Clivia: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The beautiful flowering plant Clivia is a multi-flowered plant belonging to the Amaryllis family. In the wild, it is commonly found in the subtropical part of South Africa. In regions where the climate is temperate, the flower is cultivated at home and in greenhouses. In such a climate, the plant grows at an average rate of about six to eight leaf blades a year. If cared for properly, its life span can be anything up to 40 years.

During this time it will grow from a small bush to about 0.45 m in height into a large mossy plant. The shrub blooms in the last days of February. Over a period of 30 days it will open up one after the other into showy, bell-shaped flowers. The shrub looks at its best when flowering, but it is still very attractive at other times.

Its long and broad leaf plates grow a dense fan and form a false stem at the same time.

Brief description of cultivation

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Temperature regime. In the summertime, around 25 degrees and in the wintertime, 12 to 15 degrees. After the first bud is formed, the bush is moved to a warmer place.
  2. Humidity of the air.

    About 40 percent. Too low air humidity does not harm the flower. Systematic moistening with a sprayer is recommended.

  3. Lightness. Light should be bright but diffuse.

    Western and eastern window sills are best.

  4. Pouring. Once the buds are clearly visible, the plant is given plenty of watering. During the summer months, the bush is watered once a week, and during the winter months, once every 1.5 weeks.

  5. Substrate. A ready-made all-purpose soil mixture for houseplants is used. Mix humus, sod soil and peat in a 1:2:1 ratio. Place a good quality drainage layer at the bottom of the container.
  6. Fertilizer.

    Fertilizing is carried out from the first days of spring to the end of summer 2 times a month. For this purpose, a universal liquid fertilizer for flowering plants is used. During the winter months, fertilization is not carried out.

  7. Transplanting. While the bush is young, it is transplanted every year, and older specimens - as needed.

    After transplanting, the bush becomes diseased for a long time. In a large adult clivia, it is recommended that instead of transplanting, the top layer of the soil mixture be replaced regularly with fresh.

  8. Repropagation. By shoots and by seed.
  9. Care features.

    When the bush blooms, it is necessary to cut off the flower stalks at the base. If, however, seeds are formed on the bush, it can be the reason for the absence of flowering and the suspension of growth in the next season. The plant does not react well to rearrangement to a new place. This can also be the reason why the bush refuses to bloom.

The clivia houseplant is a kaffir lily | A favorite of florists.

The unpretentious plant is a feast.

Home care of clivia

The indoor clivia is relatively undemanding to care for. And for it to have no problems, you only need to provide it with optimal growing conditions.

Blooming

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

You only need to take care of it properly for it to flower every year: ensure it has a cool wintertime, water it in time, remove the flower stems in time during the summertime. As a rule, the bush blooms from the middle to the end of February.

Dense, brush-like inflorescences of funnel-shaped flowers are formed on long (about 30 cm) flower stalks.

The bush blooms for about 30 days. During this time, there is a gradual opening of the buds on the inflorescence. Between 30 and 40 flowers may open at the same time on the bush. The color of the flowers can be very different: carmine, light golden, deep orange, coral, cream.

In some cases, there is a star-shaped spot in the middle of the flower. When in bloom it becomes one of its most decorative flowers.

Clivia care at home 🌸 HOW TO CREATE CLIVIA

Temperature

May not bloom if not kept at optimal temperature. During the winter, the plant is moved to a cool place (12 to 15 degrees). However, it should never be allowed to be colder than 8 degrees Celsius in the room, as this can lead to the death of the flower.

Once buds are showing on the bush, the temperature should be gradually increased. In summer, it is allowed to increase the room temperature to 25 degrees.

Air Humidity

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This culture feels great in room conditions, and even low air humidity does not harm it. The optimal humidity level is about 40 percent. Systematically moisten the foliage with a spray gun as well as wipe it with a soft cloth dampened in water.

Besides that, it is recommended to put the pot with the flower on a deep tray filled with moist expanded clay. Make sure the bottom of the pot does not come into contact with water as this can cause the roots to rot.

Brightness

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This kind of plant needs lots of bright, diffused light. Eastern and western oriented windowsills are best for its placement. On a southern window sill in sunny weather, the bush must be protected from direct sunlight.

