Canadian Spruce Daisy White: Description, Planting And Care, Landscape Design

The spectacular Canadian spruce, Daisy White, is a miniature subspecies of Canadian spruce, which appeared by natural mutation. The first description of this variety was made by breeders from Belgium in 1979. It is very popular among gardeners because of its unusually spectacular appearance: this miniature tree has a high density cone-shaped crown and the young shoots have a subtle mauve, almost white color.

Peculiarities of the Canadian Daisy's White Spruce

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

The Canadian Picea glauca Daisy's White stands out for its very spectacularly colored needles. It inherited this characteristic from its parent plant, the blue or white Piceaglauca.

This miniature variety is very slow growing and never exceeds 200 cm in height. A mature tree will have a crown cross section of approximately 80 centimeters. Before it reaches the age of seven years, it will grow 20-40 mm a year, after that time it will grow faster, about 10 cm a year. When it reaches the age of eleven it slows down its growth again, which in time almost stops (from 10 to 20 mm). It differs from its parent species in its greater sensitivity to direct sunlight, which can leave burns on the young tree.

This Canadian spruce has a very dense crown, with relatively dense internodes on the branches, which is similar to Picea glauca conica, but they are not as long. The crown is striking in its lushness and high decorative value. Soft and long (about 90 mm) needles have an interesting color: their tops are light and bases are darker. They have a tart smell. The tree looks especially spectacular in the spring and summer, when new twigs grow.

They can be painted creamy-white, pale yellow, pale salade or bluish, which explains the high popularity of the plant among landscape designers.

Spread

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

The Canadian spruce Daisy White adapts rather quickly to the relatively difficult climatic conditions of Russia. However, the plant reacts extremely negatively to the polluted exhaust air. This tree is characterized by its capricious nature and demanding growing conditions.

As compared to Canadian spruces growing in their homeland, the trees in the Russian territory grow shorter.

At the same time, in the southern regions the spruce suffers from the scorching rays of the sun in summer, and in the northwest - from the burning of the needles in spring. Therefore, in order for this variety of spruce to grow and develop normally, it must be provided with suitable conditions.

Canadian Daisy's White / Daisy White spruce, Gold Kissen juniper and Hakuro Nishiki willow in the countryside.

Planning and care

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

Site selection

The best time to plant a Canadian Daisy's White spruce seedling in the open ground is in the deep fall. When selecting a place for planting such a tree, it is necessary not to forget its basic needs:

  1. A site that is not illuminated by scorching sunlight during the midday hours is excellent for planting.

    This crop is highly sensitive to overheating, as it can lead to sunburn and a decrease in ornamentality.

  2. No place that is in the shade is suitable for planting. Otherwise, the needles will fade and the young needles will lose their unusual color.
  3. The tree grows best in well-drained and light soil.
  4. The depth of groundwater should be at least 1.

    5 metres. Make sure you do not submerge the root canal as this could kill the tree.

Planting

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

Before you can plant your plant you should prepare the ground on the plot. The planting hole should be about 60 cm wide and up to 70 cm deep. At the bottom of the hole, you need to lay a thick layer of drainage (about 20 centimeters), to create which use claydite or fragments of bricks.

To plant a variety of Daisy White use a soil mixture of the following composition: leaf humus, sand, sod soil, acid peat and clay. 150 grams of nitroammophoska are added to the ready substrate.

The pit prepared for planting should be filled with the resulting soil mixture. After that, it is abundantly watered and left for half a month to soak. Then the seedling can be planted.

Make a hole in the hole filled with the soil mixture, and the depth of the hole should be such that the root neck of the seedling is at the same level with the surface of the substrate. Place the root system in the hole and fill it with soil, which should be carefully compacted so that no voids remain.

Please note that when you finish planting, the root neck of the tree should not be buried in the soil or be elevated above it. Before abundantly watering the plant, you should make a rim of soil around the edge of the hole. When the tree will be watered, and the moisture is fully absorbed into the soil, its surface should be mulched with acidic peat or coniferous bark.

This helps to protect the soil from drying out.

