The spectacular plant Chlorophytum is part of the Asparagus family, although not so long ago it was considered a member of the Liliums. This genus includes approximately 200 different species that occur naturally in subtropical and tropical areas.
Some of the most popular houseplants include the compact varieties of Chlorophytum, including the Crested. They differ undemanding to care and unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation and at the same time have a high decorative value. This plant is also appreciated for its ability to purify the air in the room from various substances that can harm human health.
Properties of Crested Chlorophytum
There are many species of Chlorophytum in nature, but only a few varieties are found at home. However, it is the Chlorophytum comosum that is most common in indoor culture. Because its long leaf parts are part of the root tufts this species is also called wispy.
In room conditions this plant does not usually grow taller than 0.3-0.
4 m, and the diameter of the shrub is approximately the same. The narrow leaf plates are 0.2-07 m long. The color of the leaves depends on the species and can be striped or deep green.
While ornamental-deciduous, chlorophytums can flower.
At this time it will have recurved shoots which produce very small star-shaped flowers that can be either pale green or white in color. After the bush has bloomed, small leaf rosettes grow on the tops of the shoots, which are baby rosettes. Each such rosette has its own aerial roots. These very offspring make it very easy to propagate this plant.
Clorophytum tufted / Home care
Clorophytum is one of those room plants that stand out for its unpretentiousness.
It is unaffected by sudden temperature changes, slight light deficits, and short dry periods. That is why this decorative and deciduous plant is often advised for cultivation to inexperienced flower growers. However, if you want it to look its best, you must make sure it is well looked after and has the right conditions for growth.
Even though it is a shade loving plant, it will tolerate a little shade. Because the shrub has long leaf plates and overhanging shoots it can easily be used as an ampelous plant on a wall or above a window.
The striped leaf varieties are more demanding on light levels than the green leaf varieties. However, they should not be exposed to direct sunlight because this can cause burns on the leaves or the patterns on the plates can simply fade. The best thing for such a plant is bright diffused sunlight. If the light is too strong the shrub can be shaded with light curtains or placed in the back of the room.
Although east or west window sill is best for chlorophytums, they can also be planted on the north window.
If there is little light, the striped leaves will simply become monochromatic. If the room is very dark then the plant can be regularly supplemented with light if desired.
Moderate heat is best for Crested Chlorophytum during the spring and summer. During the winter months, however, it can also be grown at room temperature. Despite the fact that the plant is not afraid of short-term lowering the temperature to 8 degrees, it's better not to allow the room to be colder than 14-18 degrees.
You should also consider that the plant reacts negatively to a cold draught, as it can greatly reduce its ornamentation.
This culture is not afraid of short-term droughts, as it can create water reserves in its roots. However, if you don't water the shrub for a long time, it can cause its leaves to wither. During the growing season (spring and summer), the shrub especially needs timely watering. During this period, watering should be at least 2 times every 7 days, and it should be done after the top layer of substrate dries out.
With the onset of the autumn months the shrub can be watered less often, especially if it is moved to a cool place for the winter. If the chlorophytum stays in the warm place for the winter, water it as soon as the topsoil dries out.
Watering the shrub, make sure that the moisture droplets do not get into the leaf rosette. If this does occur, it should be gently blotted out. You have to be very careful with any manipulation of the plant, as it is easy to injure its leaf plates.
In order to be sure not to allow such a flood, watering is recommended through a tray. Note that chlorophytum can suffer from too frequent watering, especially if poorly drained and heavy substrate was used for its planting. This can lead to rot on the root system.
Summer on hot days, it is recommended to moisten the leaves of such a plant with a sprayer, since it prefers high humidity. Well-drained, lukewarm water should be used.
This will avoid drying of the tips of the leaf plates. During the winter the chlorophytum does not need to be sprayed. Only if the flower is near a heating fixture.
Substrate and pot selection
This culture grows and develops well in a fertile, neutral soil mixture that should be well drained. For example, you can use a purchased universal soil mixture for house flowers for planting.
Also the substrate can be made and your own hands, for this purpose combine leaf soil, river sand and turf (1:1:3).
The plant has a well-developed system of roots, which can form nodule-shaped thickenings. There it stores water in case of a possible drought. The roots are relatively close to the surface of the substrate, so you can use not too high, but a wide container for planting. At the same time, its size is directly related to the size of the root system.
At the bottom of the pot must necessarily be present holes for drainage. To prevent moisture stagnation in the roots, a good drainage layer, about 20 mm thick, should be made at the bottom of the container.
