Bubblewort: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties With Photos

The deciduous vesicarp shrub (Physocarpus) is a member of the rose family. The Latin name of such a plant consists of 2 ancient Greek roots, viz: "physo" - "bubble" and "carpos" - "fruit". There are 14 species in this genus. In the wild, bladderwort can be found in North America and in East Asia. When growing in the garden this shrub is very easy to care for and is capable of maintaining its spectacular appearance throughout the growing season.

Also this shrub is fast-growing and resistant to air pollution. Such a plant is grown as a single plant and used in landscape design. However, a hedge of bubbleberry looks most effective.

Peculiarities of bubbleberry

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The sprawling bush of bubbleberry consists of drooping branches that form a lush, spherical crown. As an adult, the bark peels off in broad strips.

It can reach a height of 300 centimeters. The three- to five-lobed leaf plates resemble the leaflets of the cranberry. The simple white flowers have many stamens. They are part of hemispherical inflorescences, which can reach 5-7 centimeters in diameter. Lush flowering occurs at the beginning of the summer period.

The fruits of such a plant also look quite spectacular, they are swollen leaflets, which are colored red when ripening. Only 2 types of vesicle are cultivated, and there are several spectacular varieties, the leaf plates of which have different colors.

Hedges: Bubblewort (Physocarpus opulifolius) 'Diabolo' and 'Luteus'

Putting Bubblewort in the open ground

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

When to plant

If you manage to buy seedlings with closed root systems in a nursery or garden center They can be planted outdoors at any time of the year (just not in winter). If the purchased seedlings have an open root system, then you should choose spring, and best of all autumn for their planting. For planting such a plant, a well-lit, open place, near which there will be no large trees will be suitable.

If the color of the leaf plates of the variety is green, then such a shrub will be able to grow normally and in a shaded area. To the soil bladderwort is not demanding, but it must necessarily be well drained, and its composition must include lime. If you want it to have the most decorative appearance, then you should choose loose loamy soil rich in nutrients.

How to plant

When preparing the planting hole bear in mind that the hole must be big enough to accommodate a layer of nutrient-dense soil (or a mixture of peat, turf, earth and sand) and the plant's root neck must be in line with the surrounding ground after planting. In this regard, it is recommended to prepare a hole by digging it and pouring fertile soil into it half a month before the planned day of planting, in this case, the soil will have time to settle well.

The seedling is placed in the planting hole together with an earthy lump, and remember that you should not add fertilizer to the soil during planting, because the young plant is simply not able to assimilate it normally. Then the hole will need to be filled with soil mixture (the composition described above) or soil saturated with nutrients. The planted shrub needs abundant watering. If the soil settles after watering, you will need to replenish it. The first few days you should observe that the vestibule circle of the bladderwort was always a little damp.

The plant should be covered with a layer of mulch (humus or peat).

Maintenance for the vesicle

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Watering this plant in good time is very important as it reacts very negatively to drought. When watering, make sure that the liquid does not get on the surface of the leaf plates and inflorescences because this can cause burns. Therefore, it is recommended to do this procedure in the early morning or in the evening. In summer, during the hot season, watering should be done approximately a couple of times a week, with 4 buckets of water per bush at a time.

Keep an eye on the condition of the leaves of the vesicle, because not only drought can harm it, but also overwatering of the ground can do it harm. If the area is not covered with mulch, every time the shrub will be watered, its surface should be loosened and weeded.

Feed the plant a couple of times a year (in spring and autumn). In springtime, feed the plant with the following mixture: 1 bucket of water with 500 grams of cowpea, 1 spoonful of urea and ammonium nitrate. For 1 adult bush, 1.

5 buckets of such a solution is taken. In the autumn time, a bucket and a half of a nutrient solution consisting of 10 liters of water and 2 big spoons of nitroammophoska should be poured under each bush.

Trimming

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This shrub needs systematic sanitary and formative pruning. During the spring, pruning for sanitary purposes should always be done by cutting off all stems and branches that are injured, diseased, frost damaged, and those that grow inside the shrub. By pruning the vesicle in the fall, you are preparing it for the coming winter.

Pruning to shape the crown can be done in autumn, but experienced gardeners recommend doing it in spring. In order for the bush to have a fountain shape, you need to cut all the thin stems at the base, leaving 5 or 6 of the most powerful, which should be shortened slightly. If you want the bush to be wide, it should be cut at a height of 50 centimetres. When the shrub is 6 years old, make a rejuvenating pruning on the stump. On thick stems, the cut areas should be smeared with garden varnish.

Shrub Pruning Pruning Vesicles

Repotting

It may be necessary to repot this plant in some cases, for example if you need to move it to another location. If the shrub is an adult, it should be transplanted in early spring before the buds swell or in the autumn after the leaves have fallen. The bush should be transplanted with a sufficiently voluminous root ball, and first it should be pruned, during which the injured, diseased and thickening stems should be cut off, and the remaining ones should be shortened to 0.2-0.3 m.

Thanks to this you will be able to make the load on the root system weaker, because during the adaptation it will be extremely difficult to feed the adult plant. Transplanting is done almost the same way as planting, only you should take into account that the vesicle in this case is already adult. The transplanted shrub should be watered with Heteroauxin or Kornevin solution, and the leaflets should also be sprayed with Epin or Ekogel-antistress.

Diseases and pests

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Potting and growing vesicle is quite easy, and the gardener will also be pleased that it is very resistant to pests and various diseases. However, if the soil will not be enough nutrients, the plant will develop chlorosis, which causes the top stems to dry out and the young leaf plates to turn yellow.

If you notice signs of this disease, you should spray the leaves or water the bush itself under the root with a solution of Ferrylene, Antichlorosis, Ferovit, but experienced gardeners recommend using Iron Chelate. As a rule, vesicles recover very quickly after this procedure.

