Duranta: Home Care, Propagation And Replanting, Species

While the name durant does not differ in its euphony, it refers to a very showy shrub. Its beautiful flowers can have a variety of colors (depending on the variety of the plant). This shrub is unpretentious and has an unusual appearance, but despite this, it is not very popular among florists.

Properties of durantha

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

Not so long ago such an exotic plant as durantha was widely cultivated in room conditions. Today also some florists are engaged in its cultivation, but still the plant is no longer popular.

Duranta is a subspecies of beautifully flowering shrubs that are perennials. It is considered part of the Verbena family. This subspecies includes about 22 different species. This plant, which has an exotic appearance, was named durantha after Italian scientist C. Durante.

This shrub also has folk names such as "pigeon berry" or "room birch". In some countries durante is also called "heavenly flower" or "parting tear".

The most important advantage of this exotic shrub, for which it is prized by florists, is its spectacular flowering. Its beautiful flowers can be colored lilac, dark purple, blue or white. Still there are varieties that have a center of the purple flower white, and along the edge of the petals there is a border of the same shade.

The flowers are part of long, brush-like inflorescences. At the end of flowering, rich orange berry-like fruits are formed on the bush. The foliage of such a plant also looks quite spectacular. As a rule, it is colored dark green, but it can also be mottled. On the edge of the leaf plates there are jagged edges.

This shrub is characterized by strong branching and the branches are spreading.

Be aware of the fact that it contains a very strong poison before you decorate your home with Durant! It is grown at home as a shrub with spreading stems. The creeping kind of durantha is often used to form miniature bonsai. In natural conditions this plant can be found on the territory of South America. It is cultivated both indoors and outdoors (in the garden).

Home care of durantha

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

Durantha is an undemanding plant that requires very little care and growing conditions. That is why any florist will be able to grow this shrub in his apartment. First of all, it should be taken into account that in nature such a shrub is found in the tropics, so it needs heat, plenty of moisture and light. By watering, pruning and fertilizing in time, they will always look very impressive, especially during the flowering period which can last a very long time (practically the whole year). In spring and summer it grows best at about 20 degrees, but in winter it is better to put it away in a cooler place (15-17 degrees).

However, make sure that during the winter the temperature in the room where the bush is located does not drop below 12 degrees. In spring when it is quite warm outside, remove the durant to a balcony or garden.

Lighting

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

Beautiful flowering of the shrub requires large amounts of bright light. If the shrub is shaded, it may not bloom at all. With too little light, the foliage becomes faded and in some species it even starts to fall off.

On hot days, the shrub needs protection from direct sunlight.

Pouring

This perennial is among moisture-loving plants. However, the frequency and abundance of moistening of the substrate in the pot is directly related to the time of year. In spring and autumn, watering is done approximately once every four days, while in winter only one moistening of the soil mixture every 7 days will be enough. Before you start watering, you need to make sure that the plant needs it.

So check the substrate: If it is half-dry to the depth, then make sure you moisten it.

Air Humidity

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This exot needs high air humidity in order to properly grow and develop. Increase the humidity level by using a household humidifier, but if it is not available, then systematically spray the shrub with a sprayer. In the winter time, too high humidity levels can cause the development of various diseases, so in the winter months the air in the room should be drier. Also in the winter time such a plant should not be placed near heating devices working, because this can strongly harm the plant and also lead to drying out the substrate in the pot.

Suitable soil

For the bush to grow and develop normally, choose neutral loose soil, rich in nutrients and well air permeable, for its planting. For example, you can plant the durantha in a mixture of neutral soil and coarse sand. To make an earth mixture with your own hands, combine leaf and sod soil with sand (1:1:1). In the prepared substrate, pour not very much peat, perlite and vermiculite. And even at the bottom of the container do not forget to make a good drainage layer, for the creation of which perfectly suits claydite or brick crumbs.

The thickness of the drainage layer should be ¼ of the pot height.

