Each plant has its own unique beauty. However, among them stand out those crops that are most popular with florists and gardeners. Begonia elatiore belongs to such plants.
Peculiarities of Begonia elatiore
Begonia is an ornamental plant, which is a perennial. In nature, it is found in the highlands of tropical hot forests.
This plant has a characteristic feature that is the pronounced asymmetry of the leaf plates. Flowers of this plant are distinguished by lushness and high decorativeness. Cultivate this plant both in the room and in the garden.
The genus was named after its discoverer - Begona. Under natural conditions, this plant has been found in South America, India and Africa.
Begonia was first discovered and described in the Antilles. At the moment there are only 6 species of this plant, but thanks to the efforts of breeders more than one thousand different varieties have come into the world. But among all this diversity there are no tall or medium-grown varieties. Shrubs are rather low, and therefore they are most often used to decorate the premises. Still often this ornamental plant is used as a creeping culture.
Begonia eliator is a spectacular bush with lush flowers. This is what explains the high popularity of this plant.
Scientists have found that such a flower is able to clean the air from pathogenic microbes. It releases phytoncides, which are the most effective against staphylococcus aureus. It is because of this that it is increasingly possible to meet begonia in kindergartens and medical institutions.
The strongest varieties of this plant in height reach from 25 to 37 centimeters. The medium-growing varieties are those whose height varies from 15 to 18 centimeters. Low bushes have a height of only 8 to 15 centimeters. Breeders managed to develop varieties:
- with bushy structure;
- with straight shoots;
- with climbing stems.
Brought out even a variety that can bloom year-round, but cannot be cultivated in the open air in the middle latitudes.
Such a plant needs warmth all the year round.
Begonia is divided into three main categories:
- Bush - does not have any expressed specificity;
- leafy and ornamental - leaf plates are medium or large and decorated with broad strips;
- tubers - in this group representatives differ among themselves only by flowers and shoots.
It is interesting that this plant is capable of forming a different root system. And what kind of root system the bush will have depends on the growing conditions. For example, when growing begonia outside, it forms tubers.
A shrub growing in room conditions will form stubby or rhizomatous roots. Those specimens in which tubers are formed, grow the most powerful and tallest shoots. And flowers with a retting or rhizomatous root system are perfect for planting in decorative baskets.
My BEGONIES ELATIOR and others.
Home care of begonia elatior
For the begonia elatior to flower lushly and grow well, it needs plenty of bright sunlight, but it should be sure to be diffused.
The best place for such a flower is a window sill in the west or east orientation. The fact is that on the southern window due to excessively bright light on the surface of the leaves can form burns, and the northern window sill is not suitable because there is very little light. Remember that a little shading is best for such a culture.
In cold times, when the sun is no longer shining so brightly, begonias can develop well only by using additional supplementary light. Remember that the bush should be accustomed to the brighter light gradually, otherwise burns may form on its leaves, which is extremely detrimental to the decorative effect of the plant.
And if the plant is still young and immature, the rapid increase in light can cause its death.
Air temperature of 21-25 degrees is ideal for such begonia. Note that it should be kept warm at all times. If the bush is left out in the cold even for a short time, it can be very severely damaged. Protect the plant from low temperatures.
Cold drafts, too, can severely damage the plant, and the temperature difference can be very small (2-3 degrees).
Asked florists advise transplanting begonia only when it is already indispensable. If you only bought the flower in the store, take its transplanting seriously and take into account all requirements and recommendations. In this case you will later be able to avoid replanting the adult bush. Pay attention to the fact that the begonia's root system is very sensitive and even if it receives minor damage during transplanting, this can lead to the death of the flower.
A store-bought bush should be transplanted from a shipping container into a permanent one only after it has fully bloomed. But sometimes it happens that you have to transplant begonia earlier than recommended by experts. In this case, you should be even more careful and cautious. A step-by-step description of the transplanting procedure:
- When you have 4 to 6 hours before transplanting, be sure to water the substrate in the flower pot well.
- Take a new pot and make a good layer of drainage at the bottom.
We recommend using sphagnum moss mixed with expanded clay.
- Then cover the drainage layer with a small layer of previously prepared soil mixture. Pay attention to the fact that even if you bought the substrate in the store, it should still be disinfected, for example, heat in the oven. The layer of soil mixture should be such that after transplanting the bush was in a new container at the same level as in the old pot.
- Transplant begonia by the method of transferring.
To do this, remove the flower very carefully from the old container, making sure to keep the clump of earth as intact as possible.
- Place the plant in the new pot and carefully fill all voids with fresh earth mixture.
- Compact the surface of the substrate and water the bush. Do not water too much.
