Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): Home Care, Propagation

The climbing flowering plant Mandevilla, or dipladenia, is a member of the Cuthrus family. Under natural conditions, it can be found in Central and South America. According to various information this genus includes 120-190 species, among which there are both annuals and perennials. Many gardeners call indoor and garden mandevilla also jasmine, or Brazilian balsam, or Chilean jasmine, or Bolivian rose, or Mexican love tree. The genus got its scientific name "mandevilla" after Henry J.

Mandeville, who was an English diplomat and amateur horticulturist, serving in Argentina at the time. In Greek, "dipladenia" means "having double glands." The indoor dipladenia is a very showy plant that is capricious and highly demanding to the conditions of cultivation and care. However, it is still becoming more popular with florists every year.

Brief description of cultivation

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

  1. Flowering.

    Lush and prolonged (from the last days of March to November).

  2. Brightness. Needs bright but diffuse light. A window sill facing west or east is recommended.
  3. Temperature regime.

    During the growing season from 18 to 26 degrees, and during dormancy from 12 to 15 degrees.

  4. Pouring. It should be abundant with a frequency of twice or thrice a week. Water the potting soil only when it has dried to a depth of 10 to 15 mm. On very hot days, the shrubs are sometimes watered twice a day.

    From September onwards, watering is gradually reduced.

  5. Humidity of the air. Should be elevated. For this purpose, the flower is kept in a special window of glass or the pot with the plant is placed on a tray filled with damp pebbles.
  6. Fertilizer.

    Start feeding in March, from this time liquid nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the substrate once every 7 days. However, from the beginning of bud formation the flower should be fertilized with potassium-phosphorus complex fertilizer, which is applied systematically 1 time per week until August.

  7. Cutting. Conducted systematically in the fall, immediately after the end of the growing season.
  8. Transplanting.

    If necessary after the root system of the bush becomes very crowded in the flower pot. Mature bushes are not transplanted, but instead the top layer of the potting soil is replaced regularly.

  9. Propagation. By cuttings and by seed.
  10. Pests.

    Whiteflies, mealybugs and spider mites.

  11. Diseases. Mildew.

Peculiarities of dipladenia

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

Mandevilla is a lushly flowering evergreen liana that is characterized by rapid growth. The stem is curly woody and is adorned with suprotectively arranged, rich green leaf plates, they are glossy leathery to the touch, oval in shape.

If you break the leaf, it will ooze a milky sap which is poisonous.

In indoor conditions, dipladenia is cultivated as a climbing plant or as a compact bush. The fragrant, funnel-shaped flowers have 5 petals which can be pink, red, white or crimson. Up to 80 flowers can open at the same time on a full-grown shrub, and they will last more than a week.

MANDEVILLE OR DIPLADING SECRETS OF CARE AND TRANSLATION | ONLY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE

Home care for Mandevilla

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

Light exposure

In order to grow and develop well in your home, It needs conditions that are very similar to the natural environment.

As far as lighting is concerned, the liana needs plenty of bright light, otherwise it will not be able to reach the peak of its attractiveness. This flower grows best on windows with a western or eastern orientation. Also the bush can be put on a southern window sill, but in this case it will have to be shaded in the midday hours from direct sunlight, because they can harm the leaves.

Temperature regime

In winter time dipladia should be in a cool (12 to 15 degrees), and in summer it is moved to a warmer place (from 18 to 26 degrees). However, if it's warmer than 26 degrees in the summer the plant will not suffer from this, on the contrary, the color of the flowers will become richer and brighter.

Liana needs fresh air, so the room where it grows will have to be aired very often. But don't forget to protect the flower from draughts, as they can kill it. In summertime if possible, it can be placed on a veranda, balcony or garden and protected from draughts and direct sunlight and wind. The height of the support should be 1.5 times the height of the adult bush.

Its stems will climb the support and gradually master it completely.

