Dizigoteka: Home Care, Transplanting And Propagation, Species

The strong-growing herbaceous plant Dizygotheca is part of the Araliaceae family. In room culture, it grows very well and quickly, with an adult bush that can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters and a width of about 0.85-0.9 m.

This perennial is distinguished by its special thin leaf plates. After opening, they can be colored in various shades of brown and green. The mature foliage changes its color to a bright dark green.

Native to this spectacular plant from small islands that are located in the South Pacific. In order for the Disigotheca to feel well at home, it needs to provide conditions as close to the natural ones as possible, which is quite difficult to do.

In order for the plant to grow and develop normally, and also to have a spectacular appearance, it needs a moderate temperature, high humidity and a large amount of diffused sunlight. House plants rarely bloom.

Is the dizygote plant poisonous?

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Dizygote is an unusual and very showy exotic plant. The bush is decorated with graceful leaf plates with a serrated edge and sprawling umbrella-like inflorescences. The plant has no needles or thorns.

Touching any part of this plant will not cause swelling or irritation. However, its sap may contain toxic substances, so do not eat any part of the digotheca. Also, take care that its sap does not get into a wound or cut.

Cultivation Summary

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

  1. Temperature Regime. The optimum temperature is 18-25 degrees in summer and at least 16 degrees in winter.

    Protect the flower from sudden temperature changes, as they can cause the leaves to die off and fall off.

  2. Air Humidity. The plant needs high air humidity. To do so you can place a household humidifier in the room or regularly moisten the shrub with a sprinkler 2 times a day. Plenty of diffused light at least 10 hours a day is needed.

    Make sure that the foliage is not exposed to direct sunlight, as this can cause burns.

  3. Watering. In summer moisten the potting soil moderately once every four days, during the winter months water the plant once every week and a half. If the soil mixture is poorly dried during this time, then the amount of watering is reduced to once every 2 weeks. The water must be soft.

  4. MudMixed soil. It should be light and consist of river sand (perlite), peat and expanded clay. The substrate must be well drained.
  5. Fertilizer. In order for the Disigoteca to grow and develop normally, it needs organic and mineral fertilizers, which are applied alternately.

    Fertilizing is done in March-October 2 times a month.

  6. Transplanting. Transplanting of a young bush should be done annually at the beginning of the spring period. A bush older than three years old should be transplanted only when necessary, for example, when the roots become crowded in the pot.
  7. Propagation.

    Seed (rare) and cuttings are used. Cuttings are taken in spring, with a minimum length of 80 mm. Soak the cut in a tool that stimulates root growth, and planted in moistened sand or perlite for rooting, put it in a greenhouse (optimal temperature of about 23 degrees). The roots will appear after about 20 days.

  8. Care features.

    It is important at first to make sure that the plant is comfortable in the conditions you have created. If the bush is growing normally and looks healthy, you are doing very well.

Room plants / Disigoteca

Home care for Disigoteca

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The Disigoteca in the room is very fast growing. A large place, protected from direct sunlight and draughts is good for it. If you create conditions as close to nature as possible flowers will appear on the plant.

Temperature regime

The optimum conditions for the development of Disigotheca are close to tropical. It does best at moderate air temperatures of 18 to 23 degrees. However, make sure that the room was not colder than 16 degrees and hotter - 28 degrees. Also the plant should be protected from sudden temperature changes, as this has an extremely negative impact on its decorativeness and health.

Please note that if it is too hot in the room, this may cause the leaves of the Dizygotea to fall off.

It is extremely undesirable to take the plant outside or on a balcony in the warm season. The fact is that if the daytime air temperature is around 34 degrees, and at night it drops to 22 degrees, this will lead to a complete flight of leaves. It is because of the abrupt changes in temperature that such a plant is extremely not recommended to acquire in winter.

Air humidity

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Disigoteca room needs regular frequent humidifications from a sprayer. In winter, the air in the room is dried out by running heaters, and in summer, by the sun's heat.

One method can be used to increase the humidity level:

  • An open container with water near the shrub, for example a decorative indoor fountain;
  • A plant placed near an aquarium;
  • A deep sump filled with damp clay pebbles on which the pot is placed.

Mark! If you get whitish spots on the leaves after moistening the shrub with a sprayer, the water is very hard. In this case it is better to use purified, well-distilled or filtered water.

The easiest way to increase the air humidity is to use a household humidifier. It makes the atmosphere in the room more comfortable for the plants as well as for the people.

Optimal air humidity will help prevent deformation of foliage and the appearance of some pests.

Lighting

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

As long as the bush is young, it is placed on the window. But at the same time, it is not recommended by experts, to put it on a south-facing window sill under the scorching rays of the sun. Dizigoteka is recommended to shade from direct sunlight, which will help prevent burns. The most suitable for such an exotic plant is an eastern or northern window sill.

However, on a western window sill, the bush needs shade from the sun.

Mature large bush is recommended to be placed near the window, and it can be placed in a vase, on the floor or on a stand. This way the plant can get all the diffused sunlight it needs. Remember that in a too dark place this exot will grow very slowly or stop growing altogether.

I Watering

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Water should be soft and close to room temperature.

For this purpose, it is recommended to use well-drained water. Be careful, watering with cold water, especially in winter, can cause the Disigotech to become diseased.

In summer, water more frequently, once every 3-4 days. During the winter months, moisten the potting soil as it dries out. The substrate should dry to a depth of at least 20-25 mm (two fingers).

However, if the substrate dries out too much, it may cause the leaves to fall off. If the substrate becomes stagnant, brown spots appear on the leaves and shoots and the leaves will fall off.

