurl at night.

Home care for epiphyllum

Epiphyllum: home care, cactus species, propagation, transplantation

Light exposure

Very fond of light.

Choose well-lit places for placement, but protected from direct sunlight (otherwise shoots may get a burn).

Temperature regime

Tolerant to heat. Moderate temperatures of 15 to 20 degrees are recommended during the winter. Please note that the room where the Epiphyllum is located must not be colder than 10 degrees, otherwise it may die.

How to water

The watering must be moderate, and it is necessary to pour out the accumulated liquid from the tray.

During the winter watering only after the substrate has dried out completely.

Air Humidity

High air humidity is required for the plant to grow and develop properly. Systematic sprinkling of the shoots is recommended, as well as washing them (using a stream of room temperature water).

Repotting details

Potting the plant once a year, pruning it systematically. Prune out any shoots that are damaged, ugly or old and those that do not produce flower buds

Transplantation methods

Propagation can be done by stem cuttings.

This procedure is done in the spring and fall. To do this, the side shoots are cut off and the end is sharpened just above the narrow part of the stem (wedge-shaped). Cuttings are placed vertically and left outdoors for 5 or 6 days to dry. On cuttings need to choose shoots older than 1 year, but the odnervye old as well do not fit. Nucleation is very quick, using water or moistened substratum for rooting.

Possible difficulties

  1. Adult cactus does not flower - improper care is provided. Repot it and feed it systematically.
  2. The plant is dropping its buds - The conditions in which the epiphyllum is kept have changed drastically. You have to wait until it adapts.

Video review




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