Birdwort: Planting And Care In The Open Ground, Growing In The Garden

The bulbous herbaceous perennial birdwort (Ornithogalum), or ornithogalum, is a member of the hyacinth subfamily of the asparagus family. Under natural conditions it can be found in subtropical and temperate regions of Southern Africa, the Mediterranean and Western Asia. 1 species of Ornithogalum grows in South America, several in Eurasia and 4 in North America. In total there are about 150 species of ornithogalum. The Latin name of the plant is made up of two words: "ornis" meaning "bird" and "gala" meaning "milk", resulting in "bird's milk".

This plant has very unusual star-shaped flowers, due to which it is called "star of Bethlehem" in England and "milk star" in Germany.

Brief description of growing

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

  1. Planting. The bulbs are planted in the ground - in August or September.
  2. Flowering. About three weeks from early to late May.

  3. Brightness. Bright light or semi-shade.
  4. Soil. Sandy, water permeable.
  5. Pouring.

    Regular, moderate.

  6. Feeding. With a solution of complex mineral fertilizer in late summer.
  7. Propagation. By babies, bulbs, and seeds.

  8. Pests. Spider mites, aphids.
  9. Diseases. Resistant to all diseases.
  10. Properties.

    Medicinal plant with analgesic, antimicrobial, and wound-healing properties.

Birdweed. Cultivation, care, treatment and properties.

Peculiarities of birdseed

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

The ornithogalum bush can vary in height from 0.3 to 0.

85 m. The bulbs are 2-5 centimeters in diameter and can be ovoid, rounded or oblong in shape. They have dense covering scales on their surface. Radical leaf blades of strap-shaped or linear shape with a whitish central vein grow somewhat before the flower arrows. There are species in which the leaves grow in autumn and remain on the shrub in winter, withering away in summer.

Inflorescences with cyst or corymbiform shape consist of light yellow or white flowers, they have no fragrance, but there is a stripe of green across the front surface of the perianth leaves. The fruit is a small capsule with flat roundish black seeds.

If you are going to grow this plant keep in mind that there are poisonous species as they contain cardiac glycosides and there can also be unspecified alkaloids. Sprouts and bulbs of other species are edible, they are eaten as asparagus. There are about 10 varieties of ornithogalum cultivated.

The following will describe in detail how to plant, grow and propagate this flower as well as tell you about its medicinal properties.

Putting birdwort in the open ground

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

When to plant

Birdwort can be grown from seed but will not flower until 4-5 years after it appears in seed. Experienced gardeners recommend buying bulbs in a specialized store and planting them in open soil in September or August. Planting and raising this plant is very easy, so even the inexperienced gardener will be able to cope.

Precautions for planting

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

A well-lit site is recommended for this flower, but it can also grow in a shady place.

The soil must necessarily be water permeable, so choose sandy rather than clay soil. The depth of planting bulbs should be 6 to 10 centimeters, and the distance between them should be 15 to 20 centimeters. In the prepared hole, the bulb should be immersed and covered with soil. Then the planted plants should be well watered. Then all you have to do is wait for the sprouts to show up in the spring.

Garden care for birdwort

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

There is nothing complicated about caring for ornithogalum. It just needs to be watered systematically in moderation. If water stagnates in the soil, rot will appear on the bush, the inflorescences will die off, and the leaf plates will turn yellow. Watering should be reduced during flowering and the appearance of capsules with seeds. This plant begins to bloom depending on the species from the first and last days of May, the duration of flowering - about 20 days.

In autumn this flower is recommended to fertilize, using for this purpose organic fertilizers. However, if the soil in the area where it is growing is rich in nutrients, no feeding can be done.

In some cases, spider mites appear on the shrubs. Insectoacaricides are used to kill it. Also on this plant sometimes settles aphids, from which you can get rid of such means as Antitlin and Biotlin.

Do not be alarmed, however, as this flower is relatively easy to care for.

Potting

To ensure that the plant develops normally, it must be transplanted early. If left untransplanted for a long time, the bulb will have many offspring, and this will have a negative effect on the appearance of the plant. Without replanting, the birdseed can do no more than 6 years, but experts advise this procedure once every 4 years. When transplanting, the offspring should be torn from the bulb and planted in a new permanent place, which can be sunny or shaded.

