Dwarf Ficus: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

Ficus dwarfis (Ficus pumila) belongs to the genus Ficus and the mulberry family. It occurs naturally in the forests of Taiwan, Japan, China as well as Vietnam.

This perennial herbaceous plant is a groundcover or climbing plant. It branches strongly and has thin, woody shoots. It can creep along the surface of the ground, climb up tree trunks, clinging to the bark with its airy, fairly thick roots, which develop into internodes.

As a result, one ficus can cover an area of up to 4 square metres with a very dense carpet.

In young specimens, the leaves, arranged in stages, are 2 or 3 centimetres long and have rather short petioles. The simple, full-edged leaves are oval in shape and have a sallow base. The dense, leathery surface of the leaves is wrinkly bubbly. As the plant itself grows, so do its leaflets, eventually reaching a length of 5 to 7 centimeters.

Pale green inflorescences-sicot-like berry-like inflorescences, similar in appearance to those of a pear, are formed on the stems. They are 5x3 centimeters in size. The mature syconia changes its color to orange. When grown in apartment conditions, the mature shoots do not form and there is no flowering.

In home conditions, varieties with mottled foliage color are most commonly grown.

The most popular:

Dwarf ficus: home care, replanting and propagation

  • Sunny - has a white-cream intermittent and irregular border that runs along the edge of the leaf plate;
  • Dorte - has white-cream spots scattered across the green leaf surface;
  • White Sunny - differs from the Sunny variety in having an uninterrupted border along the edge.

Home care for dwarf ficus

Dwarf ficus: home care, replanting and propagation

The various cultivars and varieties of this plant are used for growing as an ampel plant in hanging baskets as well as forming dense upright columns, with the help of special supports. The care of the dwarf ficus itself is quite simple, you just need to follow a number of simple requirements.


This plant needs bright but diffused light. However, it is also quite comfortable in direct sunlight.

Varieties with green leaves can be placed in the penumbra near a window facing north or in the back of the room. Insufficient light will cause the leaves to shred and the stems to be elongated. Varieties with mottled foliage need good light. So, if there is little light, their pattern will fade and then disappear altogether.


The plant needs moderate temperatures of 18 to 25 degrees in summer.

In winter, the ficus can tolerate a decrease in temperature to 8 degrees, as long as the humidity is not high. And water the ficus moderately under these conditions.

How to water

Dwarf ficus: home care, replanting and propagation

It is very fond of moisture, so it should be watered abundantly and regularly. Make sure the substrate in the pot is slightly moist (not wet) all the time. If the soil dries out, the ficus can die, because it has a surface poorly developed roots that can not take the remaining water in the deeper layers of soil.

But overwatering also should not be allowed, because rotting of the roots may occur.

Watering should only be done with soft, settled water that is at room temperature and has no chlorine in it.


High humidity actively produces air roots in the plant. The ficus needs them to climb up the support. Because of this, if it is grown in this form, regular spraying both in summer and during the warm winter period will simply be necessary.

If it is grown as an ampel plant, regular spraying is not necessary. However, experts advise such a plant to arrange a warm shower once a week. This will both wash away accumulated dust and refresh the plant.


Dwarf ficus: home care, replanting and propagation

Suitable soil should be neutral (pH 5.5-7.

5) and rich in nutrients. A ready-made universal soil mixture for houseplants can be purchased for planting. If desired, it can be prepared with your own hands, for this purpose combine sod, leaf and peat soil, as well as coarse sand, taken in equal proportions.


Fertilize the dwarf ficus only twice a month during intensive growth. Liquid fertilizers for ornamental deciduous plants are used for this purpose.

During the winter, no fertilizer is put into the soil.

Transplanting dwarf ficus

Dwarf ficus: home care, replanting and propagation

Younger specimens need annual transplanting. It is done in the springtime, and larger pots are taken. Mature plants should be replanted less often (once every 3 or 4 years). A suitable pot should be wide and not too tall.

Propagation of the Dwarf Ficus

Dwarf ficus: home care, replanting and propagation

Propagation can be quite easy using cuttings. Clean water, earth mixture or moist vermiculite can be used for rooting. Sprouts can also be propagated by grafting. To do this, fix the stem node on the surface of the soil by placing a small pot next to the plant.

Pests and diseases

Dwarf ficus: home care, replanting and propagation

Pests are very rare guests on the dwarf ficus.

However, if the plant is kept in low humidity and heat, spider mites can settle on it. If you find pests, you need to arrange for the ficus to shower, using water temperature of 40-45 degrees. If there are a lot of leaves, then you need to carry out the following procedure. Fill a deep basin with slightly hot water and rinse all the stems of the plant in it. Rinse the ficus several times until the pests are gone.

Most often the plant gets sick because of improper care:

  • ficus has shed its leaves - too cold, draught, overwatering or little light;
  • leaves have shriveled and withered - due to burn by direct sunlight or by over-drying the soil or by excessively low humidity;
  • Leaves are yellowing and dying-needs additional nutrition, rotting of the roots has begun as a result of overwatering or the potting soil is too thick or maybe even sour.

If the plant has shed all its leaves then the growth conditions are not good or have changed drastically.

Ficus | Are all varieties familiar to you? | Ficus pumila is a small member of a large family


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