The Eleutherococcus plant is represented by prickly shrubs and trees and is part of the Araliaceae family. This genus includes about 30 species. In nature, this plant can be found from southeastern Siberia to Japan, and further south to the Philippine Islands. In western and central China the highest number of eleutherococcus species can be found. The most popular among gardeners is spiky eleuthero (Eleutherococcus senticosus) as an ornamental and medicinal garden shrub.
Peculiarities of eleutheroccocus
Eleuterococcus senticosus is also called wild pepper, devil bush or spiny free-roaming shrub. This deciduous shrub has a grayish bark. Its rhizome is strongly branched, placed in the upper layer of soil, it grows a lot of adventitious roots, their length can reach 30 m. The height of such a plant, which has many stems, varies from two to five meters. On the surface of straight shoots, there are many thin spines directed downward.
Long-petioled palmate-complex leaf laminae have 5 oval pointed leaflets, which may be glabrous or slightly bristly on the front side, while on the underside, along the veins, they are covered with a reddish pile, with a sharp bidentate-toothed edge. Its simple umbrella-like inflorescences, which grow at the ends of stems, consist of fragrant little flowers with long pedicels: pistillate flowers are pale yellow, while stamens are pale purple. The fruits of such a plant cannot be consumed as food. They are black glossy spherical-shaped kernels, reaching about 10 mm in cross-section, inside they have 5 pale yellow pits, which shape resembles a crescent. They ripen during the first half of the fall and stay on the branches for a long time.
In the wild this species grows in cedar-broadleaved forests and forms undergrowth, and can also be found in floodplain spruce forests. Eleutherococcus has been cultivated since 1862.
Eleuterococus: Effects, Insulin, Adaptation
Growing Eleuthero in the garden
Eleuterococus is a shade loving plant and is undemanding of soil. It grows best in moist, nutritious soil in slight shade under a large deciduous tree. When growing in the middle latitudes, such a shrub does not need to be covered for the winter.
Experienced gardeners recommend planting such a shrub in the autumn time right after the leaf fall is over. If you want to plant it in the spring, but it is necessary to have time before the buds on the trees swell.
Preparation of the site should be engaged in advance. To do this, it is carried out to the depth of 25 centimeters, while introducing manure into the soil (5-6 kilograms per 1 square meter of land). The depth of the planting hole should be 0.
5 m, and it should reach 0.6 m in cross-section. When planting between bushes, a distance of 2 meters should be observed. The seedling is placed in the middle of the pit, and then it is filled with soil mixed with manure. Make sure that the root neck is not sunk more than 30 mm into the ground.
When the shrub will be planted, the root circle should be slightly tamped, and then conduct abundant watering with a weak solution of manganese potassium. Specialists on the same plot recommend planting several shrubs at once not far from each other, because each of them grows only male or female flowers. If shrubs are planted in autumn after a cold snap, cover the surface of the root zone with a three centimeter layer of humus, this will protect the plant's root system from hard frosts. The first flowering usually does not occur until the fourth year after planting outdoors.
Garden eleuthero care
This crop only needs watering when there is a long dry spell.
It is not often necessary to loosen the surface of the root-bed or to remove weeds, as the growing weeds protect the soil surface above the roots from strong heat and do not harm the shrub in any way. If desired, bentgrass or another groundcover plant can be grown for this purpose near Eleutherococcus, but it must be non-aggressive.
This plant needs only one feeding during the season, using a solution of complex mineral fertilizer (2 tbsp. per 1 bucket of water). Sanitary pruning is carried out, as a rule, in the spring time.
For this purpose, the injured, sick and frozen stems and branches are cut, as well as those that grow inside the bush. If you like, you can also do some light trimming if the plant looks unkempt.
Diseases and pests
This shrub has an incredible resistance to both diseases and pests.
Stypes and varieties of eleuthero with photos and names
Sedate eleutherococcus (Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus)
Besides the spiny eleutherococcus described above, gardeners sometimes grow the sedate eleutherococcus. This large shrub is about 300 centimetres tall and has tortoiseshell-shaped, large spikes on its surface which are relatively sparse.
However, there are some species of eleuthero, which have no spikes at all. Leaf blades three to five-lobed, their petioles reach about 15 centimeters in length. The dense, umbrella-like inflorescences consist of small, dark brown flowers. The fruit is a glossy black stone. In nature, this species can be found in Korea, the Far East and China.
Eleuterococcus henryi (Eleutherococcus henryi)
This species is very rarely cultivated by gardeners. This shrub is slow growing and hardy and can reach a height of 100-300cm.
This species is also very rare in gardens. It is native to Central China. This type of plant grows up to 5 m in height and is not adapted to winter in mid-latitudes.
Eleuterococcus properties: health and beauty
healing properties of eleutheroccocus
The plant is called Siberian ginseng since it contains practically all the substances that are contained in "the root of life". The medicinal properties are distinguished by the root of this shrub and its leaves. Roots are harvested in the fall or spring. In this case, harvesting and drying the leaf plates are engaged in the period of flowering. The main active components of this plant are considered to be glycosides, and in addition to them in its composition includes essential oils, gum, resins, polysaccharides and vegetable fats, which are very valuable substances.
This crop is valued because it increases stamina and work capacity of the body, improves vision, reduces blood sugar and cholesterol, accelerates regeneration processes, returns male strength, the removal of physical and mental fatigue, normalizes metabolism and nervous system activity Means made on the basis of Eleuthero, is recommended to take internally with increased irritability, nervous system exhaustion, asthenic syndrome, dystonia, dystonia, arrhythmia, hypotension, the initial stages of diabetes, cancer, menopause and painful menstruation. Such preparations are also used externally for alopecia and oily seborrhea.
Honey from such a plant in combination with its roots is characterized by a tonic and stimulating effect. This remedy helps to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood, increase physical endurance, relieve the effects of stress, protect the body from toxins and infections, strengthen the immune system, normalize metabolism, and is also used to prevent diabetes.
A eleutherococcus-based medication is sold in the pharmacy in the form of capsules, syrup, dry extract, tablets, dough, liquid extract (eleutherococcus tincture).
As a rule, tablet forms (pills, tablets and capsules) are recommended to take no more than four units per day, while liquid drugs, depending on the disease, drink a course of 25 to 30 days, twice or thrice a day for 15-50 drops on an empty stomach for half an hour before a meal.
Eleuterococcus tincture for wrinkles, acne and baldness
In non-conventional medicine, the following products based on eleutherococcus are also used: ointment, root decoction and tea:
- Tea. 1 tbsp. just boiling water is combined with 1 tsp. of crushed raw materials.
After that, the container should be tightly covered. The drink will be ready after 10-15 minutes. It is recommended to drink when asthenia, colds, vitamin deficiency, and more to strengthen the body.
- Brew. One liter of water is combined with 50 grams of crushed roots.
The mixture is placed on the stove and boiled over low heat for a quarter of an hour. When the mixture cools, it is strained. The infusion is drunk ½ tbsp. 3 times a day for vegetative vascular dystonia, to improve physical and mental performance, as well as to strengthen the body, weakened by prolonged illness.
- Warts ointment.
Pork fat, fresh bush roots and garlic cloves (1:1:1) should be ground with a meat grinder. The mixture is put in a layer on a gauze bandage and make applications on the wart, fixing them with plaster. This treatment is recommended to be done at night.
5 valuable regimens of ELEUTEROCOCK extract. Cheap and affordable remedy
This plant has another advantage, it is well absorbed by almost all people.
It is very rare that diarrhea develops after taking a product based on eleutherococcus. Hypertension is contraindicated for hypertensives.2>.