This procedure is recommended in the last days of summer or in spring.

Raising birdwort

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

We have already said that this flower can be propagated both by baby plants and by the generative (seed) method. Remember that the seeds need stratification, which should last 3 or 4 months, for this reason they are sown in open soil under the winter in prepared grooves of little depth. In the spring time seedlings should appear. If there is a desire, the birdwort can be grown through seedlings.

Sowing into seedlings should be carried out in early spring. Plastic cups or a container can be used for this purpose. Use light and loose soil to fill the container. After 3 or 4 true leaf plate appears, you need to start hardening the seedlings. To do this for 16-18 days they need to be every day to take out into the fresh air, with the time of finding seedlings outdoors to increase gradually.

Plant out only when the plants can be outside 24 hours a day.

After flowering

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

After the leaves have completely wilted, they should be pruned. In the middle latitudes and southern regions, the plant does not need to be sheltered for the winter. However, if the winter period is low snow and quite frosty, the area where the ornithogalum grows should be covered with lapnuts. If you grow heat-loving species, which include doubtful and Arabian birdwort, then the bulbs should be dug in the autumn and planted in flower pots or put in the cellar for the winter.

They are planted in the garden in the spring.

Purposes of birdwort

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

Ornitogalum is noted for its wound-healing, analgesic and antimicrobial effects. This plant is used to treat bruises and wounds, eliminate inflammation and soreness in the joints, cleanse the body of salt, treat headaches, and it is also used for swelling. If such a flower grows in the home, it will purify the air in the apartment, as it contains a large amount of phytoncides.

When it should be considered that the healing properties have only bird's-footed boletus, also referred to as Indian onion.

Absolutely all parts of this plant, including flowers and bulbs, are therapeutic. However, these properties do not appear immediately but only in the second year of life.

Healing properties of Indian onion and treatment methods.

Birdshell species and varieties with photos and names

The most popular species of Ornithogalum will be described below.

Birdshell Arabian (Ornithogalum arabicum)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

Native to this species is the Mediterranean.

Under natural conditions it can be found in Israel, in which country the birdwort is translated as "hawk's milk". The root rosette is made up of pale green linear leaf plates. The flower stalk is about 0.85 m tall. The dense, sparsely flowered inflorescence consists of flowers, which reach a diameter of 5 centimeters and are white with long pedicels.

Cultivated since 1574

Boucheanum (Ornithogalum boucheanum)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

Wildly this species can be found in the European part of Russia, Asia Minor, the Balkans and Moldova, growing preferably in river valleys. It is named after P. Busch, who was a botanist at the Botanical Gardens of Berlin in the first half of the 19th century. The bush may not reach more than half a meter in height. The grooved linear leaflets vary in width from 0.

5 to 1.5 centimeters, their coloration is deep green, with a longitudinal light stripe on the inner surface. The tassel-shaped inflorescences include 20 to 50 florets, the edge of the perianth leaflets of which are wavy.

Doubtful birdwort (Ornithogalum dubium)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

Native to this orange birdwort, South Africa. The pyramidal, brush-shaped inflorescence consists of orange, red, deep yellow or white flowers, with hazel-bronze or green bases of the pericarp segments.

The greenish-yellow leaflets are slightly pubescent around the edges. The stems with flowers are often used to make bouquets because they can retain their freshness for a long time. This species is not cultivated in European countries. The most popular varieties:

  1. Balerina. This variety can be grown both in the garden and in room conditions.

    The color of the flowers is deep orange.

  2. Sunshine. The coloration of the flowers is yellow.

Fischer's bird (Ornithogalum fischerianum)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

In natural conditions this species can be found in Kazakhstan, Western Siberia and the European part of Russia, preferring to grow on salt marshes and in wormwood steppes. This species was named after a botanist who was famous in the 19th century.

The shrub can reach a height of 0.6 m and its truss-like inflorescences are about 0.25 m long, containing 8 to 20 flowers. There is a narrow band of green coloration on the front surface of the white leaf plates.

