The herbaceous plant Ajuga, or ayuga, is a member of the cloverleaf family or the sponges. In Russia, this plant is often referred to as neuviadalka, dubrovka, dubnitsa, neumirashka or volohlodka. On the territory of Eurasia and Africa, this herb in nature can be found everywhere, in the temperate latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere grows about 70 species of ayuga, but in Australia there are only 2 species of this plant. Already from the name it becomes clear that the ayuga is highly resilient. The most popular among gardeners are pyramidal, creeping and Geneva bundle.
Turkestan buccaneer or more precisely the extract from this plant has a powerful tonic effect and is used in sports and clinical medicine.
Peculiarities of buccaneer
Bushwort is a herbaceous semi evergreen, evergreen or deciduous plant which may be perennial or annual. The height of the shrub can vary from 0.05 to 0.5 meters.
Leaf blades are arranged in a suprotective manner. False whorls consist of blue, blue, purple or yellow flowers. All types of this plant are undemanding to the soil and growing conditions. Gardeners, as a rule, cultivate ornamental deciduous and groundcover species and forms of ayuga. In landscape design it is used for growing in rockeries, mixed gardens and rock gardens, and aiyuga can also be cultivated as groundcover.
The creeping oleaster is an essential element of the flower garden
Growing oleaster from seeds
When to sow seeds
Sow seeds directly into the open soil. If sown for the first time, seeds can be easily purchased at a specialized store. These seeds have a high germination rate. The seeds are sown directly into the open soil in the springtime, when it has warmed up properly. You can also sow ayuga under the winter in the autumn.
A suitable area should be well lit or in the shade. Often the place for planting oregano is the tree root canopy. The fact is that this grass will not take nutrients from the soil, which the tree needs. Ayuga grows best on well-treated garden-garden soil or on nutrient-damp loam. Before sowing, you should first dig over the ground and add organic matter (10-15 kg per square meter) and either compound fertilizer or double superphosphate (100 grams per square meter).
They are planted in open soil from the middle to the end of May. Such grass is not afraid of short-term frosts up to minus 8-10 degrees. You should choose a sunny, dry day for planting the seedlings. The distance between bushes should be 0,25-0,3 m. The point of growth should always remain above the surface of the ground.
The earth near the bushes should be tamped. Planted plants need plenty of watering and try not to expose their roots.
Garden care for shrubs
Caring for shrubs is relatively easy. The bushes should be watered systematically and uncontrolled spreading should be prevented. Before the plantlets appear young leaf plates, they need to be protected from direct sunlight, and still oleaster needs timely watering, make sure that the soil near the bushes never dried out.
Once the rosettes start to grow, the plants are practically not watered, it should be done only during a strong heat or a long dry period. Remember that such grass is capable of extremely fast growth, so you must constantly monitor that it does not spread to an area not intended for it. Along the perimeter of the site, you can make a fence, for this you need to surround the plant with stones, and only slightly press them into the soil. To maintain the spectacular appearance of the ornamental-leaved Ayuga species, it is advisable to cut off the inflorescences in a timely manner.
Retrophy of Ujubliana
Retroducing this herbaceous plant is possible by seed and by vegetative means.
But please note that growing ayuga from seed is only recommended for initial planting. If you are cultivating cultivar plants, remember that the seeds collected from them are not able to retain the characteristics of the mother plant. For this reason, they are propagated by rosettes. Vegetative propagation of urchins is done in early spring or in the fall (until the second decade of September). Bushes should be trimmed grown rosettes, which are transplanted to a new place one or more pieces.
It happens that the rosette has only 1 thinnest root, despite this, it is able to successfully take root in the new place. If the separation of the rosettes is done once a year, a distance of 15 centimeters should be kept between the bushes when planting. But if you do it once every two years, you should leave at least 0.25 m between the plants. Once the rosettes have taken root and begun to grow, stop watering them.
Ayuga can also propagate itself by self-sowing, but the young plants grown will not be able to retain the varietal characteristics of the mother bush. To prevent self-seeding, the flower stems should be cut off in a timely manner. So, for deciduous species, this should be done when the arrow just begins to grow, and for flowering species - when they are finished blooming. This activity is rather labor-intensive but the basic care of urchins is very easy.
Planting and propagation of urchins
Diseases and pests
Auga has a high resistance to diseases and pests. However, such a plant can be disturbed by slugs that eat its delicate leaves at night. As a rule, slugs become active with high humidity and low air temperatures. However, a strip of gravel or crushed stone will be an almost insurmountable obstacle for such gastropods. Such a "fence" should be placed around the Uvula plot.
As already mentioned above, collecting seeds is pointless, since they cannot maintain the variety characteristics of the mother plant, and also because Uvula self-sowing reproduces very well. Experienced gardeners advise to cut off seedpods and use rosettes for propagation.
If the winters are snowy, the plant can survive them even without covering. If there is almost no snow in the winter, the plantings will need to be covered with dried leaves or lapnik. Young bushes should be covered for the winter without fail.
Stypes and varieties of transplants with pictures and names
Horticulturists cultivate a not very many kinds and varieties of transplants, but all of them are groundcover plants.
