The Chamaedorea palm (Chamaedorea) is quite common in the indoor environment. This perennial is a member of the Palma family. This genus has about 130 different species. This plant is native to tropical Central America, East Africa and Madagascar. Part of the species can be found in the nature of the Caucasus, Crimea and southern Europe.
Before all there are shrubby forms of this plant. However, there are also vineshaped chamedores as well as single stemmed shrubs. The palm grows very slowly. Within 12 months, 1 or 2 new leaflets are formed.
Female and male shrubs can be distinguished among chamedories.
They differ from each other by their flowers: the female ones have deep red or orange solitary flowers, while the male ones have yellow and red flowers that are part of the inflorescences.
This perennial plant is very easy to grow in room conditions. However, it forms flowers only under natural conditions.
- Temperature. Optimum air temperature is 12 to 20 degrees.
Reacts negatively to excessively high and low temperatures.
- Air Humidity. The optimal air humidity level is about 50 percent. But it also feels fine at lower humidity levels.
In summer, the soil mixture in the pot should be slightly moist all the time. In winter, reduce the frequency and abundance of watering.
- Pouring. Water the potting soil systematically and abundantly as soon as the top layer of the substratum dries out.
To make your own, combine peat, sand, deciduous soil and sod soil (1:1:1:3).
- Fertilizer. Fertilization is carried out regularly 1 time in 15-30 days. A universal complex mineral fertilizer is used, and the dosage should be 2 times less than that specified by the manufacturer.
A young bush is transplanted once a year, and an adult once every 3 years.
- Propagation. By bush division, offspring, and seeds.
- Care features. Must be watered often and needs protection from direct sunlight.
🌿 HAMEDOREA 🌿 care of the PALM at home
Home care of the HAMEDOREA
The indoor hamedoray can flower from its third year of growth. In order to enjoy the blooms of such a palm tree all year round, several bushes should be planted in a pot at once. Nice fragrant yellow flowers look like mimosa.
While the bush is young, all flower stems are recommended to cut out, because it spends a lot of energy on flowering, which will have a negative effect on its growth and development. To "revitalize" the palm, it is recommended to add fertilizer to the substrate.
It reacts very negatively to excessively high room temperatures. Make sure to ventilate the room on hot summer days. In winter the shrub should be kept cool (from 12 to 18 degrees), and at this time it should be protected from overcooling and draughts. This palm is very resilient and will survive even in a critical situation.
Humidorrhea feels best in a humidity level of about 50%.
To maintain this humidity, it is advisable to moisten the shrub regularly with well-drained water from a sprayer once a day. If the humidity in the room is not too low, it is enough to moisten the plant 2-3 times, and in winter - once a week. If it is not moistened regularly, it will not wilt, but this can lead to spider mites.
To keep the leaves clean and tidy, you can occasionally give the plant a warm shower. An overly large shrub can be sprinkled with lots of water instead.
The palm does quite well in the shade, but the best place for it is on an east-facing windowsill. Hamedorea can be used to decorate a room with poor light. If the light is too bright, yellowing of the leaves will occur and the shrub will wither.
Wet weather should be abundant and you should make sure the substrate in the pot never dries out. This plant is a water-loving plant and therefore it should be watered quite often: 2 or 3 times a week.
However, make sure that the liquid does not stagnate in the substrate, as this can have a negative effect on the health of the palm.
In winter, the plant should not be watered more than once a week. Watering less often this way helps to prevent rotting of the root system.
There are different opinions about pot selection for chamedorrhea. There is an opinion that it has to be tight.
Other people think it should be very big. If you don't know which opinion to follow, then choose a pot with a circumference of a few centimetres bigger than the diameter of the root system.
Mixed soil is made by combining high-density sod soil with peat, sand and leaf earth. The acidity of the potting soil mixture can vary from 5 to 6.5.
If you decide to use a purchased potting soil mixture, then "Palma" is the right one for you. But it should be mixed with a small amount of sand.
In the warm season, feeding is carried out 1-2 times a month, for this use a universal mineral complex fertilizer, such as Agricola. However, it is necessary to use ½ of the dosage recommended by the manufacturer. During the winter months, the fertilizer in the soil mixture is not made.
While the bush is young, transplanting is carried out annually, and each time the container is replaced by a larger one. Keep in mind that adult chamedorrhea reacts negatively to transplanting. Therefore, adult specimens are transplanted only when the root system becomes very crowded. To understand this, pay attention to the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot, the roots should stick out of them. On average, an adult bush is transplanted once every 4-5 years.
In other years, however, it is recommended to simply replace the top layer of substrate with a new one.
Hamedorea 🌿How to transplant a palm🌴
It happens that large brown spots form on the leaves, they must be removed. Also all yellow, withered leaves are cut out, taking out some of the living tissue. The cut areas should be treated with a fungicidal solution. Some growers advise that the flower stems of young plants be cut out so that they can grow and develop better in the future.