Please note that even if you transplant the shrub very carefully, it will still be sick for a long time.
Before transplanting, you should therefore think twice; maybe you can do without this procedure.
Begonia elatior: selection, care, propagation
Feeding this crop only when the first buds are formed on the bush. And you do not have to wait until the whole bush is covered with flowers, it is advisable to fertilize at the beginning of the budding period. It is best to use complex fertilizer in liquid form. It is mixed with water for watering once every 10 days and gently poured under the root of the flower.
Systematic fertilization allows you to achieve a more abundant and spectacular flowering.
Winter time after the bush has fully bloomed, it is strictly forbidden to fertilize it. This can disturb the peace of the plant. And sometimes the feeding in the dormancy period leads to its death.
The plant can be fed with a mixture of potassium and phosphorus.
And such feeding is carried out once every 2 weeks, immediately after the beginning of flowering. Specialists say this method improves the plant's appearance during flowering and makes it look healthier.
How to water
Pouring is an important part of care for indoor begonia. In order for it to feel good and grow within limits, you need to keep an eye on the moisture content of the substrate in the pot, which should be optimal. Also, make sure that in no way stagnant liquid in the soil mixture, because this can have an extremely negative effect on the state of the flower.
Keep in mind that stagnant liquid in the pot is dangerous for the plant at any time of year.
In the summertime, the shrub is watered more abundantly. If at the same time it will feel a lack of water, this will have a negative impact on its development. After watering, make sure that all excess liquid flows into the tray, from which it must be poured out.
Experienced flower growers are sure that watering should always be done at certain times.
For example, if you water the shrub today in the afternoon and the next time in the morning, it will not be in a good mood for the coming watering. Therefore, the flower should be watered strictly at the same time (an error of a quarter of an hour is allowed).
In warm seasons, water the Begonia elatior at least once every three days. On especially hot days, water immediately after the top layer of the potting soil dries out. Once the fall season arrives, the number of waterings should be reduced.
With the onset of the cold season in the begonia begins a dormancy period. During this period, water the shrub even less often.
The resting period of this flower does not end with the onset of the calendar spring or after the increase in the length of daylight hours. Only after warm weather in the street the bush will be 'awakened' by gradually increasing the frequency and amount of watering.
Watering can be done only with water at a temperature slightly above the room temperature.
Pre-boiled water can be used if desired. Pour the liquid into the pot very carefully to avoid diluting the soil mixture.
Flowers usually try to keep the begonia bush compact and lush. To achieve this, its top should be plucked off. Thanks to this activates the growth of lateral shoots and young leaves.
Carry out pruning of the tops should be in the spring. And if during the growing season you will notice that the stems have stretched out very strongly, their tops are also plucked.
Despite the fact that begonia is a perennial, it ages very quickly and loses its decorativeness. Do not forget to regularly clean the bush of fading flowers and old leaf plates. If this rule is neglected, it will not only negatively affect the decorative value of the shrub, but also weaken it, since unwanted flowers and leaves will draw water and nutrients from it.
In order that the surface of the substrate is better ventilated, it is recommended to remove some of the lower leaves.
Experienced flower growers advise, be sure to think through the scheme of shaping the bush while it is still very young. After the stem reaches a height of 60-70 mm, the upper part of it must be pruned, in this case the formation of the side shoots will be greatly improved. After the time has come, conduct a gradual reduction in the frequency and abundance of watering. Try to provide the flower with suitable conditions and good care before the beginning of the vegetation.
Pinch the tips of the side shoots as soon as they are 10 centimeters high. But do not clip them below or at the same height as an outward-facing bud. This is how you should shape young bushes. With further care, you will only have to shorten excessively long shoots and remove withered stems if necessary.
Growing in warmth and receiving proper care, begonia blooms lushly and very long.
But this is only possible if all the female buds are removed at the very beginning of budding.
The beautiful and very showy flowers of this plant look like a rose or a carnation. To have a systematic flowering it is necessary to:
- rejuvenate the shrub in due time;
- replant into a new pot if necessary;
- replace the substrate with a new one (this allows the rotting parts of the rhizome left in the soil mixture to be removed).
Growing from seed
Growing Begonia elatiore can be done by seed. The best time for sowing seeds is December, but it can also be done in the second half of autumn if absolutely necessary.
Seed material of this plant has a high susceptibility to adverse factors, so it is not recommended to add additional substrates to the soil for seeding.
Seed material, experts advise, buy in a flower store and it is better if it is granular, because it is much easier to work with him. Soak the seeds for 30-45 minutes in a pinkish solution of manganese, wash in clean water and plant them in pre-moistened peat pellets. The tablets are placed in a tray and covered with a film or glass on top. Do not forget to regularly pour clean water into the tray.