If the flower stands on the north window, then in the winter months on cloudy days clivia provide illumination. In the warmer months, when the return spring frosts are left behind, the flower can be taken out into the garden or onto a balcony.

Watering

For proper development and growth, the flower should be watered systematically. Water the potting soil once the top layer has dried. During the winter months, watering should be infrequent, about once every week and a half.

After the buds become clearly visible, the substrate in the pot begin to moisten abundantly.

In the summer months, the bush enough to water once every 7 days. For this purpose, use slightly warm water passed through a filter. Do not allow the water to stand too long in the root system as this could lead to rotting.

Pot selection

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plant needs its pot size increased when the roots are too cramped and begin to come out of the drainage holes.

The new pot should be 25mm larger across than the old one.

When choosing a pot, remember not to make it overly roomy. The flowering of the shrub will be more profuse if the container is a bit crowded for its roots.

Substrate

This flower grows best in a slightly acidic (pH of 5.7 to 6.

2) and loose substrate. To make a suitable soil mixture for the clivia, just combine peat, humus and sod soil (1:1:2). If you want, you can buy ready-made soil mixture for houseplants in a specialized store.

To make the substrate more permeable to water, it is mixed with a small amount of fine brick crumbs. And to increase friability, use perlite and/or vermiculite as an additive.

In the substrate for such a plant, it is recommended to add slow-growing phosphates, which are good for its growth and development. To do this, take 1 tbsp. of superphosphate and mix it with 1.5 liters of ready-made soil mixture.

Fertilizer

For the plant to retain its spectacular appearance and be healthy for a long time, it must be timely fertilized.

This is done regularly twice a month using a liquid form of a universal potted plant fertiliser. The nutrient solution is prepared according to the instructions and then diluted with water 3 or 4 times.

Feed the bush from the beginning of spring until the last days of summer. During the winter months, clivia does not need to be fertilized. Remember that phosphorus and potassium levels should not be lower than nitrogen levels.

The plant will signal to you if there is too much nitrogen: It will refuse to flower and its leaves will turn a dark green colour.

Potting out your plant

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The root system is quite strong, but still very fragile. The plant reacts extremely negatively to even the slightest injury to the roots, so pruning, transplanting and propagation it endures poorly. However, you will still have to transplant the flower, if its roots start to come out of the holes designed for drainage. While the bush is young, it is transplanted every year, with mature specimens as needed.

Transplantation is carried out in the spring, almost as soon as the clivia finishes blooming. The transplanting method is ideal for this culture. Don't forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container. When transplanting, make sure that the root neck of the shrub is not buried too deep in the potting soil. Otherwise, rot may occur on the lower leaf plates and the bush will stop growing.

Dividing and Repotting the CLIVIA - A FULL REVIEW. My flowers. My experience.

Trimming

When the plant has bloomed, the flower stems should definitely be cut off. The cutting point should be right at the base of the flower stalks.

This, if done in time, will have a beneficial effect on the growth of the shrub and its subsequent flowering.

Storming period

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The resting period is necessary for the house clevia to regenerate and for the timely establishment of the flower buds. Not resting in good time will result in exhaustion and may lead to a lack of flowering the following season.

In the last days of November, place the plant in a cool place. This will help it form flower buds.

As soon as they appear, the bush should immediately be moved to a warmer place. During the entire dormancy period, do not fertilize and water very infrequently.

Prosplication methods

Sprout multiplication

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Home Clivia can be quickly and easily multiplied by sprouts. This procedure is combined with transplanting. If the main bush and its offspring are very cramped in one container, then the plant is recommended to be divided.

Separate a side piece from the parent bush, and it should have at least five leaf plates. All the cutting points should be treated with crushed charcoal and then wait until they have dried slightly. Then the separated part of the bush is planted in an individual pot and water it. The new bush will flower for the first time after about a couple of years.

How to separate the baby clivias.

Planting clivia.

Growing from seed

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In order to obtain your own seed when the clivia bush is flowering, cross-pollination should be performed. As a result, berries should form after flowering, with seeds inside. After about 11 months, the berries will turn red and the seeds can be taken out.

Sow them then.