Fertilizers are given from the last fall and first spring weeks. This is when intensive bush growth, flowering and the formation of offspring occur. For this purpose, a special fertilizer for ornamental foliage crops is used.
It is used to prepare a nutrient solution, which is applied to the soil mixture combined with watering. The systematicity of feeding - once every 2-4 weeks.
Feed the chokeberry chlorophytum can be universal mineral complexes or some element necessary for the plant. If the shrub is growing too slowly due to a lack of nutrients, a nitrogen fertilizer should be added to the substrate. If the leaves have become dull, additional fertilizer containing iron, magnesium and molybdenum can help bring back the rich color of the leaves.
Transplanting Chlorophytum tuftedum
This flower is a very fast growing plant and therefore its annual transplanting in the springtime during the first five years, replacing the old container with a larger one. A mature shrub does not need such frequent repotting, but in this case it must be regularly fertilized.
The following signs may indicate that the mature plant needs repotting:
- The plant is growing very slowly;
- the plant does not flower;
- the roots come out of the holes for drainage.
If the chlorophytum is not transplanted for a long time, its powerful root system can damage the not very sturdy pot.
Chlorophytum mottledum | What to look for when transplanting a plant.
Since the chorophytum grows quite actively in the room and the complete babies, there is no problem to multiply it. Simply separate the offspring and plant it in a separate pot, and it will become a lush, showy bush quite quickly. If the conditions are favorable for growth, the bush will form a large number of offspring, which can be placed in several tiers. Of course, a plant with a large number of offspring has an unusual and quite attractive appearance.
However, many offspring will greatly deplete the parent bush, so you better remove all those offspring that you don't need in good time.
In order to plant the offspring quickly, you have to choose well-developed offspring with their own roots up to approx. 20 mm in length. Fill a small pot with moistened light substrate, in which the seedling is planted. Put it in a place where it is moderately light and warm.
Water the bush should be systematically. It will be fully rooted after about 15 days, and new leaf plates will begin to grow.
This culture can also be propagated by baby plants that have not had time to grow their roots. To start with, it is recommended to root such a scion in water: it is placed in a container so that only the base of the leaf rosette is in contact with water. Once the roots have grown back, the shrub can be planted in a permanent container.
Chlorophytum. Propagation and transplanting.
The bush division method is also used to propagate such chlorophytum. Choose a well-grown adult shrub. Carefully take it out of its container and divide it into several parts.
In doing so, each partition should have a leaf rosette and developed roots. Powder the cutting points with charcoal powder. After that, the parts of the bush are planted in separate containers. Keep in mind that the plant will need quite a bit of time to recover after this procedure, so it should only be used when really necessary.
Growing from seed
You can also grow chlorophytum from seed.
But you have to wait very long time from seedling emergence to the formation of a lush bush, so only specialists use this method when breeding new varieties. Also, such varieties that have practically no offshoots are often grown from seed.
Cottonberry varieties with photos
There are relatively many decorative varieties of Crested Chlorophytum that differ from each other in color and shape of the leaves. For example:
Her green, narrow and long leaf plates grow curled. A band of light color runs down the center of each leaf.
This variety is also called curly because of its strongly curved leaves.
Green-yellow striped leaf plates reach about 0.3 m in length. Compared to the previous species, they are wider. It has a pointed apex.
Her leaf plates are very thin and reach about 0.2 m in length.
The longer (about 0.4 m) leaf plates are decorated with white stripes which may occur in the middle or on the edge of the leaf plates.
It forms a compact bush with short leaves whose main decoration is a band of yellow.
The leaf plates reach about 0.3 m in length with the same yellow stripe.
This variety is the most popular among florists. Its leaves, decorated with whitish stripes, reach a length of about 0.7 m.
A plant like chlorophytum is known for providing effective air purification in the room. There have been studies showing that one plant within 24 hours helps to neutralize about 70 percent of the pathogens near it, and also absorbs almost 80 percent of the toxic substances from the air.
Thanks to its undemanding and undemanding nature, this plant often decorates kindergartens, schools, hospitals, etc. There it not only creates comfort, but also makes the air cleaner. You can also see it in almost every house where there are flowers.
Chlorophytum cleans the air from harmful substances and pathogens, including neutralizing dangerous fumes from finishing products or poor quality building materials. It is also able to absorb the gas that is released into the air during the combustion of various fuels. This flower is often used to decorate rooms with stoves or fireplaces as well as kitchens.
Chlorophytum | The whole truth about this green beauty