Cicas: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The Cycas, also called the cycad palm or cycad, is a genus of the only gymnosperms in the family Cycadia. According to information from various sources, this genus includes 90 to 200 different species. In nature, this crop can be found in Asia (from Japan to India), on such Pacific islands as Samoa, Fiji, Mariana Islands and also on Madagascar. Remains of cicaceans have been found in Mesozoic crustal sediments. Despite the fact that most members of the Cycadia family have long been impossible to meet in nature, cicaceans are quite widespread just because they are unpretentious.

Today, such a palm is very much in demand among florists, despite the fact that it is quite expensive.

Brief description of cultivation

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Flowering. Cultivate the cicaceus as an ornamental and deciduous plant.
  2. Brightness. The bush needs diffused bright light or semi-shade.

  3. Temperature regime. During the growing period room temperature, in winter time at least 15 degrees.
  4. Pouring. It should be sparing in winter and moderate in summer.
  5. Humidity of air.

    High - 70 to 80 percent. Experts advise to moisten the foliage quite often from a sprayer, and also its surface should be wiped with a moistened soft cloth, and also the trunk should be regularly wrapped with moistened moss-sphagnum.

  6. Fertilizer. Such a fern is fertilized during intensive growth 1 time in 4 weeks, for this purpose use organics that do not contain magnesium and potassium, for example, a solution of horse manure or cow dung is well suited. Mineral fertilizers are not recommended for feeding.

  7. Dormant period. It is relative, beginning in late fall and ending in the first spring weeks.
  8. Repotting. Young shrubs are transplanted once every 2 or 3 years. Mature ferns should not be transplanted, but the top layer of the substrate in the pot should be replaced every year.

    For this purpose, the top layer of the soil mixture is removed to a thickness of about 50 mm and then fresh substrate is poured into the pot.

  9. Repropagation. Side scions (if available) can be used for this purpose. Only specialists can grow cicas from seeds.
  10. Pests.

    Scabies, aphids, mealybugs, spider mites.

  11. Diseases. Root rot, caudex rot, chlorosis.

Peculiarities of cicas

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In appearance, cicas has many similarities to the palm, so it is a tree that can vary in height from 2 to 15 m, with a rather thick trunk. If the plant reaches a height of about 300 cm, the thickness of its trunk in girth is usually 100 cm.

The surface of the trunk is "encrusted with a shell", consisting of the remains of leaf plates that have already died off. Double pinnate or pinnate leaves are similar to the leaf plates of ferns, which grow from the top of the trunk. The lifespan of such a plant most often exceeds 100 years. Indoor Cicaceae are 0.5-0.

8 m tall, with a 1-year growth increment of no more than 30 mm, and they produce only one row of leaf laminae. Young leaf blades of deep green color, soft and with little pubescence, after a while they darken, become bare, hard and shiny. When grown in room conditions, this plant looks very much like a bush rather than a tree. Interestingly, most flower growers believe that cicaceus is a palm, because even its name came from the ancient Greek word "kykas", translated as "palm", but in fact this plant has nothing to do with the palm. However, it is a relative of the fern.

As it is a slow growing plant, it is often grown as a bonsai.

When grown as a houseplant, it rarely blooms. On the top of a female plant, large orange seeds, varying in length from 30 to 50 mm, form in the buds. But for the seeds to germinate, the cicacea must be grown in greenhouse conditions, and the efforts of an experienced specialist will be required.

The Cycas, also called the cycad palm or cycad, is a genus of the only gymnosperms in the family Cycadia.

According to information from various sources, this genus includes 90 to 200 different species. In nature, this crop can be found in Asia (from Japan to India), on such Pacific islands as Samoa, Fiji, Mariana Islands and also on Madagascar. Remains of cicaceans have been found in Mesozoic crustal sediments. Despite the fact that most members of the Cycadia family have long been impossible to meet in nature, cicaceans are quite widespread just because they are unpretentious. Today, such a palm is very much in demand among florists, despite the fact that it is quite expensive.

Brief description of cultivation

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Flowering. Cultivate the cicaceus as an ornamental and deciduous plant.
  2. Brightness. The bush needs diffused bright light or semi-shade.
  3. Temperature regime.

    During the growing period room temperature, in winter time at least 15 degrees.

  4. Pouring. It should be sparing in winter and moderate in summer.
  5. Humidity of air. High - 70 to 80 percent.

    Experts advise to moisten the foliage quite often from a sprayer, and also its surface should be wiped with a moistened soft cloth, and also the trunk should be regularly wrapped with moistened moss-sphagnum.

