Dicentre: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties With Photos

The plant Dicentra is a genus of herbaceous perennials and annuals belonging to the subfamily Smokyonaceae, family Poppies. This plant is known to many people because of its unusual flower-heart. In France, because of this, the plant is called the heart of Jeannette. There is an old legend that says that these flowers appeared on the exact spot where the heart of unhappy Jeannette, who saw her beloved going to be married to another girl, broke. In England, such a flower is called the "lady in the tub".

The Latin name of this plant is formed by two Greek words, namely, "dis" - "twice" and "kentron" - spur, as a result dicentre can be translated as "two-spur" or "flower with two spurs. This plant came to Europe from Japan in 1816, and immediately became very popular among aristocrats. Then it was almost forgotten, but now the plant is once again becoming popular with both experienced and novice gardeners.

Properties of Dicentra

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

There are about 20 species of this plant, with most of them growing in North America, the Far East, and eastern China. The bush can vary in height from 0.

3 to 1 meter. The plant has a fleshy, long rhizome that goes deep into the ground. Its beautifully pinnately dissected green leaflets have a bluish cast, and they also have a petiole. The slightly compressed flowers are heart-shaped and pale red or light pink in color. They are about 2 centimeters in diameter and are part of the dipped, arch-shaped terminal inflorescences that form a brush.

The florets have a pair of spurs on the corolla. The fruit is a capsule with glossy black seeds in an oblong shape inside. They will keep germinating for two years.

Shade plants Dicentre, or Heartbreak

How to plant in the open field

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

When to plant

The plant is planted in the open field from the last days of April to the first days of May and still in September. When planting in the fall, consider that the flower should take root well and develop a system of roots before the arrival of winter frosts.

For such a plant, you can choose a well-lit area or located in a small shade. In a sunny location, however, you will see the dicentra bloom much faster. You can grow this plant in any kind of soil, but the best option for it will be light, well-drained, moderately moist and saturated with nutrients soil. The soil for planting should be prepared well in advance. If you will plant the plant in spring, then take care of preparing the site for it in the autumn months, and vice versa, if the planting is scheduled for autumn, you need to prepare the site in the spring time.

The soil should be dug to the depth of the bayonet of the spade, with the addition of humus (3 to 4 kg of fertilizer per 1 square meter), then the soil should be watered with a nutrient solution made from mineral fertilizer (20 grams of substance per bucket of water).

How to plant

The first thing to prepare planting holes for flowers. Their diameter and depth should be 0,4m, and the distance between the bushes should be 0,5m. At the bottom it is necessary to make a drainage layer of broken bricks or gravel. Then a layer of garden soil is poured into it, which should first be mixed with compost.

Then you should put the plant in the hole and cover it with the same mixture of garden soil and compost. If the soil is too heavy you can mix it with sand and if you add lime crumbs this will only make the plant feel better.

Care for dicentra

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Water the plant regularly and loosen the soil surface and pull out weeds. You should also take into account that the flower's root system needs oxygen for its proper development and you should therefore loosen the soil without fail. When the sprouts first appear in the spring, they should be covered overnight, because frosts can kill them.

Water with soft water. However, during droughts, you should water more often than usual, but note that excessive watering can cause rotting of the root system. The plant should be fed regularly. In early spring it needs nitrogen fertilizer, when it starts to bloom it needs superphosphate, in autumn the surface of the root zone should be drenched with cowpea infusion and mulched with humus. If you want to prolong flowering, it is necessary to cut off the flowers starting to fade in time.

Repotting

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The flower does not need to be replanted often, so it can do without this procedure for 5-6 years. After that, it is recommended that it be repotted by choosing a new site for it. Once every 2 years the flower should be replanted, if this is not done, the overgrown root system begins to rot, which leads to its partial die-off. In the early fall after the end of flowering or in the last days of April and first - May the flower, which is 3-4 years old, should be carefully dug up, while trying not to traumatize the roots. After the roots have dried a little (they should be slightly withered), they must be carefully divided into parts of 10-15 cm, with each of them should be 3 or 4 buds.

The cuts should be covered with ashes. After that, cuttings are planted in a new place and watered. If you want the bush to be lush, 2 or 3 pieces of root can be planted in one hole at once. Transplant in the same way as you planted it.

Replanting Dicentra

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

I have described above how to propagate this plant by dividing the bush.

To propagate this flower from seed is quite difficult and very time consuming, but some hobby gardeners still use this propagation method, and there are cases of quite successful growing of dicentra. Sow the seeds in September, and place the containers in a cool place (18 to 20 degrees). The seedlings should show in about 30 days. Once the seedlings have two true leaves, you will need to perform their picking in open soil. Seedlings need to be covered for the winter, and film is used for this purpose.

A plant grown from seed does not start to flower until it is three years old.