To do this, spread the seeds on the surface of the substrate (do not deepen), which is then lightly moistened. Cover the container with foil on top and take it to a warm place. Provide the seeds with systematic airing and moistening. The first seedlings should appear after about 6 weeks. Once the bushes have formed 2 or 3 true leaf laminae, they should be potted into individual pots.

Young bushes will not flower for the first time before three years.

The seed method of propagation is usually used by breeders, who breed new varieties. In this case, under room conditions, most often florists resort to propagation of clivia by sprouts, as this method allows you to quickly get a mature bush ready to bloom. Also this method allows to keep all the varietal characteristics of the parent plant.

Clivia.

Germination of seeds. Care. Propagation.

Possible problems

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

If the clivia is not given proper growing conditions or not cared for properly, the following problems can occur:

  1. Root rot on the roots. Stagnant moisture in the substrate.

    Repot the shrub by cutting out any affected parts of the roots. Adjust watering regime.

  2. Flowering. Shrub often transferred from one location to another.
  3. Lack of flowering.

    Lack of light or keeping the bush warm during the winter.

  4. Spots of light color appeared on the foliage. This is a sunburn. Cut back any damaged leaves and do not forget to shade the plant from direct sunlight.
  5. Brown spots appear on the leaves.

    Water drips onto the leaves when watering, with the plant standing in the sun. Water very gently and do it in the evening or early morning hours.

  6. The flowering stem has grown very short. The shrub was not getting enough water when it was forming or it was too cold in the room. Water in a timely manner and move it to a warm place.

  7. Yellowing and desiccation of the leaves in the fall time. This is a quite natural process.
  8. Leaf plate curling. The plant is watered too sparingly or infrequently.
  9. Stopped bush growth.

    Room temperature too low or too high.

  10. Faded foliage. The plant needs urgent nutrition.
  11. The tips of the leaf plates become brown. Water too abundantly or too often.

    Allow the substrate to dry well without wetting for several days, or transplant into fresh potting soil.

  12. No flower stalks forming. The plant feels a severe lack of nutrients.
  13. Root rot has appeared at the base of the stem and lower leaf plates. The root neck was buried during transplanting + regular moisture stagnation in the substrate.

    Repot plant without burying root neck, cut out rotten parts of shrub, adjust watering regime.

  14. Sparse flowering. The plant needs urgent feeding.
  15. Pests. The house clivia is most commonly infested by mealybugs, false scales, scabs and aphids.

    Special insecticides are used to destroy them.

Species of clivia with photos and names

Only three species of clivia are grown in indoor culture. However, each one is very popular with florists.

Clivia cinnabar (Clivia miniata)

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The bush reaches about half a meter in height. The leaf rosette is formed of strap-shaped leaves, with laminae about 6 centimeters wide and up to 60 centimeters long.

The color of the foliage is dark green. The umbrella-like inflorescences consist of 12 to 20 large flowers in deep orange tones with a fiery red cast. Sometimes there is a golden star-shaped spot in the middle of the flower. Flowers reach about 60 mm across. The long peduncle lacks foliage.

Clivia beautiful (Clivia nobilis Lindl)

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plant is about 0.3 m tall. The edge of the flat strap-shaped leaf plates is sharp. The leaves are about 60 mm wide. An umbrella-like inflorescence of 45-55 pink or reddish flowers is formed on a half-meter long pedicel.

Clivia gardenia W. j. Hooker)

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The dense rosette consists of long strap-shaped leaf plates. The leaves are about 40 mm wide. The peduncle is long (about 45 centimeters), with about 15 narrow, tubular-shaped flowers forming on it.

The flowers can be colored in various shades from orange-gold to cream.

Beneficial properties

Clivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Clivia contains lycorin and clivatin. These substances help improve the tone of the heart muscle and the work of the circulatory system. This plant is believed to be a source of joy and love. This externally attractive plant helps to improve mood, relieve emotional stress, and prevent the development of seasonal depression.

The patron of clivia is the Sun, which is considered the planet of discoverers and creators. This allows it to inspire the flower to do something new and unexpected: discovering new lands, creating a unique project, etc.

Care for CLEAVIA - IF I KNEW IT HAD BEEN YEARS AGO! Мои цветы.

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