Climbing Plants For The Fence: Fast-Growing, Perennial And Winter-Hardy

The first thing anyone sees in a garden or home plot is a fence. For many hundreds of years the creation of a green fence has been very popular in horticulture. Such a fence perfectly fulfills its original task - delimits the plot, and it is also successfully used for decorating green areas.

There are situations when there is no possibility to purchase beautiful and quality material for the construction of a fence. To solve this problem, resort to decorating the fence with spectacular plants.

The pace of life is getting faster every year, and therefore not every gardener is able to wait several decades to see a dense and spectacular fence. Therefore, most gardeners choose those climbing perennials that are characterized by rapid growth. Evergreens are particularly popular as they are frost-resistant and easy to care for.

The advantages of fence gardening with vines

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Lianas are often chosen for fence gardening because:

  1. However high a green fence may be, it divides the garden plot into zones. High green hedges can additionally be used as a background for flowerbeds or as effective garden decoration.

  2. Such fences "shelter" unattractive views of the outbuildings or behind the fence, for example: Chicken coops, compost heaps.
  3. Lianas are suitable for different size plots, even for the miniature garden. Large trees as well as many bushes would not be suitable in this case.
  4. Green fences differ from iron or stone fences in that they oxygenate the air and help purify it from harmful impurities, trap dust and noise, improve the microclimate of the plot.

Top fence greenery

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

If you are tired of hedges made of thuja plants you can replace them with other perennial and annual deciduous plants.

They will make your garden brighter, prettier and help create a colorful background.

Commonly, gardeners use climbing perennials for hedge planting such as:

  • amur grapes;
  • gortensia climbing;
  • bougainvillea;
  • honeysuckle;
  • glitzinia;
  • cirrason;
  • Chinese lemonberry;
  • spirea;
  • grapes of maiden, or wild, or bird;
  • Ivy Irish (garden);
  • kivi (actinidia);
  • round-leafed drevogubets;
  • campsis;
  • evergreen garden ivy;
  • clematis;
  • bush rose.

And of the climbing annuals, the most commonly used are:

  • cobea climbing;
  • ipomea;
  • nasturtium climbing.

The following will describe these plants in more detail.

Garden Ivy plants for vertical garden landscaping [ Hedges ]

Lying ornamental deciduous perennials

Garden Ivy

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

A liana such as garden ivy is a true long-lived plant.

It can grow in the same place for several centuries. This evergreen liana is often used for landscaping large areas under trees, and it forms a relatively low (about 0.2-0.3 m) green carpet. The strong and well developed shoots can grow to a length of up to 30 metres and are very manageable.

Ivy plants produce fruit that contains poisonous substances! So if you have children on your property, special attention should be paid to this.

Peculiarities of garden ivy in culture:

  1. Saplings need at least a year to be well accepted and started to grow. But then their growth is greatly accelerated, with the shoots that lie on the surface of the soil giving roots quite quickly. Only older plants bloom, with yellowish-green inflorescences forming on the shoots. With the onset of the next spring period, fruit will form on the bushes.

  2. For planting, almost any soil is suitable, as long as it is moist, nutritious and alkaline.
  3. Ivy is medium frost tolerant. Protected areas are chosen for its planting.
  4. Grows well in shade. Therefore it is often used for planting along fences, walls, next to large trees (on the northern side), and also next to any surface with a rough texture.

Actinidia

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Actinidia colomicta (Actinidia colomicta) and Actinidia arguta are two species cultivated in the open field in the middle latitudes. It is a very heat-loving plant, which will simply die in the middle latitudes from the cold. On the other hand, it is successfully cultivated in New Zealand, Spain, France, China, Italy and Greece. The actinidia species cultivated in Russia's middle belt are similar to one another in care and cultivation conditions, but they differ in speed of growth and color of leaves. Actinidia colomicta has tricolor foliage: pink-white-green.

The curly shoots can grow to a length of about 5 meters, while the actinidia sharpens to a length of about 15 meters. As autumn arrives, the foliage turns a spectacular bright yellow color.

How to properly care for:

  1. This perennial is a double-headed crop. Because of this, at least one male bush must be planted in a group in order for fruit to form on the branches.
  2. Sunny areas should be chosen for planting.