Flowered birdwort (Ornithogalum nutans)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

In natural conditions can be found in the Mediterranean, Balkans, Scandinavia and the European part of Russia.

The bush is about half a meter tall. A whitish streak runs along the inner surface of the greenish-gray leaf plates. The drooping inflorescences consist of 5-12 flowers. The perianth has a broad green band on the outer surface of its leaves. Cultivated since 1600

Ponticum ponticum, or Ornithogalum pyrenaicum

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

In natural conditions it is found in the Crimea and the Caucasus, preferring to grow on stony slopes, on marges in the middle of bushes, in fields and along roads.

The height of such flowers reaches almost 100 centimeters. The color of the leaf plates is greenish-blue. The inflorescences are about 0.4 m long and about 7 centimeters wide. These inflorescences may contain from 30 to 95 flowers, with a narrow band of green coloration running along the outer surface of the perianth leaves.

Saunders' birdwort (Ornithogalum saundersiae)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

The species can only be found in the wild in South Africa, so its frost resistance is rather low. The dark green to greenish-gray leaf laminae are about 0.6 m long. Shoots can reach a height of 100 centimeters. Inflorescences with pyramidal shape consist of cup-shaped white or cream-colored flowers with very beautiful black or greenish-black ovaries.

Flowers are used for cutting and bouquets. This species is characterized by its constant need for moisture.

The Ornithogalum narbonense

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

Wild habit can be found in Southern Europe, North Africa and Western Asia and they prefer to grow in clay soils. The height of the shrub can vary from 0.4 to 0.

8 m. The color of the linear leaf plates is greenish-blue. The cyst-shaped inflorescences may contain up to 50 medium-sized white flowers, with a thin green band on the outer surface of the perianth leaves. Flowering is observed in the first days of June.

Large bird (Ornithogalum magnum)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

In the wild it can be found in the Pre-Caucasus and Transcaucasus.

The coloration of the leaf plates is pale green. The white flowers have a narrow stripe of green. The dense brush-like inflorescence consists of 20-60 flowers.

Pyramidalum pyramidale (Ornithogalum pyramidale)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

Wildly this species can be found in Central Europe and the Balkans. The bush can vary in height from 0.

3 to 1 meter. The leaf laminae are greenish-blue in color. The outer surface of the white leaflets of the perianth contains bands of green coloration. The tassel-shaped inflorescences can vary in length from 0.25 to 0.

5 m, with 20 to 100 flowers. This species has been cultivated since 1574.

The Balansae (Ornithogalum balansae), or Schmalhausen's (Ornithogalum schmalhausenii)

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

This species grows in the subalpine as well as the alpine belt of the Caucasus and Asia Minor. This species was named after a rather famous botanist and scientist of the 19th century, Balansa. The bush of this species can reach a height of only 0.

1 m. The sickle-shaped, curved, scalloped leaves may be olive or green in color. Its flower stalks are only 5 cm high and bear three white flowers with a green stripe three centimeters in diameter.

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

This species is one of the most popular in culture. Under natural conditions it can be found in the forests of the Western Mediterranean, Asia Minor and Western and Middle Europe.

The bush can reach a height of about 0.25 m. The chevron-shaped, linear leaves have a longitudinal stripe that is whitish in color. The umbrella-like inflorescences consist of 15-20 small (about 25 mm in diameter) white-colored flowers with a broad longitudinal stripe of green.

The pintail (Ornithogalum caudatum), or Indian onion

Birdwort: planting and care in the open ground, growing in the garden

This flower has medicinal properties, though it is poisonous.

Its homeland is South Africa. The sprawling bush consists of strap-shaped broad hanging flat leaf plates that can reach 0.8 m in length. The tassels, consisting of 50-100 flowers, can be up to 100 cm long. The fragrant white flowers have a pale green middle.

Horticulturists also cultivate such species of birdwort as: arched, fringed, Husson, mountain, flat-leaved, Shelkovnikov, Zintenis, Tempsky, Transcaucasian, Tirsovid and Voronov.

🌼 Birdwort flower - outdoor planting and care and growing, species and varieties of birdwort

.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *