Clematis: Planting And Care In The Open Air, Growing From Seeds, Species And Varieties

Clematis, also called lozenge or lozin, is a genus belonging to the Buttercup family. Clematis is a herbaceous perennial or woody plant. In nature they can be found in the subtropical or temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. There are about 300 species in this genus, which often differ very strongly when compared to one another. "Klema" is the Greek word for any creeping plant.

In floriculture, the clematis liana is the most popular. Some florists assure that this plant can replace a whole garden.

Peculiarities of the clematis

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

The different species of clematis differ greatly among themselves. This crop is represented by shrubs, semi-shrubs, herbaceous plants, but most species are lianas. The clematis has 2 types of root system: taproot and taproot (such plants do not tolerate transplanting well).

The current season stems are thin, with woody species having faceted shoots and herbaceous species having rounded, green-colored shoots. These shoots develop from the above-ground buds of old stems or from the underground part of the shrub. Leaf blades are either simple or compound (3, 5 or 7 leaves), and are paired. The foliage is usually green, but there are some species with purple leaves. Flowers are ovipotent and are part of inflorescences, which may have a shield-shaped, semi-ozontic or panicle shape.

Species with solitary flowers also occur. Petals are in fact sepals, and the flower may have 4-8 of them. The macro flowers have up to 70 petals. Simple flowers have a large number of pistils and stamens in the central part, which makes the middle part of the flower look like a furry spider, and it often has a contrasting color. Flowers may be colored in a variety of shades: from velvet blue to bluish, dark red to pinkish, there are also species with white and yellow colors.

Life expectancy of a single flower is 15 to 20 days. Most varieties have a scent similar to jasmine, primrose or almond. The fruit is a large number of seeds.

Clematis care and cultivation in the garden

Growing clematis from seed

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

Seeding

Since the clematis species and varieties are very numerous, some gardeners also decide to breed it. To do this, it is only necessary to grow this plant from seed.

The clematis plants are divided into three groups according to their seed size and their germination period:

  1. Clematis plants which have large seeds that germinate irregularly and for a long time (from 1.5 to 8 months, and sometimes longer). For example: clematis Durand, Jacquemann, purple, woolly, and others.
  2. Clematis with medium-sized seeds that can take 1.5 to 6 months to germinate.

    E.g.: Clematis whole-leaf, Manchurian, hexapetal, Douglas-foot, Chinese, etc.

  3. Clematis with small seeds that can germinate quickly and quickly (2 to 16 weeks). For example: Tangut, Vine, etc.

Fastest and best germinate seeds harvested in the current season. However, if the seeds are stored in paper bags and placed in a place where the temperature is 18-23 degrees, they will keep their germination for up to 4 years.

You should also remember that different seeds are sown at different times. Large seeds should be sown immediately after harvesting in the fall or in the first winter weeks; medium seeds should be sown after the New Year's holidays are over; small seeds should be sown in March-April. To make the seeds show faster, they need to be prepared.

To do this, soak them before sowing for 1.5 weeks in water, which should be replaced 4 or 5 times a day. Containers intended for sowing should be filled with a mixture of sand, earth and peat (1:1:1). After the substrate will be moistened, on its surface evenly distribute the seeds in 1 layer. On top of them should be covered with sand, and the thickness of the layer should be equal to 2 or 3 seed diameters.

Tamp down the seeds a little, and the container on top cover with glass or a fine mesh. Seedlings will appear most quickly if the seeds are placed in a very warm place (25 to 30 degrees). Periodically water the seedlings through a tray to prevent the seeds from being washed out. Also remove any weeds that may have emerged.

Seeding and care

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

After the seedlings have emerged, the containers should be placed in a well-lit place, but make sure to protect them from direct sunlight.

Once the seedlings have formed their first true leaves, they should be unpacked into individual pots or pots. Before planting in the open ground, they need to grow at home. Only start planting seedlings in the garden when there is no risk of frost returns.

For planting, choose a shady area with light soil. When planting, a distance of 15-20 centimeters should be kept between the plants.

Clematis should be systematically pruned, which will allow the bushes to increase their root mass, as well as it contributes to increased bushiness. Plants will need to be covered for the winter. In spring you should transplant the clematis in a not very deep trench (5 to 7 centimeters) and the distance between the plants should be about 50 centimeters. The stems should then be shortened and a few knots should be left on each stem. When the shrubs should have at least three resilient roots of about 10-15 centimetres in length after 2 or 3 years, they can be planted in a permanent location.