  6. Fertilizer. Such a fern is fertilized during intensive growth 1 time in 4 weeks, for this purpose use organics that do not contain magnesium and potassium, for example, a solution of horse manure or cow dung is well suited. Mineral fertilizers are not recommended for feeding.
  7. Dormant period.

    It is relative, beginning in late fall and ending in the first spring weeks.

  8. Repotting. Young shrubs are transplanted once every 2 or 3 years. Mature ferns should not be transplanted, but the top layer of the substrate in the pot should be replaced every year. For this purpose, the top layer of the soil mixture is removed to a thickness of about 50 mm and then fresh substrate is poured into the pot.

  9. Repropagation. Side scions (if available) can be used for this purpose. Only specialists can grow cicas from seeds.
  10. Pests. Scabies, aphids, mealybugs, spider mites.

  11. Diseases. Root rot, caudex rot, chlorosis.

Peculiarities of cicas

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In appearance, cicas has many similarities to the palm, so it is a tree that can vary in height from 2 to 15 m, with a rather thick trunk. If the plant reaches a height of about 300 cm, the thickness of its trunk in girth is usually 100 cm. The surface of the trunk is "encrusted with a shell", consisting of the remains of leaf plates that have already died off.

Double pinnate or pinnate leaves are similar to the leaf plates of ferns, which grow from the top of the trunk. The lifespan of such a plant most often exceeds 100 years. Indoor Cicaceae are 0.5-0.8 m tall, with a 1-year growth increment of no more than 30 mm, and they produce only one row of leaf laminae.

Young leaf blades of deep green color, soft and with little pubescence, after a while they darken, become bare, hard and shiny. When grown in room conditions, this plant looks very much like a bush rather than a tree. Interestingly, most flower growers believe that cicaceus is a palm, because even its name came from the ancient Greek word "kykas", translated as "palm", but in fact this plant has nothing to do with the palm. However, it is a relative of the fern. As it is a slow growing plant, it is often grown as a bonsai.

When grown as a houseplant, it rarely blooms. On the top of a female plant, large orange seeds, varying in length from 30 to 50 mm, form in the buds. But for the seeds to germinate, the cicacea must be grown in greenhouse conditions, and the efforts of an experienced specialist will be required.

Cicas care at home / House palm

Home care for cicas

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Lighting

Before you start growing cicas at home, find the most suitable place. If you want to grow a plant as an adult, remember that it needs quite a bit of space.

Home cicas is distinguished by its light-loving nature, but you should take into account that if the leaves will be exposed to direct sunlight, then there will be a shortening of the life of the leaf plates, and also they become less attractive. You can also grow the bush in the penumbra, but in this case the young leaves will grow very, very slowly.

Temperature regime

Cicaceus grows well at room temperature. However, in the winter it is best suited to cool temperatures, but make sure the room temperature is not less than 15 degrees.

Watering

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

For the plant to grow well and develop properly, it should have a proper watering regime.

In the summertime it should be watered in moderation. And in winter you will need to reduce watering, with the amount of water poured under the bush at a time, directly depending on what the temperature is in the room. So, the warmer the room, the more water will be needed for watering and the more often it should be done. Water cicas with settled soft water at room temperature (or 1-2 degrees warmer). Make sure no liquid gets into the crown of the shrub during watering.

Air Humidity

This plant needs high air humidity (70 to 80 percent). To increase the air humidity level, it is recommended to moisten the foliage regularly from a sprayer with well-distilled water, to wrap the trunk with moistened moss, and to wipe the surface of the leaf plates quite often with a moistened soft cloth.

Feeding

Cicas should be fed systematically once every 4 weeks during its intensive growth, using organics which do not contain potassium and magnesium salts. The best way for such a palm responds to feeding with a solution of horse manure or cow manure. Mineral fertilizers should not be used.

Potting

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Young shrubs need regular transplants once every 2 or 3 years. Mature specimens should only be repotted if they are very crowded in the old pot. A suitable pot should be 20-30 mm across and 2 to 2.5 times the diameter of the trunk. For example, if a pot that reaches 15 centimetres across is suitable for planting, it should be 30 to 35 centimetres deep.

Substrate should be slightly acidic or neutral and have good water permeability. So, the liquid should pass very quickly through the soil mixture and flow out into the pan. For the substrate to let the water pass through very quickly you should have coarse perlite, pumice, coarse peat or very coarse sand. Approximate substrate suitable for growing such a culture: one part pine bark coarse fraction, coarsely chopped charcoal, coarse perlite, slag (or pumice), pebbles (or gravel) and coarse peat, and still add 1/10 part bone meal. The substrate is well mixed, and then sterilized.

Even if a suitable substrate is used for planting, it is still necessary to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.