  3. The soil should be sufficiently moist and nutritious. Prepare a planting hole about 0.5m deep and fill it with clay mixed with compost or peat.
  4. Because the vines grow very fast they need enough space to develop. This should be done at the end of the winter period (in February or March) or in summer.

    For climbing kiwi, choose an openwork support (posts made of metal, fence made of mesh). The fact that the shoots clinging to the support, wrap around it. Once every three or four years the plant needs pruning for its rejuvenation. It has a beneficial effect on fruiting and flowering.

  5. The first flowering is observed approximately three years after planting the seedling in the open ground.

    Spectacular small white flowers appear on the shoots in the first days of May. After the female flowers are pollinated, they soon become fruit, which are similar in size to gooseberries (30 to 40 mm). The flesh of the fruit is green and can be eaten.

Wild grapes

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Five-leaf grapes, also called wild grapes, are perennials. Such a climbing vine is capable of securing itself to a support, which means it does not need a garter.

It climbs the walls of buildings, tree trunks, fences, pergolas and other surfaces. On the tops of its tendrils it forms special suction cups, thanks to which it and is fixed on the surface. Such a climbing plant is characterized by very rapid growth. Every year, the length of wild grape shoots increases by 150-200 cm. The average size of such a crop is 10 to 20 m.

In each green leaf plate, there are five small leaflets. While the shoots are young, they are colored a pale red hue. In the fall, the foliage turns scarlet red. The flowers are pale green inconspicuous. The plant is considered a honeybee.

The berry-like small fruits have a blue coloration.

Care:

  • It is very easy to grow;
  • the plant is moderately demanding of the soil;
  • wild grapes are best in sunny areas but can be grown in slight shade;
  • it does not suffer from air pollution;
  • it can be planted in pergolas, fences and pergolas.

Round-leaved Treebrush

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Round-leaved Treebrush is a biodegradable creeper. This perennial is part of the Celastraceae family and is about 12m tall. In nature, this plant is found in Japan, China and Korea.

After it was introduced to the U.S., it has grown tremendously and has gradually supplanted the native plant, the American woodruffle. This plant has rounded, fruity, yellow fruits, reaching up to 0.8 cm across.

They form on the branches in October, making the bush look incredibly spectacular.

Please note! The fruits of this plant should not be eaten. If eaten, they can cause food poisoning.

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

The rounded leaf plates have a carved edge. Flowers are inconspicuous pale green or white.

Flowering is observed from May to June. The annual growth of this fast-growing crop ranges from 1 to 4 m. This plant is popular among gardeners because of its low maintenance and growing conditions.

Cultivation features:

  1. Grows well in any soil, even depleted soil. However, it does best in moderately dry or slightly humid soil.

  2. Great for in sunlight, but can also be grown in partial shade.
  3. Can be grown in the city limits as it doesn't suffer from polluted air.
  4. Highly resistant to frost.

Treefoot can be grown even in depleted soil where other crops cannot survive!

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Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Диана

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Геракл
  1. Диана. This is a plant with female flowers (must be planted with a pollinator).

  2. Heracles. A male variety that should be planted as a pollinator.

Kamchatka honeysuckle

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

The honeysuckle shrub is a type of blue honeysuckle. It is considered part of the Caprifoliaceae family. Under natural conditions, it is found in northeast Asia.

The compact, straight shrub grows about 200 cm tall. Its short branches are decorated with oval leaf plates and small flowers that are almost invisible. This honeysuckle blooms from March to April. Elongated black-purple berries form on branches from the middle of May; they are small (20 to 30 mm). Honeysuckle fruit have a sweet and sour taste with a slight bitterness.

How to care for:

  1. Brush is not difficult to grow.
  2. Prefers well-lit areas (in which case fruit-bearing is most abundant) but can also be grown in light shade.
  3. It can grow in any type of ground, but it is best in nutritious, slightly sour and moderately humid soil.
  4. It does not fear even strong frosts, it endures temperature fall to minus 35 degrees.
  5. Saplings are planted in autumn time or at the beginning of spring.

    During preparation of a planting hole, organic matter is introduced into the soil. Between the seedlings, a distance of 100-150 cm is maintained. As long as the plant is young it must be watered frequently.

  6. It is recommended to cover the ground with a layer of mulch.
  7. Three years after planting, pruning is recommended by specialists.

  8. For a profuse fruit-bearing bush it is necessary to plant several different varieties close together.
  9. This crop is not very ornamental but is usually grown for its fruits that can be eaten.