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Putting Clematis in the open ground

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

What time to plant

It is very important to plant clematis in the open ground at the right time, A suitable area should be chosen carefully. A suitable area for planting should have protection against draughts. A sunny site is also needed, but it will be very good if it is in the shade at midday. The soil is suitable slightly alkaline nutritious loamy, also it should be well drained and fertilized. It is advisable to plant this plant on a knoll or an artificial mound.

This will prevent the long (about 100 cm) root from rotting due to the proximity of groundwater. Do not feed the clematis with acidic peat or fresh manure. Do not plant the plant near a fence or a building (do not let water from the roof get on the clematis) and keep a distance of at least 0.3 m between them.

Propagating this crop in the open ground can be done in both autumn and spring.

If you purchased a seedling in a container, it can be planted in summer, autumn and spring. If you purchased planting material in deep autumn and with the planting late, it should be preserved until spring. To do this, the seedlings are placed in a cool room (no more than 5 degrees), their root system should be covered with a mixture of sand and sawdust, which should be moistened. To restrain the growth of the seedlings, pruning should be done regularly.

Before planting, the root system of the plant should be carefully inspected.

If it will be dry, it should be immersed in cold water for a few hours before planting so that the roots can swell.

Spring planting

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

If the climate in the region is cool, the clematis should be planted in the open ground in the springtime, or more specifically in the last days of April or first days of May. Spring seedlings should have at least one stem.

The size of the planting hole should be 0.6x0.

6x0.6 m. At the bottom of the hole a drainage layer 10 to 15 centimetres thick should be made, broken bricks, gravel or perlite are recommended. If the soil is poor, it should be corrected by making it 1 bucket of peat and sand, 2-3 buckets of compost, 150 grams of superphosphate and 400 grams of dolomite flour (all should be mixed very well, and experts recommend fertilizing the soil 1 year before planting). For the stems of the seedlings should make the installation of removable supports (if you want, you can dig stationary supports), their height should reach 250 cm.

Supports are needed to support the plant during strong gusts of wind. On the surface of the drainage layer should be poured soil mound, on which the seedling should be installed. After its roots are carefully straightened out, the hole is filled with previously prepared soil mixture, and it should be noted that the root neck should be sunk into the soil by 50-100 mm, the trunk of the shoot should also be in the soil up to the first internode. The hole should not be filled completely, up to its upper edge should remain from 8 to 10 centimeters. The planted bush should be watered with 10 liters of water.

Then the surface of the excavation near the bush should be covered with a layer of peat. Throughout the spring and summer, the remaining excavation should be gradually filled with soil. When planting, a distance of at least 100 cm should be kept between the plants.

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Fall Planting

In southern regions with warm climates this plant is planted in autumn, or more precisely in September or October, but the seedling must necessarily have developed vegetative buds. Planting clematis in autumn is necessary in the same way as in spring, but in this case the planting hole is completely filled with soil.

Then, the soil surface around the seedling should be covered with a layer of dried leaves, and it is covered with any covering material, such as lutrasil. In the spring time around the plant should be removed to a depth of 8 to 10 centimeters, during the summer period, the resulting depth should be gradually filled with soil. Such hollows are made to make it easier for the stems to reach the surface of the plot.

Garden clematis care

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

Growing clematis in the garden is very easy. This plant is a water-loving plant, so you should water it abundantly at least once every 7 days.

In hot summertime, you will need to water the clematis two or three times a week. A single watering should take 1 to 2 buckets of water for a young shrub and 2 to 4 buckets for an adult shrub. Around the plant is recommended to dig a few pots, the bottom of which has a hole. During watering, they accumulate water, which will then gradually penetrate into the ground, which is especially good in hot, arid times. If in the spring time the soil surface has not been covered with a layer of mulch, you will need to regularly loosen the soil surface 1 day after watering, while digging out all the weeds.

If you cover the soil surface with a layer of mulch (moss, peat or humus), it will significantly reduce the number of watering and also slow down the growth of weeds.