The plant should be properly cared for during the dormant period, which occurs in winter. It is not fed, watered seldom, and kept cool during this period. Moisten the foliage with a sprayer in winter infrequently.
Growing from seeds
Hamedorea can be grown from seeds in room conditions. However, fresh seed should be used for this purpose.
The fact is that it loses 10 percent of its germination capacity each month. For sprouts to appear, the seeds must be harvested no more than 10 months ago. If you are growing a male and female chamedorea bush, you can manually pollinate the flowers, and after a while you will have your seeds.
Before you sow the seeds, they are soaked in water for 5 or 6 days. Before soaking, you should scarify the seed: use sandpaper or a file to scrape the strong seed coat on one side.
Individual small cups filled with a mixture of sand and peat are used for sowing. The seed is placed in the cup with the notched side down.
To cover the seeds with substrate is not necessary. You will need to make a mini-hothouse for the seeds, because they need heat and high humidity. They are provided with systematic airing, as well as watering.
If the seeds are collected by hand, the shoots will appear after 60 days, and from purchased - after 6-8 months. Once the leaf lamina reaches 40mm in height, the plant should be transplanted into a larger container.
How does a chamedorrhea propagate? | toNature. Info
Dividing the shrub
A mature, well-grown shrub should be gently pulled out of its pot and then the clump of soil should be removed with a jet of water. Divide the palm into several pieces and each piece should have strong roots and a fully formed shoot.
Each piece should be planted in its own pot. They will need about 30 days to adapt. After that, they will begin to grow.
A variety of problems can occur with room chamedoras, such as:
- The tips of the leaf platesdry. This means that the humidity in the room is low.
It is necessary to ventilate the room systematically and to moisten the bush in time with a sprayer.
- Yellowing of the leaves. Watering with hard water or too much light. Move the bush to shade and you will also need soft water.
- Decay on the foliage, drooping and withering.
This is most often seen in winter due to rotting on the root system. This can occur due to stagnation of liquid in the substrate. If it is not too bad, water less frequently and with less water, and don't forget to loosen the substrate. You can transplant the plant by cutting off the affected roots. Pour a layer of drainage in the bottom of the pot, loosen the substrate and add water-holding ingredients such as charcoal or sphagnum moss.
- Brown spots appear on the leaves. This occurs if the plant is watered too much or if it is very hard. Cut off the diseased foliage and adjust the watering, the water should be soft.
- The foliage becomes dark and wilting. This is due to overcooling of the chamedorrhea.
Provide the bush with suitable growing conditions.
- Flattering of the lower leaf plates. This is a natural process. Older leaves die off. The withered leaves are cut off and the cut areas are treated.
- The foliage has developed a cotton-mouth-like patina. This is due to powdery mildew. The palm is sprayed with an insecticide.
- Pests. In addition to mealybugs, the palm can also be infested by scabies and spider mites.
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Chamedorrhea species with photos and names
There are many species of chamedorrhea, below will be described those that are very popular among florists.
This one-legged perennial reaches 150-200 cm in height. The smooth trunk grows 6 or 7 pinnate leaf plates. Each leaf plate is divided into narrow-lanceolate dark green segments, there may be 8 to 15 of them.
The paniculate inflorescences are loose and formed of cobs consisting of red-orange florets. When the bush blooms, small black berries are formed.
Chamaedorea Ernesti-Augusta (Chamaedorea Ernesti-Augusti)
This plant has dark green foliage not divided into segments. It is very broad and large, with the plate sometimes dividing into 2 parts at the top. The species is characterized by slow growth.
It has a stem form: only one stem is formed from a single rhizome. The sprawling inflorescences consist of red ball-shaped flowers.
Chamaedorea elatior (Chamaedorea elatior)
The erect, long stems are similar in appearance to bamboo. When the lower leaf plate dies off, a ring of light color can be seen on the surface of the stem. At the top of the stem are 4 to 6 pinnately dissected leaf plates of a dark green color.
The lobes of the leaves are narrow-lanceolate with a pointed edge. The paniculate inflorescences consist of flowers of a deep orange hue.
Chamaedorea unicolor (lat. Chamaedorea Concolor)
The species is most unpretentious. The stems are slow-growing and reach about 100 cm in length.
The species is bushy as it grows several slender stems. At the top of the stem, the pinnately dissected foliage is colored with a greenish hue. The bushes bloom while still young and produce panicles of yellow flowers.
Chamaedorea Metallica (lat. Chamaedorea Metallica)
The feature of this species is its dark green foliage with a metallic glow.
The leaf plates are broad and not dissected. After a while, the trunk becomes thicker and more woody. This shade-loving palm is about two meters tall (it is shorter in indoor conditions).
The chamedorea palm is considered a very useful indoor plant because it is phytoncidally active. More specifically, the palm is able to absorb harmful substances from the air, making it cleaner.
It is able to absorb harmful fumes (such as ammonia, benzene, formaldehyde) as well as other volatile substances.
Hamedorea care at home