Remember that the pellets should always be a little damp. Also make sure that the seeds are kept warm (20-22 degrees).
As a rule, the first seedlings appear 2-3 weeks after sowing. The seedlings will be potted into their own pots when the third true leaf lamina appears. The second time is about the eighth week of growth.
When the seedlings are strong, they are planted in separate pots and gradually accustomed to sunlight. First place them on a well-lit windowsill only in the morning.
Propagation by leaf or cuttings
To obtain the cuttings or leaves needed for propagation, use a completely healthy, firm and mature bush. It should reach a height of at least 12 centimetres. Root stem or leaf cuttings in peat or sandy substrate.
Do not forget to keep the substrate slightly moist. Phytohormones are used to speed up the emergence of roots.
Begonia Elatior. Propagation of Begonia elatior by leaves and cuttings.
Diseases and pests
Begonia elatior can become ill with powdery mildew.
In this case, very small, light-colored spots form on the surface of its leaves. Gradual darkening of the leaves and their desiccation is observed. You can treat the bush with a solution of tar soap (20 grams per 1 liter of water) or copper sulfate (2 grams per 1 liter of water). A fungicide solution can also be used.
If whitish spots with a small grayish patina appear on the bush, it means that it is affected by gray rot.
The spots will gradually darken and become brown and moist. Treat the diseased plant with a solution of Bordeaux liquid (1%) or any fungicide.
If the plant is infested with bacterial or ring spot disease then it must be destroyed and the pot thoroughly disinfected.
If the begonia is infested with false moths, it will become weak and flower poorly. The foliage will become faded and deformed.
Get rid of this pest by treating with garlic infusion (spray the flower once every 15 days).
To get rid of aphids spray the flower with a solution of infusion licorice (two percent). And it is necessary to keep the infusion for two days. You can also use a two to three percent solution of laundry soap. And you can also treat the bush with an insecticide.
Borias varieties of Begonia elatior with photos
Borias stands out among all varieties of Begonia elatior. It is a highly ornamental plant, but is also very demanding in terms of care and growing conditions. It blooms every six months, which is unusual for such a plant. The second time the bush is covered with flowers is during the cold season, at which time most other indoor plants have a dormant period. However, for the bush to flower twice a year, it must be properly cared for.
The plant of this variety does not reach more than 40 centimeters in height. Thick shoots are decorated with heart-shaped leaf plates of asymmetrical shape. The leaves are bright green on the front surface and pale green on the back, with clearly visible veins. The flowers can be ordinary and terry flowers, usually they are colored in 2 different shades of color.
The "Charisma" begonia variety group also stands out.
It includes only low-growing varieties that have glossy green-colored leaves. During blooming, very spectacular mahre inflorescences are formed, which can be colored in dark salmon, pinkish salmon, dark pink and reddish orange hues.
The bush of this plant can reach about 30 centimeters in height. A distinctive feature of this variety is that it blooms very lushly (up to seventy flowers can open on one bush). In addition, all these flowers can be colored in different shades, such as red, carmine red and pale pink.
That is why this variety is also often called "bouquet in a pot". Remember not to touch the flowers as this can cause staining of the skin of the hands.
This variety has bushes of medium height. The yellow, showy flowers are terry flowers. This flower is great for cultivation both in the garden and at home.
Flowering is long (from November to July).
The bush itself is small and can only be grown at home. However, during flowering, it displays spectacular and rather large, pink-colored swollen flowers.
This plant has stems that reach about 40 centimeters in height. During flowering, they are adorned with flowers of a rich red hue.
This variety can only be cultivated indoors.
This variety grows well indoors and cannot be cultivated in the garden. During the flowering period, large white flowers open on the bush.
This very tall plant can reach about 60 centimeters in height. Its inflorescences are of a mahogany red hue.
This highly decorative variety stands out from the rest for its lush blooms. The bushes grow very well at room temperature. However, they are very demanding of light, which must necessarily be bright.
This variety is very popular among florists. But before you decorate your house with it, you should consider that such a plant is very demanding in terms of growing conditions and care.
If you make even minor mistakes in the care of such begonia, it can lead to unpleasant consequences.
Collections of flower growers
Unlike other types, begonia elatior is quite unpretentious. Still, it can be greatly harmed by low humidity in the room and a draft. Florists have noticed that even in the second and subsequent years of life, the growth of the bush does not stop, which is a definite advantage of this species. But to ensure that the bush always looks neat, you need to cut out old foliage and shoots in time.
In winter, it is extremely difficult to create optimal conditions for the flower, and also he often has rusty leaves. However, this begonia is great for the garden as well as at home.
How to grow Begonia Elatior