Cedar Pine: Description, Species, Planting And Care, Growing From Seed

The evergreen cedar pine tree has a powerful root system and a mighty trunk. This plant has been used in culture for a relatively short time. It is used for landscaping and decorating city parks and streets. In order for the plant to grow powerful and showy, a number of rules should be considered when planting and caring for it.

Peculiarities of cedar pine

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Homeland of cedar pine is Siberian forests.

Its height can vary from 35 to 40 meters. And its trunk can be up to half a meter across. However, one can meet real giants in forests as well, whose trunk diameter can be up to two meters.

Trees such as cedar (Cedrus) and cedar pine (Pinus) are often confused with each other. In fact, they are completely different plants that are members of the same family, the Pine family.

Cedar is not capable of surviving in a mid-latitude climate.

In appearance, these trees are similar to each other. However, they do differ. The needles of the cedar pine are about 10-20 centimeters long. Its needles are arranged in small bunches of 5.

Their incision is a triangular section.

The average lifespan of such a plant is about 400 years. However, among cedar pines there are real long-livers, whose age can reach 800 years.

The beginning of flowering is in May-June. The buds do not mature until the second year, and they fall off the branches together with the seeds.

The tree is a monodomous plant: It produces both male and female cones. Female cones are formed at the top of the branches near the apical bud. The male cones form in the middle of the branches, in the form of yellow stripes.

In natural conditions several varieties of cedar pine can be found, namely:

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Европейская

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Стланиковая

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Сибирская

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Корейская
  • Европейская (Pinus cembra);
  • Stolanic (Pinus pumila);
  • Siberian (Pinus sibirica);
  • Korean (Pinus koraiensis).

Siberian cedar pine has a spectacular crown of high density and compactness.

The length of the narrow and slender needles can vary from 10 to 13 centimeters. The needles contain valuable components such as amino acids, essential oils, vitamin C, iron and others. That is why it is a possessor of medicinal properties.

It is believed that the air in the forest of cedar pines has medicinal properties. The fact is that the needles release into the air specific phytoncides, distinguished by a powerful antiviral and antibacterial effect.

The resin, also called oleoresin, also has a pronounced healing effect. In addition to this antibacterial effect has a wood of this tree. Its fruits, which are in the form of nuts, are also very valuable. This product is notable for its nutritional and healing properties.

Where cedar pine grows

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

In nature, cedar pine is quite widespread in Russia.

It is found in the forests of the Siberian District, Khabarovsk Krai, and Primorye. It is also cultivated in the Leningrad Region, Siberia, Altai, near Moscow, in the Far East region and in the Urals.

This plant grows and develops well in each of the regions with a temperate climate. The main thing for it is not favorable weather conditions, but the composition of the soil.

For the Siberian cedar to grow powerful and spectacular, it is necessary to plant young trees in a nutritious soil.

After that, they should be given timely watering and feeding. Examples growing in city streets and gardens have an acceleration of fruiting by two or three times. At the same time, in nature, such a tree bears fruit for the first time only at the age of 40-50 years. And there are intervals of 5 to 8 years between fruiting. Specialists, however, have learned to shorten this period by two or three times.

Planning and care

Planning

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

In order to ensure good growth and proper development of cedar pine, you must choose a site most suitable for its planting. Its main characteristics are:

  1. The plot should be open and well lighted. However, for the first 10 years the tree will need shading from direct sunlight.
  2. If several trees are planted, the distance between them should be at least 8 meters.
  3. For this plant, clay soil is best and organic matter should be added.

The size of the planting hole should be twice the size of the plant's root system, taken together with the root ball. A quality layer of drainage about 10-12 centimeters thick is made on the bottom. After planting, the seedling is well watered: 5 liters of water per 1 bush. It is also necessary to carry out the installation of a support near the plant and its garter.

Sowing cedar: features of Siberian cedar pine and growing rules

Cedar pine care

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Cedar pine care rules are relatively simple:

  1. Since the root system of the tree is placed close to the surface of the ground, loosening the surface of the root circle is done very carefully.