A Ajuga reptans
In natural conditions this species can be found in Asia Minor, North America, Europe and Iran and it prefers to grow among bushes, in forests and wet meadows. It is a perennial with creeping, rooting shoots 10-25 centimeters tall with soft hairs on their surface. The rosetted root leaves gradually develop into a relatively long petiole. However, the stem leaflets are ovate, sessile or with a short petiole and an emarginate-veined edge.
Whole bracts are pale blue at the base. Inflorescences are ear-shaped, consisting of 6-8 bell-shaped flowers with pubescence on the surface of their calyxes. The corolla is blue or light blue and has a short two-lobed upper lip. It blooms in May or June and lasts about 20 days. This article describes exactly how to plant and take care of creeper.
- Arctic Snow. This variety was bred relatively recently. The wrinkly-corrugated, spatulate-shaped, dark green leaflets are about 10 centimeters long. There is a broad smear of ash color in the center of the plate and it also has a white outline and a green edge.
- Black Scallop.
The bushes are no taller than 5-10 centimeters. The glossy relief leaves are colored in a very rich beet-purple color, the edge is uneven, wavy, and similar in shape to scallops. If the plant is grown in a sunny area, the color of its foliage will be as deep and rich as possible.
- Chocolate Chip. The bushes reach a height of only 5 centimeters.
The small, smooth, full-edged leaves are about 6 centimeters long and 2 centimeters wide and elliptical in shape. They are colored simultaneously in purple and dark green. If you grow such a plant in a shaded place, its decorative qualities will not decrease.
- Multicolor. This plant is among the most ornamental.
The color of its leaf plates can vary depending on how intense the light is. For example, if it grows in a shadowed place, its color will be dark green with yellow and pink stripes, but in a sunny place it will have a deep purple color and scarlet and orange-yellow fragments on its surface. This variety is quite popular among gardeners. The purple-purple leaf plates have a cream-colored border, and there are red-pink shapeless spots in the center. When growing in a shaded location, the coloration of the foliage is more intense.
- Sparkler. The color of the flowers is bright blue. There are a large number of small green leaves with strokes and dashes of white-pink or cream coloration on the surface.
Also popular are the following varieties of creeper: Bengal Fire, Variegata, Catlin's Jaint, Dixie Chip, Toffee Chip, Rainbow, Silver Queen, Pink Elf, Arctic Fox, Brown Hats, Atropurpurea, Variegata Rubra etc.
Pyramidalis (Ajuga pyramidalis = Ajuga occidentalis)
Native to Europe, this species prefers to grow among shrubs and on rocks.
The bushes are up to 25 centimeters tall. There is a long tuft on the surface of the oval slightly serrated leaf plates. The flower stalks are no more than 10 centimeters long and have white, pink or deep purple flowers. Popular varieties:
- Lunar Landing. This very unusual variety has yellow colored flowers that are extremely difficult to describe.
This variety was created by Riotto, and in his opinion this plant is as ugly as it is magnificent.
- Crispa. The large reaped leaf plates are colored green. The coloring of the flowers is blue.
- Metallica crispa.
The plant is about 5 centimeters tall. The small reaped leaflets are green-purple in color with a metallic cast.
In nature, the species is found in Asia Minor, Europe and Iran, this flower prefers to grow in forest lawns and edges, in meadows and among shrubs. The shoots vary in height from 0.05 to 0.
4 meters. Leaf blades of the root rosette have short petioles, while the stem ones are sessile, elongated elliptical in shape and have a sharp-toothed edge. The flowers are blue, white or pink and have a three-lobed lower and a very small upper lip. Flowers are gathered in whorls of 2-6 pieces, which make up spike-like inflorescences. The bracts are serrated or trilobate.
The plant flowers in May-July. This species does not have spreading stems and does not need stoppers.
Chiocea (Ajuga chia)
Wildly this species is found in the Caucasus, Iran, the Mediterranean and Asia Minor. It prefers to grow on rocks, roadsides, steppes and talus. The height of this perennial does not exceed 20 centimeters.
The shoots branched at the base may be upright or ascending, with a long white pile on their surface. There is pubescence on the surface of the stem's tricuspid leaf laminae. The lower leaf blades are spatulate, solid or tridentate in the upper part. Falconiform inflorescences are located at the ends of the shoots and consist of a single axillary flower or a bunch of flowers. On the outer surface of yellow flowers there is a dense pubescence, on the lower lip there are speckles and dashes of purple.
This species has a wound-healing effect.
The Ajuga laxmanni (Ajuga laxmanni)
This species is extremely unusual. The bush is about 0.2-0.5 m tall.
The shoots are pubescent and foliated. The large, full-edged, white-silver-colored leaflets are oblong in shape. Flowers are small and unsightly in pale pink or light yellow.
The herringbone (Ajuga chamaecyparissus)
This annual reaches a height of only 6 centimeters. The greenish-gray serrated separate leaf plates look similar to a cone.
From the bush comes a very pleasant pine smell. The color of the flowers is yellow. Flowering begins in May and ends in late autumn.
Turkestanica (Ajuga turkestanica)
It is endemic to the Western Tien Shan, growing naturally in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. This semi-shrub is sparsely branched.
On the thick shoots are elliptical pale brown leaf plates that reach 6 centimeters in length and 2 centimeters in width. On the tops of the shoots there are deep purple flowers, which have short pedicels. The stems of this plant are used in cosmetology and in sports medicine.
Bushwort (Ayuga) is a beautiful groundcover perennial for your garden