Cucumbers: Cultivation And Care In The Open Field, Planting In Seedlings

The herbaceous annual plant Cucumber or Common Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a species of the Cucumber family of the Pumpkin family. This vegetable crop is very popular among vegetable growers around the world. The name of this species comes from the Greek word "agouros", which translates as "unripe". This name is etymologically attached to the notion that the fruits of such a plant are eaten in a green unripe form, for example, in comparison with tomatoes, which are not eaten unripe. This plant in culture for over 6 thousand years.

Homeland of this species is India, today this culture is still found in the wild in the foothills of the Himalayas. The cucumber was mentioned in the Bible, where it is called the "vegetable of Egypt. Cucumbers were first cultivated by the ancient Greeks, then by the Romans, and in Central Europe they became very popular during the reign of Charlemagne. Cucumbers were cultivated in Russia as early as 1528, according to the notes of Herberstein, the German ambassador to Moscow.

Peculiarities of cucumber

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumber plants are up to 200cm long and have whiskers to cling to a support.

The five-lobed leaflets are heart-shaped. The juicy, bubbly, multi-seeded fruit is emerald green in color and has a structure characteristic of the Pumpkins. Varieties vary in size and shape of fruit. They consist of water by 95 percent, and they also contain the following microelements useful to the human body: iron, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and vitamins - C, B1, B2, provitamin A. The juice of this fruit is considered a structured liquid, which is good at removing toxins and impurities and has a beneficial effect on the human body.

Such fruit contains iodine in compounds easily assimilated by the body.

Growing cucumbers from A to Z

Growing cucumbers from seed

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Sowing rules

If cucumbers are raised through seedlings, they will begin to bear fruit half a month earlier after transplanting into open soil but will finish fruiting later. Cucumbers are seeded in April. Seeds can remain germinating for 8 to 10 years if properly stored, but the best yields are those seeds that are 3 or 4 years old.

Only large, full seeds are suitable for sowing, which should be near a heating device for 4 weeks in a place where the temperature is about 25 degrees.

If the seeds are hybrid varieties, they do not need warming. Also, seed pre-sowing preparation should include seed disinfection. To do this, the seeds should be dropped for 60 minutes into an infusion consisting of 30 grams of garlic pulp and 100 grams of water. The disinfected seeds should be placed in a dampened cloth for swelling, so they should lie for two days in the warmth at a temperature of about 20 degrees. Then they should be placed for 2 days on the refrigerator shelf designated for vegetables.

Seeding the prepared seeds should be made in plastic cups or peat-peat pots, the height of which should be 10 to 12 centimeters. Cups should be filled with a mixture of sawdust, humus or peat (1:2:2). Ten liters of such a substrate should be combined with 1.5 tbsp. nitrophoska and 2 tbsp.

wood ash. In 1 cup should be put one seed, which by this time should sprout. When sowing the seed should be placed with the spout up, then during germination, the skin from the seed will remain in the substrate. The seed does not need to be embedded deeply; they only need to be covered with a thin layer of substrate, which should be 0.5 to 1 cm thick.

Then the substrate is carefully moistened, and its surface from above is covered with a paper sheet, then the seeds are removed to a warm place (from 22 to 28 degrees). The seedlings can be transplanted into open soil after 20-30 days. If the seeds were sown in peat tablets or peat pots, reaching 41 to 44 centimeters in cross-section, in this case they can be planted in a hole with the container, the fact is that cucumbers are extremely negatively react to transplanting.

How to care for cucumber seedlings

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumber seedlings should be timely watered, fed and nudged (when growing in a common container). These seedlings need artificial supplemental light.

Once the seedlings have emerged they will need to be moved to a cooler place: 20 to 22 degrees during the day and 15 to 16 degrees at night. Seedlings will need additional lighting, for this use agro-lamps or fluorescent lamps, in which case the seedlings will not be pulled out.

