A plant such as the brassia (Brassia) is a perennial and belongs to the orchid family. In the wild, this orchid can be found in tropical America, and it prefers to grow in moist forests. There are about 30 species in this genus, which are very similar to each other.
This orchid differs from the others in that it has very unusual flowers, because of which it is also called a "spider orchid". They are painted yellow in various shades, and on their surface are convex brownish speckles.
You can also find species with almost brown flowers with green-yellow spots. The sepals are up to 15 centimeters long and have an elongated shape. As a rule, the inflorescence has from 6 to 8 flowers, and in some cases even more. Externally, this inflorescence is very similar to the insect millipede.
The single pseudobulbs of this flower are thick and most often hidden under the leaflets.
The strap-shaped, lanceolate leaves are fan-shaped. When the pseudobulb has finished developing, the pseudobulb dies off and another one forms near its base and grows.
This flower has many advantages. For example, it is unpretentious, grows and develops well in room conditions, and its flowering lasts the whole year. Often Brassia verrucosa is sold in stores, the reason being that it is the most undemanding in care.
Even an inexperienced florist can cope with it. The flowers of this orchid are very fragrant, and its scent is more than specific and similar to the smell of vanilla. A large number of florists consider this fragrance very pleasant, and others do not like it, which is often argued between them on flower forums. Brassica hybrids, which not only differ in appearance, but they also have different scents, are most commonly available in flower stores.
Brassia orchid spider.
Maintenance and care.
Home care of the spider orchid
This plant really likes bright light, but it should be diffused. This orchid is recommended to be placed on window sills on the east or west side of the room. If the brassia is placed on the southern window, it will need a little shade. In the northern part of the room it can be put only in summer, because in the cold season she will not have enough light and therefore it will not bloom.
Also in winter the plant needs extra light since it needs at least 10 hours of light a day.
This flower feels best at a temperature of 23-25 degrees. But it also grows and blooms well at normal room temperature. It can even be raised in a rather cool room (15 degrees). To stimulate flowering, the brassica needs a difference of day and night temperatures, and the difference between them should be about 5-6 degrees.
Also specialists advise to lower the temperature during the maturing of new bulbs (beginning of their rounding) to 17 or 18 degrees Celsius during the daytime, which also stimulates flowering. There it will definitely get enough light and it will also provide the necessary temperature variation.
In wild conditions, this flower grows in humid rainforests. Therefore, the plant needs very high humidity (the higher the better) in order to feel well in room conditions. Low humidity during the winter can be very damaging to the plant.
During the fall and winter you can place the plant as far away as possible from the heating pipes. It is also advisable to sprinkle the plant as often as possible and a humidifier can also help.
How to water
In the warm season, it is recommended to water the plant by lowering the flower pot into a bucket full of water (hold for 20 to 30 minutes). When the pot is taken out, wait for the excess liquid to drain off. In winter, water more sparingly, but make sure that the pseudobulbs do not shrivel.
Flowers with experience recommend that you systematically check whether flower stems have formed. Once they are found, you should not water the brassia for 7 days. The soil in the pot should almost completely dry out. If you continue regular watering, new bulbs will begin to grow instead of flower stalks.
A special earth mixture for orchids is used for planting.
You can make it yourself by mixing sphagnum moss, pine bark and top peat. It is also recommended, to put in pieces of charcoal and add more moss.
Brassia does not need to be replanted regularly. This procedure should only be done when necessary. Thus, the plant is repotted if it no longer fits in the flower pot and the bulbs hang over the edge.
When transplanting, it should be taken into account that the bulbs grow only on a certain side. Therefore, it is necessary to leave more free space on the right side. It is recommended to plant the flower deeper. The top of the pot should leave free space. The fact is that the young bulbs form slightly higher than the old ones, and it will be necessary to top up the soil.
Orchidia Brassia. Scheduled transplanting.
Fertilize the soil once every 4 weeks in the spring and summer. Use orchid fertilizer and follow the instructions that come with it. Fertilizing is done in conjunction with watering or while spraying the leaves.
In the winter time feeding is not carried out, especially if the room temperature is low. The flower should be given a short resting period.
In case the bush is overgrown, it is carefully divided. Take into account that each division should have at least 3 pseudobulbs, which should be mature.
Pests and diseases
Spider mites can settle.
To remove it, you should give the flower a warm shower (water temperature about 45 degrees).
Root rot can occur if there is too much water in the soil and the room is quite cool. The leaves will turn yellow and wilt. Then it dies off and the flower itself dies.
Brassia: more or less LUCKY orchos
Brassia species with photos
There are over fifty varieties of the Brassia genus.
In culture, the following are most common:
Brassia verrucosa (Brassia verrucosa)
The most common and unpretentious species. The plant is up to 50 cm tall and produces an inflorescence of greenish-yellow pale flowers. The narrowed petals have a glossy surface. Flowering occurs at any time of year.
Brassia spotted (Brassia maculata)
The buds of this species are somewhat larger than the others and have a rich yellow coloration with purple speckles.
Vanilla notes dominate the aroma of the flowers.
Brassia caudata (Brassia caudata)
Has elongated, curved pedicels with pale lemon flowers. Blooms are accompanied by an intense fragrance.
Flowers resemble small stars, they cover the plant abundantly.
Orchidia with pale yellow flowers that reach 15 cm in size.
Orchidia features elongated inflorescences with small yellow flowers covered with brownish dots.
There are also hybrid varieties of orchids:
- miltassia (a mixture of brassica and miltonia) has spider-like purple flowers with shortened sepals;
- Bakerara (hybrid of Brassia, Miltonia, Odontoglossum, Oncidium) - plant with very bright, mottled flowers;
- Brassidium (mixture of Brassia and Oncidium) - flowers are also shaped like mottled spiders with short legs.