For the first year after planting in the open ground, you should not apply too much fertilizer to the soil, because a weakened seedling may be burned together with it. During intensive growth, nitrogen fertilizers should be used to feed the clematis, potassium fertilizers during the formation of buds, and phosphorus fertilizers at the end of flowering. When the plant will be pruned in the summer, it should be fed with a solution of full mineral fertilizer (20 grams per 10 liters of water), and also with a copper solution. In the spring time, the bush should be watered annually with lime milk (dolomite flour and chalk).

During the flowering period, all feeding of the clematis should be stopped, otherwise it will lose its activity. If there is a lot of rain in the summer, the lower part of the trunk should be covered with wood ash to prevent rotting of the plant's root system.

Posts for clematis

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

There are several types of supports for lianas available, namely fan structures, arches and pyramids. Any of the designs will work for clematis, but note that the place where the liana clings to the support should have a diameter of no more than 10-12mm. It is also necessary to take into account that overgrown clematis is quite heavy especially when it rains, therefore, it is necessary to buy such a construction, which is made of a sufficiently strong material.

One great idea is to install a cylinder, which should be made of sparse metal mesh. The vines should grow inside this structure, which it will gradually cover with its foliage.

Reproduction of clematis

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This plant can be grown from seed. Information on how to do this can be found above. It can also be propagated vegetatively by dividing, taking summer and autumn shoots, and also by pricking young shoots.

Pick a shrub that is no more than 6 years old to divide, because more mature specimens have a strong root system that is very difficult to cope with. The plant should be carefully extracted from the soil, then the soil is removed from its root. Using a pruner, the bush is cut into several divisions, each with buds on its root neck.

To obtain a branch in October, all foliage should be cut from the stems. The fading part should be cut back to the first developed bud.

The shoots are then woven into a bundle and placed in grooves with a layer of peat at the bottom. The stems fixed in this position should be filled with peat, and the soil should be tamped on top. Clematis for wintering should be covered with dried leaves or lapnik. Immediately as soon as the spring period arrives, it is necessary to start regularly and abundantly water the place of planting. After the sprouts appear, the soil surface around them should be covered with a layer of mulch (humus or peat).

With the advent of autumn, most of the young plants can be planted in a permanent place. To avoid injury to the root system, you should remove the seedlings from the soil using a pitchfork. The shoots can be removed in the summer if desired, but please note that in this case the shoots are likely to die in winter.

Sprouting of the stems is recommended in the spring. For this purpose, last year's shoots are selected, they should be pinned at the knot in pots filled with loose soil and peat, which should be dug into the ground below the surface of the plot.

This will result in liquid being trapped in the pot during watering. As the seedling grows, it is necessary to make a top-up of the soil in the pot, and it should be sprinkled in a mound. Beautiful seedlings will already be formed in autumn.

How to reproduce clematis - cuttings

Diseases and pests

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

The most common disease of this crop is wilting, which is a fungal disease. The bush loses the elasticity of its tissues and begins to shrivel and wither.

There are several pathogens with similar symptoms, all of which are found in the soil and affect the root system first. The best way to prevent this is to follow the rules of agricultural technique. The first symptoms of the disease will appear as early as the beginning of the spring period. In May, the affected places should be removed, and the bush should be drenched under the root with a solution of Azocene or Fundazole, the concentration of which should be 2%. If the bush is very badly infested, it should be dug out together with the root ball and burned, and the area should be disinfected with the same agents.

Azocene and Fondazole can help to cure specimens infected with powdery mildew or grey rot.

This plant can also get rust, which is also a fungal disease. In the springtime, orange pads form on the surface of the stems and leaves of diseased specimens. Over time, the foliage changes its color to brown and dries up, and deformation of the stems is observed. Infested specimens should be treated with Bordeaux liquid (1-2%), or with copper chloride or Oxychom.

In the last weeks of summer, dark-gray necrosis may form on the surface of stems and leaves, causing color change of the affected parts and making them velvety. In mid-summer, ascochytosis can occur, which causes irregularly shaped necrotic spots on the leaves. If the clematis becomes infected with cylindrosporiosis, spots of deep yellow color will appear on the surface of its leaf plates. All of these diseases can be controlled by using products containing copper, such as a 1% copper sulfate solution.

This plant is resistant to viral diseases.

