Balsamina Room: Care At Home, Replanting And Propagation, Species

There are more than 500 species of plants belonging to the genus Balsamina (Impatiens). These herbaceous plants of the balsaminum family can be either annual or perennial. In the wild they can be found in Asia and Africa (subtropics and tropics) but some species also grow in Middle Asia.

What is balsamina

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

This pretty flower has been known since ages and is incredibly popular. It can rightfully be considered the most popular plant in the world.

It was first introduced to Europe in 1596. And this flower is loved because it is quite undemanding, flowers almost constantly and can be propagated quite easily. It is also commonly called by many other names such as: firebrand, evergreen, prickly pear, and wet van'ka.

Branched and fairly succulent stems can reach a height of 15-50 centimeters (this depends on the variety). Its fleshy leaves have wavy edges and are colored green-reddish, green or bronze.

On the tips of the leaves may form drops of liquid, this occurs when the humidity increases. A balsam flower is found in the axils of its leaves. Their color is quite diverse. So you can find varieties with pink, red, white, orange, purple flowers, and they may also have spots or stripes. There are also hybrids with multicolored leaves and spectacular terry flowers.

Usually their flowers are rather small but thanks to their bright color they are very showy and it is not for nothing that this plant was called "firefly".

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

After the balsam flowering, it will form a green colored fruit. And then, when it matures, it becomes a capsule with seeds inside. If you touch it lightly, it bursts, and the seeds at high speed fly in different directions. That is why it is called the "prude".

The flowering of these plants continues almost continuously throughout the year, hence the name "everlasting flower".

This flower is grown as a room perennial as well as it decorates gardens and balconies (annuals).

Because of breeders, a large number of varieties and hybrids have appeared. They differ in size, shape, size and color of flowers as well as leaves.

Special varieties that can endure rather low temperatures can be used for decoration of a balcony or a flowerbed.

Flowering begins in the spring and lasts until frosts set in.

It is also an excellent flower for rooms where children spend a long time, such as nurseries, schools, kindergartens and so on.

Balsamins at home - Care Tips

Home care for balsamins

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

Balsamins at home are not demanding and very easy to care for. However, if the simple rules of care are violated, this plant will start to lose its leaves at the bottom of the stem. But this is not the only reason for leaf drop.

This can happen if the flower has become very old and then it will need to be rejuvenated. But in any case the plant will not wither and will also flower (in most cases) abundantly.

Brightness

This flower can safely grow in good light as well as in semi-shade or even shade. But if you want it to flower continuously and abundantly, bright light (a few hours a day will be enough). During the summer months it is better to remove it from the window sill, located in the southern part of the room, or shade the plant.

The best place for the plant is on a window ledge on the east or west side of the room. In the summertime it can be taken outdoors or on a balcony. But please note that they don't need to be planted in sunny locations. They are great in semi-shade and there are many species which only grow in shady areas. Only New Guinea hybrids can grow in full sun.

Temperature

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

There is no particular preference. A normal room temperature is fine. In winter the temperature should not fall below 12⁰ C.

Humidification

The normal humidity found in living areas is fine for them. You should consider that excessively low humidity may cause the flowers to fall off.

How to water properly

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

This plant is very fond of moisture. That is because it has succulent stems. And if it lacks moisture, the stems become less resilient and the leaves below will fall off.

In summertime, you should water balsamins abundantly and make sure the substrate is constantly moist. In winter it is necessary to water less but make sure the clod does not dry out.

If the liquid stagnates in the substratum or the soil is saturated with moisture, rotting of stems and roots can occur.

Feeding

Feed this flower only in spring and summer time once or twice a month, not more often. Fertilizer for flowering plants is great. If the earth is too rich in nitrogen, flowering will not be as abundant but the balsam flower will actively grow. When transplanting, choose a pot that is only slightly larger than the volume of the root system, because if it is very large, flowering will not take long.

Balsamins that have grown from cuttings do not need to be transplanted. This is because, having bloomed all spring and summer, they become old and not very pretty in the autumn, and therefore must be renewed by cuttings.

What kind of soil to choose

Any loose, nutrient-rich mixture will do very well for these flowers.

Spreading methods

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

You can easily propagate balsam trees from cuttings or seeds. Top shoots are good for cuttings and seeds can be bought at any flower store.

Seeds are sown in February or March in a greenhouse or greenhouse. The first shoots will appear almost a month later, provided the temperature is between 23-25 degrees.

Cut cuttings should be about 8-10 centimeters in length. Moistened soil mixed with sand is used for rooting, and plain water can also be taken. They give roots quite quickly, in just a few days.

Then the cuttings are planted in not very large pots and after a couple of months they may well start to flower.

Balsamine. Propagation. [Hope and Peace]

Pests and diseases

This plant can attract whiteflies or aphids. Also, if the air is not humid enough, spider mites can appear.

If the infestation is severe, insecticide treatment is required. Too much moisture also causes grey rot.

Possible problems and causes

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

  1. The plant is shedding its lower leavesfor lack of moisture or heat or pests.
  2. Leaf wiltfor lack of moisture. If, even after watering, the leaves still wilt, the plant probably has a rotten root system or pests.

    Try to re-root the shoots.

  3. Slow flowering for lack of nutrients or light. Possibly very large pot size.
  4. Balzaming (Prickly Pear, Ogonyok, Vanka Wet) - Low light or very hot.
  5. Flower Dropout - The ground is too dry or the air humidity is too low.

Balzaming (Prickly Pear, Ogonyok, Vanka Wet). Abundantly Flowering House Plants

Balsamina species with photos and names

From among the many species of balsamina, the following are particularly decorative:

Balsamina Hawkeri (Impatiens Hawkeri)

The New Guinea balsamina hybrids (Impatiens New Guinea) were born from it. They have fairly large flowers and the leaves have an elongated shape. They bloom all year round. These hybrids are excellent in direct sunlight.

Balsamina Waller or Walleriana (Impatiens walleriana)

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

This species is the progenitor of a large number of hybrids. Its leaves have a brownish-reddish coloration and its stems are very succulent. The flowers are very numerous and often overlap the leaves.

Balsamina niamniamensis (Impatiens niamniamensis)

Balsamina room: care at home, replanting and propagation, species

This species has very interesting flowers that are shaped like beans. They come in yellow or red colors.

And there is also a species whose flowers are colored in both of these colors at once.

Growing BALSAMINE. БОЛЕЗНИ. УХОД.

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