The name of the plant Doroteanthus in Latin means "flower of Dorothea". It was named in honor of Dorothea, who was the mother of the botanist G. Schwantes. Some species of this plant are popularly called "crystal chamomile". The fact is that the surface of the leaves and shoots of this plant is covered with small hairs, whose structure is glandular.
Because of this, they spectacularly sparkle and shimmer in the sun, as if made of crystal.
Also in the people doroteanthus is often called a "semidennik". The reason is that the flowers of this plant open completely only in the afternoon hours under the bright sunlight. In the late afternoon the flowers gradually begin to close. On a cloudy day, when the shrubs lack light, the flowers often do not open at all.
This flower is native to the arid part of South Africa. That is why it is recommended for cultivation in regions where there is little rain, warmth, and many days of weather. Note that in excessively cold climates, the plant may die.
Peculiarities of doroteanthus
The perennial plant doroteanthus is a succulent and part of the Aisae family. In gardens of middle latitudes it is grown as an annual, but in room culture it is cultivated as a perennial.
This genus includes approximately two dozen different species.
The rooted system of roots is buried in the soil by 20-25 centimeters. The height of the shrub can vary from 5 to 30 centimeters. Its stalked stems are quite fleshy. The leaves and stems are dark green or emerald in color.
Placed very closely together, the shoots form a dense carpet and intertwine with each other. The sessile leaflets are oval in shape and 20 to 30 mm thick. After watering or rainfall, the thickness of the leaves may increase as moisture accumulates in them.
The flowers of Dorotheanthus resemble daisies or daisies. They can be colored in different shades such as yellow, white, red and many more.
From a single bag of seeds grows bushes, whose flowers can be painted in a variety of colors (more than 12 shades). The life span of one flower is two days. After it fades, a new bud appears in its place. Larger flowers reach about 50 mm across. The duration of flowering is influenced both by the type and variety of plant, as well as by the peculiarities of the climate in the region where it grows.
As a rule, flowering begins in mid-July and ends in October or November. In rainy and cool summers, flowering will be sparse.
Growing doroteanthus from seeds
After the doroteanthus flowers fade, translucent capsules with round-shaped seeds are formed in their place. The seeds of this succulent are very small: one gram contains about 3,000. They retain their germination for a couple of years.
If you wish, the seeds can be sown directly in the open ground, and you can also grow Dorotheanthus through seedlings.
Growing through seedlings
Sowing the seedlings is done in the last days of March or in the first - April. In this case, the seedlings will already be in full bloom when it is time to transplant them into the open field. It is recommended to use large boxes of rectangular shape for sowing seeds. The soil mixture should be loose and light, and can be mixed with sand and peat.
Elevate the surface of the substrate and distribute the seeds evenly over it. It is not necessary to bury them in the potting soil or cover them with soil. Moisten the seeds with a spray gun and cover the box with foil or glass. The first seedlings should appear after 10-12 days.
The first 20 days of growth the seeds should be at room temperature.
Then the seedlings are hardened. To do this, they are moved to a cooler place with an air temperature of about 18 degrees, and then gradually reduce it to 10 degrees. When 3-3.5 weeks have passed since the seedlings emerged, it is recommended to unseed them in individual peat pots.
Pouring the bushes should be very carefully, so that water droplets do not get on the leaves or shoots.
In the last days of May the seedlings are planted in the garden, and it is not necessary to take them out of the pots. Note that the distance between the bushes should be at least 20 centimeters.
Dorotheanthus or CROWD ROMASCHE!!!
Sow the seeds in the ground
If you do not want to grow the Dorotheanthus through seedlings, the seeds can be sown immediately in the garden. Do this in the last days of April or in May. However, please note that such bushes will flower much later than those grown through seedlings.
A suitable place for sowing should be well sunlit. The soil needs to be loose and well permeable to air and water. Sand can be added to improve the structure of the soil. Dorotheanthus grows well on loams. The fertility of the soil does not matter much.
Since the seeds are very fine, it is recommended to mix them with a small amount of sand before sowing. The seeds are buried in the soil by 10-20 millimeters, and the width of the row spacing should be 15 to 20 centimeters. Almost immediately after the emergence of seedlings, proceed to their weeding, with the need to remove absolutely all weeds, even small ones. At the same time spend and thinning of seedlings, between them maintain a distance of 30-40 mm. After a while the young plants to thin again, this time between them leave a distance of 70 to 80 mm.
Once the bushes have grown and become stronger they can be planted permanently, this time at a distance of 15 to 20mm.