However, sucking insects can cause yellow leaf mosaic, which is currently untreated. Therefore, the affected specimen should be dug up and burned. It is not advisable to plant clematis near hostas, sweet peas, delphiniums, aquilegia, phlox and peonies because these plants are susceptible to mosaic disease.

Also this crop may be affected by leaf or gall nematodes. If you are digging up rotten bushes, be sure to carefully inspect their root system.

If there are knots on it, you should not plant clematis in this area for several years.

Clematis pruning

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

Clematis can be pruned during active growth, as needed, to prolong flowering, and also before winter. It was mentioned above that clematis is divided into 3 groups:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Group A (first group). Flowers appear on last year's stems, so only weak shoots should be pruned. Pruning is done in June, when the plant is in bloom.

    In deep autumn the bushes should be high trimmed.

  2. Group B (second group). Flowers are produced on the shoots of the current and last year. The shoots should be shortened to 50-100 cm, with 2-5 pairs of buds remaining. Weak stems should be cut to the base.

    For the winter, such a plant should be removed from its support, rolled up and carefully placed at the roots.

  3. Group C (third group). Flowers appear only on the young shoots of the current year. Pruning such a liana is done several times during the growing season. In fall all stems should be cut down to the level of the plot or a little higher.

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Clematis after flowering

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

Prepare the plant for winter in late fall. To do this, all foliage should be cut off from the shrub and the root neck should be treated with a solution of copper sulfate (2%). Then in dry weather you should pour 1 bucket of humus under the base of the plant in the center of the bush.

Then you need to produce a dip bush to a height of 10 to 15 centimeters, for this use a mixture of wood ash with sand (1 bucket of sand takes 250 grams of ash). If the plant needs to be covered, it is covered with a dry method. To do this, the stems are ducked (or you can twist them and put them on the base), then they are covered with dry leaves, lapnik or crushed Styrofoam. On top of them should be covered with a box of wood, because around the bush should be air. The box on top is covered with any covering material that does not let water in, such as roofing felt, roofing paper, etc.

To prevent blowing of the covering material, its corners should be pressed with stones or bricks, and top be covered with a layer of peat or soil, the thickness of which should be 0.2 to 0.25 m. In the spring time the peat and covering material should be removed first. Remove foliage or lapons only when the return frosts are behind you.

The stems should be carefully lifted. Once they are spread out, they are distributed on supports.

Clematis species and varieties with photos and names

There are many classifications of clematis. For example, they are divided into groups by M. A.

Beskaravaina, which take into account the origin of the species in the maternal line, the taxonomic system of M. Tamura, and the classifications of L. Bailey, A. Rader, W. Matthews, etc.

Newcomers and amateur gardeners mostly use the simplest clematis classification by flower size: small flower, medium-flowered and large-flowered. However, the most convenient classification system is the following:

  • group A - flowering is observed on last year's shoots;
  • group B - flowering is observed on last and current year's shoots;
  • group C - flowering is observed on current year's shoots.

The following will give a closer look at these groups as well as at the clematis varieties belonging to them.

Group A

Klematis alpina (Alpina)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

He is about 300 cm high. The leathery leaf plates are large.

The tubular small flowers are blue in color. Flowering begins in August. In some cases it is also used as a border plant. Popular varieties:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Artagena franca. Reaches 200-240 cm in height.

    The bell-shaped flowers point downward. They are blue and have a white midrib.

  2. Albina Plena. The plant is about 280 cm tall. The flowers are terry white in color.

    Flowering is observed in May-June.

  3. Pamela Jackman. Stems can reach 200-300 cm in length. The drooping flowers are blue-purple in color and reach 60 to 70 mm in length. It blooms in April-June.

    Repeated flowering is observed from mid to late summer, it is less lush compared to the first.

Clematis florifolia (Florida)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

A woody liana, reaching more than 300 cm in height. Fragrant single flowers are relatively large, usually colored in lighter shades of color. There are bicolor varieties. Varieties most popular:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Vyvyan Pennell.

    The plant reaches about 350 cm in height. The majestic lilac-colored flowers reach 12 to 15 centimeters across.

  2. Baby. The bush is about 100 cm tall. The flowers are cross-shaped, pale purple with a blue cast, and reach 10 to 14 centimeters across.

  3. Jeanne d'Arc. The white, fragrant, swollen flowers are compact, but they look large against a small bush. This type of clematis is resistant to frost, direct sunlight, shade and most diseases.

