Cordylina (Cordyline), according to various sources, is a member of the Agave or Dracaenaceae family. There are about 20 different species in this genus. Under natural conditions this plant can be found in all regions with tropical and subtropical climates. Cordyline is a tree or shrub. Its roots are thick and firm when cut, and are white in color.
The shape of the leaf blades varies according to the species and can be lanceolate, sword-shaped or linear. The flowers are usually white or red, less often purple. When growing cordillera at home the bush is usually no more than 150 centimeters high. Over time, the lower leaf plates of the shrub begin to die off and fall off, as a result it takes on the appearance of pseudopalm. Florists cultivate cordilina because it has spectacular foliage.
Cordilina care at home
Cordilina grown in indoor conditions needs bright sunlight, but it should definitely be diffused. Therefore, it is best to place it near a window located in the western or eastern part of the room. Remember that the plant should be protected from direct sunlight. If the shrub belongs to the dark-leaved variety, it does not need bright light.
In the summertime, the room where the plant is located should have an air temperature of 20-25 degrees.
When growing subtropical species with the onset of the autumn period, the temperature should be gradually lowered, and during the winter time it needs a temperature of 5-10 degrees. If tropical species are grown, then in winter they should be placed in a cooler place with a temperature of 18 to 20 degrees. Such plants need to be protected from drafts.
How to water
In spring and summer, this plant should be watered immediately after the top layer of substrate has dried. In winter, choose a watering regime so that the ground in the pot never dries out completely, but do not overwater it either.
Those species, which in winter are at low temperatures, should be watered very carefully. Only use water that has stood for at least 24 hours and is well drained.
This plant should not be put near a heating device during the winter. If subtropical species are grown, moisten them only occasionally with a sprayer. And tropical species in May-August moisten with a sprayer at least once a day.
Cortilina should be moistened with soft and settled water. Be careful when spraying the shrub as this will cause the growth points to rot.
In the spring, summer and fall, the shrub should be fertilized once a week with a complex fertilizer. In winter fertilize the plant once every 4 weeks.
Young plants should be transplanted once a year and mature specimens once every 2 or 3 years.
When the roots no longer fit in the pot, the cordyline needs to be transplanted into a new, larger container, which is done with the onset of the spring season. Before planting the bush, a good drainage layer should be made on the bottom of the container, then it is filled with a slightly acidic soil mixture consisting of sand, garden soil and peat, which should be taken in a ratio of 1:3:1. This plant is suitable for growing on hydroponics.
Cordylina care at home / Cordyline
Propagation of Cordyline
How to grow from seeds
The seed method of propagation is only suitable for species plants. The fact is that when species cordillines are grown from seed, they lose the varietal characteristics of the parent plants.
Seeds are sown in the first half of March, using a soil mixture consisting of sod soil and sand (1:1). The emergence of seedlings occurs unevenly, the first of them are shown after 4 weeks, and the last - after 3 months.
Reproduction of cordyline cuttings
When cutting cuttings, it should be considered that it should have at least 1 node. Apex cuttings can be used for rooting as well as leafless shoot parts. Note, however, that the cuttings must be semi-tree-ripened.
For rooting cuttings you can use sand or a substrate consisting of peat soil, leaf or humus soil and sand (1:1:1). The cuttings should be regularly moistened with a sprayer, and they should be placed in a warm place (25-30 degrees). If the cuttings are taken care of properly, after about 4 weeks they can be planted in individual pots filled with a soil mixture consisting of humus, peat and turf soil and sand (1:1:1:1). For later transplanting in transplanting soil a mixture of compost or sod and humus mixture plus sand (1:1:1) is used.
If cordyline is propagated by rhizome splitting, cut off all roots of the splitting plant and then planted in the substrate used for rooting cuttings.
Once the rhizome has roots again, it should be transplanted into the soil mixture used for planting adult specimens.
Cordylina. Multiplication of Cordyline.
Diseases and Pests
- Brown spots on leaves - If brown-colored spots appear on the leaf plates of cordyline, it indicates that the plant is lacking moisture.
- Leaf fall - The dropping and falling off of the lower leaflets is a natural process for this plant, so you should not worry about it.
- Bush rot - If there is stagnant moisture in the substrate, this can cause rotting to occur on the lower stem. In this case, it is recommended that the top of the bush be cut off, which is used for further rooting.
- Spots on leafplates - If light-colored dry spots appear on the leaves, this indicates that the plant has received sunburn as a result of direct sunlight exposure.
- Foliage curling - If the room is excessively cold, the cordilline's foliage loses its turgor and curls.
- Tips of leaf plates turn brown - If the tips and edge of the leaf plates turn brown, it means the room has excessively low humidity.
Pests of cordyline
Damage to such a flower can include spider mite, scales, whitefly and powdery mildew.
Cordyline species with photos and names
The bush can vary from 150 to 300 cm tall. The straight trunk is quite slender. The leaf plates have long petioles, which are 15 to 30 centimeters long. The upwardly pointing elongated lanceolate leaf plates are pointed toward the apex, they are about 150 centimeters long and about 8 centimeters wide.
The front surface of the leaves is green, while the underside is gray-green. The large paniculate inflorescence consists of white flowers. It is recommended to grow in a cool room.
Cordylina apex (Cordyline terminalis)
Either Cordyline fruticosa or Dracaena apex (Dracaena terminalis). This semi-shrub has a slender trunk.
The shrub may have several trunks. The lanceolate leaf plates are about half a meter long and about 10 centimeters wide and have veins on the surface. They are green or have a mottled pattern (with a purplish cast). The petiole is about 15 centimeters long.
Cordylina red (Cordyline rubra).
Like dracaena red (Dracaena rubra). This shrub is about four meters tall and is usually nonbranched. The green lanceolate leaf plates are leathery to the touch, about half a meter long and about five centimeters wide, with veins on the surface. The grooved petioles are about 15 centimeters long. The axillary paniculate inflorescence consists of pale purple flowers on short pedicels.
It is recommended to grow in a cool room.
Cordyline indivisa (Cordyline indivisa)
Like Dracaena indivisa. This plant is a tree up to 12 meters high. The slender trunk does not bend because it is quite hard. The strap-shaped leaflets are about one and a half meters long and about 15 centimeters wide.
The central vein is red in color. The foliage has a matte green front surface and a pale bluish back surface. The branched, drooping inflorescence consists of white flowers. It grows best in cool conditions.
Cordyline straight (Cordyline stricta)
Either Dracaena congesta or Dracaena straight (Dracaena stricta).
The slender trunk is about 3 meters tall. Leathery to the touch, the leaf plates have a jagged edge and a green color, their shape is elongated-lanceolate, pointed at the top. Leaves reach a length of a little over 50 centimeters, and their width is about 30 mm. The panicles consist of small pale purple flowers. The inflorescences grow from the axils of the leaves and are also located on the top of the plant.
Cordyline australis (Cordyline australis)
Like Dracaena australis. This species is a tree about 12 meters high. The trunk extending to the base does not bend. The sessile, sword-shaped green leaf plates are leathery to the touch and have a broad, light-colored central vein. The white flowers have a pleasant fragrance.
Bush CORDILINE Care, cuttings