Cornflower: Growing From Seeds, Planting And Care In The Open Air

The perennial elecampane (Inula), also called the yellow flower, is a member of the Asteraceae family. It is found in nature in Africa, Asia and Europe and prefers to grow in quarries, near ponds, in meadows and ditches. It is also called wild sunflower, goldenrod, thistle, bear's ear, nine-syllable, divosil, forest jaundice, thistle or wood thistle. According to information from various sources, this genus includes 100-200 species. Since ancient times, elecampane has been used extensively in alternative medicines, and it gradually became a cultivated plant.

Nowadays one of the species of this genus, the high elecampane (Inula helenium), is becoming increasingly popular among gardeners: it is the most popular species with medicinal properties.

Peculiarities of elecampane

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

He is usually a perennial herbaceous or semishrub but the genus also includes annuals and biennials. From its shortened rhizome thickened roots branch off to the sides. Straight, weakly branched shoots may be smooth or downy. Large, heart-shaped leaf blades may be oblong or lanceolate, smooth-edged or irregularly serrated.

The corymb-like inflorescences are either solitary or part of paniculate or scutellate inflorescences. The baskets are composed of tubular median and marginal florets, which may be colored in various shades of yellow. The lanceolate leaflets of the wrapper are green in color. The fruit is a cylindrical ribbed seed, which is either naked or pubescent.

Devyasil high.

Medicinal properties, contraindications, folk medicine recipes

Growing elecampane from seed

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

Before planting elecampane, choose the most suitable site for it, keeping in mind that this heat-loving plant prefers sunny places. The soil should be moist, rich in nutrients and breathable. Soil suitable for planting is loamy or sandy loam. It is best to sow this plant after a clean steam, in this case a rich harvest will be guaranteed.

Preparing the site for sowing should be done in advance.

It is necessary to make its digging to the depth of the bayonet shovel, adding compost or humus (5-6 kilos per 1 square meter), and potassium-phosphate mixture (40-50 grams per 1 square meter). After that the plot should be pruned. Immediately before sowing on the surface of the plot should be sprinkled fertilizers containing nitrogen, and then they must be embedded to a depth of 10 to 15 centimeters. Then the surface of the plot should be lightly tamped.

Sow the seeds in winter or in spring (second decade of May).

It is not necessary to stratify the seeds, but to facilitate sowing, gardeners advise, combine them with sand (1:1). For one row, which is 100 cm long, you will need about 200 pieces of seeds. If the soil is heavy, the seeds should be deepened by only 10-20 mm, and if it is light - by 20-30 mm. The width between the rows should be 0.6-0.

7m. Seedlings will appear only when the air warms to 6-8 degrees. The optimal temperature for growth and development of elecampane is 20 to 25 degrees. If the weather is favourable, the seedlings will appear half a month after sowing. A few days before the seedlings appear, the site should be combed across the sowing rows, and all large clods of soil, as well as threadlike sprouts of weeds, should be removed.

This plant can also be propagated by dividing the rhizomes. In the southern regions, this method is used in the spring and also in August. In colder regions division of the rhizome is engaged only in the spring during the opening of the leaf plates. Remove the rhizome from the soil and divide it into several parts, making sure to have 1 or 2 vegetative buds in each part. When transplants are planted, try to keep a distance of 0.

3 to 0.65 m between them and submerge them 50-60 mm into the soil and make sure that their buds are pointing upwards. Before planting, each hole should be soaked with lukewarm water, and then fertilizers should be applied to them, which should be combined with the soil. After planting, the surface of the plot should be tamped, well watered, and the surface should be covered with a layer of mulch. The rooted young plants will have sprouts in the first year, reaching a height of 0.

2 to 0.4 m by the end of the summer.

Garden care for elecampane in the garden

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

After the elecampane seedlings show up in the plot, they will need to be thinned. The plants should be timely watered, weeded, and it is also necessary to loosen the soil surface near the bushes. In the first season the elecampane is characterized by extremely slow growth, so, at the end of the summer period the height of bushes will be no more than 0,3-0,4 m.

By this time, the bushes will have formed leaf rosettes and a system of roots. The first flowering will not be seen until the following season in July and will last approximately 4 weeks.

Watering and weeding

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

This crop is a moisture loving one and especially needs water during bud formation and flowering. The bushes have a penetrating root system that is able to extract moisture from relatively deep layers of soil. Because of this, the elecampane needs watering only during prolonged drought.

Systematic weeding is needed for these plants only in the first year of growth. The very next season the bushes will get so big and strong that no weeds will be able to disturb them.


When the bushes begin to form leafy root rosettes, they need a supplement of Nitrophoska. The second feeding should be done 20-30 days after the first one, when the ground shoots will start to sprout. In the fall, before the plant goes into dormancy, it should be fed with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer that is applied to the soil.

Harvesting and storage

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

Heathers of elecampane with adventitious roots can be harvested in the second year of growth. Once the seeds are fully mature, the bush should be shortened to 50-100 mm, then take a pitchfork and gently dig it up. Pull the root out of the soil, shake it off well and rinse it. Then the rhizome should be cut into pieces that should be 10-20 centimeters long. They are placed in the shaded area, where they will be dried for 2 or 3 days.

After that, the raw material should be moved into a room with good ventilation and spread out (layer thickness should be less than 50 mm). To dry the rhizomes you need to keep the room temperature of 35 to 40 degrees, and the raw material should be systematically agitated and turn over to ensure it evenly dried. For storage, elecampane is poured into a container of wood or glass, or you can use bags. The herb retains its medicinal effects for up to 3 years.

Branches and varieties of elecampane

He is a perennial that grows about 0.