How to plant a Canadian spruce correctly. Care of a Canadian spruce

Care

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

This variety of Canadian spruce needs proper care. It requires systematic watering, sprinkling, shade from direct sunlight and also remember to loosen the soil surface in the root zone. Fertilizing is carried out twice a year, and special mineral complexes for conifers are used for this purpose.

It is also recommended to cut off diseased and withered branches in time. Sometimes it happens that an ordinary branch grows on the tree that does not fit the species. In such a case, it is recommended to cut it out, in order to preserve the ornamentality and variety of the plant. In this case, the best time for pruning excess branches is the last days of May. This is the end of active sap movement.

While the seedlings are young in winter they need shelter from severe frosts, and in summer from direct sunlight. A white non-woven material is used for this purpose.

Propagation methods

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

Gathering seeds from the Canadian Daisy White spruce is quite difficult, as cones on the plant are formed very rarely. However, only a wild species of Canadian spruce can be grown from the collected seed. In order to retain all the varietal qualities of the parent plant, grafting or cuttings are used for propagation.

The best time to propagate spruce with cuttings is in spring, when the tree begins to grow actively. Young shoots that reach 10 to 12 centimeters in length are suitable for making cuttings. They should be cut from the mother tree together with the heel (a piece of bark of the mother shoot). All needles should be removed from the lower part of the cuttings, after which they are immersed in a solution that stimulates root growth for 24 hours. After that, the cuttings are planted in a greenhouse, and it is recommended to use peat-sand mixture or moistened perlite for their rooting.

The cuttings are deepened into the substrate by about 20-30 mm.

The cuttings planted in the greenhouse in spring will take root by the coming of the autumn period. They should then be planted in individual pots that are filled with a nutritious soil mixture. The seedlings will not be ready for planting in the open ground until they are 4 or 5 years old.

Diseases and pests

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

For any conifers, which include the Canadian Daisy White spruce, the greatest danger is such diseases as: rust, rot, fusarium, spruce verticillium and wound cancer.

There are also all kinds of pests such as mites, Hermes, gall aphids, mealybugs and spruce sawfly. If signs of pests or any disease are noticed, all necessary control measures must be taken immediately. Diseased plants should be treated with fungicides and pests should be eliminated with insecticides.

More often the infection spreads throughout the plant from the inside of the crown. The fact is that it is characterized by high density.

And over the years, a large amount of dust, dried needles and branches accumulate there, resulting in a comfortable environment for the reproduction of pests and diseases. In this regard, experts recommend for prevention systematically (at least once every 3 years) to carry out the procedure of cleaning the inner part of the crown of the tree. To do this, the branches are gently pulled apart and remove all accumulated contamination. Then they are sprayed with a nutrient solution. The plant also responds well to systematic sprinkling, which not only moistens the plant, but also removes any mites, if any.

Application and value

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

Canadian Daisy White Spruce is especially appreciated for making the air around it cleaner by literally disinfecting it. The needles release special phytoncides into the air that actively kill pathogens. To ensure the protection of the site from dust, use group plantings of spruce. And also such a tree looks spectacular at any time of the year.

Use in landscape design

Canadian spruce Daisy White: description, planting and care, landscape design

Since the Canadian Daisy Wyatt Spruce has a miniature size, it looks great with other varieties of conifers as well as with herbaceous crops.

And it is used to decorate rockeries, squares, alpinaries and flowerbeds.

And also such a tree is excellent for small plots. In group plantings it is usually planted in the foreground, because its variegated color makes it an excellent addition to any decorative composition, including floral.

This plant feels great even in stony soil. Therefore it is very well suited for planting on stone slides in groups with other conifers.

Also the plant looks great in French and Japanese gardens, short-width squares and parterre lawns. Remember that if planted on the south side of the plot it will need shelter from the scorching sun.

This plant is suitable for container cultivation. Of course it is a bit complicated and time consuming, but you can take it wherever you want. This allows easy to implement a variety of design ideas, as well as optionally change the form of groups.

A spruce in a container for example looks very nice in resting places or as a hospitality area or for decoration of a front room.

There are gardeners who collect different varieties of spruces in order to create impressive plant compositions.

Canadian spruce Picea glauca Daisy's White / Sort description / Personal experience /

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