When the formation of cucumber 2 real leaf plates, they need to be fertilized, for this purpose, the substrate should be made nutrient mixture consisting of 1 liter of cool water (about 20 degrees) in which to dissolve 1 tsp of nitroamphoska. 1-2 days before transplanting cucumbers in open soil, they should be fertilized with a nutrient mixture consisting of 1 bucket of water, 10 grams of potassium fertilizer, 15 grams of urea and 40 grams of superphosphate. This amount of mixture is enough for a couple of square meters of the plot.

Water the seedlings properly and only once every 7 days. Cucumbers are watered very abundantly, and then the excess liquid is sure to drain. In this regard, it is recommended to put the cups on a pallet. If the plants are very fast growing but you don't plan on replanting them in the near future, add some more substrate if necessary and they will become more robust.



Picking Rules

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

As mentioned above, this plant reacts very negatively to transplanting and picking; therefore, experienced gardeners recommend choosing peat-pulp cups or tablets to raise such seedlings. If the seedlings are growing in a common container, then picking them must be done at the time of the formation of the plants 2 real leaf plates. Before proceeding to the picking, seedlings should be abundantly watered, only then gently pull out the plant, while trying to keep the roots of the soil remained. Then the seedling is planted in an individual container, with the root system and part of the shoot should be sunk into the substrate.

For this purpose, such a deepening is made in the soil mixture so that the seedling is immersed in it up to the cotyledon lobes. The substrate should be very well compacted around the seedling, so that it cannot be easily pulled out of the soil. During the picking process, disease-affected and warped specimens should be discarded. You should also remember that this procedure contributes to delaying the development of cucumbers for 5-7 days. Under suitable weather conditions, well-developed seedlings can be nested directly in the open soil immediately in the permanent place.

Alternatively, it is advisable to nest the plants in peat cups so that they can be transplanted together with the container into the open ground when the time comes. To do this, the seedlings should be taken outside for a few hours each day and at first they will need to be protected from wind and drafts. Also, before planting, it is advisable to spray the plants with a solution of Epin or Immunocytophyte to prevent this.

Growing cucumbers at home

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumbers can also be planted indoors and varieties that do not need pollination are used, so medium-bodied or bush cucumbers are easier to put on the windowsill. Well at home grow such hybrids as: Klavdiya and Marinda, as well as varieties: Domashniy, Rytova, Masha, Room, Marfinsky, Bianca.

To get a harvest of fresh cucumbers for the New Year, you should start sowing seeds in the last days of October, and if they are needed by March 8, then sowing should be done in January. From the time the first shoots appear until the first fruits ripen, it usually takes 45 to 50 days.

Cucumber seeds need pre-sowing preparation. They should be disinfected in a weak solution of manganese potassium pink, and the seeds should be kept in it for 15 to 20 minutes. Then the seeds should be washed under running water.

The prepared seeds are placed in individual cups reaching 60-80 mm across. A layer of expanded clay or coarse sand should be placed at the bottom of an empty cup, then it should be filled with a light nutrient-rich substrate that should be combined with decomposed organic matter. Experts advise, in this case, to buy a substrate specifically designed for cucumber seedlings. When the cups will be filled, the soil mixture in them should be poured with freshly boiled water. When the soil cools, the prepared seeds should be placed on its surface, covered with a piece of moistened gauze on top, and then the containers are moved to the window sill, located in the eastern or southern part of the room.

Seeds need a daytime air temperature of 22 to 26 degrees, and at night - from 17 to 22 degrees, and they need protection from draughts. The gauze covering the seeds must be kept moist all the time.

A few days later, the seeds in the containers should grow seedlings, then a hole should be made in the middle of the cup, up to 10 mm deep. The seed is placed in it and covered with a thin layer of soil from above. A container from above should be covered with a film or a sheet of paper, so as not to allow excessively rapid evaporation of moisture.

