Chamelacium: Home Care, Transplanting And Propagation, Species

Chamelacium wax myrtle is a plant native to Australia that belongs to the Myrtle family. This genus has 14 species, which are represented by evergreen shrubs, and can be found naturally in southwestern Australia. Chamelacium in nature prefers to grow on sandy heaths and rocky slopes.

Depending on the species, the shrub can vary in height from 0.3 to 3 m.

It is decorated with leaves that remain dark green throughout the year. The rounded flowers, which grow to 1.5 to 2 cm across, can be purple, white, pinkish or red. The shrub blooms in late winter and often does not bloom until the last days of summer.

Hamelacium care at home

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Hamelacium wax myrtle is an evergreen plant that can be grown as a compact shrub or small tree.

But to keep it healthy and blooming regularly, it needs to be properly cared for and given optimal growing conditions. It is very sensitive to any changes in cultivation conditions or an unsuitable environment, and reacts very negatively to this. And in time to understand that the shrub is sick or identify the causes of his lagging in growth, can only an experienced florist. If you did decide to decorate your home with chamelaciums, then with great responsibility need to treat even his choice in the store. Pay attention to the fact that the bush must be absolutely healthy, only then it will be able to endure the move and get used to the new growing conditions.

Carefully inspect the plant, its buds should not be wrinkled, and dark spots on the leaves and their flightiness, indicates the presence of problems in the shrub. Also look at the substrate in the pot; it should not be too dry or too wet.

Care after purchase

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

You should not transplant a newly purchased flower. Instead, take a tall plastic bag that is sprayed with dichlorvos on the inside. Put the bag on the bush, and it is not necessary to tie it.

If an unpleasant odor appears during this procedure, then the bag is gently lowered to the lower branches. Put the plant for 24 hours in a well-lit but cool place (13 to 15 degrees). Then the bush is sprayed with a warm solution of honey (take 2 tsp. honey per 1 liter of water). Completely remove the bag after three or four days, also remove the surface layer of soil mixture in the container, it is replaced by humus.

If the bush in the store grew in a very small container, then transplant it by transplanting it into a more spacious pot, and try to make the root ball remained intact. To allow the bush to grow and develop normally, it should be placed together with the pot in a deep tray, which is pre-filled with wet expanded clay.

Pouring

When growing a room chamelacium, special attention should be paid to its watering in the warm season. During this time, the plant needs regular abundant watering, for which soft and well-drained water is used. However, you need to water the bush very carefully, because it reacts extremely negatively to stagnant liquid in the soil mixture.

Remember that even over-drying the soil clod will cause less damage to the plant than stagnant moisture in the pot. But also over-drying the substrate is also extremely not recommended, because this can severely damage the delicate root system, and the foliage in general can fly off. For the shrub to grow and develop better, you should acidify the water by adding a small amount of citric acid or vinegar.

Suitable Substratum

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Moisture must be used slightly acidic and loose, and it should have good water and air passage to avoid stagnation of the root system. The best way to grow this plant suitable soil mixture of the following composition: peat, humus, river coarse sand, turf and leaf soil (taken in equal parts).

To prevent the potting soil from becoming too dry, either hydrogel or chopped sphagnum should be added.

Potting Chamelaciums

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Potting Chamelaciums is not very frequent, but rather it should be done regularly once every three years. The best time for transplanting is spring. This plant has thin and very fragile roots, which can be injured during transplanting, which is highly undesirable. That is why the bush is transplanted only when its root system becomes very crowded in the container.

To do this, it is very carefully pulled out of the old pot, while trying not to destroy the ground lump. The plant is then carefully placed in a new pot, which should be only slightly larger than the old one. To grow a room chamelacium is recommended to use a ceramic pot and it is better if it is unglazed. The fact is that often, to safely remove the root system from the container, the latter has to be broken down gently.

Feeding

Feed regularly once every 15-20 days throughout the vegetation period.

Use a fertilizer that does not contain lime. Before the bush blossoms, it is fed with potassium-nitrogen fertilizer and during the flowering period with potassium and phosphorus.

Trimming

This shrub is regularly trimmed at the end of flowering, in this case the stems are shortened by a third. As the Chamelacium is very fast growing, its stems will soon grow back. To make the shrub grow more lush and branchy, have the tops of the branches pruned at a young age.

Winter care

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

In fall, the wax myrtle is moved to a cooler room where the air temperature is about 15 degrees. Due to the cool overwintering, the shrub will bloom spectacularly and lushly. Such a shrub is very light-loving, and even in winter it needs a large amount of light. Therefore, in the cold season he will need additional daily extra light, and the optimal duration of the daylight hours for such a culture is 12 hours. During wintertime feeding is not necessary and you should also necessarily reduce the amount and volume of watering.

Propagation methods

Growing wax myrtle from seeds is very difficult, but if you do get seedlings, there is a high probability that they will eventually die. Because of this, the reproduction of such a shrub by cuttings is the most popular among florists. The fact is that this method is not only easier and faster, but also it allows you to save the signs of the parent plant. Preparation of apical cuttings is carried out in January, they should reach 7,5-10 cm in length. Then they are treated with a product that stimulates root growth, and planted for rooting in a mixture of sand and peat.

Roots appear on the cuttings in about 8 weeks.

Diseases and pests

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The chamelacium contains a large amount of essential oils, making it highly resistant to many diseases and pests. But such a plant can still be affected by phytophthora. The emergence of this disease is promoted by stagnant water in the substrate. At the first signs of phytophthora, the bush is sprayed with one of the fungicidal agents.

In the spring and summer period, aphids can settle on the plant, damaging both the leaves and inflorescences. To get rid of such a pest, insecticidal preparations are used. Also at any time of the year, the shrub can be affected by powdery mildew, to protect it from such a disease, it should be properly cared for.

Also damage to the leaves of chamelacium can gray rot. Heat and high humidity are favorable conditions for the development of this disease.

As soon as the first signs of grey rot are detected, you need to start fighting this disease right away, because it can kill the plant in no time. To cure a shrub affected by gray rot, spray it with a fungicide.

Hamelacium in the home

Chamelacium species

Hamelacium hooked

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Only one species, called Chamelacium hooked, or Chamelacium wax myrtle is grown under room conditions. This plant is fast-growing, so in nature it can reach a height of up to 250 centimeters. However, in the home, the shrub grows lower, and it is often cut back to make it compact.

Its leaves vary from 25 to 40 mm in length, cover the shoots densely and look like pine needles. Over time, as the branches mature, the leaves fall off. Flowers reach 10-20 mm in cross-section and may be solitary or clustered in tassels. The flowers have a very pleasant scent. Through the hard work of breeders, many varieties of wax myrtle chamelacium have come into being; they differ not only in shape (semi-maxial and macro) but also in the color of the flowers: yellow, red, white and even bicolor.

Hamelacium snowflake

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The bush is not more than 0.4 m tall and is decorated with white or pink flowers. This species is used to create bouquets and ikebans.

Hamelacium orchid

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The low bush of this species does not have as lush foliage as the wax myrtle chamelacium. During flowering, however, it is decorated with many lilac and pink-colored inflorescences, with beetroot-colored midribs.

Chamelacium white

Chamelacium: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The bush can reach up to half a meter in height and its bright green leaf plates have a slightly elongated shape. During flowering, the plant is decorated with light pink or white bell-shaped flowers.

Chamelacium is a wax myrtle

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