What can the fruits of honeysuckle be used for:

  • food raw;
  • as an additive to desserts (ice cream, pancakes or waffles);
  • made various drinks: liqueurs, preserves, wines, juices.

Eating the fruit of honeysuckle helps stimulate metabolism in the body.

Broad-leaved honeysuckle

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Broad-leaved honeysuckle under natural conditions can be found in the USA.

It has been cultivated since the mid-18th century. How is it remarkable:

  • fast growing: the annual increase is approximately 100cm;
  • greens are showy and dense;
  • grows in polluted air;
  • has high cold tolerance (only young plants may be frost-hit).

How to care for:

  1. This species has very heavy stems and requires very strong uprights.
  2. It can be planted near large, strong trees, strong latticework, pergolas, walls of buildings, fences, columns. Needs to be supported.

  3. Suitable soil should be moist, clay-sandy and well drained.
  4. Feels well in a shaded or shady location. In a sunny area, fungal pathogens or spider mites can settle on the foliage.

Clematis climbing

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

Clematis climbing is very popular among gardeners because it is fast growing and it is also drought, wind and frost resistant. If you don't watch the plant and give it complete "freedom", it can cause a lot of problems.

Such a plant rapidly covers the shoots of nearby crops, which may cause them to be suppressed.

The fragrant flowers, which reach about 20 mm across, are arranged in panicle-like inflorescences. The shoots form pubescent herbaceous inflorescences which decorate the shoots from October to March. This allows the clematis to form unusual winter compositions.

Flowering perennial vines

Wedding Rose

Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

The spectacular climbing roses vary in height from 3 to 10 m.

The imposing size of the bush and the lush blooms help to create the impression of a blooming fence.

This plant needs to have its shoots fixed to the fence support. The fact is that they lack tendrils or stubs that can "grasp" the support. For a better grip in the process of growth, the shoots use spikes. Most varieties need a garter.

Cultivation features:

  1. Giving them the right garter in good time allows them to flower as much as possible. For the formation of as many buds as possible the stems should be placed horizontally or diagonally.
  2. The bush needs plenty of direct sunlight, and should be exposed to at least half of the day.

Most of the popular varieties are part of the "Clymbert" group. It is characterized by the following:

  • Branches upright;
  • Branches 200 to 300 cm long, very hard;
  • Bushes usually bloom repeatedly;
  • Flowers large in size.

    It is characterized by:

    • stems that are very flexible;
    • fast growth, with stems up to 5 meters long.

    There are many varieties of this plant on sale such as: Alchemist, Sympathy, Caesar, Don Juan etc.

    Hortensia creeper

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    The homeland of this flowering perennial as hydrangea is China. This creeping plant is noted for its rapid growth. The stems can reach about 8 m in length.

    They cling to their supports by means of their aerial stubs. The dark green leaves turn yellow in autumn. The main decoration of the shrub is its flat-shaped inflorescences, which reach about 25 centimeters across and consist of small white flowers. Bushes bloom at the end of June and the beginning of July.

    How to take care of:

    1. This crop is rather fast growing.

    2. It is highly winter hardy, even hard frosts do not harm.
    3. Best in the privacy of the shade or semi-shade.
    4. Suitable soil must be moist, acidic and rich in humus. In dry times the shrubs should be watered regularly.
    5. Use as a cover crop.

      Often planted on supports: pergolas, arbors, fences, walls, trellises, large trees.

    Campsis

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    A fast-growing perennial campsis can reach a height of 6 to 10 m. This climbing plant is highly resistant to frost. Very hard frosts can destroy the above-ground part of the shrub, but it quickly grows back from the root. It is native to the United States and is now cultivated in many different parts of the world.

    The glossy, dark green, large leaf laminae reach about 0.3 m in length. They are oddly feathery and tough to the touch. Due to the airy roots, the campsis "climbs" rather quickly on various supports.

    This plant is prized for its showy flowers.

    Flowering can be seen from July to September, with a minimum duration of two months. The large (about 80-90 mm) tubular-shaped flowers look like a mill. They are collected in bunches. When the shrub blossoms out, the flowers produce fruit-bolls which look like broad bean or bean pods. They are about 10 to 12 centimeters long.

    Their green color changes to brown when mature.

    A characteristic feature of campsis is the late beginning of the growing season. It begins when the return spring frosts end (around the end of May).