Clematis mountain (Montana)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This giant liana reaches 9 meters in height. The small, sharp leaves are arranged in small bunches of five.

The white flowers grow on long pedicels with yellow stamens and reach 40-50 mm across. It is not highly winter hardy. Популярные сорта:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Rubens. This woody liana is noted for its rapid growth, reaching about 6 meters in length. The spiky triplet leaflets are oval in shape and have a bronze cast.

    The pink-red flowers are arranged in groups of 3 to 5. In cross-section they reach 60 mm. This light-loving plant is noted for its luxuriant blooms.

  2. Montana Grandiflora. The shoots of this liana can reach up to 5 meters in length.

    Conjoined triple leaf plates are arranged in bunches. The medium-sized open flowers are about 50 mm in diameter and are very delicately scented. They are arranged in bunches, a few at a time. The color of the sepals is pinkish-white or white and the anthers are yellowish. Flowering occurs in May-June.

Second group B

Clematis woolly (Lanuginosa)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This shrubby vine is about 250 cm long. Very showy solitary flowers grow to about 0.2m across and can be painted blue, white or pink. The first flowering occurs in May-June on last year's shoots and the second in the last summer weeks, but already on the current season's shoots. The following varieties are most popular:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Madame le culteur.

    The shoots can vary in length from 250 to 300 cm. Whole or lobed leaf laminae may be ternate or simple. The flowers are 14 to 20 centimeters across and have white tepals and light anthers. Flowering begins in July. The plant is moderately resistant to frost.

  2. Hybrida Sieboldii. The stems are about 300 cm long. Flowers reach 16 centimeters across. The sepals are colored pale lilac and have a darker edge, the anthers are brown-red. Flowering is observed in July-September.

  3. Lawsoniana. The stems of this shrubby liana can reach about 300 cm in length. The leaf laminae may be simple, but more often they are ternate, the leaflets having an oval shape. Buds look upward. Fragrant flowers reach up to 18 centimeters across.

    The sepals are purplish-lilac in color with a darker colored band in the middle and purple anthers. Flowering occurs in May-June, sometimes with a smaller amount of repeated flowering in the fall.

Clematis prostrate (Patens)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

The stems of this shrubby liana may be about 350 cm long. The large flowers are 15 centimeters or more across. The flowers are available in a wide variety of colors from navy blue to white.

There are also bicolor varieties. Flowers may have star-shaped, simple or pompous. Flowering occurs in May and June on the last year's shoots. Sometimes repeated flowering is seen in autumn, but on the shoots of the current season. All varieties have low winter hardiness:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Jonan Pikton.

    The stems can reach about 300 cm in length. The flowers are large, so across they can reach 22 centimeters. They are colored pale mauve with a mauve hue, with a band of light coloring in the middle of the petal. The petals have a wavy edge and the anthers are tinged red. The flowering is very luxuriant.

  2. Multi Blue. The vines can reach a height of up to 250 cm. The majestic violet-blue flowers reach about 14 centimeters across. Along the stem they are placed in several tiers. Flowering is noted in June-August.

Third group C

Clematis of the Jacquemann group

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

These plants are obtained by crossing the Viticella clematis with the Lanuginosa clematis. For the most part, this group is represented by large shrubby lianas, whose stems can vary in length from 4 to 6 meters. The root system is very well developed. The pinnate-complex leaflets include 3 to 5 large leaflets. The buds are elongated.

Flowers can be clustered in groups of three or be solitary. They are open, fragranceless, and pointing up and to the side. They can be colored in a variety of colors, but not white. Flowers are up to 20 centimeters across. But there are varieties whose flowers do not exceed eight centimeters in diameter.

Prolonged and lush flowering is observed on the shoots of the current season. In winter, they should be cut to the level of the surface of the plot or the shoots should be shortened to 3-5 pairs of buds. The following varieties are the most popular:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Rouge Cardinal. The length of the stems of such a liana can vary from 200 to 250 cm. The leaf plates are ternate.

    The cross-shaped open flowers reach about 15 centimeters across. Sepals are velvety dark purple, anthers are pale purple. Blossoms in July-September. It has a moderate frost resistance. This variety has many horticultural awards.

