Azarina: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Growing From Seeds, Species And Varieties With Photos

The flowering plant Asarina, or Maurandia, is a climbing perennial belonging to the Plantain family. However, there are also sources that say that this plant is a member of the Norichneumon family. This genus includes about 15 species. Azarina is native to California, Mexico and the central United States. But since the 17th century, the popularity of Maurandia began to grow steadily, and this has led to the fact that it now grows in almost every corner of the planet Earth.

In the middle latitudes, this perennial is grown as an annual. It is generally used for vertical landscaping.

Peculiarities of azarina

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

The climbing azarina has strongly branching shoots that are 3-7 meters long. The shoots are attached to the uprights by twisting thin petioles. Small bright green, velvety or glabrous leaves, may be serrated or smooth-edged.

Their shape is rounded-triangular, with a heart-shaped base and acuminate apex. Tubular large axillary flowers are solitary; they are placed along the whole shoot, up to its tip. The most common color of flowers is pink, purple and magenta, less often they may be colored yellow or white. Very rarely there are plants with bicolor flowers. Azarinus blooms in the last days of June and ends in September.

The fruit is a capsule with two cells; inside the capsule there are small acuminate seeds.

Growing Azarina climbing from seeds

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

Sowing

Azarina climbing is usually grown through seedlings. In order to start flowering as early as June, the seeds should be sown in winter about 2.5 to 3 months before transplanting the seedlings into open soil. For sowing the seeds you use an earth mixture consisting of sand, humus, peat and leaf soil (1:1:1:1).

Such a soil mixture needs decontamination, so it is placed for 10 minutes in a microwave oven on full power. Then the soil is poured into a strong solution of manganese potassium, which should be very hot, after which it must be allowed to rest for 24 hours

Box filled with loose, damp earth mixture. The seeds should be distributed on its surface, lightly pressed into the substrate and covered with a half-centimeter layer of calcined sand. The seeds should be watered with a sprayer. Container should be covered with glass or film and put in a cool place (15 to 20 degrees), and do not forget to air the seeds every day, removing the cover for 2-3 hours.

If no seedlings appear after 1 month, remove the cover for 30 days in the cold place and then return to the warm place.

Growing seedlings

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

When the first seedlings appear, remove the cover, but move the container to a well-lit place. Prick the plants after they have formed 2 or 3 true leaf blades, so use individual peat pots.

The transplanted plants should be watered systematically and have plenty of light. When 1.

5 weeks have passed since picking, the plants should be fed with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer, such as Ideal. After another half month, the plants will be fed with Agricola solution. Further feeding will directly depend on the growth and development of the plants. If the plants grow rather slowly, fertilize with phosphorus and potassium and if they have very small or faded leaves, nitrogen should be used.

Before planting in the open ground, the plants should be hardened for two weeks.

The seedlings should be moved outdoors every day and their time outdoors should be increased little by little until they are fully adapted to the new conditions.

Planting climbing azarina in the open ground

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

What time to plant

Planting azarina sprouts in the open ground only after the threat of return frosts has passed, which time is usually in the second half of May. This plant is very fond of heat, so the area selected for planting should be sunny and well protected from cold winds and draughts. It should be taken into account that at noon, when the sun is most active, such a flower needs shading. It is best if the soil is breathable, loose and well-drained.

Loamy, neutral soil is ideal for growing azarina.

How to plant correctly

For the shrubs to grow and develop well, they need an area of at least 0.6 m. A distance of 0.6m should therefore be kept between the wells.

During planting you should also try to put up a support, ideally a wire mesh with medium cells or a vertically stretched metal wire. Once the plants have grown strong and accepted they should be tied up to the support.

Maintenance for azarina

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

Azarina is very fond of moisture; therefore during hot, dry summer days you should water it twice a day (in the evening and in the morning). During watering it is also recommended to moisten the leaves of the plant with a sprayer, using boiled warm water. The soil near the bushes should be systematically loosened, while pulling out all the weeds.

To significantly reduce the number of watering and weeding, the surface of the plot should be covered with a layer of peat.