Pot selection

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Pots of different materials are suitable for cultivating the indoor digotheca: wood, glass, ceramic or plastic (with large drainage holes at the bottom). While the bush is young, it is recommended to plant it in a plastic pot. In this case, the pot can be glass, wooden or ceramic.

Substrate

Acidic or neutral soil mixture is suitable for this exot. We recommend adding some peat or perlite to a ready-made, store-bought potting soil mixture. This makes the substrate more friable and improves its drainage.

Fertilizer

Dizygote needs regular fertilization. Mineral fertilizers, organics and mineral complexes for ornamental foliage crops can be used.

Fertilizing is done twice a month during the growing season. If the fertilizer is new, then for the first fertilization use it in the minimum amount, then you should pay attention to the reaction of the bush. If there is no chemical burn, the dosage of fertilizer can be slightly increased. But in any case, the dosage should not be more than half of the dosage recommended by the manufacturer.

Transplanting Disigotes

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

As long as the plant is young, it should be transplanted once a year in spring.

Each time the old container is replaced by a new one, which should be 10 mm larger in cross-section. Do not use an overly bulky pot at once for planting, as the roots will not be able to master the free space quickly and this will cause the above-ground part to stop growing.

The mature plant is transplanted only when its roots begin to peek out of the drainage holes. The procedure is done in March. The bush is removed from the old pot and all withered roots are cut out.

At the bottom of the container make a drainage layer of claydite, which is covered with a two-inch layer of substrate. Place the bush in the center of the pot and fill all the voids with fresh earth mixture, compacting it slightly on all sides. To help the transplanted shrub take root more quickly, it is advisable to water it with a growth stimulant.

If the flower does not need transplanting yet, then in the spring the top layer of substrate is replaced with a fresh earth mixture. To do this, carefully remove the top layer of potting soil about 20mm thick, taking care not to injure the roots.

Trimming

For even crown formation, the container must be rotated systematically around its axis. Excessive pruning of the stems can harm the plant. For sanitary purposes, withered branches should be cut out in a timely manner.

Flowering

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

This perennial is cultivated as a decorative and deciduous plant. Under room conditions, its flowering is extremely rare.

However, a shrub growing in a winter garden or greenhouse can bloom systematically.

High air humidity and a long (due to the extra light) daylight hours make it possible for the shrub to bloom. As a rule, it happens in spring, but sometimes flowering is also observed in autumn. At this time small greenish flowers appear on the bush. It blooms relatively quickly.

Can I leave the Disigoteca unattended for the vacation?

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Disigoteca will not be able to endure a long drought, and excessive watering will not survive either. The best way out is to ask neighbors or relatives to water the flower regularly.

Propagation methods

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Grafting

Take cuttings of the indoor dizygotheca only in spring. The optimum length of cuttings is 80 to 100 mm. A very sharp disinfected knife is used to cut the cuttings.

The cut should be oblique. When the cut spot dries out, it is sprinkled with a product that stimulates root growth, for example, "Kornevin". Then cuttings are planted in sand, sphagnum moss or perlite. The top of the planting is covered with a plastic bag or take the cuttings into a mini greenhouse for 20 days. The optimum temperature for rooting is from 23 to 25 degrees.

Growing from seed

Gathering your own seed material from the Disigotes is extremely problematic. However, it can be purchased at a specialty store. Spread the seeds on the surface of the moistened soil mixture and cover with a thin layer of substrate. Cover the seeds with film or glass. The first seedlings will show up after about 6-7 days if the air temperature is constantly maintained at 26-28 degrees.

Note that seed germination is low and it is quite difficult to take care of the seedlings.

Possible problems

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The most common pests that settle on house dizygoteka are: mealybugs, aphids, scales, spider mites and whiteflies. You can get rid of these pests with a suitable insecticide or acaricide.

With improper care, problems can occur with this exotic such as:

  1. Foliage shedding. Drought, over-drying or stagnant substrate, moving the shrub to a new location.

  2. Drying leaves. Too dry air or over-drying of the ground clump.
  3. Leaf plates become brittle and dry. Too little humidity in the air. Be sure to moisten the air near the shrub regularly.

  4. Foliage wilting. The room is very hot.
  5. Darkening of the leaf plates. This can occur if the substrate is excessively dense, saline, or has stagnant water in it regularly.
  6. Yellowing of the foliage edge.

    Low humidity and excessively frequent watering.

  7. Whitish patina on leaf surface. Shrub moistened with hard water.
  8. Slow growth. It is planted in an overly bulky pot or it lacks light.

Dizygotheca species with photos and names

More than a hundred species of Dizygotheca have been found in the wild. However, only 3 of them are most common in room culture.

Dizygotheca elegantissima (Dizygotheca elegantissima)

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

This species is the most popular among florists. It is a strongly growing shrub about 200 cm tall with little branching. Unlike other species, its long shoots are decorated with carved thin leaf plates.

In nature its stems are about 40 centimeters long. The leaf plates are part of complex umbrellas of 10-11 pieces.

Dizygotheca veitchii (Dizygotheca veitchii)

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

This very striking plant has foliage that stands out for its unusual coloration. Unlike Dizygotheca delicate, the leaves of this plant are broader, deep green in color, with a wavy edge and a light colored fringe. The length of the leaf plate varies from 20 to 25 centimetres and the width is 5 centimetres.

Dizygotheca Kerchoveana

Dizigoteka: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

In appearance, this plant is very similar to the previous species. The foliage is broad with a wavy edge, yet its coloration is paler. The bush branches well and is not characterized by rapid growth. The adult indoor plant is about 1.4 m tall.

Dizygoteca is a spectacular and very unusual houseplant. It must be kept at a constant optimum temperature and a high level of humidity if it is to feel at ease in the room. There are several varieties adapted to growing at home.

Hyzygotheca - care at home.

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