As soon as the seedlings appear, the cover should be removed. Cucumbers should be placed in a cooler place: 13 to 15 degrees during the night and 15 to 17 degrees during the day to avoid them stretching out. Seedlings during the formation of the third true plate, they should be piled one by one in individual containers, which should be sufficiently spacious, you can use buckets or pots, in the cross section reaching about 25 centimeters. The picking should be done on a cloudy day, then the plants for two or three days should be protected from direct sunlight. After the detection of the first ovaries plants should be fertilized with an infusion of ash.

You will need 1 liter of hot water and 100 grams of wood ash for its preparation, the mixture should infuse for 24 hours, then use it to water the soil in containers.

After the central stem will grow lateral shoots, you should make them pruning. There should be no more than two branches per bush, and they need to be tied down. It is best to use a construction coarse-meshed mesh as a support, which should be stretched on the window, as the growth of the branches will be caught by the tendrils. Watering should be performed after the top layer of substrate dries out, this procedure is performed in the early morning or in the evening, using warm water with a temperature of 27 to 30 degrees.

It is extremely important to water such a crop correctly, since stagnant water in the soil can lead to rotting of the root system, if the bushes will lack moisture, the cucumbers will have a bitter taste.

After the appearance of fruits, you should not allow them to overgrow, and then the formation and development of the following cucumbers will be much faster.


Planting cucumbers outdoors

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

What time to plant

Cucumbers should only be planted in the open ground after they have grown at least 3 or 4 true leaves and the ground should be warm to 20-24 degrees as well as warm weather. As a rule, the time of planting cucumbers in the open ground is in the second half of May.

A sunny site should be chosen for growing this crop, but cucumbers can be planted in a shady place, also it should have reliable protection from wind gusts.

If there is a threat of frosts at night or a rapid cold snap, transplanted seedlings should be covered with film, and the entire bed should be set with arcs of metal, on which should be thrown the covering material. Even right next to the holes along the bed you should either dig a coarse-meshed net or place a trellis, this is where the cucumber shoots will climb up.

Suitable soil

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

A well-drained soil with high nutrient content and little nitrogen is suitable for growing cucumbers. If the soil is acidic, it should be lime treated before planting cucumbers. In general, this culture can grow on any soil, but the best substrate, consisting of humus, turf, peat and sawdust, which are taken in the ratio (1:1:6:1).

It is important that the soil was well heated and loose. That is why it is necessary to make high beds for such a plant, the height of which should be about 25 centimeters. The beds should be directed from east to west, and they should not have a very large slope to the south. 24 h before planting seedlings, the made bed should be drenched with a solution of copper vitriol (1 tsp. of the substance is taken for 1 bucket of very hot water).

For 1 square meter of the plot, use 3 liters of such a mixture. Cucumbers should not be grown on the plot where watermelons, zucchini, lagenaria, pumpkin, melon, zucchini and other representatives of the pumpkin family grew before. Good forerunners for this crop are tomatoes, cabbage, green manure or onions.

Planting rules

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Since this plant does not have a branched root system, you should put in nutrient mix while planting. For this purpose, wells should be made in the beds, the depth of which should be about 0,4 m, and a distance of 0,6 m should be kept between them.

In the hole should be poured a layer of soil, which should be mixed with humus or compost. After that pour it nutritious soil is not mixed with fertilizer. Seedlings should be planted with a ball of soil or placed in a hole with a plant in a peat pot. The hole should be filled with soil, and then produce watering, taking 3 liters of water per 1 bush. Then, if necessary, the surface of the bed should be covered with a layer of mulch (cut grass or peat), it can attract earthworms to the plot, which can enrich the soil with humus.

If you wish, you can instead cover the surface between the rows with a black ground cover, this will reduce the amount of moisture evaporating from the top layer of soil and also slightly increase the temperature of the substrate.


Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

To get early cucumbers, they should be grown in the greenhouse, for this purpose it is recommended to use hybrids designed for indoor cultivation, such as Muravy, Marinda, Twixi, Halli, Murashko, Bidrett and Bujan. For cucumbers to grow very early, it is recommended to make compost beds in the greenhouse, called "warm" or manure beds - "hot".