6 m tall. The oblong leaf plates are about 0.25 m long. The inflorescences reach 40-50 mm across and are composed of lingual and tubular flowers of a deep yellow color. Flowering is observed in July and August.

It has been cultivated since 1897.

Devyasil rhizocephala (Inula rhizocephala)

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

This ornamental species is among the most popular in culture. The long, lanceolate-shaped leaf plates are part of the root rosette, which has a dense, compact yellow inflorescence at its center. The superficial root system is highly branched.

Devyasil orientalis (Inula orientalis)

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

Native to this species is Asia Minor and the Caucasus.

It is a perennial plant with erect stems, reaching a height of about 0.7 m. Its leaf blades are oblong-lobed. Inflorescences reach 9-10 cm across and consist of long, slender, dark yellow lingual flowers and yellow tubular flowers. It has been cultivated since 1804.

Mevergreen wort (Inula ensifolia)

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

In nature it is found throughout Europe and the Caucasus, with this species preferring to grow on mountain chalk and limestone slopes, in forests and steppes. The compact bush is 0.15-0.3 m tall. Thin, very sturdy shoots branch off in the upper part.

Sitting narrow lanceolate leaflets reach about 60 mm in length. The yellow single baskets are 20-40 mm in diameter. Cultivated since 1793. There is a low-growing variety: ca. 0.

2 m high, blooms lushly and for a comparatively long time.

Heatherwort magnificent (Inula magnifica)

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

This species is not so called for nothing. This perennial is a powerful spreading and majestic shrub that can reach 200 cm in height. The stem is furrowed and thick. The large, oblong root and lower stalk leaf blades are half a meter long and 0.

25 m wide. Tapered at the base, the leaflets become petiolate, which may reach 0.6 m in length. The upper leaflets are sessile, while the lower ones are much larger. Yellow inflorescences reach 15 centimeters across.

On peduncles reaching 0.25 m in length, they are arranged in groups of one or more, forming corymbiform inflorescences. Flowering occurs in July or August. When the shrub loses its beauty, it is usually cut off.

British wort (Inula britannica)

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

In nature this species occurs in Asia and Europe and tends to grow in ravines, sedge marshes, birch woodlands, steppes, roadsides, wet saline and forest meadows as well as in flood plain shrubbery.

This perennial plant is not very tall, its surface covered with grayish-black pubescence. The ribbed upright stem is slightly red underneath and branched or plain in the upper part. Leaf blades are lanceolate, elliptical or linear-lanceolate (less frequently ovate), finely dentate or smoothly margined, with barbs along the edges. The front surface of the leaves is somewhat pubescent or glabrous, while the underside has a dense covering of appressed glandular or woolly hairs. Its yellow inflorescences reach up to 50 mm across and may be contained in loose corymbose inflorescences or singly.

Heatherwort (Inula helenium)

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

Found in Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, the species prefers to grow in meadows, light deciduous and pine forests as well as on river banks. This perennial is a cylindrical shrub reaching about 250 cm in height. The powerful rhizome has a pungent aroma. The lower cauline and oblong-elliptic root leaves are about 0.4-0.

5 m long and 0.15-0.2 m wide. From the middle of the shoot, the leaf laminae are sessile and have a stem-like base. The yellow-golden capsule reaches 80 mm across, placed in the axils of bracts on short pedicels and included in sparse cyst-shaped inflorescences.

This species has been cultivated since ancient times.

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The properties of elecampane: harm and benefit

Therapeutic properties of elecampane

Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

The medicinal properties of elecampane lie in its root system, which contains such substances as: wax, vitamin E, resins, essential oils, mucus, saponins, inulin and inulin polysaccharides.

The decoction of the rhizomes and roots of this plant is used in the treatment of inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestines, such as peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastroenteritis, diarrhea, and also kidney and liver diseases, fever, acute respiratory infections, flu, bronchitis with thick discharge, tuberculosis, tracheitis and other inflammatory diseases of the upper airways. Such decoction is characterized by expectorant, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, diuretic, anthelmintic and antiseptic.

This remedy is particularly detrimental to ascarids.

This decoction is used for skin diseases, and if it is combined with lard, you get an excellent remedy for scabies. Fresh leaves are recommended to be applied to sores, tumors, scrofula and horny areas.

Also in alternative medicine, elecampane is used to treat itchy dermatosis, purulent wounds, cystitis, venereal diseases, furunculosis, eczema, jaundice and arthritis. In the pharmacy you can buy a drug Alanton, made on the basis of the roots of elecampane, it is used in the treatment of non-healing ulcers of the stomach and duodenum.

The tocopherol (vitamin E) contained in the rhizome is a powerful antioxidant that helps to slow the aging process.

To prepare an infusion of elecampane, you need to combine one small spoonful of dried roots with 250 ml of cold water. Leave the mixture for 8 hours to infuse, after which it is strained. You need to drink 50 milligrams 4 times a tap a third of an hour before a meal. It is used as an expectorant and also for hemorrhoids, high blood pressure and also as a cleansing agent for skin diseases.

Tincture of elecampane is prepared by taking 120 grams of fresh rhizomes of the plant. It should be mixed with ½ cup of port or kagor. The mixture is boiled for 10 minutes, then it is filtered. Drink 2 or 3 times a day at 50 milligrams before a meal. Used as a tonic and tonic for peptic ulcer, gastritis or after a serious illness.


Cornflower: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open air

Medications based on elecampane must not be used in cases of serious cardiovascular disease, pregnancy, hypotension, low-acidity gastritis and kidney pathology. During menstruation, which is accompanied by severe pain, these drugs can intensify them. In the treatment of children, elecampane is used with great caution.



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