Transplanting durantha

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

As long as the shrub is young, it needs replanting every year. However, a mature shrub is only subjected to this procedure if it is necessary, for example, the root system is very crowded in the flower pot.

When repotting, you can thin out the root system a little if necessary. To do this, remove some of the dense "felt" that has formed around the edge of the root ball.

If the bush is very large, it will be difficult to transplant it. Therefore, instead of replanting, experts advise, annually replace the top layer of soil mixture in the pot with a new substrate. However, if there is such a possibility, it will still be better to transplant the bush.

Fertilizer

As a rule, durantha is fertilized in the warm season. During the winter months, fertilize only when necessary.

For example, if the bush is overwintering in the warmth, it will continue to be fed the same way it was during the summer. However, if the plant is moved to a cooler place to overwinter, then no fertilizer should be added to the substrate.

To understand what kind of fertilizer to use for fertilizing, pay attention to the type of durantha. For example, the variegate durantha can be fertilized with a foliar fertilizer that contains large amounts of nitrogen. This trace element contributes to the fact that the leaves of the shrub grow lush and spectacular.

If the shrub is grown as a beautiful flowering crop, then fertilize it with fertilizer for flowering plants. Also remember to add organic matter to the substrate from time to time.

Trimming

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

In order for the shrub to be neat and showy, it needs systematic formative pruning. It can be shaped as a small tree or grown as a shrub. Make sure to cut out any outstretched, injured or old branches.

Do not cut back until after flowering.

Flowering

Bloom is usually in spring and summer with a flowering time of 5-6 months. It blooms in small intervals, during which time the branches with inflorescences will actively grow and new growth will increase. If the shrub is kept warm at all times and provided with the best possible microclimate and enough light, flowering will occur all year long.

Hibernation

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This perennial needs special care in winter.

First of all, it needs to be placed in a well-lit place so that it has enough light. When the daylight hours are too short, extra light can make them longer. Make sure that in the cold season humidity in the room was not too high, so should lower and the temperature to 12-15 degrees. Humidify the bush only if necessary, and watering it more than 1 time in 7 days is extremely not recommended.

If the shrub is grown in the garden, then it is necessary to insulate it for the winter.

For this purpose, the surface of the rootstock is covered with a thick layer of sawdust and then the branches are ducked to the soil surface and a polyethylene cover is placed over the shrub. In this case, no frost will harm the durantha and it will definitely not freeze.

Care features after winter

When spring begins, the humidity level in the room where the shrub is located should be increased to 70 percent. Also increase the frequency of watering to 2 times every 7 days. But do not forget that at any time of the year, watering is carried out only when it is necessary (after the soil mixture has dried to ½ part deep).

Even during the intensive growth of the plant, keep it in a well-lit place, and also monitor the temperature of the air in the room, which should be about 20 degrees.

In spring, remove the cover from the shrub growing in the garden, carefully loosen the surface of the root ball, inspect the branches, and also feed the plant if necessary.

Propagation methods

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

Brushing

The indoor durantha can be propagated by cuttings. To make them, cut off the half-trunked apex shoots. For rooting, cuttings are planted in a mixture of peat and sand, but before doing so, they are immersed for some time in a solution of a product that stimulates the formation of roots.

For rooting to be successful, high air humidity and also bottom heating of the box to 25 degrees will be needed. To create suitable rooting conditions, it is recommended to place the cuttings in a mini greenhouse, where it will be much easier to maintain the required temperature and humidity.

Seed propagation

In order to grow durantha seedlings for planting in the garden, the seed (generative) method of propagation is often used. Immediately before sowing, the seed is immersed in a warm solution of Epin or Zircon for 24 hours. When the allotted time will come out, carry out sowing seeds in a box filled with substrate, and they are sunk into the soil mixture by 15 mm.

Then the seeds are removed into a mini greenhouse, which is transferred to a well-lit and warm (about 25 degrees) place. The first seedlings should show after 1-2 months.

Diseases and pests

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

The durant plant is highly resistant to both pests and diseases. However, improper care, such as too little air temperature or too much watering, can lead to root rot. And if the air in your room is too dry, pests can take root.