If fresh cow manure is available, it should be used to make a high bed in the greenhouse. It should be covered on top with a layer of nutritious soil, the thickness of which should be at least 25 centimeters. The soil should be very well watered, then the seeds should be distributed on its surface, with 4 pieces per 1 square meter of area, no more. When sowing hybrids, the seeds should not be prepared. They should be buried in the soil only 10-20 mm, then on the bed make the installation of supporting arcs, on top of them you need to lay a light-colored covering material.

Since the manure warms up the soil well, the first seedlings should appear after about three or four days. Cucumbers should be aired during the day by lifting the cover for a while.

It is necessary to monitor the temperature of the air and soil in the greenhouse because it can change greatly with the weather. For the plants to grow and develop normally, they need an air temperature of 18 to 30 degrees. If it gets warmer than 30 degrees, it will cause the bushes to burn.

Cucumbers in the greenhouse may also need extra light.

For lack of manure, a bed in the greenhouse can be made up of garden compost. Since the soil in the bed will not be very warm in this case, it is recommended to use germinated seeds for sowing and they should be planted directly in peat pellets or cups. In areas with a cold climate in the greenhouse is recommended to make beds of manure, in regions with a relatively warm climate will do and beds of compost. The cucumber bushes should then be cared for in exactly the same way as those grown outdoors.

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Cucumber Care

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

First days after transplanting cucumber seedlings into the open soil, they should be watered frequently and shaded from direct sunlight. During severe cold weather, cucumbers will need to be covered. Note that when the temperature drops to 15 degrees, the bushes begin to grow more slowly, at less than 10 degrees they stop developing at all. When the bushes will be watered, it is recommended to loosen the surface of the soil in the wells, as well as dip the plants themselves, but this should be done very carefully, as their root system is placed in the upper layer of soil.

If the area is mulched, it will reduce the number of loosening, weeding, as well as watering. If growing in open soil, it is recommended to prune bushes above a 5 or 6 leaf plate, this will stimulate the growth of lateral branches.

How to water

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Before the bushes start to flower, they should be watered once every 5-7 days, with 3-6 liters of water per square meter of land. After cucumbers bloom, their watering should become more frequent, namely, once every 2-3 days, and the amount of water should be increased to 6-12 liters per square meter of area. Watering shrubs should be lukewarm (about 25 degrees) well settled water, it should be done in the early morning or in the evening.

In case the liquid is poorly absorbed into the soil, its surface between the rows should be pierced with a pitchfork to a depth of 10 to 15 centimeters, water should soak the ground to a depth of 20 to 30 centimeters.

Pour water under the root, while trying not to get it on the surface of leaf plates. In order to prevent the soil from being washed away by the water jet and exposing the root system, a watering can with a sprinkler should be used for watering. Watering is very important for this crop, you should water the plants so that the water in the soil does not stagnate, because this leads to the development of fungal diseases. If the bushes will feel the lack of liquid, the fruits will have a bitter taste.

So water only when necessary.

How to tie cucumbers

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Growing this crop in an open soil should be done in two ways: vertically or horizontally. There are several vertical garter methods available, some of which are quite exotic and clever. For example, bushes can be grown in polythene bags, under a black plastic sheet, in a perforated barrel or in a shack.

Because this plant is a vine, it should always be tied up.

Such a procedure will help to save space, make harvesting easier and prevent the development of some diseases. During the formation of 3 or 4 true leaf plates the bushes should be tied to the support, usually done almost immediately after transplanting cucumber seedlings into the open soil.

Tie bushes can also be tied vertically and horizontally. In the horizontal method, posts about 2 meters high should be placed at the end and at the beginning of the row, and between them several rows of wire or rope, which should be very strong, should be strung along which the growing stems will climb. With a vertical method of tying on the bed is set construction, which has the shape of the letter U.

To create it, 2 strong vertical supports are dug into the ground, between their upper points a wire is stretched, it should be tied to her ropes, which will encircle the shoots of bushes. These ropes should be pulled up as the shoots grow, but they should not be pulled very tight. Instead of a rope, it is recommended to take wide ribbons, which are cut from fabric, as a result, during gusts of wind the bushes will not be injured. The whip should be caught with a loop made of rope under the first or second leaf plate.