    Campisi care features:

    1. A place that has reliable protection from cold winds is suitable for planting.
    2. Prefers a neutral nutritious soil.

    3. The plant tolerates pruning well, which allows it to keep its shoots size under control.
    4. Capsis is recommended to be pruned in spring for a lush bloom.

    Bougainvillea

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    Bougainvillea is considered a climbing primitive perennial plant. It is found everywhere in Mediterranean countries: it covers walls, fences, beautiful pergolas and other supports. In the climate of the middle latitudes it is cultivated in containers, usually with bamboo net supports.

    It is moved to the garden in the summer, around the second half of May, after the spring frosts have passed. It is prized for its bright pods, which can have a variety of colors. They mimic the flowers while surrounding the real flowers.

    Care features:

    1. Pick a well-lit spot for planting.
    2. Eastern or southern exposure is best.

      The soil should be nutritious and moist.

    3. It responds well to moistening the foliage with water. It is especially recommended to spray the bush shortly before flowering.
    4. In order to achieve lush flowering, it is recommended to plant the bush in a slightly cramped container. Experienced gardeners advise, to stimulate flowering, to add manure to the substrate once every 1.

      5 weeks.

    5. In the autumn time, the leaves from the bush may fall off. Also regular stagnation of water in the substrate can cause the plant to drop all its leaves.
    6. Greatly propagated by cuttings.
    7. In medium latitudes, the plant dies in winter.

      Therefore, it is moved to a heated room in autumn, watering is significantly reduced and placed in the coldest place. The optimum temperature in November and February - about 10 degrees. Humidify the substrate once every 7 days. Leaves may fall off, but the shoots will not die off.

    8. To keep the bush lush and compact and to stimulate flowering, it is recommended to shorten all shoots by a third of their length.

      This is done in the last days of February. The stems will gradually harden.

    Spiraea arguta

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    Blooming of the sharp-toothed Spiraea arguta (Spiraea arguta) starts in the last days of April or May. It gives off a large number of tiny white flowers that look as if they are covered by snow. The plant is undemanding to care and to the composition of the soil.

    It can reach a height of about 200 cm. The greenish small leaf plates are elliptical in shape.

    When the shrub blooms, it is immediately pruned. All old stems that bloom weakly should be cut off at the base. Shrubs that are not properly tended multiply and flower less and less every year.

    The Spiraea prunifolia shrub is a member of the Rosaceae family. The shrub can reach a height of up to 200 cm. It forms long arched shoots, which are decorated with shiny dark green leaves. In the autumn time the shrub is colored in red and orange shades. The plant looks most spectacular in the spring time, when it blossoms white flowers.

    For planting such a spirea, choose a warm and well-lit area with protection from gusts of wind. This will allow you to achieve a more lush flowering. The plant is undemanding to the soil, is able to grow normally on the depleted soil. In spring and summer, regular organic nutrients are necessary and during prolonged drought, the plant must be watered.

    Glycinia profusely flowering

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    Wisteria is native to Korea and Japan.

    This fast-growing perennial wraps itself around a support. The support must be sturdy because the foliage and shoots are quite heavy. A hard frost can kill the above-ground part of the shrub, which will re-grow from the root in spring.

    The peristyled green leaf plates are about 0.3 m long.

    They turn yellow in autumn. The half-meter-long drooping inflorescences appear in May-June, they are very fragrant and may be colored white, pink or blue-purple. It blooms abundantly. The fruits are mossy and long pods.

    Cultivation features:

    1. The young bush has slow growth, and the adult has an annual growth of about 3 meters.

      Pruning is done to stimulate flowering and limit growth.

    2. Location should have protection from wind and be well lit.
    3. Non-digestive to soil. Grows normally even in medium nutrient, well-drained soil. Does not like stagnant moisture.

    4. The cuttings method is used for propagation. It takes several years for a seedling to bloom for the first time.
    5. Young wisteria needs protection from harsh winter frosts. Cover the root neck with soil and mulch the surface of the ground. Wrap the shoots with a mat of straw or agrotextile.

    Chinese lemongrass

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    Chinese lemongrass is a climbing perennial that is considered medicinal. The shrub is about 12m tall, with the branches lengthening by about 100cm each year. Each year the plant grows about 100 cm long. At the end of May and beginning of June small white flowers appear which can have cream or white color. From the second half of August to mid-September the branches are covered with red berries.

