Cufeia: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

A very unusual and rather interesting plant is the cufeia. In its wild form it is found only in America, more precisely in its southern and central part. This unusual name comes from the Greek word "kyphos", which translates as bent, curved. Perhaps this flower got such an unusual name because of its curved fruit. In the Americas there are as many as 250 species of Cufeia, including annuals, shrubs and semi-shrubs.

An annual in northern latitudes, Cufeia is often cultivated by gardeners. However, this flower is also grown as a houseplant. The plant can overwinter very well in the south and is most often cultivated there as a perennial.

Blooming is rather long and begins in March and does not end until October. During this period, its terry-shaped bushes become incredibly beautiful and exquisite.

Most often this shrub is planted in rather large vases or concrete containers.

From the seeds of an annual species of this plant, lauric acid is obtained and its use is found in chemical production. Gardeners, on the other hand, began growing this shrub quite recently about 15 years ago. Breeders have bred about 10 new species of cufae.

Brief description of cultivation

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  • Temperature regime.

    Up to + 25°C in summer, not below + 12°C in winter.
    Humidity High, sprayed up to 3 times a day on summer days.

  • Lighting. Scattered bright; placement on south-east or south-west facing windows; shade at midday on south window.
  • Watering.

    In winter - once every 10 days; in summer - abundant watering every 4 days.

  • Ground. Prepared universal substrate or soil mixture of equal portions of leaf soil, peat, garden soil, sand.
  • Feeding and fertilizing. During active growth - once every 14 days - with universal fertilizer containing phosphorus and potassium.

  • Transplanting. Young bush - annually, in spring; mature - once in 2.5 years.
  • Repropagation. By cuttings and seeds.

  • Cultivation features. In spring, the shoots are pruned by 1/3 so that the bush branches and blooms lushly. Cufée needs fresh air, so the room is often ventilated. In summer the plant can be taken out into the garden or to a balcony to protect it from draughts.

Kufeja is a new purchase for my windowsill.

Home care for kufeja

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Place to plant kufeja should be chosen where there is enough light. Also consider that it simply needs direct sunlight for its normal growth and development.

Site Selection

In southern areas this lovely plant can be planted directly in the garden and grown as an annual shrub. These luxuriant shrubs of incredible beauty can also be planted on the balcony or patio, in a bed, in a pot, in a hanging pot etc. During the warm summer months the pot can be put outside to enjoy the fresh air.

The pot should be placed in a bright place that will be well protected from the wind. With the onset of October, the flower is taken to an enclosed veranda. And with the onset of frost, it is returned to its usual place.

For the bush to look beautiful and well-groomed, you should regularly remove dry leaves and flowers as well as its dead parts.

Temperature regime

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This plant should be watered abundantly in the spring and summertime.

When the cold weather sets in, the amount of watering should be reduced, but this should be done gradually.

This lovely shrub does fine at room temperature. But in winter it needs a temperature of only 5 degrees Celsius. Pruning should be done in the last weeks of winter. The branches should be shortened by 1/3 part.

This is done to rejuvenate the old shoots.

Watering

Water frequently and abundantly in spring-summer, reduce watering in fall, bringing it to a minimum in winter.

Fertilizing features

Put fertilizer into the soil quite often. Cufeja is very friendly to organic fertilizers. In spring and summer fertilization should be done every time the plant is watered.

Dissolve 20 grams of compound fertilizer in 10 liters of water.

If desired, a water-soluble foliar fertilizer can be applied once every 1-2 weeks. This solution should be sprinkled on the leaves. You can also fertilize the plant with blooming fertilizer for a change.

Potting out your Kufei

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It should be transplanted every year.

The soil should be perfectly drained and fertile for this purpose. To make the right mixture yourself you need to mix leafy soil (pre-sterilize it), sand and peat in a 2:1:1 proportion.

Raising Cufae

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This plant is mainly propagated by cuttings. For this purpose, the ones that are not heavily woody are chosen. This is best done on warm spring days, the daytime temperature outside should be at least 18 degrees.

For the bush to look more beautiful, several cuttings should be planted in the same pot at once. Once the 3rd pair of leaves will appear, you will need to prick the heads.

This wonderful plant can also be raised from seed. The best way to do this is to buy seeds of varieties such as Cufeja lanceolate or Dutch selection red. The months of April and May are excellent for sowing.

A temperature of 18-22 degrees is necessary for good germination (the same applies to propagation with cuttings). The seeds should be put in a not very large container, and on top of it cover it with a plastic bag. This container should be placed on a window sill, and it must be warm. There is no need to fill the soil. When the sprouts appear, the seeds are planted in small glasses.

After the flowers have grown, they are transplanted to another larger container.

Cupae. Cuttings, care.

Diseases

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

May develop dark spots on the leaves, also rotting of the root neck or other parts of the bush is not uncommon. This plant is also susceptible to whitefly attack.

Often diseases of kufeja are associated with the appearance of gray rot or mold. If such problems are detected, it will be necessary to treat the bush with a special preparation against this type of rot, as well as with a fungicide.

It is interesting

It is believed that the kufeja helps bring people closer together. In this regard, it is often grown in meeting rooms and offices. And if you put a pot with an elegant bush in your room you will have a very cheerful atmosphere.

Species of Cufae with photos and names

Such species as:

Cufaea procumbens are popular among gardeners:

Cufaea procumbens

A grown plant bush reaches half a meter in height. It is decorated with dense, very pretty foliage and has lovely white or purple flowers. It is grown from seed but it is difficult to get them. The seeds usually have a high germination rate and are sown in the greenhouse or in the open air.

Kuphea "Blazing Fire"

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, speciesBest "creation" of breeders.

It is an excellent ampelous plant on which blooms in great numbers of bright red flowers that cascade down in cascades. Sometimes it is grown as a not very large bush. Its magnificent appearance is sure to attract attention even among a sea of other flowers. The fact is that the bright red flowers contrast wonderfully with the dark greenery.

Cupelia fiery red

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This species is very popular among gardeners, and it grows beautifully in apartment conditions.

It is also called "cigarette" and this is due to the red flowers (similar to tubes) with dark edges, which are very similar to a smoldering cigarette. This shrub is very fond of heat and should only be taken outdoors in the last days of May or the first few days of June. It looks like a neat little bush that blooms very nicely with bright red flowers. It will grace your windowsill, loggia or balcony.

Pale cushion

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, speciesThis annual shrub is very graceful and beautiful.

It has gorgeous, dark, dense leaves, and its flowers are quite small, having a red wine color. Most often it is grown in hanging cachepots, in a flowerbed or in a container. And also this plant looks very spectacular in group planting, as well as in a single planting. It is propagated by cuttings, the flowering of which begins from the first days of summer of the next year.

Kuphea hyssopolistana

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It is a neat bush of small size, keeping its shape perfectly and not disintegrating due to heavy rain or wind.

Normally propagated by cuttings. Starting in May you can buy cuttings of this wonderful shrub in a flower store. Although the flowers are small in size. This bush looks very spectacular during flowering, as there are incredibly many pink, white or lilac flowers on it, and they completely cover the bush. This species is very heat-loving and needs quite abundant watering.

It is most commonly grown in patios or on balconies.

Lanceolate Cufa

Cufeia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Bush reaches a height of usually 0.9 meters. Its flowers are dark purple in color and have an elongated, tubular yet incredibly beautiful shape. It blooms for a very long time from July to October.

Propagation is usually by seeds.

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