Brunfelsia: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

Brunfelsia is a bright representative of the Nightshade family. Its distinguishing feature is its delicate, refined fragrance, which is not inferior to expensive perfume. The homeland of this fragrant beauty is the Antilles. It grows wild in South America. Under natural conditions, it reaches a size of about 3 meters, but grows very slowly.

The indoor brunfelsia is a compact bush up to 50 cm in size. The leaves of the shrub are long, matte, dark green. Inflorescences come in different colors - white, purple, pale purple. There are plants with inflorescences that change color.

The name of the amazing flower was given by the famous scientist Carl Linnaeus in honor of a colleague whose name was Brunfels Otto.

Many other folk names for the flower are known. One of them is "manaka." There once lived a girl named Manaka. Brunfelsia was her favorite flower because she used it to make a remedy for unrequited love. And that's no coincidence.

The plant's extract has psychotropic effects. This flower is considered a "sacred herb" by many shamans and sorcerers. It gives off a pleasant scent after the sun goes down.

Home care for brunfelsia

Brunfelsia: home care, replanting and propagation

One variety of the plant, brunfelsia smallflower, can be grown in room conditions. There are also subspecies that are similar in color and shape of flowers.

Brunfelsia has large flowers of different colors. It starts blooming in early spring. The flowering period ends in late autumn. The lifespan of a single flower is short - 2-3 days. New flowers bloom constantly, so it seems that it blooms continuously.

During flowering, the shrub looks great, being covered with fragrant bright purple flowers.

Brunfelsia will decorate any dark corner indoors. It grows well in the shade. It will please you not only with its excellent fragrance but also with its lush blooms.

Location for the flower

Brunfelsia: home care, replanting and propagation

Brunfelsia is best placed on a shady window sill.

It likes diffused rays of sunlight. But if the weather is overcast, the leaves of the beauty will be pale and it will not bloom lushly. From bright light, the plant can get sunburn. In this case, the plant should be shaded with a light cloth. It will be most comfortable in a window located in the east or southeast.

With the right light, Brunfelsia blooms will be spectacular and the foliage will be fleshy and bright.

Brunfelsia is a tall plant. It needs free space for normal growth and development. In summer, the purple beauty can be taken out on a balcony. But a hot place does not suit her.

It will not die from the heat, but it will bloom later. The plant should be sprayed more than watered.

Temperature and humidity

Brunfelsia: home care, replanting and propagation

Brunfelsia is a tropical flower that likes a humid climate. The ideal temperature to keep it is 12-15 ºC. During the period of intensive growth, the culture is provided with a temperature of 20-22 ºC.

With the onset of autumn, the indicators are reduced to 9-14ºC, so that the buds are formed in time.  The low indoor temperature should remain for about 8-12 weeks. Then it is gradually raised. The plant needs constant spraying if growing it at home. When the brunfelsia blooms, the spraying stops.

The fragrant beauty is placed on a tray with wet gravel. It is equally important to ventilate the room in which the beautiful flower is.

Pouring

Brunfelsia is a moisture-loving plant. It should be watered regularly, using soft water (standing or rainwater). The watering liquid should be slightly acidified, because the fragrant flower prefers acidic soils.

During flowering, the plant is watered twice a week. During the cold season, watering is reduced to once. Do not allow the water to stagnate in the tray. It must be drained. Overwatering the soil leads to rotting of the roots.

If the ground lump dries out, the plant will drop flowers and buds.

Feeding

Brunfelsia: home care, replanting and propagation

Regular feeding will help stimulate Brunfelsia flowering. Compound mineral fertilizers are used as fertilizer. Fertilize the flower 2-4 times a month.

Trimming

Brunfelsia blooms at the end of February.

The plant is then pruned to form a future shrub. If this moment is missed, the shrub will extend greatly in length. Pruning promotes the formation of new shoots. Observance of optimal conditions is the key to repeat flowering. The shrub will be compact and neat.

After flowering, the fragrant flower should be rested. The shrub should rest for 2-3 months. The indoor temperature should be between 10-15ºC.

Propagation

Brunfelsia: home care, replanting and propagation

There are several ways to propagate brunfelsia. New offspring can be obtained by sprouts and single and semi-trunked cuttings.

Seed propagation is also practiced. But this method has its own nuances.

Wet mixture of perlite and peat is used for rooting shoots. The temperature in the room should not fall below 25 degrees. It is best to root in summer.

Young seedlings need to be pruned. When obtaining new copies of brunfelsia by seed, seedlings are grown in a mini greenhouse in a substrate of peat and sand. The procedure can be done from December to April.

Transplanting

Brunfelsia: home care, replanting and propagation

The exotic beauty should be transplanted after flowering. Young specimens need to be transplanted regularly.

Mature plants are transplanted every year. But the top layer of soil should be renewed annually. Brunfelsia will grow well in a fertile substrate with a neutral reaction. The soil should be nutritious, loose, good water and air permeability. The soil mixture should consist of leaf soil, garden soil and river sand (proportion 2:2:1).

Peat in this substrate also does not hurt. Sandy soil designed for flowering plants will also work. For planting, it is best to choose a medium-sized pot. Do not forget about good drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. Place clay cuttings or pieces of expanded clay on the bottom of the container.

Pests

Brunfelsia: home care, replanting and propagation

The main pests of brunfelsia are scutes. These bloodthirsty insects suck the cell sap of the shrub. This causes the leaves and flowers to wilt. They become pale and gradually fall off. Unfortunately, it is not possible to remove the pest mechanically.

Insecticides are used to control the scab.

Sluggish leaves indicate that the plant is infested with spider mites. If the bright flower has cobwebs in the internodes on the stem, the mite has got there. To get rid of it, the petals should be washed with a soapy sponge and give the beauty a warm shower. If the pest appears on the shrub during flowering, it is not necessary to spray it.

In case of severe mite infestation, brunfelsia is treated with a solution of Actellic.

In some cases, the beautiful flower can be threatened by aphids, whitefly, powdery mildew. If it is grown in the garden, slugs and snails can attack the attractive shrub. In this case, it is treated with special means.

Brunfelsia is a capricious and willful plant, giving the owners a lot of trouble.

But beautiful flowers of original shape will make you forget about all the problems. However, it should be remembered that the flower is poisonous. When taking care of it, precautions must be observed. The greatest danger is the fruit of the plant. They look like small orange-colored tomatoes.

They should not be taken in the mouth.

Rare room plants Brunfelsia. Garden World website

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