Begonia Tuberous: Planting And Care At Home, Propagation

The beautifully flowering houseplant Begonia tuberhybrida is a member of the Begonia family. It was bred by crossbreeding, with no fewer than seven species involved. This plant is represented by both simple and large varieties, with flowers ranging in color from bright red to snow-white. Distinguish both the ampelic and bush form of tuberous begonia.

The dormancy period of such a flower is pronounced brightly.

At the same time, when the bush is in a state of rest, there is a complete die-off of its parts above the ground. In the middle of July there is an active flowering of begonia. On one bush both female and male flowers are formed. The duration of life of one flower is from 10 to 15 days. If you take care of the flower correctly and create suitable conditions for it, it will bloom for a very long time and without interruptions throughout the entire growing season.

This perennial needs regular rejuvenation. It is characterized by a fast growth: in a year the bush can become 3 times bigger. Flowering is observed throughout the year, except during the winter months, when the plant is resting.

Brief description of cultivation

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

  1. Temperature regime. This flower feels best at temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees.

  2. Humidity of air. Needs regular moistening from a sprayer.
  3. Lightness. Needs plenty of bright light, which should be diffused. Protection from direct sunlight is necessary.

  4. Pouring. Moisten the potting soil liberally after the top layer has dried.
  5. Substrate. It should be moist, loose and nutritious.
  6. Fertilizer.

    As long as the bush is flowering, it is fed with a mineral complex for flowering crops.

  7. Repotting. It is done once a year at the end of dormancy period.
  8. Propagation. By cuttings, seeds and division of tubers.

  9. Care features. If the bush feels an acute lack of moisture and nutrients, simple flowers may form instead of terry flowers.

Tuberous begonia - growing from sowing seeds to flowering

Home care for tuberous begonia

To ensure proper development and lush flowering, try to create optimal growing conditions and avoid mistakes in care.

Flowering

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

The flowering of such a spectacular plant in room conditions lasts until the last days of October. And it is the growth conditions that determine whether the male flowers will be either terry or simple.

Terry flowers either have no stamens or very few. This can cause problems with pollination.

In order to collect seed, the parent bush should be planted in a substrate with a minimum of nutrients. This will allow the begonia to form simple flowers whose anthers and stamens will be perfectly developed.

Temperature

For the development of the bush to occur within normal limits, it must be provided with a constant moderate room temperature: 22-25 degrees.

On hot days in the summer, the plant begins to bloom less abundantly and grows more slowly. This is due to the fact that the bush is under stress. At this time, it is recommended to move it to the garden if possible and choose a place for it in the shade of a tree.

Air Humidity

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

If the room will be kept high humidity, the bush will grow faster and bloom more lushly due to this. However, you should never use a sprayer to moisten the plant itself.

If any water droplets get on the flowers and leaves, brown spots will appear in these areas. To increase the humidity safely and effectively, an open container full of water should be placed next to the flower.

Lightness

For the Tuberous Begonias growing in an indoor culture, it is important to provide plenty of bright, diffused light. At the same time, direct rays of the sun should not hit the flower. The best place for it is a southwestern or southeastern window sill.

At midday, the bushes should be protected from the bright sun. If this rule is neglected, sunburns may appear on the foliage.

Pouring

Wet the soil in the begonia pot liberally. However, make sure that liquid does not stagnate in the roots. Even if the substrate is overwatered once, this can cause rot at the base of the stems or tubers.

The bush should be watered with well-drained water that is slightly above room temperature.

Substrate

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

Free, moist and fertile soil is suitable for cultivating this begonia. To prepare the substrate yourself, you need to mix river sand, humus and decomposed leaf soil (1:1:4). If you like, you can buy the potting soil at a specialist store for growing begonias.

Feeding

For better growth and flowering, you should systematically feed the shrub: During the growing period you only need to fertilize the substrate two or three times.

A full mineral fertilizer for flowering crops will do.

Transplanting Begonia tuberous

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

Transplant Begonia tuberous in the last days of February. At this time the tubers are still arriving in "hibernation." Carefully pull the tubers out of the potting soil and trim off any remaining roots. Then plant them in new substrate.