Watering

Like other plants that come from the tropics, the mandevilla needs timely abundant watering. You only need to moisten the substrate in the container when it has dried 10-15 mm deep. For watering, which is carried out on average twice or three times a week, use only warm water. During hot, dry periods, the liana needs to be watered once or twice a day.

In September, the amount and the quantity of watering will gradually be reduced but make sure that the leaves do not fall off due to lack of water. Therefore, the water that you water the flower with should always be left alone (for at least 24 hours) or filtered. Add enough fresh lemon juice or citric acid to the water once every 30 days so that it has a slightly sour taste.

Air humidity

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

The plant needs high air humidity at all times of the year. For this reason, it is recommended to grow it in a special glass cabinet.

If you do not have the opportunity to put a flower in a showcase, then pour a small wet pebbles into the tray and already put the pot on it. It is still possible to put a container with a liana in a large cachet. After that, all the empty space between the sides of the trough and the pot filled with sphagnum moss or peat.

Even to increase air moisture can be sprinkled with warm water every day. This procedure is especially recommended to the flower during flowering and bud formation.

Feeding

Growing such a flower, do not forget to feed it in time. In order for the liana to adorn its spectacular leathery leaves, it must be fertilized with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. However, just after the bush begins to appear buds, and still during flowering, it is fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. For fertilizing, a liquid fertilizer is used, and it should be applied to the substrate regularly once every 7 days, but not all year round, but from March to August. In winter the liana does not need any fertilizing.

Transplanting dipladenia

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

Mandevilla grows best in a loose, moderately acidic substrate that is saturated with nutrients. A soil mixture consisting of sand, peat, mulch, leaf and sod soil, and take them in equal parts, is well suited. Instead of sand you can take fine perlite or expanded clay, thanks to them the soil mixture becomes more loose, as a result of which the root system of the bush will be able to get enough oxygen.

Transplantation is carried out only when necessary, and more precisely, after the root system becomes very tight in the container. To do this, inspect the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot; if roots are peeking out of them, the mandevilla should definitely be transplanted.

When the vines become mature, it is better not to repot them, but instead systematically replace the top layer of potting soil with a new one.

Trimming

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

This flower is a fast grower and therefore needs regular pruning. If not, it will grow very fast and after a while you will have a real jungle in your apartment. The formation of buds occurs on the stems of the current year of growth. Therefore you must cut it back at the end of the growing season.

Old, unbranched stems should be shortened to 2/3 of their length and branched shoots to 1/3 or ½ of their length after the fork. As a result, only 1/3 of an unbranched shoot should be left after pruning, and a third of a branched one after the fork. If the plant is trimmed correctly in the autumn, it will survive the wintering well and will actively build up young stems during the next growing season.

Hibernation

The dormant period of the dipladenia begins in late autumn and ends in early spring. During this period, the liana should be in a room where it should be no colder than 12 degrees and no warmer than 16 degrees.

After the bush is pruned in the fall, a drastic reduction in watering is carried out. During the dormancy period, it is watered only after three days have passed after the substrate in the container has completely dried out.

In the spring, when the mandevilla begins to awaken, it is transferred to its usual place, then gradually resumes the usual summer watering regime. From this time onwards, fertilizers are introduced into the soil mixture.

Dipladia - competent care during flowering

Propagation methods

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

Growing from seeds

The adult dipladia has a rather high price in the flower store, so it may not be affordable for every florist.

But if you strongly want to decorate your home with such a liana and are not afraid of possible difficulties, try to grow it from seeds, and seeds of different varieties of mandevilla are available for sale.

Take a container with holes at the bottom for drainage, and fill it with a slightly acidic, light and loose earth mixture, in which the seeds are sown. The seeds are moved to a well-lit (the light must be scattered) and warm (22 to 28 degrees) place, and provide them with regular watering, while making sure that the substrate is always a little moist, but do not allow liquid to stagnate there.

First seedlings have to wait very long, about 2-4 months, and during all this time you need to systematically water the seeds, as well as to remove condensation from the surface of the shelter. Once the emerging seedlings have formed 2 true leaf plates, spend their picking in individual cups, which have holes at the bottom for drainage, and the substrate used is the same as that used for sowing.