How to tie cucumbers in the open ground.


Bush formation

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumbers are divided into varieties with moderate, strong or limited lateral branching. The branchiness of the bushes directly affects the distance to be kept between them. The less branchy the variety, the smaller the distance between the bushes should be.

Strongly branched varieties will need to be shaped in stages and in good time. Initially, when the bush has only 3 or 4 leaf blades, all the ovaries and stems will need to be cut out before the fourth leaf, so that a stronger root system can be formed. Once the plant has eight leaf blades, all but one ovary should be removed from the shoot from the fourth to the eighth leaf, and the branch following it should be pruned. Repeat this procedure after the eighth to twelfth leaf plate, leaving a couple of ovaries and pruning the remaining side branch. After pruning, the bush should take the shape of an inverted spruce, and this will improve nutrient uptake and development, and this procedure will also help to produce a better and richer harvest.

Cucumber fertilization

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

To keep the bushes healthy and the fruit large, they will need regular fertilization. So, cucumbers should be fed on average 6 to 8 times during one season. The first time you feed the plants after the bushes have blossomed. A break of 14 days should be made between subsequent applications.

Organic fertilizers can be used for feeding.

The best way to feed bushes respond to feeding a solution of cow manure (1:10) or bird droppings (1:25), and 1 square meter area takes 4 to 6 liters of nutrient mixture. Fertilizing is carried out after watering, and you should try to avoid getting the fertilizer on the shoots or leaves. During a frosty spell you should stop all fertilizing because cucumbers cannot absorb nutrients at low temperatures.

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Cucumber Treatment

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumbers grown in open soil can quite often be affected by fungal diseases, so it is important to timely preventive treatments for bushes to help increase their resistance to this kind of ailment. There is an effective folk method that helps to increase the resistance of this culture to various diseases.

To begin with, prepare a solution, for this, combine green or iodine with water in the proportion of 2:1, then it is smeared on the lower 10 centimeters of the stems of bushes. If you make such a treatment in time, the bushes will no longer need spraying with fungicidal preparations. Cucumber bushes should be treated with a solution of iodine (10 milligrams per bucket of water) to prevent rot.


Diseases and Pests

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumbers can be affected by various diseases and you also like to get all kinds of pests on the bushes. If you take care of this crop incorrectly, it can be affected by the following diseases: anthracnose, bacteriosis, ascochytosis, verticillosis, powdery mildew (true and false), blacklegs, black mold, gray rot, olive and brown spots and ring mosaic.

Pests such as aphids, gall nematodes, moths, moths, bollworms, tobacco thrips, spider mites and wireworms can also infest cucumber bushes. Cucumbers can also be very badly harmed by slugs.

To get rid of diseases or pests affecting such a vegetable crop, it is not recommended to use chemical agents, especially during the formation and development of fruits. There are many folk recipes that have long been used to treat cucumbers.

Cucumber picking and storage

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumber fruits should be picked as they mature.

As soon as the bushes begin to bear fruit, the fruits should be picked at least once every two days, otherwise overgrown and yellowed cucumbers will hinder the formation of young greens. During the harvesting of fruits it is necessary to pull out all those cucumbers, which have an irregular shape. If harvested often enough, it will contribute to a more intensive growth of new fruits. As a rule, 8 to 12 centimeters green cucumbers are canned, and 8 to 18 centimeters are pickled, but to prepare a salad you can take cucumbers of larger size. The frequency of harvesting will help to regulate the number of greens for the desired purpose.

For example, if you harvest cucumbers every day, the greens suitable for canning will grow very quickly, and if you harvest once every couple of days, the number of fruits used for salting will increase. When the first frosts pass, all the greens should be removed from the bushes.