  2. Star of India. The stems of this shrubby liana can reach about 300 cm in length. The compound leaf laminae include 3 to 5 entire or lobed, oval-shaped, pointed leaflets. Flower openings measure up to 15 centimeters across. Tepals are diamond-shaped and have a deep purple color, with a purple stripe running down the middle and anthers have a light color.

    Very luxuriant flowering is seen from mid to late summer.

  3. Gipsy Queen. The shoots of such a shrubby liana are about 350 cm long. There are about 15 stems in one bush. The leaf plates are compound.

    The buds are raised upward. The open flowers reach 15 centimeters across. Velvety wide sepals are painted in deep purple, they hardly fade in the sun. The anthers are dark burgundy in color, and the pollen is also colored. Flowering is lush, observed from mid-summer until frost.

    It is shade-tolerant, with up to 20 flowers per stem. It is resistant to fungal diseases.

  4. Bella. Stems are about 200 cm long. The waxy star-shaped flowers reach 10-15 centimeters across.

    They have a yellowish color at first, but then become snow-white. This plant is resistant to frosts and fungal diseases. Flowering is observed in July-September.

Clematis purple (Viticella)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This species has flowers colored in many different shades of purple. The flowers are simple, and there are some that are drooping, and they can reach 10-20 centimeters across.

The length of the stems does not exceed 350 cm, but they are characterized by rapid growth. Flowering is observed in June-September. Varieties:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Ville de Lyon. This liana is bushy. There are about 15 dark brown stems in a single bush, which can reach 350 cm in length.

    The compound leaf laminae include 3 to 5 lobed or entire leaflets, yellowing and drying at the base of the shoots. The buds look upward and the flower stems are long. Flower width when open reaches 10 to 15 centimeters. The carmine-red sepals are quite wide, and in summer they burn out in the sun. The anthers have a rich yellow color.

    Flowering is lush, with about 15 flowers forming on each stem.

  2. Viola. The stems are about 250 cm long. Leaf laminae are trifoliate. Lush and prolonged flowering is observed in July and October.

    The open, disk-shaped flowers are propeller-like in appearance and can reach 10 to 14 cm across. The surface of the dark purple sepals has clearly visible purple veins; the anthers are yellowish in color.

  3. Polish Spirit. The stems of this liana can reach 400 cm in length. A large number of purple-lilac flowers grow on them, reaching about 8 centimeters across.

    Flowering occurs from the last days of June until frost arrives.

Clematis whole-leaf (Integrifolia)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This is a climbing semi-shrub that does not cling to a support. This clematis does not reach more than 250 cm in height. The bell-shaped, drooping flowers can be pink, blue, red, purple or blue. The most popular varieties are:

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

  1. Clematis Durandii (Durand's clematis).

    Among the most beautiful large-flowered species that are hybrids. The height of such a tufted shrub is about 200 cm. There are about 15 brown stems in one bush. The dense, solid, simple oval-shaped leaf plates are resistant to direct sunlight. The drooping flowers reach 12 centimeters across.

    Sepals are bright blue or deep purple, they fade in the sun, anthers are yellowish. About 15 flowers are formed on one stem. Flowering is observed in July and October.

  2. Vyarava. The stems are about 250 cm long.

    The star-shaped flowers reach 12-16 centimeters across; they are pale purple on the inside, with a band of burgundy coloring running through the petals. The outside surface is an even paler shade of purple with the middle band also a paler shade. Flowering ends with frost.

  3. Memory of the Heart. The stems of this semi-shrub vary in length from 100 to 200 cm.

    The drooping bell-shaped flowers reach 5 to 9 centimeters across. Lush blooms occur in July and October (before frost).

Clematis stinging (small-flowered)

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This is a fast-growing liana that has small fragrant white-colored flowers. The stems are about 5 meters long. The compound pinnate leaflets have a dark green coloration.

Inflorescences consist of cross-shaped flowers. Blooms occur in July and August.

Clematis tanguta

Clematis: planting and care in the open air, growing from seeds, species and varieties

This tall liana is noted for its rapid growth. The small bell-shaped flowers are yellow in color. Seeds can be collected from this plant.

It is very frost-resistant so it does not need to be covered for the winter.

The above are the main species that breeders are using in their efforts to get new even more beautiful varieties.

The top 10 BEST CLEMATIS SORTS FOR YOUR GARDEN.

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