Grooming for Dorotheanthus
Needless in its care it is quite easy to raise on your plot. There is no need to feed it. The fact is that in its native Africa, where prolonged drought is not uncommon, the plant's root system extracts the necessary nutrients on its own.
This crop is noted for its heat-loving nature.
Even mild frosts can kill it. The flower feels best at temperatures between 15 and 25 degrees.
Moisten the soil moderately, and do it better in the morning. In this case, at noon, when the sun is most active, the flower will not overheat. Evening watering can also lead to fluid stagnation in the roots of the plant.
Even if the bushes are droopy after a hot day, water them only when the morning comes. Only newly planted seedlings should be watered systematically.
For the Dorotheanthus to grow and develop well, it needs optimal conditions and systematic good care:
- a sunny site should be chosen for planting, which should warm well;
- water moderately, making sure that liquid does not stagnate in the root system (can withstand brief drought);
- ground should be light, air- and water-permeable;
- when threatened by frost, bushes should be covered.
Some tips from experienced growers:
- To allow enough oxygen to the roots and to prevent rotting, the soil surface around the shrubs should be systematically loosened.
- To allow the bush to flower long and lushly, it should be pruned from time to time.
- Doroteanthus grows well in the home and can also be cultivated as an ampel plant.
Growing at home
Doroteanthus is suitable for growing both in the open ground and at home. Seedlings grown for outdoor planting are not recommended for picking. Those seedlings that have been seeded can be cultivated at home. Room doroteanthus should try to create the same conditions that are ideal for growing this flower in the garden.
If you decide to decorate this spectacular succulent balcony or loggia, choose a sunny place for it. A south-facing balcony is optimal. When growing at home in the winter roadtrianthus also need a lot of light. If the plant lacks light, it will not die, but will not enjoy its flowers either.
Dorotheanthus species and varieties with photos
Dorotheanthus daisy (Dorotheanthus bellidiformis)
The erect stems of this species are decorated with narrow fleshy leafy plates.
The flowers can be colored in red, orange, pink or yellow hues.
- Delato Dark Pink. Flowers are colored in 2 colors: the inner petals are white and the outer petals are a cyclamen shade.
- Magic Carpet Micks. The flowers are double-colored, with a variety of shades.
- Pasteel Mix. This variety is very popular with gardeners. Its flowers can be colored in pale pink, mauve, white or yellow hues. The bushes grown from these seeds will delight you with lush bright blooms, and your garden will be decorated with a colorful spectacular carpet. The bushes are low-growing and therefore a distance of 10 centimeters between them is sufficient.
The bushes of this variety reach a height of about 0.3 m. The flowers have a spectacular color: their middle is dark purple and almost white at the base of the petals gradually change to a rich color towards the tips.
- Ellow. The petals of the flowers of this variety are colored in bright yellow, with red in the middle.
This species is quite rare to find in gardens in the middle latitudes. Strongly branched bushes are decorated with foliage which is about 4.5 cm long and 1 cm wide. The midrib of the flowers is necessarily colored in a rich hue, and their petals can be pink, white or red.
Dorotheanthus gramineus (Dorotheanthus gramineus)
The bush consists of strongly branching red and pale pink stems, and it reaches about 10 centimeters in height.
The elongated leaf plates are sessile. The flowers reach 30 to 35 mm across, the midrib is pale red, and the petals may be colored in salmon, red, or pink.
There are varieties whose flowers remain open even in the shade and late at night:
- Lunette - the middle of the flowers is brownish red and the petals are deep yellow;
- Lemonade - the petals have a gradient coloration, with orange and lemon hues predominating;
- Northern Lights - flower petals are yellowish green;
- Abricot Pointe - petals are colored in one color;
- Magic Carpet - pink flowers have a white band around the middle.
Dorotheanthus apetalus (Dorotheanthus apetalus)
This species is dwarf, yet it has no lush foliage. It is rarely cultivated by gardeners.
Doroteanthus in landscape design
The doroteanthus plant looks great in stony gardens and alpinaries. It is often sown to create a green carpet.
This flower can be grown in the garden as well as in containers or pots, and in this case it is recommended to plant 3 or 4 bushes at once in one pot. Doroteanthus looks great as a solo planting in the garden, it can also be planted with other garden crops, which in the middle of summer is already blooming. Because the flowers of this plant can be colored in different colors, it is possible to create an ornament in the garden if desired or to make bright accents in the right places.
We should consider that this plant has one big drawback - its seeds are very difficult to find even in specialized stores.
Dorotheanthus. AN OVERVIEW OF THE FLOWERING PLANT.