Gathering is carried out in the early morning or in the evening, it should be done so that the stem remains on the twigs, in connection with this greens should not be pulled or pulled, but cut. If the fruit is growing in the depth of the bush, then pulling it off, you should try not to overturn the cucumber shoots. The plucked greens should not be left in the sun, they should immediately be removed to a shaded place, where it should be cool.

These fruits cannot be stored for too long, in connection with this, many gardeners salt and canning them, making reserves for the winter. However, if you follow certain rules, the greens can stay fresh for 7-14 days. For example, they can be put in a large pot, which is filled with water, and there they can stay up to 1.5 weeks. In this case, the pot should be tightly closed with a lid, and also do not forget to change the water in the container every day.

Another method is to take an egg white and beat it up a little, and then coat the washed greens with this mixture. Wait until the egg white dries, and then put the fruits in storage. The cucumbers treated in this way can be stored for 7 days even not in the refrigerator.

If you have a dacha or you live in the countryside, such vegetables can be stored in a deep creek, which does not freeze in winter time. For this purpose, thick-shelled fruits are placed in a barrel, which is immersed in running water.

This will keep the greens fresh until about mid-winter.

Cucumber types and varieties with photos and names

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Cucumbers have many varieties that are divided by purpose into canned, salad and universal. The canning varieties are those with thin skin and high sugar content which are important for pickling and salting. Greens of salad varieties have thicker and tougher skin, it does not allow penetration of marinade and brine inside the fruit. But such fresh cucumbers are tastier than the fruits belonging to the canning varieties.

Green cucumbers of universal varieties are used both for making salads and for pickling.

Popular canning varieties: Business, Brigantina, Rodnichok, Favorit, Voronezhsky, Salty, Urozhayny 86, Reliable, Nizhyn local, Competitor, Cascade. The most popular salad varieties: Adam, Elegant, Movir, Saltan, Phoenix, Parade, Synthesis, Rzhavsky local. Universal varieties: Stork, Epilogue, Marinda, Regia, Duet, Cruise, Zhuravlenok, Farmer, Sagittarius, Moravian Cornichon, Khabar, etc.

All varieties are also divided according to ripening time:

  • early - ripening in 32-45 days;
  • mediately ripening - ripening lasts 40-45 days;
  • late - ripening time from 50 days and longer.

Early maturing hybrids and varieties: Liliput, Elegant, Zabiyaka, Emelya, Zadavaka, Blizzard. Medium-ripening varieties: Pikas, Athlete, Steppe, Sunny, Unity, Far East 27, Competitor, Popolek. Late-ripening varieties: Nezhinsky, Phoenix, Khrust, Secret, Chinese lingerie, Rodnichok, Chinese miracle, Parisian, Mother-in-law.

Also this crop is divided into hybrids and varieties. Hybrid cucumbers when propagated by seeds are not able to retain the varietal properties of the parent plant.

At the same time, varietal cucumbers retain their varietal characteristics even after several generations. However, hybrid plants yield much earlier and more abundantly, and they also store for a longer time and begin to turn yellow much later in comparison with variety cucumbers. Because of this, variety cucumber seeds are much cheaper than hybrids. Popular hybrids: Buyan, Marinda, Othello, Parker, Regina, Pasadena, Business, Ajax, Brigantina, Herman, Emelya, Katyusha, Swallow, Faithful friends, etc.

Also all varieties of this crop are divided by type of pollination into self-pollinated and bee-pollinated.

Bee-pollinated varieties are used for growing in open soil, these include: Athlete, Zhuravlenok, Zastolny, Elegant, Lyubimchik, Slavyansky, Katyusha, Competitor, Casanova, Samorodok, Swallow, etc. Self-pollinated varieties, also called parthenocarpic, are grown in the open ground, as well as in the greenhouse, they include such varieties as Adam, Aelita, Stella, Juventa, Russian style, Romance, Picnic, Navruz, Marta, Pasadena, Voyage, Danila, Amazon, White angel, etc.

