Cleistocactus: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

A genus like Cleistocactus (Cleistocactus) includes about 50 different plant species. In nature they can be found in South America, mostly in Uruguay. These cacti can be easily distinguished by their column-shaped, rather slender shoots which branch out at the base. On the surface of these stems there are a huge number of areoles, so the cactus itself is densely covered with white-yellow prickles.

This type of cactus can also be distinguished by its rather unusual flowers.

There are many scales on the surface of the tubular flowers. However, these flowers do not open in more cacti and this phenomenon is called cleistogamy (which has formed the name of the genus). Over time, the bud becomes similar to a rather long, brightly colored cone. Inside such a flower, seeds are formed as a result of self-pollination.

Care for cleistocactus at home

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

These plants are quite unpretentious and unpretentious.

However, in order for them to grow and develop properly, certain rules must be followed in care.

Brightness

It is very fond of light and needs direct sunlight throughout the year. It is recommended to choose a south-facing window for its placement.

Temperature regime

This plant is recommended to grow at 22 to 26 degrees during the warm season. During the winter there is a dormant period.

So at this time the Cluestocactus needs to be placed in a quite cool place (approx. 10-12 degrees).

How to water

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The amount of watering depends on the time of year and the condition of the substrate in the pot. For example, it is advisable to water only when the soil has dried out completely. In summer during the hot months the soil dries out much faster and therefore the watering will be more plentiful than in autumn-winter.

Winter is extremely rare to avoid the development of rotting due to the soil not drying out for a long time.

Water with lime-free room temperature water.

Humidity

Feels good in moderate air humidity. On hot summer days when the humidity is too low you should regularly moisten the cactus with a sprayer.

Earthy soil

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

A neutral, loose soil that lets air and water in well is suitable for this plant.

You can buy a special premix for cacti in the store. Also, you can make the mix yourself by combining sod, leaf and peat soil and also coarse-grained river sand, which should be taken in the proportion 2:2:1:4.

Be sure to place a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot to prevent stagnant water in the soil, using broken shards or expanded clay.

Feeding

Feed during intensive growth once every 7 days. Cactus fertilizer is used for this purpose.

During the winter, do not fertilize.

Transplanting Cleistocactus

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

You transplant young plants once a year, and it is recommended to do this in the springtime. Mature specimens are only repotted if necessary, for example when the roots no longer fit in the pot.

Transplanting a cactus is easy and uncomplicated. Nothing to be afraid of, it does not hurt)

Transplantation of Cluestocactus

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Seeds can be "baby" and seeds.

Sowing seeds can be done at any time of the year and you follow the instructions on the package or found in special literature.

Diseases and pests

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This plant can be infested with spider mites or powdery mildew.

If these are found, the plant should be treated with the proper preparations.

A variety of rottenness can appear on the plant as a result of improper care.

Stypes of cleistocactus with photos

Each species has its own distinctive characteristics. Thus, according to the nature of growth, these plants are divided into horizontal, pole-shaped and creeping.

Cleistocactus strausii (Cleistocactus strausii)

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It is considered the most striking example of a pole-shaped cactus.

This cactus has greenish-gray standing shoots that are upright. They can grow up to 3 meters in height, with a diameter of only 15 centimeters. There are 20-30 ribs, on which there are many small whitish areoles, spaced very closely (0.5 centimeters apart). Each areola has a bunch of bristly yellow spines, which makes the shoot look like it is covered with dense wool.

There are 4 long and thick central spines, which are up to 4 centimeters long, and approximately 30 thin, short radial spines. This species produces a very large number of flowers, which are colored red. They are closed, with a tube length of about 6 centimeters. The cactus blooms in the last summer weeks, with a bloom duration of 4 weeks. Only specimens that reach at least 45 centimeters in height bloom.

This species has a very striking and unusual scallop shape.

Cleistocactus emeraldiflorus (Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus)

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The prominent representative of horizontal cacti is Cleistocactus emeraldiflorus. Its dark green shoots branch strongly at the base. Adult specimens can grow up to 100 centimeters long and only 3 centimeters in diameter. Each shoot has 12-14 ribs, on which there are many areoles densely pressed together.

Each areola has a bunch of powerful prickles, numbering from 10 to 30. The central thorn is 5 centimeters long and the radial one is 1 centimeter. It produces reddish-pink closed (not opening) flowers with a greenish tip. The tube reaches about 5 centimeters in length. Flowering cacti that are 30 centimeters or taller.

Cleistocactus winteri (Cleistocactus winteri)

Cleistocactus: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This is the most popular species of the creeping cactus group. The dangling green shoots can reach 100 centimeters in length with a diameter of only 2.5 centimeters. On their surface is a huge number of scything yellow-golden prickles. The central needles do not differ from the radial ones.

During flowering, the opening multi-petaled flowers appear, colored pinkish-orange. The tube reaches about 6 centimeters in length.

Ura blooms of Kleistocactus!!

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