    The climbing shoots are 10 to 20 mm thick. They braid around trees, fences and bushes or simply flow over the ground. They are not afraid of frosts up to minus 30 degrees.

    Care:

    1. Wind-protected, well-lit places are suitable.
    2. The soil should be moist and nutritious.

    3. After planting the seedling a couple of years later, several stems should be fixed on a upright support.
    4. The plant is used to decorate pergolas, fences and building walls.
    5. High resistance to pests and diseases.

    First fruits are 4-6 years after planting in the ground.

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    The berries are used in traditional medicine in China.

    They prolong youth and promote health. It is believed that if you eat the fruit daily for 100 days, your blood will become clearer, your eyesight will be sharper, and your skin will regain its youthfulness. Helps to restore the liver and cleanse it of toxins. The seeds, leaves and bark are also considered medicinal.

    The composition of berries includes: schizandrin (a substance that strengthens and tones), vitamin E and valuable macro- and micronutrients.

    These fruits are:

    • consumed as raw food;
    • used for making juice, dried fruit and infusion.

    The dried leaves are used for preparing a tea similar in taste to green tea with the addition of lemon. Such tea helps to improve well-being, tones, and is beneficial for mental acuity and mental well-being.

    Lying annuals

    Mapleia purpurea

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    The annual is a member of the Convolvulaceae family. It occurs naturally in South America.

    The slender, curly branches reach about 200-300 cm in length. Heart-shaped, large leaves and bell-shaped flowers (up to 40 mm across) adorn the shoots. Blossoms from July to October. Flower colors include pink, purple, white, purple and blue. Flowers open only during daylight hours.

    Care:

    1. No care required.
    2. Prefers warm and well-lit places. Also grows in a little shade.
    3. Primary soil should be drained, nutritious and lime.
    4. Sow seedlings around March-April.

      Planted in open soil in May. Can be sown outdoors in the middle of May, but flowering will occur later.

    5. Water and feed systematically (the recommended fertilizer dosage should be reduced).

    Often the plant is planted on fences, terraces, walls and pergolas. The stems need support.

    Kobea climbing

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    A member of the family Polemoniaceae, kobea climbing is naturally found in Mexico, where it is pollinated by bats. This perennial is cultivated as an annual in the middle latitudes. The shoots are about 6 meters long. From July to October the branches are decorated with large blue, purple or white bell-shaped flowers. Lifespan of one flower is 24 to 48 h.

    Cultivation features:

    1. Easy to care for.
    2. Place - well lit or semi-shaded. In a sunny location, flowering is more lush, but the bush may wilt.
    3. The best soil is humus-sandy with moderate moisture, neutral and well-drained.
    4. Sow in early spring or in the last winter days for seedlings.

    5. In late May, plant seedlings in the ground or in large containers.
    6. Needs watering during dry periods.
    7. Fertilize 2 or 3 times during the season with fertilizer with large amounts of phosphorus and potassium.
    8. While the bushes are young remove weeds in time.
    9. It is resistant to pests and diseases.

    Kinking nasturtium

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    Linking nasturtium is 200 to 300 cm tall. Good to weave on a support. Lush flowering from July to late fall. Used for landscaping beds, terraces, fences and balconies. For more abundant flowering planted in well-lit places.

    Sown into the soil in May. At air temperatures of 18 to 20 degrees, seedlings appear 2-3 weeks later.

    Rodochiton

    Climbing plants for the fence: fast-growing, perennial and winter-hardy

    Rodochiton is native to Mexico. This climbing perennial is grown as an annual crop in the middle latitudes. The stems are about 200 cm long.

    The heart-shaped green leaves are decorated with patches of purple. The purple flowers are cup-shaped. Blooms from June to September.

    Cultivation features:

    1. A suitable location should be warm, well-lit and protected from the wind. It also grows in a little shade, but flowering will be more sparse.

    2. Fruitful, sandy soil with moderate moisture is suitable.
    3. Sow in seedlings in early spring.
    4. Water systematically.
    5. Feed from last spring days to early September once every 7-15 days. Use fertilizer for flowering crops.

    6. Kills by frost. Rhodochiton can be preserved in winter by moving it to a cool and well-lit room.

    10 most unpretentious climbing plants for fences, arbors and arches

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