Ligularia is also called ligularia. It is directly related to a genus of herbaceous perennial plants in the Asteraceae or Asteraceae family. This genus includes more than 150 species of different plants. Ligularia (ligularia) in Latin translates as "tongue", referring to the shape of the marginal flowers of the plant. In natural conditions such plants can be found in Europe and in Asia.
In recent years, the elderberry has become increasingly popular with gardeners, with this plant displacing such garden regulars as peonies and phlox. They are shade-loving, bloom for more than eight weeks and can do without replanting for many years.
Peculiarities of bouzoulk
The bouzoulk can reach 1.2 meters in height. The stems are straight and bear large (up to 60 centimeters across) long-petioled triangular or heart-shaped leaf plates.
They may be painted violet-green, greenish or greenish-purple. There are species in which the front side of the leaflets is greenish-purple and violet on the reverse. Sometimes the leaf itself is green while the veins and petioles are purple or light red. Inflorescences-baskets can reach 10 centimeters in diameter and consist of many tubular, unattractive flowers, but marginal flowers are rather showy and may be colored orange, deep yellow or light red. Such baskets are part of inflorescences having a spike-like, paniculate, cystic or shield-shaped form.
The flower stalks can be up to 200 centimeters tall. The florets in the inflorescences open from the lower to the upper. Flowering begins in the second half of June and ends in mid-August or later. The fruit is a tufted seedpod.
Propagation of elderberry
The elderberry can be multiplied by bush division and by seeds.
The seeds are sown in the springtime in the open ground, and they are only buried by 1 cm. Before the seedlings appear, you should make sure that the soil is always moist. Seedlings that have emerged should be shaded from direct sunlight from lunchtime until evening. However, seeding is recommended to produce in November or December under the winter, and use recently collected seeds, over the winter they will be able to undergo natural stratification. Sown into seedlings in January or March (depending on the flowering time of the variety or species), they are transplanted into the open soil in May when there is no threat of frosts.
If the seeds have time to mature directly on the shrub and reach the soil surface, they will propagate by self-sowing. Seeded plants only begin to flower at the age of 4 or 5 years.
Transplanting and dividing
In the same spot, this plant can grow for about 20 years. However, once every 5 years the bush should be dug up, separated and replanted because the root system grows strongly and protrudes from under the soil. The best time for transplanting is spring, at the beginning of the growing season, at a time when the young leaf plates are just beginning to grow, as this is when the dividers will take root quickly and best.
The whole bush should not be dug out of the ground, you need to cut with a shovel the necessary part and dig it only. The resulting hole should be filled with soil, saturated with nutrients, then water the remaining bush. The excavated part of the plant should be well washed, and then, using a very sharp knife, divide it into dividers. Each piece should have at least one viable bud. The areas to be cut should be treated with crushed charcoal or manganese solution.
A planting hole should have a size of 40x40 centimeters, and the distance between the plants should be 100 to 150 centimeters. Before planting, 1.5 buckets of humus should be poured into the hole, along with a small amount of superphosphate and wood ash. Properly planted dividers already become very beautiful the next year.
In case you are going to plant a flowering plant during the summer, the bush should be prepared.
To do this, remove the flower stalks and cut off 1/3 of the leaves, starting with the lower leaf plates. It should be planted in the same way as the dividers (see above). The bush should be protected from direct sunlight, and make sure that the soil is moist all the time. Since you will be transplanting the bouzoulk in the summer, it will take a lot of energy from it until it takes root. In about 4 weeks it should fully take root.
For planting you should choose a shaded place, and the soil should be moist, rich in humus and nutrients. The best place is near a natural or artificial pond. After the beginning of the growing season in spring, it will be necessary to loosen the soil and cover it with a layer of mulch. In summer, you should systematically water the plant during drought, as well as, if the need arises, to tie the inflorescences. The longer the flower is under the scorching rays of the sun, the more frequent watering it will need.
Fertilizing should be done from the end of the spring period and until July, for this purpose, an infusion of cowpea in a ratio of 1:10 is used. In the autumn time, it is recommended to make humus in the soil by ½ of a bucket under the bush, but try not to get the fertilizer on the root system.
Diseases and pests
Buzulnik has high resistance to diseases and harmful insects. However, in the spring time bushes can be subjected to slug invasion, to avoid this, it is necessary to fill the soil surface near the plant with granulated superphosphate. In rare cases, such a flower gets powdery mildew.
Such fungal disease can be eliminated by spraying the bush with a solution of colloidal sulfur (1%) or manganese potassium (2.5 g of substance per bucket of water).
Buddinghead after flowering
To gather seeds after flowering, select a few inflorescences and tie a gauze bag over them to prevent self-seeding. The remaining flower stalks should be removed. This helps to stimulate the growth of the leaf plates, and you will also be able to prevent unwanted self-seeding.
In autumn, the leaves take on another spectacular color and decorate the garden until the second half of October. Once the inflorescences have ripened, you will need to cut them off carefully, and already indoors shake out the seeds, which should be checked to remove any debris. If you want to sow the seeds in the fall, spread them out on a piece of paper and wait for the right day for sowing. The seeds should be dried before being placed in the paper bag for storage.
After the first severe frosts have begun, you should cut back the part of the bush that is above the ground completely.
Afterwards you should cover the area with a layer of mulch. Although this plant is frost-resistant, a hard frost in a thin snow cover can damage the bunting.
Main species and varieties with photos and names
The species and varieties that are most popular with gardeners will be described below.
Przewalski's Buzzard (Ligularia przewalskii)
This plant is undemanding and unpretentious. It is often used to decorate garden areas that do not look very pretty.