The plant needs systematic feeding. For the plant to flower very long after the first flowers appear, it will be necessary to start feeding with a complex mineral fertilizer, which mainly contains phosphorus and potassium. Produce such feedings once every 1-1.5 weeks.

Also for nutrition, you can use a solution of chicken manure. To ensure long flowering, do not forget to cut off flowers that have started to fade in time.

Diseases and pests

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

Azarina seedlings can get infected by root rot or black leg. As a rule, the plants become infected from the time they sprout until 2 or 3 true leaves have developed. The infected plant's root neck becomes dark and a black tangle appears on it.

After a few days, the shoot in this place becomes soft and breaks, causing the seedling to lodge. Once the seedlings are found to be infected, the healthy seedlings should be immediately transplanted into fresh, well-decontaminated soil mixture. They should be placed in a warm place that is protected from direct sunlight. Watering water should be mixed with a fungicide (Bactophyte, Maxim or Phytosporin), be sure to read the instructions first. Infested plants must be destroyed.

The greatest danger to Azarina in the garden is aphids. This insect sucks the plant sap from the leaves, flowers, shoots, buds and buds. As a result, the entire above-ground part of the plant becomes twisted and deformed. Sooty fungus may also appear on the plant because of the sugary secretions of the aphids. Insecticides are used to kill such a pest, such as: Carbophos, or Fufanon, Acarin, Bancol or Actellic.

To get rid of the aphids completely, the plants must be sprayed again 1-1.5 weeks after the first treatment.

Azarina species and varieties with photos and names

Azarina climbing (Asarina scandens = Asarina semperflorens = Usteria scandens)

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

This species is most commonly cultivated by gardeners. Its detailed description can be found at the beginning of the article. The most popular varieties:

  1. Bridges White.

    The color of the flowers is white.

  2. Joan Lorraine. The flowers are colored dark purple.
  3. Mistique Rose. The coloration of the flowers is deep pink.

  4. Red Dragon. Flowers are colored scarlet or red-blooded.
  5. Sky Blue. The medium-sized florets are colored blue.

Asarina procumbens (Asarina procumbens = Antirrhinum asarina)

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

Native to this species is northeastern Spain and southwest France.

The most common variety of this species is Sierra Nevada. Such a plant has horizontally spreading stems that are tufted. The pale green, triangular leaf plates with a serrated edge are about 6 centimeters long and have long petioles with pubescence on the surface. The tubular flowers are about 40 mm long and their color is soft yellow. This flower is not afraid of short frosts of not more than minus 15 degrees.

Asarina antirrhiniflora (Asarina antirrhiniflora)

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

The stems of this species can vary from 150 to 250 centimeters long. The shape of the small leaf plates is heart-shaped. Flowers are tubular elongated bells, reaching 30 mm in length, their color may be sky blue, pale purple, deep red or white. There are spots on the surface of the pharynx. The plant blooms at the beginning of summer, with blooms ending with frost.

Asarina barclaiana

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

From Mexico, this branching liana is native. It is about 350 cm long. The heart-shaped leaf plates have a pointed apex. The bell-shaped flowers are 70 mm long. The flowers may be pink, crimson or purple.

The pharynx is always colored in lighter shades.

Asarina erubescens (Asarina erubescens)

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

The stems of this creeping flower are up to 350 cm long, with a maximum height of 120 cm on support. The velvety heart-shaped leaf plates are about 8 centimeters long. The flowers are about 70 mm long, tube-shaped and light pink in color. There are spots on the surface of the white yawn.

Asarina purpusa (Asarina purpusii)

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

This flower has many spreading slender shoots that are 0.3-0.4 m long. The heart-shaped leaflets are up to 50 mm long and have a pointed apex. The flowers are funnel-shaped, with tubes 50 mm long.

Their coloration is carmine or pale purple.

Asarina wislizenii (Asarina wislizenii)

Azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, species and varieties with photos

The larger flowers are pale purple or blue. The Red Dragon variety has deep red flowers.

ASARINA or MAURANDIA

Seem Asarina = MAURANDIA. Норичковые
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