The plant Chlorophytum is a member of the Lily family. According to various sources, this genus includes from 200 to 250 species. This plant was first discovered in nature in South Africa. Today the flower is widely distributed in tropical belts. Its name comes from the words "chloros" and "phyton," which translate to "green" and "plant.
Properties of chlorophytum
Chlorophytum is an herbaceous perennial plant that has a very short stem as well as a tuberous root system. The lanceolate or oval leaves are arranged in a rosette and can be up to about 50 cm long. During flowering, small white flowers are produced. Such a flower is grown as an ampel plant, and it is also grouped with other crops or put out alone. This plant has the ability to purify the air from carbon monoxide and formaldehyde and is therefore recommended to grow in the kitchen.
Brief description of growing
- Flowering. Chlorophytum is grown as an ornamental leafy plant.
- Lighting. Needs bright light, which should be diffused. The mottled varieties need brighter light, and the green-leaved forms can be grown in the penumbra.
- Temperature regime. Grows well at normal room temperature. Make sure the room temperature is not below 10 degrees in winter.
- Pouring. During the spring and fall period, water the flower systematically and abundantly.
During the winter months, a reduction in watering is required. At this time, water only when the soil has dried to ¼ of the depth.
- Air Humidity. Normal for a living room.
Only feed the plant in spring and summer once every half month, using alternating organic and mineral fertilizers.
- Dormant period. October-January.
- Repotting. In the last winter or first spring weeks.
As long as the bush is young it is transplanted every year, older ones once every 2 or 3 years.
- Mud. Soil composition must be sand, sod, humus and leafy soil (1:2:2:2).
- Raising. By branches and by seed.
- Pests. Mealybugs, aphids and spider mites.
- Diseases. Improper care can cause rot on the leaf rosette, and spots appear on the leaf plates, the variegated forms lose their pattern, and the foliage can also lose its turgor.
Chlorophytum - growing and caring.
Healthy in your home!!!
Hlorophytum care at home
Chlorophytum grows best on an east or west-facing windowsill because it needs bright light, which should be definitely scattered. The shrub can withstand direct sunlight, but only for a few hours a day. Keep in mind that variegated varieties need plenty of light, as their foliage loses its color in the penumbra.
The plant can grow well in both heat and cool. During the warm season, the flower can be moved outdoors, but choose a place with reliable protection from draughts and precipitation.
In wintertime, do not allow the room where the plant stands to be colder than 10 degrees, as this can cause it severe damage.
Chlorophytum in room conditions in spring and summer needs plenty of moisture, so it is watered quite often and abundantly. If the plant does not get enough water, it will begin to form a tuberous thickening. In winter watering should be less, but make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out, but do not allow the liquid to freeze in the root system.
You can also avoid wetting the plant with a sprayer.
However, if this is done regularly, the bush will begin to grow and develop faster.
In the spring and summer, fertilize this flower regularly once every 15 days, using alternating mineral fertilizers and organics.
While the flower is young, it needs more frequent transplants every year, while older specimens are transplanted once every two or three years. They are transplanted in the last winter or first spring weeks. To grow chlorophytum choose a wide container, which is filled with light and loose soil mixture, it must include humus, sod and leaf soil, and sand (2:2:2:1).
Be sure to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
Chlorophytum. Transplanting. [Hope and Peace]
Growing from seed
Sow chlorophytum seeds in late winter or early spring days. Soak the seeds in water for 12-24 hours before sowing, replacing them regularly (every 2-3 hours).
Fill the box with a substrate consisting of humus, leaf soil and sand or peat and sand. Moisten the surface of the earth mixture and distribute the seeds evenly on it, which are not covered with the substrate, but only slightly pressed into it. Then cover the container with glass or transparent film (make sure that the cover does not touch the surface of the ground). The optimum temperature for the emergence of seedlings is 21 to 24 degrees and the seeds should be regularly aired and moistened with a sprayer.
The first seedlings should appear after 3-6 weeks.
Once this has happened, begin to accustom the seedlings to life without cover by removing the glass for a while every day and gradually increasing the length of the procedure. After the seedlings formed from 2 to 4 true leaf plates, spend their picking in separate small pots. And when the plants have grown and gotten stronger, they are placed in potting mix for adults (see above).
Raising with Stems
Some chlorophytums grown as indoor plants develop shoots that form rosette leaves. If necessary, they can be cut off and rooted in a container of water or substrate.
The plant is then transplanted into an individual pot.
Chlorophytum. Propagation. [Hope and Peace]
- Leaves turn brown. If the substrate is not fertilized regularly or not enough fertilizer is applied, this can cause the tips of the leaf plates of your chlorophytum to turn brown.
This can also be caused by too little humidity or too high a temperature, or by mechanical damage. If the room is too hot during the winter and the potting soil regularly becomes stagnant, brown spots will form on the leaves.
- Leaves turn pale. Leaves will fade and become dull if the room is hot and lighting is poor. This can also happen if the plant is deficient in minerals.
- Chlorophytum is rotting. Rotting can be caused by watering too much, most often in the winter. This can also be caused by a very dense substrate.
- Leaves become monochromatic. Make sure you get enough light when growing variegated varieties, otherwise they might just turn green.
On cloudy days it is recommended to arrange bushes extra light, for this use daylight lamps.
- Chlorophytum does not bloom. Too young shrubs will not bloom. Also, flowers may not appear because the plant's root system is too cramped in the pot.
Most often harmful insects settle on shrubs that are weakened by improper care or disease.
The greatest danger to chlorophytums are aphids, cutworms and spider mites.
Beneficial properties of chlorophytums
It has been scientifically proven that chlorophytums are excellent at cleaning the air of carbon monoxide and formaldehyde. Since the greatest amount of carbon monoxide in the home is in the kitchen, flower growers try to decorate it with such a flower.
Chlorophytum. The tips of the leaves wither or turn black.
Cultivation problems, diseases and pests.
Chlorophytum species with photo
Chlorophytum capense (Chlorophytum capense)
This herbaceous perennial rosellate plant has spines similar to tubers. The shape of the smooth pale green leaf plates is lanceolate, tapered toward the base and apex, with a groove on the front surface of the leaf and a keel on the reverse. The leaves are about 3 centimeters wide and up to 50 centimeters long. During flowering, a peduncle emerges from the rosette.
The white small flowers are collected in brushes, they grow from the axils of the leaves on the peduncle. The fruit is a capsule. This species does not have young leaf rosettes forming on the peduncles.
Chlorophytum winged (Chlorophytum amaniense)
The dark green leaf plates have long petioles, which have a color that varies from pink to reddish orange. The acicular foliage tapers at the top and at the base (near the petiole).
Varieties such as Fire Flash and Green Orange have petioles of unusual orange color. In order to ensure that the petioles do not lose their rich color, the flower stalks should be cut off in a timely manner.
Chlorophytum comosum (Chlorophytum)
This too is a herbaceous perennial plant that has a very short stem. The pale green smooth leaf plates grow out of the stem, they have an elongated lanceolate shape and curve spectacularly. A shoot emerges from the middle of the rosette, and small white star-shaped flowers grow on it.
When flowering comes to an end, young leaf rosettes grow from the leaf axils of this shoot. The white roots are very dense and succulent.
Chlorophytum tufted / Home care for chlorophytum