Even if you take good care of your plant, you still need to know what pests can settle on it:

  1. Aphids. If the leaves are faded and curled and dry, you have an aphid on the plant. Look carefully at the underside of the leaf plates as this is where this pest prefers to hide. To get rid of it, treat the plant with a solution of an insecticide such as Fytoverm or Derris.
  2. Mitefly.

    This insect actively sucks plant sap from the leaves, causing them to die. If brownish small spots appeared on the bush, as well as a sticky liquid, it is likely that shieldworms have settled on it. To get rid of the pest, treat the bush with Actellic solution or wash its leaves thoroughly with soap.

  3. Feverfly. This insect causes leaf plates to turn yellow and die off.

    It settles on the underside of the leaves and sucks the sap from them. To get rid of it, the shrub must be treated several times with Admiral or Kinmix solutions.

  4. Spider mite. Fading and falling leaves are a sure sign of spider mites. If there are very many pests, then you can find the finest spider webs on the shoots and leaves.

    To get rid of them, shower the shrub and spray it with Decis or a preparation of similar action.

Also, sometimes the root system can become rotten and cause the leaves to fall off. Because of the rot, the bush may die. At the first sign of root rot, the shrub must be replanted immediately. Take it out of the pot and remove all substrate from the roots, then cut out any problem areas and treat the root system with an antiseptic.

Then transfer the durantha to a new pot and fresh potting soil.

Why does the durantha not bloom

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

For a long, lush blooming season, the durantha must be kept in a cool place during the winter. The shrub is only pruned in the fall after it has finished blooming. It is also very important to choose a well-lit place for it. When replanting, the new pot should be only slightly bigger than the old one, otherwise the roots will be too roomy and the shrub may not bloom at all.

If you follow these simple rules, the shrub will flower regularly, lushly and for a long time.

Durantha shedding leaves

Fall or winter the durantha might shed some leaves, which is considered a completely natural process. But if the leaves begin to fall during active growth or when the plant is flowering, it may be due to the presence of rotting roots or pests. Once the cause is determined and eliminated, you will have saved the plant and it will soon regain its lush and showy foliage.

Duranta species and varieties

Little geisha duranta

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This species has flowers with a deep purple color, white in the middle and white petals bordered by a wavy stripe of the same color.

During flowering, long and lush tassel-like inflorescences are formed.

Durantha plumier

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This beautiful shrub is about 250 centimeters tall. Its oblong-oval leaf plates look like birch leaves, they have a pointed top. This species blooms very lushly and spectacularly with purple or blue flowers.

Durantha variegata

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This hybrid plant is decorated with creamy white-green foliage.

Its inflorescences are colored sky blue.

Blue durantha

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

The leaf plates are dark green in color and have a pointed tip. The long, brush-like inflorescences consist of spectacular bluish flowers.

Durantha green and gold

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This plant is also called a "tricolor." Its spectacular mottled foliage has an unusual coloration: its edge is green and the central part is yellow.

The blue flowers have a very pleasant delicate scent. They are part of the brush-like inflorescences that are located at the tops of the stems.

Durantha white

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This shrub is about one and a half meters tall. Its tetrahedral stems are decorated with small leathery leaf plates of an oblong-ovoid shape with pointed tops. The spectacular snow-white flowers have a very pleasant sweet vanilla smell.

Durantha suite memorialis

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

The egg-shaped leaf plates are colored in a dark green hue. The petals of the purple flowers have a spectacular whitish border. The flowers are part of the downward hanging tassel-shaped inflorescences, and they smell very pleasant.

Durantha erecta alba

Duranta: home care, propagation and replanting, species

This species is most popular with florists. The bush is adorned with large smooth, diamond-shaped foliage that has a serrated edge.

It does not reach more than one and a half meters in height. The flowers, which have a very pleasant odor, are arranged in luxuriant tassel-like inflorescences, they may be colored white, purple or blue.

Beautiful Duranta erecta (repens) LKiryat Yam.Israel

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