Multiplication of vesicle

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Vesicle can be quite easily propagated vegetatively, namely by cuttings, grafts, and bush division. The generative (seed) method of propagation is also suitable for this purpose. The seeds are sown in spring or autumn and first have to be stratified for 30 days.

However, you should know that bushes grown in this way rarely retain the rich color of the leaves, which is inherent in the parent plant. And also growing bladderwort from seeds is quite a labor-intensive process. For this reason, it is recommended to resort to vegetative methods for its propagation.

Cuttings

Preparing cuttings should be done before the bush blooms. The green shoots of the current year are cut for this purpose.

The cuttings can be 10 to 20 centimetres long and each one should have two or three internodes. All the leaf plates at the bottom of the cuttings should be cut off, and those at the top should be shortened by ½ part. Prepared cuttings should be immersed in a solution of a product that stimulates root formation (for example, Kornevin). Then they are planted in a training bed in an earth mixture consisting of peat and sand. Water them and cover them with polyethylene film.

Taking care of the cuttings is very simple, they need to be watered in time and systematically aired. Rooted cuttings need sheltering in winter and may be planted permanently in spring.

Rooting Vesicle

How to propagate by grafts

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This method of propagation is the easiest and most effective. In the spring time, the most powerful and perfectly healthy shoot should be selected, which should certainly grow outward. With it, all the leaf plates should be cut off, leaving only those growing at the very top.

Then this stem is placed in a previously prepared groove, the depth of which should be about 12 centimeters, then it is fixed, using a staple made of wood (you can take hairpins), then the groove should be filled with soil. Throughout the vegetation period, the bran will need timely watering, weeding and loosening of the soil surface. By the time autumn arrives, the offshoot will need to give roots and should be separated from the parent bush and covered for wintering.

How to propagate by bush division

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Dividing the bush is the best way to propagate Vesicarbonica cinquefoil. This procedure is done in the spring or fall.

However, if you have experience and certain skills in this matter, you can also divide the bush in summer. For this procedure to be successful, it must be done very quickly because the root system in the fresh air must not dry out under any circumstances.

Horticulture in winter

Care in autumn

The shrub looks particularly impressive in autumn because this is when the leaves are colored in different colors. It is relatively frost hardy and only the branches that haven't had time to mature normally freeze in winter. But you should know that rooted cuttings as well as young specimens need to be covered for winter.

Preparing for wintering

In case weather forecasters predict a very frosty winter, you should also cover mature bushes of bladderwort. To do this you should carefully tighten the shrub with twine and then "put" a cone of ruberoid on it or loosely wrap it with lutrasil. But first of all you should cover the surface of the root zone with a layer of mulch (peat), which should be 5 to 8 cm thick. Young shrubs should be trimmed, their root zone mulched, and then covered with lapdot.

Bubbleberry species and varieties with photos and names

There are only 2 species of bladderwort currently cultivated, and more varieties and varieties of bladderwort.

Moorland (Physocarpus amurensis)

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This species can be found under natural conditions in North Korea, Northern China and the Far East but prefers to grow in mixed forests. This globular shrub grows about 300 centimeters tall. The young stems are brownish-red and smooth, with bark peeling off in longitudinal strips on older trunks. The three- to five-lobed leaf blade has a heart-shaped base and is about 10 centimeters long. Their front surface is dark green, while the reverse is whitish-gray because it bears stellate, felt-like hairs.

Corymbiform inflorescences consist of 10-15 white flowers, which are one and a half centimeters in diameter. Flowering lasts about 20 days. The fruit is a swollen leaflet which turns red when mature. This species is highly frost-resistant. It is used for hedges and as a group or solitary planting.

It has been cultivated since 1854 The most popular forms:

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

  1. Luteus. The leaf plates are colored a deep yellow in summer and turn bronze in the fall.
  2. Aureomarginata. The leaf plates have a border of dark golden coloration.
  3. Nana.

    This dwarf shrub has dark green monochromatic leaf plates.

Canberry tree (Physocarpus opulifolius)

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Native to eastern North America, this species prefers to grow in undergrowth and on riverbanks. This shrub with a hemispherical, lush crown can reach 300 centimeters in height. The elliptical three- to five-lobed leaf plates have an elongated large middle lobe and a serrated edge. Their front surface is green, while the underside is of a paler hue, sometimes pubescent.

The small (about 1.2 cm in diameter) flowers are pink or white and stamens are red. The fruit is a swollen pale green leaflet which turns red when mature. This species can be used for hedging and as a solitary or group planting. Cultivated since 1864.

The most popular varieties:

Bubblewort: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

  1. Darts Gold. The dense and broad bush can grow up to 150 centimeters tall. The yellow leaf plates turn greenish yellow in summer. The brush-like inflorescences consist of white or pink flowers.
  2. Diablo (red-leaved).

    The bush is about 300 centimeters tall. The color of its foliage is purple or dark red. If grown in a shaded area the leaves are green with a purple tint, but if grown in a sunny location the leaves are red. In autumn the color does not change. This variety is the most popular.

  3. Red Baron. The bush is about 200 centimeters tall. The bare, oval, three- to five-lobed leaf plates reach 7 centimeters in length and have a serrated edge. They are a showy dark red in color and are narrower than the Diablo vesicle. The umbrella-like inflorescences consist of white flowers with a pink tint, reaching a diameter of 5 centimeters.

    Its red fruits, which include 3 to 5 pointed pouches, are also quite showy. This variety is among the most valuable.

  4. Lady in Red. The bush can reach a height of 150 centimeters. This variety was bred by breeders in England.

    Leaflets of rich red color gradually become darker. The color of the delicate florets is white-pink.

Canberry bladderwort varieties. Review of varieties, planting and care.

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