The plant can be propagated by cuttings in early spring. At the beginning of the spring period it is necessary to prepare cuttings, for this purpose cut young shoots with a heel. The length of the cuttings should be about 15 centimeters. For 24 hours they are placed in a product that stimulates the growth of roots, and then planted in flower pots for rooting.

A light and moist soil is used for rooting, and the cuttings are always covered with glass jars, which are not removed until a few weeks later. After the cuttings give roots, they cannot be transplanted to the garden until 12 months later.

Diseases and pests

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Dicentre is fairly resistant to disease, but sometimes it does get tobacco mosaic and ring spot disease. An infected specimen has spots and stripes on its young leaves, while adults develop pale and elongated rings similar in outline to oak leaves. Rarely, the plant gets mycoplasma disease, as a result of which its flower stems become crooked, growth slows down, and the color of the florets changes to green or yellow.

To prevent disease, it is recommended to water the flowers properly, because excessive moisture weakens the plant, and it can easily fall ill. You can also prevent the soil formalin solution, but in such a soil can plant flowers only after 4 weeks.

An insect on this plant can meet only aphids. Treat with either Antithlin or Biotlin to kill them.

Dicentra (Heartbreak).

Undemanding Plants for Shady Places

After Flowering

Gathering Seeds

Collecting dicentra seeds that grow in the midlands is not recommended by experts. The fact is that in such conditions they may not mature. But mature seeds also have a very low germination rate.

Preparing for wintering

In the fall, the part of the plant that towers over the soil should be cut almost to the surface of the ground. The remaining stumps should be 3 to 5 centimetres high.

Although this plant is frost-resistant, it still needs to be covered for the winter. To do this, it is covered with a layer of peat with a thickness of 5 to 8 centimeters. It is not necessary to make a thicker layer, otherwise the root system can start to wither.

Dicentra species and varieties with photos and names

Dicentra eximia, or exceptional, or superb

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Her homeland is the western regions of North America. Such a perennial reaches only 20 centimeters in height.

The shoots are fleshy, leafless. The palmately divided leaf laminae consist of small lobes, yet they are part of lush root rosettes. The pink flowers are about 25 mm in diameter and are part of an arcuate, brush-shaped inflorescence, which grows to 15 centimeters long. It starts blooming in the third decade of May, with a blooming duration of three months. This plant is highly frost-resistant (survives to - 35 degrees below zero) but it is recommended to cover the soil surface with a layer of mulch in the fall.

It has been cultivated since 1812. It is available in white flowered form.

Dicentra beautiful (Dicentra formosa)

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The species arrived in European countries from British Columbia. There the plant can be found from central California to the rainforests. The bush is about 0.

3 m tall. The green palmately divided leaf plates have a slightly bluish underside. They have long petioles and are part of the root rosette. The inflorescences are 10 to 15 centimeters long. They consist of small pinkish-purple florets that are 20 mm in diameter.

Flowering begins in the last days of May and lasts until fall. They are highly winter-hardy, but still need to be covered for the winter. Cultivated since 1796

Popular varieties:

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

  1. Aurora. The petals underneath are white and those above have a light pink hue near the pedicel.
  2. King of Harts.

    Bright pink florets and bluish light blue leaf plates.

This species has a subspecies, Dicentra oregana. It is endemic to California and southwestern Oregon. The flowers are deep pink or creamy white with pinkish frosting. Alba form has white flowers.

Dicentra cuccularia (Dicentra cuccularia)

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Native of eastern North America from Oregon and Washington states. The rhizome includes small nodules. The greenish-gray finely dissected leaf plates create cushion-like rosettes. The height of the flower stalks is about 0.3 m, with white flowers that have very long spurs on them.

Often this species is grown at home. This species has a cultivar Pittsburgh, its flowers are pink. Recently a form with lemon-yellow flowers has appeared.

Dicentra chrysantha (Dicentra chrysantha)

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Native to this species is Mexico, and also the slopes of California (at 1700 meters). The bush can range in height from 0.

45 to 1.52 meters. Flowering begins in the second half of the spring and lasts until the first days of fall. The flowers are deep yellow and have 2 unusually curved petals. When grown in the garden, this plant is fastidious, and in natural conditions it grows quickly in fireplaces.

Dicentra uniflora (Dicentra uniflora)

Dicentre: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

In nature can be found in Idaho, northern Utah, and in North America from the Sierra Nevada to Washington. This plant is also popularly referred to as the "ox's head" because of its unusual shape. Single flowers appear in February and July with flower stalks only 10 centimeters long. Separately from the flower stalks grow pinnate leaf plates. This species is quite showy, but very difficult to care for.

Also sometimes cultivated are dicentra: small-flowered, whitish-yellow and Canadian.

Dicentra. Planting and care.

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