According to the size of the fruit they are divided into gherkins, which do not reach more than 80 mm in length, and salad type cucumbers, which are eaten fresh. The varieties bred by German breeders, such as Adam, Elegant, Otello, Libelle, etc., are related to gherkins

Fruits are also divided according to the character of the surface into big-humpy and small-humpy ones.

At the same time, the spines located on the surface of greens may be colored black or white. Salad white-bearing varieties include Emerald Stream, Chinese Snake and Chinese Heat Resistant. Salad black-bearing varieties: Nightingale, True Colonel, Salty, Lilliput, Aquarius, etc.

Also for exotic lovers, rather unusual hybrids and varieties have been created, for example:

Chinese long-bearing cucumbers

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Their shoots are about 350 cm long and the greens 40-90 cm long. These fruits taste great, and the varieties themselves are high yielding, unpretentious and very easy to grow.

The most popular varieties are: Chinese Miracle, Chinese Longiflorum, Chinese Farmer, Chinese White, Emerald Stream, Lio Ming, Chinese Disease Resistant.

Armenian Cucumbers

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

They have an extremely unusual appearance. The ribbed greens are about half a meter long and can weigh up to 1 kg. They are covered with whitish-silver fluff. The stalks can be up to 400 cm long.

These varieties are suitable for growing outdoors and indoors. Popular varieties are such as: Melon silver, Bogatyr white, Chalk he Flehu-ozus.

Italian cucumbers

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

This group of varieties is so named because it came into being thanks to Italian breeders. The appearance of these fruits is similar to the greens belonging to the Armenian varieties, as they have a ribbed shape. The color of the rind depends directly on the variety and can be pale lettuce, for example, in the variety Tortorello (Arbuzze), its taste is at the same time similar to cucumber and watermelon.

Also greens can have a dark green color that changes to yellow-orange after a while, such as the Barrese variety, which has a watermelon flavor.

Crystal Apple

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

In England, breeders were able to create an unusual hybrid whose fruits look very similar to lemons, but taste like a simple cucumber. The shoots of such a plant can reach a length of 600 cm.

White cucumbers

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Such varieties with long shoots are suitable for growing in both outdoor and indoor conditions. They are highly resistant to disease and heat.

The very delicate fruits have a sweet taste and are about 20 centimeters long, but be aware that they overgrow extremely quickly. Popular varieties are Italian White, Snow Leopard, Bride, Snow White, White Angel, Three White Leaves.

Melotrya roughica (mini cucumber)

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

This ornamental liana is a perennial and is native to Africa. The foliage has a bright green coloration that remains unchanged until October. The greens are only 25 mm across and look like small watermelons which have a cucumber-like flavor.

They can be eaten fresh or used for pickling or salting.

Momordica (Indian Cucumber)

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

This cucumber is suitable for home and outdoor cultivation. The bushy leaves are very striking. The flowers have a deep yellow color and a jasmine scent. The elongated knobby greens are dark green in color, which eventually changes to deep orange.

The ripe green opens up and becomes similar to a crocodile that has opened its mouth, so it is also called a "crocodile cucumber".

Snake-like cucumber trichozant

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

This gourd plant is quite popular in Southwest Asia. It is disease resistant and unpretentious. The cylindrical fruits are 1.2 m long and wriggle like snakes.

The color of the fruit is green, but over time it changes to orange. The flowers resemble light snowflakes, reaching 40 mm across.

Red cucumber tladiantha doubtful

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

This liana, native to Southeast Asia, is a perennial, its spines about five meters long. The heart-shaped leaf plates have a greenish coloration. The rich yellow flowers are similar in shape to tulips.

The small fruits are suitable for pickling and salting. However, fruits more than 15 centimeters long become red and very sweet, and are used to make delicious jam.

Antille cucumber anguria

Cucumbers: cultivation and care in the open field, planting in seedlings

Wheels that reach about 400 cm in length grow watermelon leafy plates. The small fruits weigh about 30-50 grams, have a cucumber flavor, and are used for canning. This cucumber is often grown as an ornamental plant.

Which cucumbers are more productive and easier to grow.


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