Potting can be carried out at any time of the year, when it will be necessary. However, the best time for such a procedure is in the spring, before the intensive growth of the bush begins. During the formation of young leaf plates, transplanting cicas is not recommended, as this can easily traumatize the foliage. Before transplanting, it is necessary to cut off 1/3 of the leaves, starting with the oldest ones.

Make sure not to traumatize the root system when replanting, because if the thick roots get damaged or deformed, you increase the risk of rotting the plant.

Transplanting cicaceans | Soil composition, choice of pot

Raising cicaceans from seed

Growing cicaceans from seed

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Raising cicaceans from seed is very difficult in your room. But to help it, the first thing to do is to find out what is causing the leaves to turn yellow and there could be several reasons:

  • Micronutrient deficiency;
  • Lack of nitrogen in the substrate;
  • Inadequate light;
  • Injury to the root system.

The first problem is often caused by not feeding in time or by the plant not being able to absorb the fertilizers properly because of a very low temperature, or by the fact that the hydrogen value of the substrate has changed, this happens when the bush is watered systematically with hard water. As a result, the development of the root system stops.

If the cicassus feels the lack of nutrients, then it needs to be fed, and the new leaves that have appeared on the bush will be of normal color. If it turns yellow due to improper care, it will need to be transplanted to a fresh substrate, and you will need to start caring for it according to all the rules. If there is not enough nitrogen in the soil mixture, a nitrogen-containing fertilizer will have to be added, but the old leaf plates will still be yellow. If it is not enough light, you have to take into account that each species has its own specific requirements for light, so the yellowing of the leaves can be due to both too much light and not enough. In some cases, the yellowing of the leaves begins after the shrub has been moved to fresh air in the spring without first hardening it.

Leaf yellowing in cicas can occur due to insufficient or very frequent watering, and also if the root system is cold or the bush was fed with an excessively concentrated nutrient mixture. In these cases, the root system signals a problem by the yellowing of the leaf blades, so if this signal occurs, every effort should be made to save the plant.

Save the yellowed cicas from death!

Cicas desiccation

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Yellowing and desiccation of the lower leaf plates is considered a natural process. If the humidity in the room is too low, this will cause the tips of the leaves to wither. This also happens when the palm is fertilized with the wrong amount of fertilizer.

Stypes of cicas with photos and names

The following will describe the species of cicas that are most popular with florists.

Cicas paniculata, or wrapped cicas, or revolutionary cicas (Cycas revoluta)

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This species is native to southern Japan. The thick, column-shaped trunk reaches about 300 cm in height and up to 100 cm across. The non-pinnate leaf blades are about 200 cm long and have a large number of slightly bent, narrow-lineate, densely arranged leathery leaflets. The young leaves have pubescence on their surface, but after a while they become glabrous, darker and glossier.

On male buds the cones are narrow-cylindrical, about 0.8 m long and up to 15 centimeters in diameter. On the female bushes there is a light reddish pubescence on the surface of the loose cones. The orange seeds are quite large. This species is most popular with non-professional florists, and this article tells.

how to take care of just such a cicas.

Cicas curly, or snail-shaped (Cycas circinalis = Cycas neocaledonica)

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The columnar trunk reaches about 300 cm in height. The leaf laminae are up to 200 cm long and arranged in bunches of several. While the leaves are young, they are directed upward, and then they are placed horizontally. The pinnate leaflets have 50 to 60 densely arranged lanceolate leaflets on each side of the middle vein, up to 25 centimeters long and 15 mm wide.

Cycas medium (Cycas media)

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This palm-like tree can reach a height of about 7 m. The pinnate leaf plates are up to 1.8 m long. The foliage is part of a rosette on top of the trunk. The small male buds are about 25 centimetres long and the female buds look like a bundle of ears.

In 19th century North Australia, the seeds of this plant were used as food, but were first treated as poisonous.

Cycas rumpha (Cycas rumphii)

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Native to Sri Lanka, this plant is one of the strongest growing species, with a trunk 8-15 m high. Its pinnate leaflets, which grow in bunches, are about 200 cm long. The leaflets are linear-lanceolate in shape, about 30 centimeters long and up to 20 millimeters wide.

Cicas siamensis (Cycas siamensis)

Cicas: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Native to this species are the savanna forests of Indochina.

The shrub reaches a height of only 1.8 m, with the trunk thickened from the root to the middle and then thinning. The pinnate leaf laminae are a little over 100 centimeters long. They are composed of pointed, narrow-linear, whitish-blue leaves about 10 centimeters long and 5 millimeters wide.

How to take care of a CYCAX in a room environment? | The magic of a light hand

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