  2. The young plant needs regular watering during its first years of growth. The reason is its high sensitivity to drought. The first feeding is performed one year after planting. It is recommended to fertilize the plant in summer.
  3. The weeds are not thrown away during weeding.

    It is used as an additional source of nutrients for the tree.

Trimming is done when necessary. However, the plant does not need any formative pruning unless otherwise stated in the manufacturer's instructions.

Production methods

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Cedar Pine is propagated by vegetative and seed propagation. As vegetative propagation, the method of grafting on a common pine tree is used.

But most often such a tree is propagated by seeds.

Tree grown as a result of grafting gives first fruits on the 7th-10th year of growth. In this case, pine grown from seeds in artificial conditions, begins to bear fruit only in the 20th year of growth.

Seed material of such a plant keeps high germination for a short time. That is why it is recommended to sow it immediately after the harvest, which is the last days of September or the first days of October.

If seeds are supposed to be sown in the spring, then they must be necessarily stratified. There are several stages in this procedure:

  1. Seeds are kept in warm water (25 to 30 degrees) for four to six days. Every 24 hours, the water should be replaced with fresh water.
  2. Further, the seed should be mixed with river sand or peat crumbs, and then it is poured into a container. The mixture should be periodically moistened and stirred.

    It should be kept at room temperature.

Seeds should have sprouts after 50-60 days. After that you can sow them in a permanent place. The soil in the selected plot should be loose and light. The following year, you can perform seedling picking if necessary.

# Cedar 👉 Cedar Pine🌲 How to Grow Cedar🌲 Complete cycle from A to Z🌲 Stratification, planting and care.

Diseases and pests

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

The greatest danger to cedar pine is the bark beetle. The activation of such a pest is observed immediately after the onset of spring warmth. It makes its way under the bark directly in the wood. It is possible to get rid of such a pest only at the initial stage of infestation, the obvious signs of which are small holes in the bark, which are filled with resin.

Also a plant can be severely harmed by the Siberian chermes. This insect is similar to aphids in its harmful effect on the tree: it settles on both adult and young plants and actively sucks the sap. It is difficult to kill the Hermes, because it has special fibrous growths on its body, which protect it from the harmful effects of poisonous substances. However, it is still possible to destroy the pest, for this purpose it is affected by insecticidal agents through the plant sap.

Cedar pine is most often affected by pine rust.

You can tell if the plant is affected by this disease by the formation of orange-colored bubbles on the surface of the needles. These will eventually turn into a powder that is a spore.

The shoot cancer and vesicular rust are particularly dangerous to such conifers. Both of these diseases are fungal. They can only be cured at an early stage of development.

Application and significance

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Siberian cedar pine has found wide use in industry. Its wood is used to make furniture, and it is also actively used in construction. It is very light, but it has a high porosity. This means that it quickly absorbs moisture, which is why this material is not recommended for use in rooms with high humidity.

This kind of wood is commonly used in:

  • making felts and patterns;
  • making furniture;
  • exterior decoration;
  • making lathe work;
  • making musical instruments.

Pale brown wood is slightly reddish in color. It is easy to work. If pine products are used for finishing, the boards are first treated with oil- or water-based sealants.

The oleoresin (sap of the plant) is widely used in medicine. Cedar pines include special tannins, which are used in the manufacture of leather.

The needles are used to prepare vitamin meal, which has found wide application in animal husbandry.

Nuts are extracted from the fruits, which are a valuable foodstuff. Most of the forest dwellers use these nuts as food. The shells serve as mulch.

Use in landscaping

Cedar pine: description, species, planting and care, growing from seed

Pine trees are used for landscaping in parks, private backyards, yards and streets.

This plant is very popular in culture as it has valuable useful properties and can also be a major site decoration in winter time.

This coniferous tree is often grown together with flowering crops and shrubs. Roses, tulips, hydrangeas and crocuses feel great near it. Such a pine tree is well suited for the role of an accent plant near the door of a hotel, house or other building. When choosing a suitable site, do not forget that this tree is tall.

Cedar pine is not suitable for creating a hedge. The fact is that when planting seedlings, it is necessary to keep the recommended distance between them. Still it is necessary to step back from paths, sidewalks, as well as communication systems. For example, wires can chip the top of a young tree.

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