Transplanting a tuberous begonia. Spring care of begonia

Wintering

From the last days of October, there is a gradual die-off of the part of the bush above the ground. When all the leaf plates have fallen off, the substrate in the pot is no longer watered. Completely withered stems should be cut off, and then the container with the tubers is moved to a place where it is always cool and dry. In this place, they will remain until the end of winter.

Propagation methods

Bolting

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

Begonia tuberous can be propagated by cuttings. Well-developed lateral shoots are suitable for this purpose. For rooting, they are planted in substrate or placed in a glass of water. When planting in the soil, the cuttings are deepened by 20-30 mm. To prevent rotting of the cuttings, the surface of the soil mixture is covered with a thin layer of river sand, which must be pre-heated.

The planted cuttings should be covered with a polyethylene bag or glass jar from above. The first roots should show after 15-20 days. It is best to cuttings begonia in the spring and early June.

A simple way to propagate tuberous begonias

Growing from seeds

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

To grow this crop from seeds, they should be sown in February-March. Use a substrate that is moist and friable.

Spread the seeds on the surface of the soil mixture and then moisten it with a sprayer. Cover the seeds with clear film or glass. Until the first seedlings appear, provide constant heat (24 to 27 degrees Celsius).

Systematically moisten the seedlings with warm water from a sprayer and ventilate them. Generally, the first seedlings show after 1.

5-2 weeks. Once this happens, remove the seedlings to a cooler place (18 to 20 degrees). Picking of the plants is carried out twice. When the second leaf plate appears, the bushes are first dug. And again this procedure is carried out after 20-30 days.

After the bushes will be about 10 centimeters high, they are transplanted into individual small containers. The beginning of active tuber growth in the seedlings is in the first autumn weeks. If done correctly, the tubers will be about 15mm in size at the beginning of the dormancy period.

How to seed and grow at home🌹🌹🌹🌹

Possible problems

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

  1. Foliage loss. The room is excessively cold.

  2. Wilting of leaf plates. Begonia tuberous feels an acute lack of moisture.
  3. Bush blooms sparingly. The plant lacks nutrients and may be too dark. Fertilise and move to a more suitable location.

  4. The foliage shrivels up and loses its turgor. Excessively low humidity and room heat are to blame.
  5. Yellowing of leaf plates. The room is too humid and yet too cold.
  6. Small whitish spots on the leaves.

    This is a sign of powdery mildew.

  7. There are brown and black spots on the leaves. The bush is affected by a bacterial disease. It should be sprayed with a fungicide solution.
  8. Leaves rot.

    This is due to the stagnation of moisture in the substrate and getting water droplets on the leaf plates.

  9. Pests. Aphids, spider mites and whiteflies most often settle on such a flower. To eradicate them, insecticide treatments will be needed.

Begonia flowering species

Other types of flowering begonia are also common in home culture.

Begonia hybrid Elatior

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

The lushly flowering bush reaches a maximum height of 0.4 m. The fleshy, succulent stems are adorned with successive heart-shaped leaf plates. The leaves are about 80 mm long. The rich green glossy leaves have a carved edge.

On tall flower stalks, bristle-shaped inflorescences consisting of showy flowers are formed.

Begonia ever-flowering

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

This plant is unpretentious in care. The bush reaches no more than 0.4 m in height. The stems can be upright or dangling, depending on the variety.

Length of rounded leaf blades of about 60 mm, they are pubescent at the edge. Leaves vary in color from dark green with a burgundy tint to greenish. The small flowers (size 20-30 mm) are short-lived.

Begonia ampelna

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

The plant has drooping long stems. It is very often planted on terraces, balconies and patios.

The dense-blossom or simple flowers can be painted in many different colors. This species is suitable for decorating hanging baskets and forming flowering cascades. The shrub blooms very lushly and for a long time. Flowers decorate it from the beginning of June until frost.

Beneficial properties

Begonia tuberous: planting and care at home, propagation

Growing in room conditions tuberous begonia promotes air purification, extermination of pathogenic microbes and suppression of allergic reaction.

The flower tubers are used in alternative medicine because they relieve cramps and pain.

In feng shui, begonia is known as a plant that effectively restores weakened energy. It has the ability to cleanse the home from negative energy and fill it with positive energy. Therefore it is recommended that you decorate your home with it if you often have quarrels and scandals.

CUBE BEGONIA.

The basic RULES of planting and care! What kind of pot should I plant my begonia in? Правильный ПОЛИВ

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