After a while, when the bushes have grown, they are transplanted into permanent containers.

Cuttings

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

From the second half of the spring period to mid-summer, the liana can be propagated by cuttings. As cuttings, the tops of young stems are taken in the spring and sections of mature, woody shoots are taken in the summer. When working with dipladeniya remember that in its shoots and leaves there is sap, which contains poison, so do not forget about the precautions: protect your hands with rubberized gloves and do not allow the juice to get on mucous membranes and skin.

The rooting cuttings are planted in small cups, which are filled with moistened substrate, which includes peat and sand (1:1).

Also, if desired, you can pour into it one part of dry sphagnum. When planting for rooting, the cuttings should be buried to the first pair of leaf plates. Then it is removed into a mini hotbed, where it should be constantly very warm (no colder than 25 degrees). Bottom watering (through the tray) is recommended for the cuttings. Most often after 30 days, the cuttings grow their own root system, and when this happens, they are planted in permanent pots.

There are cases when flower growers root dipladeniya cuttings in a glass with water. And when they grow roots 10-20 mm long, they are planted in pots filled with potting soil.

If everything is done correctly, the cuttings should easily give roots. But there are cases when the cuttings of mandevilla terry do not want to root. In this case, growing terry varieties from seed is the answer.

Mandevilla - propagation by cuttings

Diseases and pests

Possible problems

Mistakes of care or wrong conditions can result in various problems such as:

  1. Yellowing of the leaves. If the foliage turns yellow during the warm season, it means that the humidity in the room is very low. And if the yellowing occurs in winter, it may be because it is too cold in the room. Yellowing leaves can also be a sign of pests or disease.
  2. Foliage shedding.

    Leaves that turn yellow and then fall off because it is very cold or the plant is not watered properly (lack of water or stagnant water in the substrate).

Pests

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

Pests usually settle on shrubs that are weakened by poor management, e.g:

  • appropriate water is used for watering;
  • the substrate used to grow the flower is contaminated with fungi or pest larvae:
  • the plant lacks enough light or is too cold;
  • dust is not removed from the leaves in time.

All of these problems usually result in whiteflies, mealybugs or spider mites. Whiteflies are most often found on shrubs that are outdoors in the summer.

Therefore, when in the fall you will be moving the bush back into the house, make a mandatory inspection of its foliage. The fact is that it is on the underside surface of the leaf plates prefer to hide whiteflies, which look similar to small moths. If you see pests on a liana, it is necessary to spray it with an insecticide (Actara, Actellic or Fitoverm), otherwise once the mandevilla is in the house, the pests will quickly move on to other indoor plants.

Mudworms are sucking pests that make punctures in the stems and leaves, and suck the sap from them. This pest is also considered one of the main vectors of viral diseases.

You can tell that the bush is infested with worms by the following signs: the leaves lose their turgor, the bush becomes sluggish, the buds become deformed, and insects similar to small mosquitoes fly around the plant. And also on the surface of the substrate in the pot appear lumpy formations, and on the flower itself you can see small white bugs of an oval shape. To get rid of the worms, the plant can be sprayed with garlic infusion, for the preparation of which a head of garlic is passed through a press and then it is combined with 1 tbsp of freshly boiled water. The infusion will be ready in four hours, then it is used to wash the areas of the bush that are affected by the pest. If necessary, the following chemicals can be used in pest control: Aplaud, Fosfamide and Bi-58.

The greatest danger to the plant is spider mites, which are spider-like. Dry room air contributes to their appearance on the bush. If black or brown spots are formed on the leaves, then conduct a thorough inspection of the plant, with particular attention paid to the underside of the leaves, because that's where the mites prefer to hide. The presence of the pest is also indicated by the finest cobwebs found on the vine. Wipe the foliage of the plant with slightly acidic water in which a little soap of any kind is dissolved.

If this method proves ineffective in the fight against the pest, then the bush is sprayed with a solution of acaricide, for example, Fytoverm. Increasing the level of humidity in the room also helps to control the pest.

Diseases

From all diseases, powdery mildew is the most dangerous to dipladenia. The affected shrub develops a whitish-colored plaque on the surface of all above-ground parts. To save the sick flower from this fungal disease, treat it with a solution of colloidal sulfur (1%).

To do this, the product is applied to all affected areas of the plant, and after 24 h it must be rinsed, arranging for him to have a warm shower. Most often, in order to completely defeat the disease, the flower has to be treated twice or three times.

Species of dipladenia with photos and names

Flowers grow not too many species of mandevilla in room conditions. The following will describe those that are most popular in culture.

Dipladenia splendens (Dipladenia splendens)

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

This species is a climbing evergreen plant, cultivated by florists most often as an ampel.

While the shoots are young, they have pubescence on their surface and are adorned with lush, oval-shaped leaves that reach about 20 centimeters in length, and have a heart-shaped base and a pointed apex. As the stems grow (they can reach 4-5 m in length), they become bare and the number of leaves on them gradually decreases. During flowering, loose racemes of 6 flowers, white on the inside and deep pink on the outside, which reach about 100 mm in cross-section, are formed. The bracts are colored purple.

Dipladenia boliviana (Dipladenia bolewiensis)

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

This heat-loving species is native to Bolivia, yet it is most popular with florists.

And they love it for its long stems, which are decorated with rich green ovate leaf plates, reaching 50-80 mm in cross-section. The cyst-shaped inflorescence is formed on axillary pedicels and consists of three or four white flowers, up to 50 mm across. The flower stigma is yellow, the tube is cylindrical and there is a saucer-shaped bend.

Dipladenia eximia

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

This evergreen liana has smooth, pale red shoots and is adorned with rich green roundish-ovate leaves which reach 30-40 mm in length. The raceme-shaped inflorescences are composed of 8 flowers, reaching up to 70 mm across, with a tube length of about 50 mm, the calyx is red, and the corolla is usually pinkish-red.

Dipladenia sanderi (Dipladenia sanderi)

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

The smooth shoots produce thick, oval-shaped leaf plates with a slightly pointed upper part, up to 50 mm or even longer. During flowering axillary brushes appear with 3 to 5 deep pink flowers, up to 70 mm in diameter, their mouths yellow.

Dipladenia laxa

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

This strongly branching species can spread very strongly in the room conditions, so it needs a lot of space. The bearded shoots can be about 5 meters long and grow suprotectively arranged leaf plates of an emerald-green hue and oblong-ovate shape. The leaves are smooth on the face but pubescent on the underside, and can reach a length of about 10 centimeters.

The inflorescences include 5 to 10 corrugated flowers of a creamy white hue, which have a diameter of about 90 mm.

The most popular of all mandevilla varieties are:

Dipladeniya (Mandevilla): home care, propagation

  1. Allamandu. This plant is noted for its unpretentiousness and large rich yellow flowers.
  2. Cosmos White, Fair Lady and Summer Snow. These varieties bloom long and lushly with snowy white flowers.

  3. Pink Parfait. The plant is adorned with fragrant multi-petaled flowers. The variety is also called "Thai rose".
  4. Red Hood. The flowers are cherry pink.

  5. Scarlet Pimpernel. In the sun, the flowers of such a liana can shimmer in every possible shade of red.
  6. Ellow. The flowers in this variety shine with gold.
  7. Cosmos Rose.

    The bush is adorned with tufted large flowers.

  8. Classic Red. This large liana has rich red flowers.
  9. Laxa, or Chilean Jasmine. This Argentine variety is notable for having a pungent gardenia scent.

  10. San Parasol Crimson. The petals of the flowers are pointed, like the fragrant tobacco.

Mandevilla(Dipladenia)-a surprisingly beautiful flower.Care,propagation.

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