A plant such as Chrysalidocarpus (Chrysalidocarpus) is directly related to the Areca family (Arecaceae). The palm is quite common and can be found in Madagascar and the Comoros. The genus was so named because of the light yellow color of the fruit. In ancient Greek, chryseus means "golden" and karpos means "fruit. Sometimes such palms are called areca (an obsolete name).
This palm can be either multi-stemmed shrub or single-stemmed. It can reach up to 9 meters in height. The upright, non-branched stems are either pubescent or smooth. There are some shoots which are swollen in rings and may have lateral scions, which together form a group. Periostomes have 40 to 60 pairs of lanceolate leaves, which are dissected at the tips.
The leaflets are located at the top of the shoots on thin stalks. There are species that grow root leaves near the stem and blend into the overall crown of the plant. This plant is either a double or a singleton plant.
Home care for chrysalidocarpus
This plant likes bright light and is not bothered by direct sunlight. It is recommended to put it near a south-facing window.
In summertime, however, the palm will need to be shaded from the midday scorching sun.
In summer Chrysalidocarpus needs warmth of 22 to 25 degrees. At other times, it needs to be moved to a place with a temperature of 18 to 23 degrees (but not less than 16 degrees). Throughout the year the plant needs regular airing of the room, but remember that the palm needs to be shielded from exposure to drafts.
Needs high air humidity.
Therefore, it must be sprayed regularly and quite frequently during spring and summer. Well-distilled soft water at room temperature is used for this purpose. You also need to wash the leaves once every 2 weeks. In autumn and winter you should not use a sprayer to water the plant.
How to water
In spring and summer watering should be abundant and be done as the topsoil dries out.
Well-drained, soft water is used for this purpose. With the onset of the fall period begin to gradually reduce watering, bringing it to a moderate level. At the same time, make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out completely. In the autumn and winter period, overwatering is unacceptable, because it can extremely negatively affect the condition of chrysalidocarpus. At this time it is best to water after the topsoil has dried for 2 or 3 days.
Fertilize the plant throughout the year. In spring and summer, fertilize once every 2 weeks. Use either palm fertilizer or a mineral fertilizer for deciduous plants. During the cold season fertilize the soil once every 4 weeks.
In order to prepare a proper earth mixture you should combine humus-leaf soil, light clay-sod and peat soil as well as milled manure and sand, which should be taken in the proportion 2:2:1:1:1.
You should also add a small amount of charcoal to the mixture. If you wish, you can buy a ready-made soil mixture for palm trees.
It reacts very negatively to transplanting. For this reason, experts recommend transplanting, replacing the drainage and adding fresh earth mixture. Young plants are subjected to this procedure once a year, older - once every 3 or 4 years.
Large copies should not be transplanted, instead, their top layer of substrate should be replaced once a year. Do not forget good drainage at the bottom of the container.
Transplanting large chrysalidocarpus - what is better to choose a pot or a cache, what to look for.
Root shoots or seeds can be multiplied. The seeds should be soaked in warm water (30 degrees) for 2-4 days before sowing into a light peat substrate.
The container is placed in a well-lit, warm (20-25 degrees) place with high humidity. The first seedlings will appear 3-4 months after sowing. After the appearance of the first true leaf plant should be transplanted into a separate pot with a diameter equal to 10-12 centimeters.
Root shoots grow from the lower adventitious buds. At the base of the scions, their own root system develops.
These scions can easily be separated from the mother plant and rooted in light soil. Propagation in this way is recommended in spring and summer.
Areca chrysalidocarpus. PLANTING AND PLANTING AFTER PURPOSE
Pests and Diseases
May be infected by fungal infection. This results in spots that gradually grow on the foliage.
They are oval or circular in shape and are colored brown-red with a pale outline. In order to cure the palm it must be treated with a fungicide and for a time stop wetting the leaves.
The underside of the leaves are often infested with worms. As a result, the leaf begins to turn yellow and become damaged. It is advisable to wipe the leaves with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol and treat the plant with an insecticide.
White yellow specks appear due to the mites and the leaves gradually dry out. An acaricide treatment should be applied as well as more frequent leaf wetting with a sprayer.
- Leaf tips turning brownLow humidity, poor watering, low temperatures, leaf damage by touching the leaf surface.
- Brownish spots on leaves - over watering, drop in temperature or hard water.
- Whitening of leaf tips - low humidity, too cold, not enough watering.
- Leaves turn yellow - too much light, poor watering.
- Leaves turn brown - Over time, the lower leaves darken and fall off. They should not be cut off, but only cut off. Darkening of the entire palm and signs of decay indicate overwatering.
Chrysalidocarpus yellowish (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)
This plant is a bush-like plant and it branches quite strongly at the base and has rooting side stems.
The petioles of the leaflets and young stems are colored light yellow with small, dark black dots. Their surface is relatively smooth. Arc-shaped leaves can reach 200 centimeters in length and 80-90 centimeters in width. Each leaf consists of 40-60 pairs of fairly strong, non-descending leaflets, each about 15 mm wide. The leaf stalk can be up to 50-60 centimeters long.
It is yellow in color and has a layer of blackish small scales on its surface. The axillary inflorescence is highly branched. This bipedal palm prefers to grow in a warm room.
Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis (Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis)
This plant is single trunk and can reach a height of 9 meters, with a trunk diameter of 20-25 centimeters. The smooth trunk is slightly widened at the base and has distinct rings.
The peristyled leaves are made up of shiny leaflets, which are arranged in tufts and grow up to 45 centimetres in length. The axillary, highly branched inflorescence is about 50 to 60 centimeters long. The palm is only grown in a warm room.
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