The bush reaches up to 150 centimeters in height and has spike-like inflorescences and rugged leaf plates (similar to maple ones). Such a flower, despite its monumentality, looks very graceful. Flowering begins in the last days of July.
- Rocket. The flower stalks, which point upward, are up to 200 centimeters tall.
They have a huge number of yellow-colored baskets of inflorescences on them. The brownish-red shoots are very strong and do not need support. The leaf plates are almost round, heart-shaped and have a sharply serrated edge. The leaves are green in summer and crimson-burgundy in fall.
The leaf plates are maple-shaped. They are very large (larger than those of Rocket), with a diameter of about 25 centimeters. The bush can reach 1.7 m in height.
Toothed bush (Ligularia dentata)
This perennial plant reaches about 100 centimeters in height.
The large kidney-shaped leaf plates are part of the root rosette. The baskets are about 7-8 centimeters in diameter and are part of the panicle-like inflorescences. The reed flowers are pale yellow and the tubular flowers are pale brown. Flowering begins in August. The plant is moderately frost-resistant; if winter is harsh, it will need shelter.
- Desdemona. The florets are deep yellow and the leaf plates are brownish purple and have a serrated edge. It begins flowering in August.
- Otello. The glossy green leaf plates can reach 50 centimeters across.
On the underside, they are painted a deep burgundy color. Orange-mandarin-colored florets are part of the inflorescences, which reach 13 centimeters in diameter.
- Osiris fantasy. A dwarf variety that does not exceed half a meter in height. The front side of the leaves is dark green and the reverse side is maroon.
Flowering begins in July.
Gardeners also decorate their gardens with the species described below.
Kempfer's bushberry (Ligularia kaempferi)
This is a Japanese species. The upright shoots are slightly branched. The kidney-shaped, large root leaves are nearly round, irregularly toothed, and green in color.
They can be up to 25 centimeters in diameter. There is pubescence on the surface of the petioles. There are a large number of pale yellow baskets, reaching 5 centimeters in diameter. They are part of the shield-shaped upright inflorescences, which are located on branched pedicels. Flowering begins in July.
In the autumn the area with this plant should be covered with a layer of mulch. There is an early flowering variety. Its florets are colored gold, and the angular-round leaf plates are deep green. The leaves have a mottle of golden coloration.
In natural conditions can be found in Central Asia and the Far East.
The root-like lower long-petioled leaf plates are 30 to 45 centimeters long. The leaves are elliptical in shape and glaucous in color. A large number of yellow inflorescent baskets are part of the brushy panicle. The flower stalks are up to 150 centimeters tall. Does not need shelter in winter.
Wilson's bush (Ligularia wilsoniana)
Slightly branched straight shoots can reach 150 centimeters in height. Large kidney-shaped, long-petioled leaf plates are root-like. The upright inflorescences consist of a large number of small (about 25 mm diameter) yellow baskets. Flowering begins in July. The plant is winter-hardy, but needs shelter in winter.
The height of this rhizomatous perennial can vary from 0.3 to 1.3 m. The shoots are furrowed. The rosette leaflets may be heart-shaped and elongate, kidney-shaped or heart-shaped-triangular in shape.
The cyst-shaped inflorescence includes yellow baskets.
The species is very similar to Przewalski's boucle. However, its flowers are larger and its heart-shaped leaf plates are sharply serrated.
Fisher's bushberry (Ligularia fischeri)
The perennial plant can range in height from 0.3 to 1.
5 m. The rhizome is shortened, straight shoots are furrowed. The rosette leaflets may be heart-shaped or lance-shaped. They are 12-23 centimeters long and 10-25 centimeters wide. The tops of the leaves may be rounded or pointed and have long, thin petioles.
The flowers are deep yellow in color. The cyst-shaped inflorescences consist of 2-4 baskets, which vary in diameter from 25 to 40 mm. Flowering begins in the last days of June.
Ligularia x hessei
This is a hybrid plant created by crossing the toothed bouzoulion and Wilson. It bears many similarities to the toothed bouzoulnyk, for example, the baskets are gathered in a large shield, but the inflorescences are not as dense.
The baskets are 5 centimeters in diameter and are similar in appearance to chamomile. The leaf plates have a triangular-cordate shape. The bush is about 200 centimeters tall and 100 centimeters across. Flowering is observed at the end of the summer period.
Ligularia tangutica, or cross-leaved tangutica
This beautiful plant has a tuberous root that forms stolons.
It can be propagated very easily by dividing the rhizome, self-seeding of this species is unlikely. The height of the sparsely branched shoots varies from 0.7 to 0.9 m. The lacy leaflets are deeply dissected and feathery.
The elongated inflorescences consist of small yellow flowers. Flowering is observed in July and August.
Buzulnik Vicha (Ligularia veitchiana)
This perennial plant is about 200 centimeters tall. The heart-shaped leaf plates are up to 40 centimeters long. The spike-like inflorescences consist of many yellow-colored baskets.
Flowering begins in August. It is winter-hardy, but needs shelter for the winter.
Ligularia palmatiloba (Ligularia x palmatiloba)
The bush is about 180 centimeters tall and 100 centimeters in diameter. The large lower leaf plates are rounded and have deep lobes. The yellow baskets are part of the loose, brush-like inflorescences.
It begins to flower in July or August.
Busulnik Vorobiev (Ligularia vorobievii)
The large shrubs are about 200 centimeters tall and 120 centimeters in diameter. The dense, leathery, rounded leaf plates are dark green in color. The large baskets are part of the bunches. Starts flowering in August.
BUSULAR or LIGULARIA is a tall shade-loving perennial in the garden. Planting, care and breeding